University of Chile

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"Universidad de Chile" redirects here. For the football club, see Club de Fútbol Universidad de Chile.
University of Chile
Universidad de Chile
Coat of arms of the University of Chile.svg
Established 19 November 1842 (172) (Real Universidad de San Felipe founded in 1747)
Type Public
President Ennio Vivaldi Véjar
Academic staff
3.386
Undergraduates 29.207
Postgraduates 9.731
Location Santiago, RM, Chile
Campus Campus Andrés Bello
Campus Beauchef
Campus Juan Gómez Millas
Campus Norte
Campus Sur
Mascot Owl
Website www.uchile.cl

The University of Chile (Spanish: Universidad de Chile) is a national and public institution, founded on November 19, 1842 and inaugurated on September 17, 1843.[1] Is the oldest in the country and it is located in the capital, Santiago. It was established as the continuation of the former colonial Royal University of San Felipe (1738)[2] (Spanish: Real Universidad de San Felipe), and has a rich history in academic, scientific and social outreach. The university seeks to resolve national and regional issues that contribute to the development of Chile. It is recognized as one of the best universities in the country, and is in the world top 500, for its leadership and innovation in science, technology, social sciences, and arts through the functions of creation, extension, teaching, and research.

It has more than 1,700,000 m² among its five campuses, research buildings, health care centers, museums, theaters, observatories and sports infrastructure.[3] The institution has more than 38,000 undergraduate and graduate students, offering more than 60 different bachelor and professional degrees, 36 doctoral programs and 119 master programs.[4]

Notable alumni include two Nobel laureates (Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral) and twenty Chilean presidents, among many others.[5]

Rankings and quality acreditation[edit]

The world ranking of universities, elaborated by Shanghai JiaoTong University (China) and the European Union based on research sciences indicators, places it among the 400 best universities in the world.[6] The QS University Ranking places the University of Chile as the sixth best university in Latin America and within the 225 best in the world.[7] Scimago Institutions Rankings (SIR) makes a characterization of institutions based on research, innovation and visibility on the web, and in 2014 report on investigation, which included more than 4.500 institutions of higher education and other centers in the world, the University of Chile ranked first in Chile, 12 in Latin America and 437 worldwide.[8] Regarding the indicator of innovation (Innovative knowledge) is located at the top 10 among Latin American and 799 pairs worldwide.[9] In the visibility on the Internet indicator (website size) is also located on site 1 in Chile, 6 in Latin America and 130 among the 4,721 institutions analyzed.[10]

Another study who highlights the performance of this institution is the Ranking Web of Universities (Webometrics) who measures the presence and impact on the web of over 25,000 universities and qualifies this college as leader of the country and the Southern Cone, 3 in Latin America and 152 worldwide.[11]

In version 2014 ranking made by AméricaEconomía, University of Chile won first place at national level with the top rating in quality indicators of students, research, accreditation, infrastructure, inclusion and university life.[12]

Accreditation[edit]

In December 21, 2011 the University of Chile was notified by the National Accreditation Commission (CNA) of the positive evaluation in all obligatory areas (institutional management and undergraduate teaching) and electives (research, teaching graduate and linkage with medium). Thus the University is accredited by seven years, the maximum awarded by the agency, for the period between 2011 and 2018.[13]

The University of Chile and the Catholic University are the only institutions in this country that have the highest accreditation.

History[edit]

Andrés Bello, founder and first president of the institution.
Main House in 1872.

In 1841 the minister of public education, Manuel Montt, conceived the idea of funding a corporation for the "advancement and development of sciences and humanities". Andrés Bello a Venezuelan poet and humanist, formulated the project which with small modifications became a law on 19 November 1842, creating the Universidad de Chile.[1]

The foundation answered the need to modernize the country which a little more than two decades before had become independent from Spain. It replaced the Real Universidad de San Felipe, which was established in 1738.[2]

The University was formally opened on 17 September 1843. During this period, the university consisted of five faculties (facultades): Humanities & Philosophy, Physical & Mathematical Sciences, Law & Political Sciences, Medicine, and Theology. During its first years the University gave considerable support to education, institutional organization – such as the “Civil Code”, a model for America- , the building of the road network to join together the territory, and the energy and production infrastructure.

By 1931, the number of colleges had increased to six: Philosophy & Education Sciences, Legal & Social Sciences, Biology & Medical Sciences, Physical & Mathematical Sciences,Agronomy & Veterinary, and Fine Arts.

The institution has also contributed to the formation of the intellectual elites and leaders of the country. Most of the Chilean Presidents have studied in its lecture halls, as well as people with prominent roles in politics, business and culture.

Major Reforms during Military Regime of 1973-1989[edit]

During Augusto Pinochet's military regime from 1973 to 1989, the University experienced many profound changes. On 2 October 1973, Decree number 50 of 1973 stated that the University's Presidents would be designated by the Military Regime.[14]

The second major change came on 3 January 1981, when another Decree completely restructured the University. All of its provincial campuses were separated,[15] cojoined with provincial campuses of the Universidad Técnica del Estado (now Universidad de Santiago de Chile and Universidad de Atacama) and designated as separate universities, such as the Universidad de Talca, Universidad de Valparaiso, the Instituto Pedagógico (Pedagogical Institute, now the Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación), the Universidad de Antofagasta, the Universidad de Tarapacá, Instituto Professional de Osorno (now Universidad de los Lagos), Instituto Professional de Chillán (now Universidad del Bío-Bío), Universidad de la Frontera, and Universidad de la Serena. Some faculties, as the one located in avenida Portugal and which now belongs to the Universidad Mayor, were privatized and sold at bargain prices to Pinochet cronies.

These changes were orchestrated by influential advisors to the dictatorship as a way to moderate the University's influence on the nation's politics, economics, public policies and intellectual movements, considered leftist by Augusto Pinochet and other right-wing government officials.

In spite of the complete restructuring of the University of Chile, it still remains Chile's most prestigious university in terms of research, applicant preferences and social impact[citation needed].

Notable Alumni[edit]

From this University have graduated, or done academic work, a lots of intellectuals and prominent Chilean leaders, among them, 20 Presidents of the Republic, 172 National Awards and 2 Nobel Prizes.[16]

The University had granted her the academic title of Spanish Professor in 1923 to Gabriela Mistral, although her formal education ended before she was 12 years old.

Nobel Laureates

Presidents of Chile

Organization[edit]

The university community is made up of academics, students and staff collaboration, which perform the tasks that establish its mission and functions.

Government[edit]

  • President: Highest authority and legal representative. Is elected by teachers belonging to the highest levels and have at least one year in the institution.[17]
  • Vice President: Advisor to the Rector in academic, economic, administrative, legal and student issues, coordinates the actions they take the five Vice Presidencies.
  • University Council: Responsible for approving the decisions of the highest standard and is composed of the President, the Vice Deans and two representatives of the President of the Republic.
  • Evaluation Council: Coordinates assessment processes, qualification and accreditation at the institutional and the individual level.
  • University Senate: It is chaired by the President and has 36 members: 27 academics, 7 students and 2 staff representatives collaboration.

Vice Presidencies[edit]

The University of Chile is organized into five Vice Presidencies:[17]

  • Academic Affairs
  • Economic and Institutional Management Affairs
  • Research and Development
  • Outreach and Communications
  • Student and Community Affairs

Faculty and Institutes[edit]

Faculty of Economics and Business Tecnoaulas Building at night
School of Medicine, North Campus

Currently there are 14 faculties and 4 Interdisciplinary Institutes who perform academic tasks undergraduate, graduate, research and extension.

  • Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Faculty of Sciences
  • Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
  • Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
  • Faculty of Forestry Sciences
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
  • Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Economy and Business
  • Faculty of Philosophy and Humanities
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Institute of Public Affairs
  • Institute of International Studies
  • Institute of Communications and Image
  • Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology

Academic information[edit]

The University of Chile offers undergraduate and graduate programs in all areas of knowledge, whose quality has been recognized by the National Accreditation Commission with the maximum score in both areas (2011-2018).[18]

Undergraduate[edit]

The University has a total of 66 study programs, 51 of which are conducive to professional degrees and 15 degrees terminales. Alongside this imparts the Academic Bachelor’s Program, which reports directly to the Vice Presidencies of Academic Affairs.[19]

The admission to the programs is through a selection test (Prueba de Selección Universitaria) or the Academic Bachelor’s Program. The University also has a way of especial admission to outstanding athletes, blind students, people with media studies in other countries, ethnic agreements, internal career changes and people with studies in other schools.[20]

Alongside this the institution was implemented in 2012 an exclusive way of admission call "Sistema de Ingreso Prioritario de Equidad" (SIPEE) for students of public system with special vacancies in all careers. Also, in 2014 the Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences initiated the "Programa de Equidad de Género (PEG)"[21] with special vacancies for the firsts 40 women's applicants who remain on the waiting list.

Graduate[edit]

The University of Chile has the largest and most complex postgraduate system in the country formed with 36 doctoral programs, 119 master's programs, 73 graduate programs and 19 specialized courses.[22]

Research[edit]

Chemistry Laboratory.

Basic research projects[edit]

The University of Chile is the main Chilean Institution in scientific and technological research. Is responsible for a third of the scientific publications and also for the implementation of a high percentage of competitive research projects in most academic fields, including basic sciences, technologies, humanities, social sciences and arts.[23]

  • Publications: 10.650 scientific publications in international journals (ISI) from 2006 to 2013, reaching 26% of all ISI publications from the 25 universities of the Chilean Council of University Presidents (CRUCH).
  • Basic Research Projects: 1.599 projects financed by the National Fund for Science & Technology Development (FONDECYT) of the National Commission for Science and Technology (CONICYT) from 2006 to 2013.
  • Millenium Institutes: 5 Institutes were awarded to the University of Chile, in the areas of Ecology and Biodiversity, Cell Dynamics and Biotechnology, Complex Engineering Systems.
  • Millenium Nuclei: 4 Nuclei in the areas of Sciences.
  • Centers awarded by the "National Fund for Priority Areas" (FONDAP) and "Fondos Basales": 11 were awarded to the University of Chile, in the areas of Material Sciences, Mathematics Modeling, Astrophysics, Cell and Molecular Biology.
  • "Research Rings" (association of three or more research groups) in Natural and Exact Sciences and Social Sciences: 8 projects were awarded to the University of Chile.

Applied research projects[edit]

Projects funded by the "Fund for Scientific and Technological Development" (FONDEF): 39 projects currently ongoing, in the areas of Education, Health, Engineering and Agriculture, Forestry and Animal Sciences. Financed by CORFO (Corporation for Fostering Production):[24]

  • "Innova Projects": 53 ongoing projects in 2014, in the areas of Agriculture, Forestry and Animal Sciences, Aquaculture, Tourism, Biotechnology. Total funding: US$5,1 million.

Technology Transfer: Patents applications, period 2005-2013: 57 in Chile and 180 abroad. Granted: 18 in Chile and 62 abroad.

Campuses and infrastructure[edit]

School of Engineering Entrance in Beauchef Campus. The Bello orthography used in it was developed by Andrés Bello.

The University has 1.740.653 m2 of urban land, 587.111 m2 of built land in use and 10.467 hectares of agricultural land.[25]

Campuses[edit]

The institution has 5 campuses, all distributed within the metropolitan area.

  • Juan Gómez Millas Campus: It is located in Ñuñoa where are the Faculty of Arts, Sciences, Social Sciences and Philosophy and Humanities, plus the Institute of Communication and Image and Academic Bachelor's Program. Currently is running the Bicentennial Initiative Juan Gómez Millas, for modernize the infrastructure of the campus with new buildings, parks an recreation areas.
  • Beauchef Campus: The Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences is located on this campus since 1922. In 2014 was inaugurated the Beauchef Poniente new building with 50,000 m2, distributed in seven floors above surface and six undergrounds. Also new offices, auditoriums, areas for sport, recreation and parking lots.
  • South Campus: It was established as campus in 1999 and covers more than 3 million square meters. It groups the Faculties of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Agricultural Sciences and Forestry Science and it found in La Pintana in the sector known as Antumapu. Also belongs to this Campus Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), located in Macul, space for postgraduate teaching and research.
  • Andrés Bello Campus: It is located in downtown Santiago and Providencia and hosts some of the oldest and renowned University buildings: the building of the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism. Also belong to this campus the Institute of Public Affairs add the Faculty of Economics and Business, the Students Federation's (FECh) house, the seat of the Centre for Advanced Research in Education (CIAE) and the Tower 15 of Central Services.
  • North Campus: It is located in Independence and is the most important center in scientific research and training of human resources of the country in the health disciplines, biomedicine and public health. In this campus are placed the Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, Medicine of Dentistry and the University of Chile Clinic Hospital (HCUCH).
Main House.

Main House[edit]

In 1872 was opened this emblematic building with neoclassical frontage that spans in the Alameda Bernardo O'Higgins in Santiago's downtown. The design is work of Lucien Ambroise Henault and Fermín Vivaceta was in charge of the construction.

Libraries and digital resources[edit]

The catalog has more than 2 million books, journals, theses and other bibliographic records available to 48 libraries of the University. The libraries are distributed in 29.297 square meters, where there are 5.250 reading places and 862 computers for use of the University community.[25] The Digital Library[26] provides access to over 700,000 documents: books, theses, journals and articles, and digitized historical value as maps, manuscripts, sheet music, crafts, photographs, audio and movies objects

The electronic publications of the University of Chile are available freely accessible through the following resources: Institutional Repository,[27] Academic journals[28] and Portal of books.[29]

Culture[edit]

Through the stable artistic sets of Extension Center Arts and Culture "Domingo Santa Cruz" (CEAC), museums, exhibition halls and theaters University performs dissemination and extension work.[30]

Ballet Nacional Chileno (BANCH)

Performing arts[edit]

  • National Chilean Ballet - BANCH
  • Chile Symphony Orchestra
  • Chile Symphony Choir
  • Vocal Camerata
  • Antumapu Folkloric Ballet
  • Chilean National Theater

Museums and galeries[edit]

  • Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Museum of American Popular Art
  • Juan Egenau Exhibit Hall
  • National Museum of Medicina
  • Pharmacy Museum
  • Dentistry Museum

Theaters[edit]

  • University of Chile Teather
  • Antonio Varas Theater
  • Agustín Siré Hall
  • Sergio Aguirre Hall
  • Isidora Zegers Concert Hall
  • Master Study Hall
  • Cineteca

Significant facts[edit]

Caracolas (shells) collection donated by Pablo Neruda in the Central Archive Andrés Bello
  • The first woman to attend university in the country an in South America did it in the U. of Chile: Eloísa Díaz Insunza, who graduated as a doctor in 1887.[31]
  • The first woman lawyer, Matilde Throup graduated in 1892; the first woman pharmaceutical chemistry, Griselda Hinojosa in 1899; the first woman engineer, Justicia Espada in 1919; the first woman agronomist, Victoria Tagle in 1922. All them in University of Chile.[32]
  • In this Institution was named the first woman academician: Amanda Labarca in 1922 was appointed like extraordinary professor at the Faculty of Humanities. She was 36 years.[33]
  • The two national Nobel prizes are linked to this University: despite not having formally studied in this college, in 1923 the University decided to award the title of Spanish Teacher to Gabriela Mistral[34] and in 1954 received the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa.[35] After his death in January 1957, his remains were veiled for three days in the Hall of Honor of the Main House;[36][37] Pablo Neruda meanwhile entered to study in 1921 the Pedagogical Institute[38] and in 1962 the Faculty of Education granted him the quality of academic Member "in recognition of his vast poetic work of universal category". The poet donated a library of about 3,500 works and its collection of Caracolas to the University of Chile.[39]
  • The group of Meteorology, Faculty of Physical Sciences and Mathematics obtained the first weather satellite image of Chile in 1966.
  • From the U. of Chile came out the first email in 1985. Researchers at the Department of Computer Science sent the text "If this email reaches you, we open a bottle of champagne" to peers Department of Computer Engineering of the University of Santiago.[40]
  • In 1987 the University signed the first domain in Chile (.cl). Was www.uchile.cl.
  • Is the first university to have a senate, which works since 2006.
  • In 2007 a group of students of the Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences built the first Chilean solar car: Eolian.[41]
  • A study of supernovae of the Department of Astronomy was the basis for the research who in 2011 allowed Brian P. Schmidt be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.[42]
  • 172 of the 207 National Awards for Science, Literature, Arts, History, Humanities, Journalism, Theatre, Education and Music, were graduates, teachers or students of the University of Chile.[18]
  • The University of Chile had the highest accreditation possible according to the National Accreditation Commission (CNA-Chile), together with the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Both are the only institutions of higher education that reach this certification.
  • Is responsible for the 37% of Chilean scientific journals according to ISI standard.[43]

Related institutions and services[edit]

The University of Chile is in charge of a variety of nationwide services and institutions, including:

And more than twenty other centres of national and international importance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Summaries of institutional indicators that measure various topics in management and development of the University of Chile, are digitized in the Interactive Annual Memory, developed by Vice Presidency of Financial and Institutional Management Affairs. (in Spanish) Anuario Interactivo
  1. ^ a b Fuentes documentales y bibliográficas para el estudio de la historia de Chile. Capítulo III: "La Universidad de Chile 1842 - 1879". 1. La ley orgánica de 1842 www.uchile.cl
  2. ^ a b Reseña histórica de la Universidad de Chile, "Pilar Republicano". www.uchile.cl
  3. ^ Hechos y cifras de la Universidad de Chile: "Infraestructura y tecnología". www.uchile.cl
  4. ^ Hechos y cifras de la Universidad de Chile: "Pregrado y postgrado". www.uchile.cl
  5. ^ Hechos y cifras de la Universidad de Chile: "Grandes figuras y egresados". www.uchile.cl
  6. ^ "2015 World University Rankings - Academic Ranking of World Universities". Retrieved 8 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Universidad de Chile". Top Universities. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Latin America Research Rankings". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "World Innovation Rankings". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "World Web Rankings". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Chile". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "El Ranking". Mejores Universidades de Chile 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Reacreditación institucional - Universidad de Chile". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Jorge Baeza Correa, Referencias para un análisis del discurso del gobierno militar chileno sobre el movimiento estudiantil universitario: 1973-1980. Santiago, 2014 www.scielo.cl
  15. ^ Francisco Javier Pinedo Castro. "El nacimiento de una Universidad en el valle central y la amputación de las sedes regionales de la U. de Chile: El caso de la U. de Talca". Revista Anales, Séptima serie n°4, noviembre 2012. Pág 73 y 63 www.anales.uchile.cl
  16. ^ "General information". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Government and authorities www.uchile.cl
  18. ^ a b General information www.uchile.cl
  19. ^ Undergraduate programs www.uchile.cl
  20. ^ Requisitos generales de postulación www.uchile.cl
  21. ^ "El Mercurio Revista Seguridad y Control". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  22. ^ Graduate programs www.uchile.cl
  23. ^ Basic research projects www.uchile.cl
  24. ^ Applied research projects www.uchile.cl
  25. ^ a b Infrastructure, equipment and services www.uchile.cl
  26. ^ "Biblioteca digital de la Universidad de Chile". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  27. ^ "Repositorio Académico - Universidad de Chile". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  28. ^ "Portal de Revistas Académicas de la Universidad de Chile". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  29. ^ "Portal de Libros Electrónicos – Universidad de Chile". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  30. ^ Arte y cultura www.uchile.cl
  31. ^ Memoria chilena, Eloísa Díaz y Amanda Labarca www.memoriachilena.cl
  32. ^ 170 aniversario, Primeras mujeres universitarias. www.uchile.cl
  33. ^ Educarchile, Amanda Labarca. www.educarchile.cl
  34. ^ Presentación de la Universidad de Chile, grandes figuras, premios nacionales "Gabriela Mistral" www.uchile.cl
  35. ^ Grandes figuras, Premio Nobel “Gabriela Mistral y la Universidad de Chile” www.uchile.cl
  36. ^ Camino a Gabriela Mistral, "Vida 1945-1957 www.caminoagabrielamistral.cl
  37. ^ "Oración del Rector de la Universidad de Chile, don Juan Gómez Millas" 21 de enero de 1957 www.uchile.cl
  38. ^ Grandes figuras, Premio Nobel “Pablo Neruda como estudiante” www.uchile.cl
  39. ^ Donación de los libros y caracolas del poeta, a la Universidad de Chile www.neruda.uchile.cl
  40. ^ La historia del primer e-mail chileno www.latercera.com
  41. ^ Eolian: Primer auto solar chileno parte a la World Solar Challenge www.fayerwayer.com
  42. ^ Ganadores del Premio Nobel de Física reconocen aporte investigadores CATA en la astronomía www.cata.cl
  43. ^ Investigación en cifras www.uchile.cl

External links[edit]

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