University of Kiel
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Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
|Latin: Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis|
|Motto||Pax optima rerum|
Motto in English
|Peace is the greatest good|
|Budget||€ 167.1 million|
|President||Simone Fulda [de]|
|Colors||Purple and white|
The University of Kiel, officially the Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel, (German: Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, abbreviated CAU, known informally as Christiana Albertina) is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. It was founded in 1665 as the Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and has approximately 27,000 students today. Kiel University is the largest, oldest, and most prestigious in the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Until 1864/66 it was not only the northernmost university in Germany but at the same time the 2nd largest university of Denmark. Faculty, alumni, and researchers of the Kiel University have won 12 Nobel Prizes. Kiel University has been a member of the German Universities Excellence Initiative since 2006. The Cluster of Excellence The Future Ocean, which was established in cooperation with the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel in 2006, is internationally recognized. The second Cluster of Excellence "Inflammation at Interfaces" deals with chronic inflammatory diseases. The Kiel Institute for the World Economy is also affiliated with Kiel University. The university has a great reputation for its focus on public international law. The oldest public international law institution in Germany and Europe - the Walther Schuecking Institute for International Law - is based in Kiel.
The University of Kiel was founded under the name Christiana Albertina on 5 October 1665 by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The citizens of the city of Kiel were initially quite sceptical about the upcoming influx of students, thinking that these could be "quite a pest with their gluttony, heavy drinking and their questionable character" (German: mit Fressen, Sauffen und allerley leichtfertigem Wesen sehr ärgerlich seyn). But those in the city who envisioned economic advantages of a university in the city won, and Kiel thus became the northernmost university in the German Holy Roman Empire.
After 1773, when Kiel had come under Danish rule, the university began to thrive, and when Kiel became part of Prussia in the year 1867, the university grew rapidly in size. The university opened one of the first botanical gardens in Germany (now the Alter Botanischer Garten Kiel), and Martin Gropius designed many of the new buildings needed to teach the growing number of students.
The Christiana Albertina was one of the first German universities to obey the Gleichschaltung in 1933 and agreed to remove many professors and students from the school, for instance Ferdinand Tönnies or Felix Jacoby. During World War II, the University of Kiel suffered heavy damage, therefore it was later rebuilt at a different location with only a few of the older buildings housing the medical school.
- Faculty of Theology
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Arts and Humanities
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Agricultural Science and Nutrition
- Faculty of Engineering
- See also Category:University of Kiel alumni
- Franz Boas (1858–1942), anthropologist
- Alice Bota (born 1979), journalist
- Georg von Dadelsen (1918–2007), musicologist, Neue Bach-Ausgabe
- Gerhard Domagk, bacteriologist, Nobel laureate
- Johanna Hellman (1889 -1982), surgeon
- Prof. Dr. Doris König, current judge of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, Germany's highest court
- Wolfgang Kubicki, politician, vice chairman of the FDP in Germany, from 1992 to 1993 and since 1996 he is faction leader of the FDP in the Landtag, the parliament of Schleswig-Holstein, member of the Bundestag
- Oswald Pohl (1892–1951), Nazi SS officer executed for war crimes
- Viktoria Schmidt-Linsenhoff (1944–2013), German art historian and professor
- Gerhard Stoltenberg, politician, former prime minister of Schleswig-Holstein, former finance minister of Germany
- Peer Steinbrück, politician, former prime minister of North Rhine Westphalia, former finance minister of Germany
- Erich Walter Sternberg, composer
- Dr. Sibylle Kessal-Wulf, current judge of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, Germany's highest court
- See also Category:University of Kiel faculty
Nobel Prize Winners
There are several Nobel Prize Winners affiliated with the University of Kiel, including:
- 1902 Theodor Mommsen (Literature)
- 1905 Philipp Lenard (Physics)
- 1907 Eduard Buchner (Chemistry)
- 1918 Max Planck (Physics)
- 1922 Otto Meyerhof (Medicine)
- 1939 Gerhard Domagk (Medicine)
- 1950 Kurt Alder and Otto Diels (Chemistry).
Points of interest
Holstein Study Award
CAU’s most renowned award is the Holstein Study Award (Holsteiner Studienpreis), which is awarded to the university’s top three students each year since 2001. The award’s criteria include extraordinary academic achievements, a broad intellectual horizon and political or social involvement. It is endowed with a prize money of 500€ for the 2nd and 3rd prize and 1000€ for the 1st prize. The Holstein Study Award is funded by the association ‘Iuventus Academiae Holsatorum’. The award’s expert jury includes professors of various faculties and the prizes are awarded by the university’s president or vice-president in a formal ceremony in the top floor of the skyscraper on campus.
- "Die Christian-Albrechts-Universität in Zahlen 2013" (PDF). Universität zu Kiel (in German). p. 19. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
- "Die Christian-Albrechts-Universität in Zahlen 2013" (PDF). Universität zu Kiel (in German). p. 18. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
- "Startschuss für das Wintersemester". University of Kiel (in German). Retrieved 2018-10-17.
- Stolleis, Michael (2002). Geschichte des öffentlichen Rechts in Deutschland. Munich: C.H. Beck. p. 394. ISBN 978-3-406-48960-0.
- "Kiel University bans full-face veil in classrooms - DW - 13.02.2019". DW.COM.
- "German university bans burqa, niqab during lectures - IOL News". www.iol.co.za.
- "SwRI Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) Homepage". Southwest Research Institute. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Chronik".
- "Uni Kiel - Preise und Stipendien".
- "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Kriterien".
- "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Merkblatt".
- "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Kuratorium".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Kiel.|
- University of Kiel Web site
- University of Kiel International Affairs
- Students' Association at University of Kiel (in German)