University of Ljubljana

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University of Ljubljana
Univerza v Ljubljani
Logo of the University of Ljubljana
Latin: Universitas Labacensis
Type Public
Established 1919
Chancellor Ivan Svetlik
Administrative staff
3,500
Students 42,922[1]
Undergraduates 54,000[2]
Postgraduates 7,000[2]
Location Ljubljana, Slovenia
Website www.uni-lj.si

The University of Ljubljana (Slovene: Univerza v Ljubljani [uniʋɛ́ːrza w ljubljàːni], acronym: UL, Latin: Universitas Labacensis) is the oldest and largest university in Slovenia, being among the 800 world's best universities. With over 63,000 enrolled undergraduate and graduate students, it is among the largest universities in Europe.

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

Although certain academies (notably of philosophy and theology) were established as Jesuitical higher education in what now is Slovenia as early as the seventeenth century, the first university was founded in 1810 under the Écoles centrales of the French imperial administration of the Illyrian provinces. That university was disbanded in 1813, when Austria regained territorial control.

Quest for a national university[edit]

During the second half of the 19th century, several political claims for the establishment of a Slovene language university in Ljubljana were made. They gained momentum in the fin de siècle era, when a considerable number of renowned Slovene academians worked throughout Central Europe, while ever more numerous Slovenian students were enrolled in foreign-language universities of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, particularly in the Austrian and Czech lands (Charles University in Prague or University of Olomouc, of which Slovene philosopher Franc Samuel Karpe became the rector in 1781). In the 1890s, a unified board for the establishment of a Slovenian university was founded, with Ivan Hribar, Henrik Tuma, and Aleš Ušeničnik as its main leaders. In 1898, the Carniolan regional parliament established a scholarship for all those students who were planning a habilitation under the condition that they would accept a post at Ljubljana University when founded. In this way, a list of suitable faculty started to emerge.

Nevertheless, unfavorable political circumstances prevented the establishment of the university until the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With the establishment of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs in 1918, the founding of the university became possible. On November 23, 1918, the first meeting of the Founding Board of Ljubljana University was called, presided over by Mihajlo Rostohar, professor of psychology at the Charles University in Prague. Together with Danilo Majaron, Rostohar convinced the Yugoslav central government in Belgrade to pass a bill formally establishing the university. The bill was passed on July 2, 1919; in late August, the first professor were appointed and on September 18 the full professors established the University Council, thus starting the normal functioning of the institution. The first lectures started on December 3 of the same year.

First decades[edit]

University administrative building in 1929

In 1919, the university comprised five faculties: law, philosophy, technology, theology and medicine. The seat of the university was in the central Congress Square of Ljubljana in a building that had served as the State Mansion of Carniola from 1902 to 1918. The building was first designed in 1902 by Jan Vladimír Hráský, and was later remodelled by a Czech architect from Vienna, Josip Hudetz.

In the mid-1920s, the university was renamed the "King Alexander University in Ljubljana" (Universitas Alexandrina Labacensis) and continued to grow despite financial troubles and constant pressure from Yugoslav governments’ centralist policies. In 1941, Jože Plečnik's National and University Library was completed, as one of the major infrastructure projects of the university in the interwar period.

After the invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, the university continued to function under the Italian and Nazi German occupation, despite numerous problems and interference in its autonomous operation. Several professors were arrested or deported to Nazi concentration camps and large numbers of students joined either the Liberation Front of the Slovenian People or the Slovenian Home Guard.

1945 and later[edit]

Administrative Building of the University at 5 Congress Square (June 2015)

Following the end of the Second World War, the first and only foreigner elected to hold the office of chancellor was the Czech professor Alois Král, who had lectured at Faculty of Technical Sciences since 1920 and also held the position of dean thereof four times.[3] After the establishment of Communist Yugoslavia in 1945, the university was again put under political pressure[citation needed]: numerous professors were dismissed[citation needed], some were arrested and tried[citation needed], and the Theological Faculty was excluded from the University.[4] Some of the most brilliant students emigrated[citation needed]. Nevertheless, the university maintained its educational role and regained a limited degree of autonomy from the mid-1950s onward. It suffered a serious setback in autonomy from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s, when some professors were again dismissed by the authorities[citation needed]. In 1979 it was renamed "Edvard Kardelj University in Ljubljana" after the Communist leader. In 1990, with the fall of Yugoslavia, it was regiven its original name.

Organisation[edit]

Faculties and academies[edit]

Academy of Music

As of 2010, the university has 23 faculties and three academies, situated throughout urban Ljubljana:[5]

The university was initially located in the centre of Ljubljana where the central university building and the majority of its faculties are located. Later on, some new, modern buildings and a small scale campus were constructed in the northern part of the city (Bežigrad).

Libraries[edit]

The University of Ljubljana has two university libraries. The National and University Library of Slovenia is the national library of Slovenia and the university library of the University of Ljubljana. It contains about 1,307,000 books and numerous text, visual and multimedia resources.

Another university library is the Central Technological Library, which is also the national library and information hub of natural sciences and technology. There are over 30 libraries at individual faculties, departments, and institutes of the University of Ljubljana. The largest among them are the Central Humanist Library in the field of humanities, the Central Economic Library in the field of economics, the Central Medical Library in the field of medical sciences, and the Libraries of the Biotechnical Faculty in the field of biology and biotechnology.[6]

Gallery[edit]

The university operates an art gallery, open since 18 June 2012.[7]

Profile[edit]

The University of Ljubljana practices research in science and the arts, such as the humanities, social sciences, linguistics, arts, medicine, natural sciences and technology.

The University of Ljubljana houses the permanent seat of the International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS), an international academic group consisting of 10,000 political science graduate and undergraduate students worldwide.

Prominent faculty and alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ljubljani, Univerza v. "Univerza v številkah". Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "The University inu Figures". University of Ljubljana. 22 February 2010. 
  3. ^ "The University of Ljubljana and its rectors" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  4. ^ Debeljak, Aleš (1999). "Ljubljana University: Between hopes and anxieties". Central Europe Review. 1 (20). 
  5. ^ "Faculties". University of Ljubljana. 15 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "The Organisation and Activities of the UL Libraries". Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  7. ^ Beja, Boris (18 June 2012). "Odkritje spomenika Božidarju Jakcu" [The Unveiling of the Monument to Božidar Jakac]. Planet Siol.net (in Slovenian). 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°02′56″N 14°30′14″E / 46.04889°N 14.50389°E / 46.04889; 14.50389