University of Caen Lower Normandy
|Université de Caen Basse-Normandie|
|Established||1432 (confirmed in 1452)
June 1957 (reinaugurated)
|Location||Caen, Lower Normandy, France
The institution was founded in 1432 by John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, the first rector being a Cornishman, Michael Tregury, afterwards Archbishop of Dublin. It originally consisted of a faculty of Canon Law and a faculty of Law. By 1438, it already had five faculties. The foundation was confirmed by the King of France Charles VII the Victorious in 1452.
On July 7, 1944, during the Battle for Caen, the university was totally destroyed by aerial bombing. Reconstruction began in 1948, the new university was inaugurated on June 1 and 2, 1957. Its logo, the mythical Phoenix, symbolises this revival.
- The mathematician Pierre Varignon, whose work would influence the young Leonhard Euler, earned his M.A. from Caen in 1682.
- Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749-1827) was introduced to mathematics in Caen by Christophe Gadbled and Pierre Le Canu.
- Henri Poincaré (1854-1912) taught there between 1879 and 1881.
- The University contains a famous scale model of Rome.
- Those intending to become advocates or solicitors in Guernsey (or, until recently, Jersey) must complete three months' study of Norman law at Caen University (Certificat d'Études Juridiques Françaises et Normandes) prior to being called to the Guernsey or Jersey Bar, respectively.
- The Center for Teaching French to Foreigners (Centre d'Enseignement du Français pour les Etrangères, or C.E.F.E.) is located here. The center is a hub for exchange students from around the world who wish to attend university in France. They take students from A1 (no French experience) to C2 (Native language).
- Unicaen.fr Fondée en 1432 par le roi d'Angleterre Henri VI.
- Unicaen.fr L'ensemble des constructions fut inauguré les 1er et 2 juin 1957.
- Unicaen.fr En 1957, l'université comptait 4 000 étudiants ; ils sont 24 007 en 2003.
- C.A. Dubray (1908). "University of Caen". The Catholic Encyclopedia III. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- Unicaen.fr l'entrée du campus I, le Phénix, que la légende fait mourir dans les flammes et renaître de ses cendres, symbolise ce renouveau de l'université.
- Official web site, unicaen.fr (French)