University of Idaho

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University of Idaho
University of Idaho seal.svg
Motto A Legacy of Leading
Established January 30, 1889 (1889-01-30)
Type Public
Flagship university
Endowment $241 million[1]
President Chuck Staben
Students 11,534 (all campuses)[2]
10,474 (Moscow)
Undergraduates 9,330 (Moscow)
Postgraduates 1,850 (Moscow)[3]
Location Moscow, Idaho, U.S.
46°43′34″N 117°00′40″W / 46.726°N 117.011°W / 46.726; -117.011Coordinates: 46°43′34″N 117°00′40″W / 46.726°N 117.011°W / 46.726; -117.011
Campus Rural
1,585 acres (6.4 km2)
Colors Gold, Silver[4]
Athletics NCAA Division IBig Sky Conference
Sun Belt (football only)
Sports 16 varsity teams
Nickname Vandals
Mascot Joe Vandal
Affiliations APLU
University of Idaho - Wordmark.png
Universityof Idaho is located in Idaho
Universityof Idaho
of Idaho
Location in north central Idaho
Universityof Idaho is located in United States
Universityof Idaho
of Idaho
Location in the United States

The University of Idaho (officially abbreviated UI, locally referred to as "the U of I") is the U.S. state of Idaho's oldest public university, located in the city of Moscow in Latah County in the northern portion of the state. It is the state's land-grant and primary research university, and enrolls more national merit scholars than all other institutions in the state combined.[5][6] In January 2012, the university enrolled the highest number of National Merit Scholars of any school in the Northwest; more than the other institutions in the region with significantly larger enrollments.[6] The University of Idaho was the state's sole university for 71 years, until 1963, and its the College of Law, established in 1909, was first accredited by the American Bar Association in 1925, and remains the only accredited law school in the state.

Formed by the territorial legislature on January 30, 1889, the university opened its doors in 1892 on October 3, with an initial class of 40 students. The first graduating class in 1896 contained two men and two women. It presently has an enrollment exceeding 12,000, with over 11,000 on the Moscow campus. The university offers 142 degree programs, from accountancy to wildlife resources, including bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and specialists' degrees. Certificates of completion are offered in 30 areas of study. At 25% and 53%, its 4 and 6 year graduation rates[7] are the highest of any public university in Idaho, and it generates 74 percent of all research money in the state, with research expenditures of $100 million in 2010 alone.

As a land-grant university and the primary research university in the state, UI has the largest campus in the state at 1,585 acres (6.4 km2), located in the rolling hills of the Palouse region at an elevation of 2,600 feet (790 m) above sea level.[8] The school is home to the Idaho Vandals, who compete on the Division I FBS (formerly I-A) level. In addition to the main campus in Moscow, the UI has branch campuses in Coeur d'Alene, Boise, Twin Falls, and Idaho Falls. It also operates a research park in Post Falls and dozens of extension offices statewide.[9]



The original Administration building (1899) was destroyed by fire in 1906. It was replaced in 1909 by the existing brick Collegiate Gothic structure.
Administration Building's
north wing (1912)

According to the UI Facts Books, the Moscow campus is an 1,585 acres (6.41 km2) including 253 buildings with a replacement value of $812 million, 10 miles (16 km), 49 acres (20 ha) of parking lots, 1.22 miles (1.96 km) of bike paths, 22 computer labs, an 18-hole golf course on 150 acres (61 ha), 80 acres (32 ha) of arboreta, and 860 acres (3.5 km2) of farms.

Administration Building[edit]

The east-facing Administration Building, with its 80-foot (24 m) clock tower and Collegiate Gothic-style structure, was built from 1907–09 and has become an icon of the university. The building holds classrooms, an auditorium, and administrative offices, including the offices of the President and Provost. Multiple expansions were made, with the north wing added in 1912, the south wing in 1916 (extended in 1936 for the library), and the functional annex in 1950, incorporated into the Albertson addition of 2002. The UI library was housed in the Admin. building until 1957, when the Library building was completed.

The original Administration Building, with a single tall spire reaching to 163 feet (50 m), was constructed through the decade of the 1890s and ultimately finished in 1899. Unfortunately, it was reduced to embers on March 30, 1906;[10][11] the cause of the fire, which began in the basement, was never precisely determined, but was likely accidental.[12] After the fire, there was debate whether to rebuild from the remains or start from scratch; the remaining structure was eventually deemed infeasible to recover and was demolished with dynamite. The original building's steps were saved and currently climb the small hill immediately southeast of the south wing.

In the meantime, classes were held at various sites in Moscow; the Carnegie library, the Methodist church, and local lodge halls. Insurance policies paid $135,000, but the new building cost twice that. To appease the state legislature, the UI Regents decided to build Morrill Hall first, use it for classrooms, and finance the new administration building over three years.

The new Admin. building was designed by prominent Boise architect John E. Tourtellotte. He designed the state's Roman Revival capitol building in Boise and other buildings, both public and private. Tourtellotte modeled the new UI structure after the venerable Hampton Court Palace in England, and construction began in 1907.[13]

The 1909 Administration Building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978, at age 69.[14] Two years out of office, former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt spoke outside the main east entrance of the new building on April 9, 1911, on a platform built of Palouse wheat.

Hello Walk[edit]

Hello Walk.

"Hello Walk" is one of the best-known and traveled pathways on the Idaho campus. But more than being surrounded by trees and grass, it navigates through a rich history of statues, landmarks and traditions. It includes Presidential Grove, where historical figures, such as Teddy Roosevelt and his wife, planted trees; the Spanish War memorial statue who had his hands cut off but reconstructed by a handless sculptor and Administration Lawn that was designed by the same brothers who designed Central Park in New York City.

Hello Walk is still used, but the hellos that used to be mandatory are now not often vocalized to strangers.[15]

Idaho Commons[edit]

The Idaho Commons, completed in 2000, is the heart of campus and contains a food court, copy center, bagel and coffee shop (Einstein's Bagels), Credit Union, and convenience store.[16] Additionally, there is study space, wireless internet, laptop checkout, and many student services such as the offices of the Associated Students of the University of Idaho (ASUI),[17] Academics Assistance, the University of Idaho Writing Center, and Student Support.[18]

With the completion of the Teaching and Learning Center (TLC) at the beginning of the fall semester of 2005, the second phase, the Commons gained classrooms and completed the vision of a common area where students could learn, study, relax and get university services all in one place.

Bruce M. Pitman Center[edit]

The Bruce M. Pitman Center, formerly known as the Student Union Building, houses Financial Aid, Admissions, New Student Services, the Registrar's Office, the office of the Graduate & Professional Student Association(GPSA) and student meeting rooms. There is also wireless access, laptops available for check-out, a student computer lab, and a movie theater. This SUB was the primary student area until the Commons was opened in 2000. The SUB was originally the Blue Bucket Inn, purchased by the UI in 1936. The UI Bookstore, built in 1989 on a former parking lot, is located directly across the street to the east, formery adjacent to the south.[19]

In October 2014, the University of Idaho announced renaming of the Student Union Building as Bruce M. Pitman Center in honor of the retiring dean of students and vice provost for academic affairs, who had served the campus community for more than 41 years. The name change took effect on January 1, 2015.[20]

ASUI-Kibbie Activity Center[edit]

Kibbie Dome in 2006

UI's multi-purpose "Kibbie Dome" is the home to Vandal athletics; it is the venue for football, basketball, tennis, and indoor track & field. Its Trus-Dek roof system, constructed in 1975, uses natural wood arches to span 400 feet (122 m) at a height of 150 feet (46 m) over the field's hashmarks. Built when Idaho was a member of the Big Sky Conference, the Kibbie Dome is the smallest stadium in Division I FBS football.

Previously on this site was Neale Stadium, which opened in 1937 as an earthen horseshoe with wooden sideline grandstands. After 32 seasons, its bleachers were condemned for structural inadequacies due to erosion in the summer of 1969. After an idle 1969 football season, it was destroyed (by suspected arson) on November 22, 1969. After two years away at nearby Rogers Field in Pullman, the new outdoor "Idaho Stadium" opened on October 9, 1971, with concrete grandstands; the 1971 Vandals responded with a victory over Idaho State, an 8-3 season, and the Big Sky title.

Tartan Turf, similar to AstroTurf, was installed in 1972 with the roll-up mechanism; the arched roof and vertical end-walls were completed in time for the 1975 football home opener on September 27, enclosing the stadium to become the Kibbie Dome. The seating capacity is 16,000 for football games, 7,000 for basketball games (in a configuration known as the "Cowan Spectrum" since 2001), and 7,500 for concerts. Its innovative roof won the Outstanding Structural Engineering Achievement award from the ASCE in 1976.

The original Tartan Turf was replaced with AstroTurf in 1990 and lasted until 2007, when it was replaced with "Real Grass Pro," an infilled synthetic turf (similar to FieldTurf). In 2009, the Kibbie Dome began a multi-phase renovation with millions of dollars of improvements, primarily for safety.[21] The primary change was the entire west wall; its aged dry plywood panels were replaced with non-flammable translucent plastic (upper) and opaque aluminum (lower). New field-level exits were also installed. The east wall was replaced in 2011 and a new press box was built above the north grandstand; the former press box area above the south grandstand was converted to premium seating (Litehouse Center).

Golf course[edit]

The UI Golf Course was established in 1933 on the southwest edge of campus, and opened as nine holes in 1937. It was expanded to 18 holes in 1970 and its current clubhouse was built in 1969. Due to its demanding rolling terrain and southwesterly summer winds, the par-72 course's moderate length of 6,637 yards (6,069 m) from the back tees yields a challenging slope of 135 with a scratch rating of 72.4.[22]

Arboretum and botanical garden[edit]

View of Arboretum and Botanical Garden
trail and pond.
View of southern section of Arboretum
with view of iconic "Red Barn."

Referred to as "Tree City" or "The Arb" by UI students, the Arboretum is a 65-acre (26 ha) site adjacent to the golf course which features display gardens, ponds, and a variety of trees and plants from Asia, Europe, and North America.

The original Shattuck Arboretum was conceived in 1910 by Charles H. Shattuck, the head of the forestry department. His efforts gradually turned a treeless slope southwest of the Administration Building into a dense forest grove. The aboretum was named for Shattuck in 1933, two years after his death. Until the late 1960s, this area provided the background for left & center field of the MacLean baseball field, whose infield was displaced by the construction of the new College of Education buildings, which were completed in 1968.

The newer portion of the arboretum complex is south of the Shattuck area, in the valley below the president's residence (1967), along the eastern edge of the campus' 18-hole golf course.[23]

Student Recreation Center[edit]

Designed by NAC Architecture and opened in 2002, the 85,000-square-foot (7,900 m2) Student Recreation Center boasts a 55-foot (17 m) freestanding climbing wall, as well as a weight training area, cardio, 6,000 square feet (557 m2) of climbing area, jogging track, and two full-size gyms.[24] The Rec Center hours are set to meet the schedules of users including students, faculty and staff.[25] The Student Recreation Center offers a number of wellness classes including zumba, TRX, cycling, gravity, belly dancing and yoga.[26][27] The planned Phase Two of the project includes adding a swimming pool, but has been delayed due to funding problems.[28]

The recreation center is located on the corner of Paradise Creek Street and Line Street north of the Theophilus Tower dormitory, an area which formerly housed maintenance buildings.


The UI Library is the state's largest library, with more than 1.4 million books, periodicals, government documents, maps, videorecordings, and special collections. Included are those for Sir Walter Scott, and many famous Idahoans, including Ezra Pound, Vardis Fisher, Frank Bruce Robinson, and Carol Ryrie Brink of Moscow.

Directly north of the Memorial Gymnasium and built on the former site of tennis courts, the library opened in 1957, relocating from the south wing of the Administration Building. The UI post office station was formerly housed in its lower northwest corner; it was moved to the new UI bookstore in 1990. The UI Library was expanded by 50% in 1993 and rededicated in 1994.

Memorial Gymnasium[edit]

Memorial Gym Tower (1928)

The Tudor Gothic-style Memorial Gymnasium is another UI icon, known for its whimisical athletic gargoyles perched along the brick building's ledges. The multi-purpose "Mem Gym" has a modest seating capacity of only 1,500. Opened in 1928 to honor the Idaho citizens who died in World War I (1917–18), the heavily buttressed structure was designed by the chairman of the university's architecture department, David C. Lang[29]

Memorial Gym was the primary venue for men's basketball until January 1976,[30][31][32] following the enclosure of the Kibbie Dome the previous fall. The women's team hosted its home games in the gym until 2001, when the Cowan Spectrum (inside the Kibbie Dome) was completed. The gym is still in active use today as the home court for the women's volleyball team, and several early season basketball games. It is also used extensively for intramurals and open recreation, as well as for ROTC.[33]

The MacLean baseball field was located directly south of the Memorial Gym, until its infield was displaced by the construction of the College of Education building in 1967. The catcher and batter faced southwest (towards the pitcher's mound); the right field line was just south of the gym, running east-west. The background of left and center field was the Shattuck Arboretum. The new baseball field (Guy Wicks Field) was relocated northwest, to the vast intramural fields near the Moscow-Pullman Highway, northwest of the Wallace Complex dormitories. The batter and catcher now faced southeast, toward campus, an unorthodox configuration resulting in a difficult sun field for the left side of the defense (the recommended alignment is east-northeast).[34] Due to budget constraints, varsity baseball was dropped following the 1980 season,[35][36] but continued for a while as a club sport. MacLean was also the venue for football until the opening of Neale Stadium in 1937.

The swim center and physical education building (formerly known as the "Women's Gym"), which both opened in 1970, are adjacent to the south side of the gym. Before the swim center was opened, the Mem Gym had a narrow swimming pool in its basement.

In 1977, the Memorial Gymnasium was added to the National Register of Historic Places after only 49 years.[14]

Under the elms[edit]

Rare Camperdown elms line the walkway between the Music building, Child Development Center and Administration Building. These "upside-down" trees have been on campus for over 80 years and are among few of their kind in the Northwest. The weeping branches and knotty trunk are formed by being grafted upwards.

Steam plant[edit]

Built in 1926, the steam plant provides heat to UI buildings from a single location. Originally designed to burn coal, then oil, then natural gas, the plant was modified in 1986 to burn waste wood chips leftover from local sawmills. The use of wood has significantly reduced the emissions of the plant, as well as cut costs to heat the campus. The plant is shut down twice a year for cleaning and maintenance. As a side benefit of the heat generation, the steam pipes are routed underneath campus walkways and provide clean (and ice free) walkways throughout the north Idaho winter.[37]

University housing[edit]

The University of Idaho offers various of options for on-campus housing, including 4 residence halls (Wallace Residence Center, Theophilus Tower, McConnell Hall and Living Learning Communities) for regular students and Apartments (South Hill Apartments, South Hill Vista Apartments and Elmwood Apartments) for students who need special accommodations.[38]

Usually apartments are only available to single parents, married couples (with or without children), law students and students over 21 years old. Theophilus Tower is only available for freshman.[39] Summer housing is available but choices are limited.[40]

Student life[edit]

UI is a rural, residential campus, with four residence hall communities to choose from on campus, as well as 27 housed fraternities and sororities. On-campus residence is currently required for freshmen, and many other upperclassmen choose to live on campus in the Greek system or the residence halls.

Apartments on campus are available for families, married couples, graduate students, law students, and non-traditional students. The "Law Cluster" is a group of apartments reserved for law students, allowing for a community close to campus for law students, facilitating study groups.


East entrance to campus (built 2001) at Sweet Avenue and Main Street

All students are permitted to have cars on campus (parking permits are required for most on-campus parking), which is also served by public transportation. The Intermodal Transit Center (aka ITC) of City of Moscow was built in 2013, which located in Railroad St, on-campus.[41] In town bus services are free of fares, available during daytime of weekdays. The office of university Parking and Transportation Services (aka PTS) is also located in the ITC.

Student organizations[edit]

Many students participate in a wide variety of clubs and organizations. Clubs range anywhere from the sports to faith based, and everything in between. Palousafest is a fair that brings clubs and students together, and is a way for students to find out more about how to get involved with extracurricular activities. The fair is usually the weekend just before the fall semester starts. The prominent literary journal Fugue is published at the university.

Greek life[edit]

The University of Idaho is home to 18 housed fraternities, 10 housed sororities, and 6 multicultural Greek organizations that make up more than 20% of the student population, and over 44% of the students who live on campus (around 1,800 students).[42] This fraternity and sorority community is unique in that it's one of the few that allow freshmen to move in first semester as a living option, as opposed to waiting until second semester or sophomore year. This system works very well for the University and the students, with the Greeks having the highest GPA for 9 consecutive semesters as of Spring 2011.

Housed sororities[edit]

(Panhellenic Council)

Housed fraternities[edit]

(Interfraternity Council)

Multicultural Greeks[edit]

Multicultural Greek Council[43]


Moscow is a college town, with 23,800 residents as of the 2010 census.[44] It is located in the rolling hills of the Palouse region of north central Idaho.
The UI campus is adjacent to the southwest side of town; most stores, restaurants, and bars are within easy walking distance.

Degrees and colleges[edit]

From 1896 through May 2011, the University of Idaho granted 80,233 bachelor's degrees, 21,734 master's degrees, 2,694 doctoral degrees, 240 honorary degrees, 1,164 specialist degrees, and 3,654 law degrees.[45]

The university is organized into ten colleges; two are exclusively for graduate students (Law & Graduate Studies).

In July 2002, the College of Letters & Science was split into two separate colleges: the College of Science and the College of Letters, Arts, and Social Sciences (CLASS). Concurrently, the College of Mines and Earth Resources was discontinued; its programs were split between the College of Engineering and the new College of Science.

  • College of Agricultural and Life Sciences - (renamed 2001, formerly Agriculture)
  • College of Art and Architecture
  • College of Business and Economics
  • College of Education
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Graduate Studies
  • College of Law
  • College of Letters, Arts, and Social Sciences - (2002, formed after split of Letters and Science)
  • College of Natural Resources - (renamed 2000, formerly Forestry, Wildlife, & Range Sciences)
  • College of Science - (2002, formed after split of Letters and Science, and dissolution of Mines and Earth Resources)


Official athletics logo
Main article: Idaho Vandals


  • Associated Students University of Idaho (ASUI)
  • ASUI Center for Volunteerism and Social Action
  • Stellar Sportsmanship
  • Choral groups
  • Concert band
  • Dance
  • Drama
  • Environmental Club
  • Film
  • Fraternities & Sororities
  • Graduate & Professional Student Association (GPSA)
  • Mens Hockey Club
  • Jazz band
  • Lacrosse Club
  • Logger Sports Club
  • Literary Magazine
  • Marching band
  • Music ensembles
  • Musical theater
  • Opera
  • Quidditch Club
  • Radio Station (KUOI 89.3 FM)
  • Rugby Sports Clubs (Men's and Women's)
  • Soccer Club (Men's and Women's)
  • Student Activities, Leadership, and Volunteer Programs
  • Student Newspaper
  • Symphony orchestra
  • Technology
  • Television station
  • Vandal Friday
  • W7UQ Amateur Radio Club

Rankings and recognition[edit]

University rankings
Forbes[46] 384
U.S. News & World Report[47] 168
Washington Monthly[48] 61
  • The University of Idaho was ranked the 21st top college in the United States by Payscale and CollegeNet's Social Mobility Index college rankings.[49]
  • The University of Idaho earned recognition on the list of universities titled, "The Experts' Choice: the Public Ivies" below universities such as Pennsylvania State University, The University of Washington, and The University of California, Davis.[50]
  • The University of Idaho is ranked 61st in the country among national universities in the 2015 edition of Washington Monthly's College Rankings.[51]
  • U.S. News & World Report ranks UI tied for 91st among the nation's best public universities and tied for 168th among the best national universities in its 2016 report.[52]
  • The University of Idaho is included in the 2011 edition of Princeton Review's "Best 373 Colleges" and the 2008 list of Kiplinger’s 100 Best Values in Public Colleges. The Princeton Review also ranks U-Idaho as one of the nation’s top 286 environmentally responsible colleges.[6]
  • Forbes ranked UI at 153rd among national research universities in 2015.[53]
  • The University of Idaho is ranked in the top 30 in the nation as "a great university to hit the books and backcountry" by Outside magazine.[6]
  • Idaho Gem, the world's first cloned equine (a mule), was created by researchers at the University of Idaho and Utah State University.
  • Offers the first-in-the-nation doctorate degree in athletic training.[6]
  • Named by the Corporation for National and Community Service to the 2010 President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll for exemplary service efforts—more than 3,800 students volunteered more than 150,000 hours to community and service-learning. This is the fifth consecutive year Idaho has earned this highest federal recognition for its commitment to service-learning and civic engagement.[6]

Fight song[edit]

"Go, Vandals, Go" is the official fight song of the University of Idaho. The song was originally written by J.M. "Morey" O'Donnell, a freshman at Idaho who later became a prominent attorney in the state. He submitted it for a contest held by the school's student government to choose a new fight song. Previously, the Vandals had used a variation of "On, Wisconsin" as its fight song. Most fight songs are hard to sing because of the fast beat used to make them sound spirited. However, O'Donnell wrote the song almost entirely with whole notes and half notes to make it easy for a large football crowd to sing. He also added a heavy drumbeat to carry the spirit.

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2014 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2013 to FY 2014" (PDF). 2014 National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. Retrieved April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Fast Facts-Welcome to the University of Idaho-University of Idaho". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  3. ^ - demographics - fall 2010 at the Wayback Machine (archived August 7, 2011) - accessed 2011-08-31
  4. ^ "Color Usage-Brand Resource Center". University of Idaho. March 28, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Obsolete URL: Change Your Links and Bookmarks" (PDF). Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Points of Pride-About U-Idaho-University of Idaho at the Wayback Machine (archived April 20, 2010) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  7. ^ "There's Been An Error!" (PDF). Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  8. ^ Topographic map from USGS The National Map
  9. ^ - UI Research Park - accessed 2011-08-31
  10. ^ "Idaho's university is a heap of ashes now". Spokane Daily Chronicle. March 30, 1906. p. 1. 
  11. ^ "Administration building, Idaho university, burns; loss $200,000". Spokesman-Review. April 3, 1906. p. 10. 
  12. ^ Allen, Margaret D. (March 26, 1961). "55 years ago: University starts life anew after fire destroys building". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1. 
  13. ^ "Obsolete URL: Change Your Links and Bookmarks". Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  15. ^ LOST AND FOUND: University of Idaho's traditions have come and gone since its opening, University of Idaho Argonaut (archived from the original] on 2008-10-15).
  16. ^ "Idaho Commons & Pitman Center". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  17. ^ "University of Idaho Department of Student Involvement". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  18. ^ "The Writing Center". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  19. ^ [1] Archived July 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Item-University of Idaho". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  21. ^ at the Wayback Machine (archived January 5, 2010)
  22. ^ USGA golf course rating - accessed 2010-04-09.
  23. ^ About UI Arboreta
  24. ^ "Climbing Center". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  25. ^ "Hours". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  26. ^ "Wellness Class Schedule". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  27. ^ [2] Archived July 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ "Campus Recreation Center - University of Idaho". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  29. ^ "- University of Idaho Athletics Official Site —". 
  30. ^ Emerson, Paul (January 21, 1976). "Dome opener". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B. 
  31. ^ Barrows, Bob (January 20, 1976). "Idaho cage great Gus Johnson returns to Palouse". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B. 
  32. ^ Spotleson, Bruce (January 22, 1976). "WSU also captures alumni game 74-63". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1B. 
  33. ^ - UI Buildings - M - accessed 2010-04-06
  34. ^ "Objectives of the Game - rule 1.04". Major League Baseball. Retrieved August 24, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Baseball's 'out' at Idaho". Spokesman-Review. May 13, 1980. p. 19. 
  36. ^ "UI drops baseball, but booster group mounts fund drive". Lewiston Morning Tribune. May 13, 1980. p. C1. 
  37. ^ UI’s steam plant heats up at the Wayback Machine (archived March 7, 2009) (28 January 2009).
  38. ^ "Housing & Residence Life - University of Idaho". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  39. ^ [3] Archived July 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ [4] Archived July 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ "Intermodal Transit Center". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  42. ^ [5] Archived July 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ [6] Archived July 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  45. ^ - fast facts at the Wayback Machine (archived February 18, 2012) - accessed 2012-02-21
  46. ^ "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  47. ^ "Best Colleges". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  48. ^ "2015 National Universities Rankings". Washington Monthly. n.d. Retrieved September 17, 2015. 
  49. ^ CollegeNET. "Social Mobility Index 2014 - CollegeNET and PayScale". Retrieved 2015-08-29. 
  50. ^ "The Experts' Choice: The Public Ivies". Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  51. ^ "2015 National Universities Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  52. ^ "University of Idaho". Retrieved November 9, 2015. 
  53. ^ "University of Idaho - Forbes". Forbes. 

External links[edit]