University of Maine (France)
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|Université du Maine|
|Location||Le Mans, France|
The University of Maine (Université du Maine) is a French university, based in Le Mans. It is under the Academy of Nantes.
- 1 History
- 2 Components
- 3 Locations
- 4 Training and research
- 5 Personalities associated with the university
- 6 See also
The university opened in 1977; However, the story goes back a decade before to perceive the beginnings of this construction. In 1965, the decision was taken to open a literary college on the edge of the city of Le Mans. This college will be only an annex of the University of Caen, where decisions will be taken jointly by the leaders of the university with the leaders of the city of Le Mans. The hill of Vaurouzé is chosen to host the new study center. The proximity of a few kilometers with the hospital suggests the possibility of opening a hospital one day. In 1966, the buildings of the CLOUS (Local Center for University and School Works) were built. Accommodation and a restaurant are the only services available. A year later, it is the IUTs of business management, business administration and chemistry that open. In 1968, the IUT was reinforced by two sections: mechanical engineering and production engineering. Cities continue to be created. Le Mans becomes the smallest university annex in France with its 1,600 students. A year later, in 1969, the city of Le Mans obtained its total independence from the University of Caen. The University of Le Mans is no longer an annex, but a university center in its own right.
In 1975, two new UFRs were opened: Law and Letters. The city tries to palliate "the leak of gray matter", which operates from the city on the region. The young Manceaux thus tend to turn to the universities of Rennes, Angers, Tours or Nantes, in view of the few higher studies achievable at Le Mans. The city wants to urbanize its site, on a project that could take 20 to 30 years, bringing it closer to the western end of the city, symbolized by the hospital.
Creation of the university
The University of Maine was recognized by the Minister of Higher Education in 1977. A final science department is created, bringing the number of students to 3,000. The leaders are aware that the campus must develop, Facing the great neighboring universities. We begin to see what many generations of students will call "turbo-profs" who come directly from the capital every day to teach at the university. They are astonished to see a Faculty, having a privileged natural setting, far from the stereotype of the French faculties disposed in the heart of the city center. In 1985, there was a large increase in enrollment. However, all the faculties have a major disadvantage: the campus is far too far from the city center, and in the evening there is a desolate campus, which is rather distressing.
In 1987, the capacity of reception is overwhelmed by 6 000 students and amphitheatres are not enough to welcome all this world. The state does nothing while it seems obvious that the CHU will never open. A nursing school has been opened, but since 1966 and the opening of the CHU of Angers, the utility is no longer obvious. With already two CHUs in the region, the construction of a third is no longer even envisaged. The urban community of Le Mans then takes matters into its own hands. Faced with the refusal of the state to provide additional means, the CUM uses its caisses to enlarge the campus West. The amphitheater Robert Garnier of the UFR Rights and Letters is almost entirely subsidized by the city itself. But this is not enough to solve the problems of places in the amphis. While waiting to find the necessary funds, the city requisitioned the Palais des congrès to dispense the most important and most requested courses. In 1989, the technopole opened its doors next to the West campus.
In 1990, resources were given to the university to build three new buildings. Rather than sprawl, the leaders choose especially the expansion of premises already built. This restructuring campaign will cost a total of 9 million francs at the time. The CUEP opens its new premises while the city plans an investment of 63 million francs by 2000.
In 1992, the European institute of music professions decides to settle in the center of the technopole, close to the university. The institute welcomes students from all over France and also European students for a rare and recognized training. In the same year, the CTTM: Le Mans Technology Transfer Center opens its doors. The link between technopole and university is thus realized. In 1993, ISMANS, the Higher Institute of Materials of Le Mans, settled on the campus. Two amphitheatres, eight laboratories and twelve classrooms are dedicated to him. New student housing is created.
In 1994, the professional university opened its doors. Partnerships with neighboring companies are already in place. Two new buildings are still needed in letters and rights. The University House is also landed [style to revise]. It allows for better coordination on campus. The development of the streets is revised, the science department is enlarged with 21 million francs, entirely taken over by the CUM. In the same year, the IUP micro-informatics-electronics diversified the cultural offer. In 1995, cars were considered to be too numerous on the campus: lanes reserved for buses were then fitted, with a device preventing light vehicles from using these lanes. Three lines (12, 15 and 19) serve the university. This allows the buses not to be bothered by the many cars, often parked in places that are not intended for them.
In 1997, for the twenty years of the campus, the Higher School of Geometers and topographers comes to settle in Le Mans. In 1998, the ENSIM, the National School of Engineers of Le Mans, settled down. The years 1997 to 1999 are the most successful years with about 11,000 students enrolled throughout the campus and the university is full of training. A central university library is built on two floors where the different UFRs can be referred. The scattered premises of the former BUs of the various UFRs are abandoned to make them classrooms or IBs, libraries of institutes, more sharp than the central BU.
In 2007, the Le Mans tram links the campus to the city center in a few minutes and south of Le Mans in 25 minutes. In 2002, the technopole took another form, as pharmaceutical companies expanded and gained ground on the southern end of the campus. Between 2003 and 2006, the facilities are numerous, and the bet made 30 years ago, to link the university to the city is won. Many services are built in the image of a skating rink (City Ice), a skate park, etc. Enrollment has now returned to the 1997 level (over 10,000 students). The buildings are coming out of the ground and to the west, the campus is expanding greatly with the creation of a new district and new university cities. A parking on three floors, a large commercial area are built. Besides the city of Laval, annexes have been created in the city of Le Mans with the "Campus-technology" district in the south of the city, as well as some students must go to the circuits, south of Le Mans for their mechanical training .
In 2009, the university is a founding member of PRES University Nantes Angers Le Mans became "COMUE". This PRES was transformed, on 1 January 2016, with the PRES European University of Brittany into a community of universities and institutions called Brittany Loire University.
In accordance with the Education Code, which establishes the legal organization of public universities in France, the University of Le Mans is composed of several components. On the one hand, there are the training and research units (UFR), here referred to as "faculties" and "institutes and schools" on the other. The university therefore consists of:
Training and research units
- Faculty of Law, Economics and Management
- Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
- Faculty of Science and Technology
Institutes and Schools
- Laval University Institute of Technology
- University Institute of Technology of Le Mans
- National School of Engineers of Le Mans (Ensim)
- Risk and Insurance Institute, which brings together law, economics and mathematics.
On January 30, 2014, Bernard Spitz, President of the French Insurance Federation, formalized the membership of the University of Maine (and the IRA) at the University of Insurance.
Joint Documentation Service
The main campus is located in Le Mans. The university also has an office in Laval (University Center of Mayenne - Laval).
Training and research
The University of Maine offers more than 140 degrees in four areas: arts, letters, languages; Law, economics, management; Humanities and Social Sciences ; Science, technology, health. The courses are conducted by the three UFRs, two IUTs and one engineering school.
The courses of the UFR Sciences and Techniques are spread over six departments:
- The biology and geoscience departments offer a bachelor's degree in life sciences and earth sciences, a bachelor's degree in public-geomatics, a bachelor's degree in animal production, and an ecology-environment master's degree
- The chemistry department offers a degree in chemistry and chemistry
- The computer science department offers a bachelor's degree in science for the engineer, and a master computer-ISI
- The mathematics department offers a mathematical license, and a master's degree in mathematics and applications
- The Physical-Mechanical-Acoustics department offers a bachelor's degree in Engineering Sciences, a Physical-Chemistry degree with a Franco-German option and an integrated preparation for engineering school competitions, a professional license for engines and the environment, Development of competitive vehicles, professional licensing of acoustics and vibrations, a professional license for non-destructive testing, a professional license for eco-construction and energy, a master technological innovations-digital engineering in applied and mechanical physics, a physical master and an acoustic master
- The STAPS department offers a STAPS license, and a STAPS master.
The UFR's courses in humanities, languages and humanities are divided into eight departments:
- The Department of Germanic Studies offers a bachelor's degree in German Language and Literature, a master's degree in German, and a master's degree in Languages-FLE-Educational Technologies
- The Department of English Studies offers a bachelor's degree in English, a master's degree in English, a master's degree in English, a master's degree in English, a preparation for an in-house English program, and a PhD Of English
- The Spanish department offers a bachelor's degree in foreign language-literatures and civilizations, a master's degree in foreign languages and literature, and a master's degree in languages-FLE-educational technologies
- The geography department offers a geography degree, a professional license georeferenced data analysis applied to distribution and services, a research master, a professional master, a master PLC history-geography, and a doctorate geography
- The history department offers a degree in history, a professional license in the development and protection of cultural heritage, a bachelor's degree in cultural and artistic activities, a bachelor's degree in European studies, an inter-university diploma in religions and atheism in the context of secularism, Academic history and family genealogy, a research master's degree, a PE master's, a master PLC, a professional master's degree and a doctorate of history
- The department L.E.A. (Applied foreign letters) offers an English-Spanish license, an English-German license, a business license and a master's degree
- The Department of Letters offers a bachelor's degree in Modern Languages, a master's degree in Languages and Literature, a master's degree in Literature for Youth, a PE Master, a MEEF Master, a PhD in Literature and a PhD in Language Science.
The courses in Law, Economics and Management are divided into two areas:
- In law, the UFR proposes a law degree, a professional license in the insurance trades, a professional license in agricultural law, a master's degree in private law and public law, a master's degree in business law and a doctorate in law
- In Economics and Management, the UFR offers a bachelor's degree in Economics, a bachelor's degree in Business Engineering, a bachelor's degree in Hotel and Restaurant Management, a bachelor's degree in Business Marketing, a bachelor's degree in Economics, a master's degree in Economics, a Master's, And a doctorate in economics and management.
The IUT's courses are based on four departments: chemistry, mechanical and production engineering, business and government management, and physical measures.
- The IUT offers four university diplomas in technology: a DUT in chemistry, a DUT in management of companies and administrations, a DUT in mechanical and production engineering, and a DUT in physical measurements
- It also offers nine professional licenses: commercialization of banking and insurance products, professional mobility-management of training and skills, business management analysis, accounting and payroll management, portfolio manager Customer in expertise, computer-aided design and manufacturing, materials science and mechanics design and industrialization, chemical analysis and materials control, fine chemistry and synthesis
- Finally, the IUT offers a university degree: preparation for scientific and technological training.
The IUT de Laval's courses are organized around four themes:
- WEB and multimedia creation with: a DUT professions of multimedia and Internet, and a professional license design and realization of services and multimedia products
- Biology and laboratory with: a DUT biological engineering, and a professional license hygiene and safety of agri-food production
- Computer science and programming with: a DUT computer, and a professional license test and quality software
- Trade and marketing with: a DUT marketing techniques, a professional license trade manager import / export, and a professional license in agrofood trade and agrofourniture.
The ENSIM School of Engineering courses are divided into two specialties and four options:
- The specialty vibration, acoustics, sensors offers options: vibration and acoustics, and systems and methods for measurement and instrumentation
- The computer specialty offers the options: architecture of real and embedded systems, and interaction systems.
In 2008-2009, and with 1.11% of its registered students from an Erasmus exchange, the university ranks 31st among French universities for this population.
Personalities associated with the university
- Bertrand Louvel, Chief Justice of the Court of Cassation
- Gérard Férey, French chemist
- Nicole El Karoui, Mathematician
- François Fillon, Prime Minister
- Sébastien Bourdais, Race car driver