University of California, Riverside Citrus Variety Collection
The UCR Citrus Variety Collection (CVC) is one of the most important collections of citrus diversity in the world. It is used for research, plant breeding, and educational extension activities on the UC Riverside campus in Riverside, California.
The collection is composed of over 1000 accessions, planted as two trees of each of various types of citrus and citrus relatives. The collection largely comprises accessions within the genus Citrus, the remaining types are included among 28 other related genera in the Rutaceae sub-family Aurantiodeae.
The CVC was first established with approximately 500 species of citrus planted on 5 acres (2.0 ha) by Herbert John Webber, professor of plant breeding and director of the early UC Citrus Experiment Station. Today, the collection consists of approximately 25 acres (10 ha) on the UCR campus, 2 acres (0.81 ha) at the South Coast Research and Extension Center in Irvine, California, and 2 acres (0.81 ha) at the Coachella Valley Agricultural Research Station in Thermal, California. It still includes accessions that were first introduced in the early 20th century, as well as varieties brought in over time from various curators, and newer varieties that were more recently developed by breeding or brought in as material through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program (CCPP), a special program that evaluates the trees for the nursery and citrus industries.
The collection currently serves as a genetic resource for research and breeding. Other research being conducted in the collection ranges from subjects related to entomology, nematology, microbiology, plant pathology, soil science, and metabolomics. In addition, the USDA-ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Citrus and Dates (NCGRCD) uses the collection for the conservation of genetic diversity within the Rutaceae family.
The collection attracts admirers from around the world, and remains the most diverse citrus germplasm collections. Aside from its foundations of supporting research, the collection also supports educational tours and extension activities through the University of California, Riverside.
We've used the Citrus Variety Collection as a testbed for our business growing and selling unusual citrus varieties. We basically sell flavor, and the opportunity to taste unusual varieties of citrus, and the accumulated knowledge that resides in the heads of the program's staff, have proven invaluable to us as we continually search for varieties with excellent flavor and other characteristics that allow us to differentiate our fruit in the marketplace.— Jim Churchill, Ojai grower of pixie tangerines and other nonmainstream varieties of citrus.
David Karp is currently photographing the fruit and trees of the CVC, which are placed on the web by Toni Siebert.
- R. Smith (1909–1911) Superintendent of Whittier and Rubidoux Labs
- John Eliot Coit (1911–1912) Superintendent of Whittier and Rubidoux Labs
- Herbert John Webber (1912–1936) Director of Citrus Experiment Station
- Leon Dexter Batchelor (1936–1946) Director of Citrus Experiment Station
- Willard Paul Bitters (1946–1982) Professor of Horticulture
- Robert K. Soost (1982–1986) Professor of Genetics
- E.M. Nauer (1982–1989) Specialist
- M.L. Roose (1986–1995) Professor of Genetics
- R.W. Scora (1986–1995) Professor of Botany
- K.D. Bowman (1990–1992) Senior Museum Scientist
- Tracy L. Kahn (1995–current) Senior Museum Scientist
- Citrus Variety Collection website
- Fruit Maven Website, impression of visit in the collection
- Los Angeles Times on the Collection, and tasting of the varieties