Grenoble Alpes University

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Grenoble Alpes University (French: Université Grenoble-Alpes) or Grenoble University was a university in Grenoble (France), until 1970, when it was split into several different institutions:

  • Medical University of Grenoble (Université Scientifique et Médicale de Grenoble, which in 1987 was renamed Joseph Fourier University (Université Joseph Fourier (Grenoble I) or UJF) for sciences, health, technologies
  • Université des Sciences Juridiques et Economiques, which in 1987 was renamed Pierre Mendès-France University (Université Pierre Mendès-France, Grenoble II) for social sciences
  • Université des Langues et Lettres, which in 1987 was renamed Stendhal University (Université Stendhal, Grenoble III) for humanities
  • Grenoble-INP: Grenoble Institute of Technology (Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble or Groupe INP Grenoble, formerly INPG) for engineering

As of 1 January 2016, the first three institutions re-merged to become Grenoble Alpes University, including the Valence campus. Grenoble Alpes University is a member of the community Grenoble Alpes University.

In 2015, the Joseph Fourier University is ranked in the eighty fourth place in the ranking established by Reuters Group (top 100).[1]

History[edit]

The university was founded in 1339 by Dauphin Humbert II of Viennois and Pope Benedict XII to teach civil and canon law, medicine, and the liberal arts.[2] However, the institution lacked resources and dissipated after the death of Humbert II. It was reestablished in 1542 by Francis de Bourbon, Count of St. Pol and united with University of Valence in 1565.[3] The residents of Grenoble unsuccessfully attempted to reestablish the university several times in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Napoleon I reestablished faculties of law, letters, and science in 1805–1808. During the Bourbon Restoration, the Faculty of Letters was suppressed in 1815 (reintroduced in 1847) and the Faculty of Law in 1818 (reintroduced 1824). The School of Pharmacy and Medicine was established in 1866 and became the fourth faculty in 1894.[4] However, at the time the school had just a few students and conferred only a handful degrees. The development of the sciences at the university was spearheaded by the transformation of Grenoble from an isolated mountain town to a major supplier of industrial motors and electrical equipment in 1880s.[4] The faculties were formally inaugurated as the University of Grenoble in 1879 in the newly constructed Place de Verdun.[5] The number of students grew from around 340 in 1868 to 3000 in 1930. A concept of Établissement public à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel (EPCSP) evolved under Minister of Education Edgar Faure. As a result, the university was split into several independent organizations in 1970.

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Coordinates: 45°11′16″N 5°43′37″E / 45.18778°N 5.72694°E / 45.18778; 5.72694