University of Maryland, Baltimore
|This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, potentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. (July 2013)|
|Motto||"The Founding Campus"|
|President||Dr. Jay A. Perman, M.D.|
|2,321 (many part-time)|
|Location||Baltimore, Maryland, United States
|Campus||Urban, 60 acres (242,811 m²)|
|Colors||Red, Gold and Black
University of Maryland, Baltimore, (also known as University of Maryland, The Founding Campus; or UMB, UMAB) was founded in 1807. It comprises some of the oldest professional schools of dentistry, law, medicine, pharmacy, social work and nursing in the nation. It is the original campus of the University System of Maryland. Located on 60 acres (242,811 m²) in downtown Baltimore, Maryland, it is part of the University System of Maryland. Effective July 1, 2010, Jay A. Perman, M.D., was appointed president by William English Kirwan Ph.D., chancellor of the University System of Maryland.
UM comprises seven professional schools:
- School of Medicine (founded 1807)
- School of Law (founded 1816)
- Dental School, first in the world(founded 1840)
- School of Pharmacy (founded 1841)
- School of Nursing (founded 1889)
- Graduate School (founded 1917)
- School of Social Work (founded 1961)
- 1 History
- 2 Professional schools
- 3 Library Facilities
- 4 Name of the Institution
- 5 Campus
- 6 Campus Police
- 7 Notable alumni
- 8 Notable faculty
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The University of Maryland at Baltimore was founded in 1807 as the Maryland College of Medicine. In 1812, it was rechartered as the University of Maryland and given the authority to establish additional faculties in law, divinity, and arts and sciences. The faculty of law was founded in 1816, though it operated intermittently until 1868. The faculty of arts and sciences also operated intermittently in the 19th century. From 1907 to 1920, St. John's College functioned as the University of Maryland's faculty of arts and sciences; this loose federation was dissolved in 1920 when the Maryland State College, the state's land grant college, became part of the University of Maryland. In 1970, the Maryland General Assembly established a five-campus University of Maryland network comprising the University of Maryland at Baltimore, University of Maryland Baltimore County, University of Maryland, College Park, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, and the University of Maryland University College with a system-wide president in College Park and a chancellor in charge of each campus; in 1988 this institution was merged with the State University and College System of Maryland to form the University System of Maryland.
University of Maryland School of Dentistry
The University of Maryland School of Dentistry was the first dental school in the world. Founded in 1840 as the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery (BCDS), it was chartered by an act of the Maryland General Assembly. Its principal founders were Drs. Horace H. Hayden and Chapin A. Harris. It was the first school in the world to offer a science-based curriculum in dentistry. It currently ranks among top 10 in the nation to receive NIH research funding. The school moved to a new building in October 2006. The new building, located adjacent to the old one in Baltimore Street, offers some of the newest facilities and technologies in the world for education and patient care. The cost of construction and equipment was over $140 million USD, the highest spent by the state of Maryland on an academic building.
University of Maryland School of Law
The University of Maryland School of Law opened in 1816 as the "Maryland Law Institute" "in a spacious and commodious building on South street, near Market street.". It is the third-oldest law school in the nation. It was founded by David Hoffman Esq., who authored a comprehensive Course of Legal Study, which had a lasting influence on other law school programs around the country and led to the development of legal ethics programs and responsibilities. The law school moved to a new building in 2002, adjacent to the site of Westminster Presbyterian Burying Ground the cemetery where the poet and writer Edgar Allan Poe is buried. It is the only law school in the United States with a famous author buried on its campus. Westminster Hall is used for campus events and is often requested for wedding ceremonies.
The University of Maryland School of Law was ranked 36th among law schools according to the 2008 edition of U.S. News & World Report law school rankings and was also ranked among the top 10 programs for health law, clinical law and environmental law. The School of Law's students' undergraduate median GPA is a 3.65 and median Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) score is a 162. It admits 16.1% of applicants, making it one of the most selective law schools in the country. The law school takes about 225 full-time day students and about 50 evening students per year.
The current Dean of the School of Law is Donald Tobin, one of the nation’s leading experts on the intersection of tax and campaign finance laws.
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Established in 1807, the University of Maryland School of Medicine is the first public and the fifth oldest medical school in the United States and the first to institute a residency training program. The medical school includes Davidge Hall, which was built in 1812 and is the oldest building in the Northern Hemisphere in continuous use for medical education. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the 1950s, it was named after founder and first Dean John Beale Davidge.
The Medical School offers a joint MD/Master of Public Health (MPH) degree. In July 2005, the majority of the Ph.D. granting programs that were previously department based were reorganized to for the Graduate Program in Life Science.
The School of Medicine also houses the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences (PTRS) established in 1956. The PTRS program offers a Doctor of Physical Therapy Degree (DPT) which lasts 3 years, PhD in rehabilitaion sciences and a dual DPT/PhD program. In the 2010 edition of U.S. News & World Report physical therapy school rankings, UMB PTRS ranked 15th in the nation.
The Department of Medical and Research Technology (DMRT) is within the School of Medicine. It offers a graduate program, a categorical certificate program and the School of Medicine's only undergraduate program. It is the largest accredited medical technology program in the state of Maryland.
The Medical School was ranked 30th for primary care and 41st for medical research in the 2008 edition of U.S. News & World Report medical school rankings. It admits 8.4% of applicants. This school recently celebrated its bicentennial culminating with the 2007 commencement. The current Dean is Dr. E. Albert Reece, who also served as Acting President of the University of Maryland, Baltimore during the transition between Dr. Ramsay and Dr. Perman.
The school has been criticized for offering instruction in integrative medicine: Steven Salzberg has especially criticized the inclusion of pseudoscientific subjects such as homeopathy in the curriculum. In Salzberg's view in teaching an integrative medicine course, the school is "mis-training medical students".
The University of Maryland School of Medicine has launched two research institutes, the Institute of Human Virology (IHV) and the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS).
- The Institute of Human Virology (IHV)
Formed in 1996 as a partnership between the State of Maryland, the City of Baltimore, the University System of Maryland and the University of Maryland Medical System, IHV is an institute of the University of Maryland School of Medicine and is a center of virology research. Robert C. Gallo, M.D. is Director of IHV.
- The Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS)
Launched in 2007, the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) is an internationally recognized genomics research center at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. IGS investigators use genomic and bioinformatic tools to research genome function in health and diseases and work in interdisciplinary collaborations with biomedical investigators. IGS is led by Dr. Claire M. Fraser-Liggett. Research areas include: Bioinformatics, Cancer Genomics, Functional Genomics, Human Genetic Variation, Infectious Diseases, Organismal Diversity and Evolution, Human Microbiome Project, Plant Genomics, and Microbial Community Ecology. Investigators at IGS work on Disease Ontology research, the Data Analysis and Coordination Center (DACC) for HMP, and other grants. IGS is one of the Genome Sequencing Center for Infectious Diseases (GSCID) centers designated by NIAID.
University of Maryland School of Nursing
The University of Maryland School of Nursing, founded in 1889 by Nightingale Fund graduate Louisa Parsons, is one of the oldest and one of the largest nursing schools in the nation. The School is known for innovative educational programs that address urgent healthcare needs nationally and internationally. The school pioneered the first nursing informatics program in the world and the nation's first nursing health policy program. According to the most recent nursing school rankings, The University of Maryland School of Nursing is ranked the 6th best nursing school in the 2015 edition of U.S. News & World Report.
The School of Nursing building, which opened in November 1998, shares a 32-acre (130,000 m2) campus in downtown Baltimore with five professional schools — Dentistry, Law, Medicine, Pharmacy and Social Work — as well as the University of Maryland Medical System and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The campus is a national leader in health sciences research, with $256 million in grants and contracts in fiscal year 2001.
The School of Nursing has pioneered a variety of innovative educational programs, including the first nursing informatics program in the world and the nation’s first nursing health policy program. More than 20 specialties are offered at the graduate level, including trauma/critical-care, oncology, gerontology, psychiatric/mental health nursing, and nursing administration. In 1999, the School of Nursing became the only school in Maryland to offer a midwifery program, pre-accredited by the American College of Nurse Midwives. Nurse practitioner options are also offered in family, pediatrics, women’s health, neonatal intensive care, adult primary care, acute care and geriatrics.
A variety of flexible and combined programs are offered to accelerate degree completion. These include the second bachelor's degree option, the RN to BSN online program, the RN to MS program, the post-baccalaureate entry option into the PhD program, and the MS/MBA and PhD/MBA programs offered in conjunction with the University of Baltimore; Frostburg State University; and the Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland College Park. Partnership programs for BSN completion join the School of Nursing with the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, the University of Maryland College Park, Washington College in Chestertown, MD, as well as all of Maryland's community colleges.
To provide clinical programs for students, the School of Nursing maintains affiliations with more than 300 hospitals and health care agencies throughout Maryland. In addition, within the 154,000-square-foot (14,300 m2) School of Nursing building are clinical simulation laboratories, which also afford students hands-on training in a real-life setting.
The School of Nursing offers a wide range of courses at off-campus locations. Students can enroll at numerous outreach sites throughout the state, permitting residents in remote, educationally under-served areas to complete undergraduate and graduate degrees in nursing. Linking regional, national and international audiences, the School incorporates the most advanced classroom and laboratory design, as well as modern distance learning communications technology, to provide a state-of-the-art education experience.
University of Maryland School of Pharmacy
The University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, founded in 1841, is the fourth oldest school of pharmacy in the nation and was the first pharmacy school established in Maryland. The School of Pharmacy comprises three departments, Pharmacy Practice and Science, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Pharmaceutical Health Services Research. The school admitted 11.4% of applicants for the 2006-2007 school year. According to the most recent pharmacy school rankings, The University of Maryland School of Pharmacy was ranked 17th among pharmacy schools in the 2012 edition of U.S. News & World Report.
University of Maryland School of Social Work
The University of Maryland School of Social Work is a top program in social work education. Graduates of the School of Social Work have become policymakers at all levels of government, from the U.S. Senate to the state and federal courts, to the State Department and departments of social services. Graduates also work as educators and researchers at universities across the country and have become therapists, community organizers, and managers. According to the most recent rankings, The University of Maryland School of Social Work was ranked 18th among schools of social work in the 2008 edition of U.S. News & World Report and 16th in 2012.
UMB Graduate School
The Graduate School was founded in 1918. UMB graduate school offers 43 degree programs in total. The University of Maryland Graduate School, Baltimore oversees the partnership between UMB and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County with additional programs that span across both institutions.
The University of Maryland, Baltimore has two main libraries on its campus: the Health Sciences & Human Services Library (HS/HSL) and the Thurgood Marshall Law Library.
UMB's Health Sciences & Human Services Library was founded in 1813 from the collection of Doctor John Crawford, a former British naval surgeon. Dr. Crawford's initial donation of books remains within the library's Historical Collections department as the Crawford Collection (comprising some 569 items). The first location of the library was the Provost's Office within the original medical school building, now known as Davidge Hall. Under the leadership of its first official library, Dr. Eugene F. Cordell (who served as library director from 1903-1913), the library grew rapidly, incorporating book collections from the schools of pharmacy and dentistry, and moving into its own building, a former church on the southeast corner of Lombard and Green Streets. The church was later razed in 1957 to make way for a new library that began construction in 1958 and opened in 1960. The library has since moved, in 1998, into a large modern building.
The Thurgood Marshall Law Library, named for Baltimore native and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, is the law library for the University of Maryland School of Law. The Marshall Law Library is found inside the law school's building, accessible through the main entrance. The Thurgood Marshall Law Library contains over 400,000 volumes of Anglo-American legal materials as well as outstanding international and foreign law collections. Extensive collections of both primary sources and secondary materials such as treatises are available. The library is open to all faculty, staff and students on the campuses of the University System of Maryland; University of Maryland School of Law alumni; attorneys; and members of the general public.
Name of the Institution
The professional schools housed at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, may also simply use the name "University of Maryland" when describing themselves even though the University of Maryland, College Park, also refers to itself simply as the University of Maryland. There is relatively little confusion resulting from the shared name because the University of Maryland, College Park, offers largely research-oriented graduate programs and houses fewer professional schools. The University of Maryland, Baltimore, does not offer NCAA sports. Although this university mainly offers graduate and professional study, it offers a few undergraduate courses, which include nursing, dental hygiene and medical technology. By law and tradition each school is entitled to use the "University of Maryland" name in recognition of their shared history. While both schools are institutions which belong to the University System of Maryland, neither is a part of the other.
The University of Maryland, Baltimore, is also often mistaken for the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), which is a separate University System of Maryland institution located in the town of Catonsville, outside the City of Baltimore.
The campus is composed of 58 buildings located near Camden Yards and Baltimore's famous Lexington Market. Construction on a new 114,000-square-foot (10,600 m2) campus center began at the start of 2007 and opened in August 2009 as the Southern Management Corporation Campus Center (SMC Center). The SMC Center contains dining facilities, meeting locations and the campus's gymnasium and recreation facility, URecFit. UMB has also recently undertaken a vast west campus expansion. This 10-acre (40,000 m2) project, known as BioPark, will create ten new buildings containing a total of 1,200,000 square feet (110,000 m2) of classroom, lab, and office space. In addition, University of Maryland Medical System has cleared a downtown site for the construction of a $329 million ambulatory care center.
The university is served by the University Center/Baltimore Street station of the Baltimore Light Rail system, which is at the eastern edge of campus. The Orange Route of the free Charm City Circulator provides service to both the BioPark and through the UMB campus to the Inner Harbor and points east.
Starting with the 2012-2013 school year, the University launched a new shuttle bus service for university students, staff, and faculty and University of Maryland Medical Center employees free of charge. The shuttle runs 3 routes from the university to West Baltimore (the new BioPark center), Federal Hill, and Mount Vernon.
The university is protected through the University of Maryland, Baltimore Police Department. The UMB Police department is a state and nationally accredited police agency providing law enforcement services to the UMB campus and surrounding communities. Through an agreement signed between the UMB Police Department and the Baltimore City Police Department, UMB Police officers have the same jurisdiction and authority as Baltimore City Police officers throughout the campus of the university. The UMB police force is composed of both sworn officers and unarmed security guards who are located in university-owned buildings to control access to the buildings and for other security purposes. The UMB Police force also provides escort services to students and university personnel throughout the campus, either through an escort vehicle, or a walking escort by an officer.
- Austin Lane Crothers, 46th Governor of Maryland, from 1908 to 1912.
- Theodore R. McKeldin, 53rd Governor of Maryland from 1951 to 1959
- Herbert O'Conor, 51st Governor of Maryland from 1939 to 1947, U.S. Senate 1947–1953
- Martin O'Malley, (1988), Mayor of Baltimore, 1999–2006, and Governor of Maryland, 2007–2015.
- Albert Ritchie, 49th Governor of Maryland from 1920 to 1935
- William S. Fulton, 4th Governor of the Arkansas Territory, 1835-1836, and United States Senator for Arkansas, 1836–1844.
- Daniel B. Brewster, U.S. Senator for Maryland, 1963–1969; Congressman for Maryland's 2nd District, 1959–1963
- William Cabell Bruce, (1882), U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1923 to 1929.
- Ben Cardin, (1967), U.S. Congressman for United States House of Representatives, 1987–2006, and U.S. Senator from Maryland, 2007–present.
- Charles Mathias, Jr., U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1969 to 1987.
- Barbara Mikulski, (1965), U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1987 to the present.
- George L. P. Radcliffe, (1903), U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1935 to 1947
- Isidor Rayner, U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1905 to 1912.
- Joseph Tydings, (1953), U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1965 to 1971
- Millard Tydings, U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1927 to 1951.
- William Purington Cole, Jr., U.S. Congressman from Maryland's 2nd District, 1927-1929 & 1931-1942.
- Elijah Cummings, (1976), U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 7th District, 1996–present.
- John Charles Linthicum, (1890), U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 4th District, 1911-1932.
- Hugh Meade, (1932), U.S. Congressman for Maryland 2nd District, 1947-1949.
- Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr., President of State Senate 1987–present.
- James W. Campbell, (1976), former member of Maryland House of Delegates
- Adelaide C. Eckardt, (1978), (1981), member Maryland House of Delegates
- Donald B. Elliott, (1957), member Maryland House of Delegates.
- Louise Virginia Snodgrass, former member of Maryland House of Delegates
- Lynne A. Battaglia, (1974), Maryland State Supreme Court Judge (Maryland Court of Appeals), 2001–present
- Andre M. Davis (1978), judge, U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland, 1995–2009; judge U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit 2009–present.
- Clayton Greene, Jr., (1976), Maryland State Supreme Court Judge (Maryland Court of Appeals), 2004–present
- Glenn T. Harrell, Jr., (1970), Maryland State Supreme Court Judge (Maryland Court of Appeals), 1999–present
- Lawrence F. Rodowsky, (1956), judge, Maryland Court of Appeals, 1980-2000.
- Alan M. Wilner, (1962), Maryland State Supreme Court Judge (Maryland Court of Appeals), 1996–present
- Charles C. Byrne, U.S. Army general
- Dr. Antonio Fernós-Isern The first Puerto Rican cardiologist and its longest serving resident commissioner.
- Louis L. Goldstein, (1938), Maryland Comptroller of the Treasury, 1959-1998.
- Archibald "Moonlight" Graham, (1908), Major League Baseball player, portrayed in the film Field of Dreams
- Robert M. Parker Jr., (1973), considered world's leading wine critic.
- William C. Schmeisser, (1907), National Lacrosse Hall of Fame inductee.
- James T. Smith, (1968), Baltimore County Executive, 2002–2010.
- F. Mason Sones, (1943), Cardiologist, inventor of coronary angiography.
- Enrique Pérez Santiago, first Puerto Rican hematologist
- Theodore E. Woodward, Nobel Prize Nominee, renowned researcher in the field of Medicine
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- "Martin O'Malley". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Albert Ritchie". National Governors Association. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "William S. Fulton". The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Daniel B. Brewster". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "William Cabell Bruce". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Ben Cardin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Charles Mathias, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Barbara Mikulski". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "George L. P. Radcliffe". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Isidor Rayner". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Joseph Tydings". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Millard Tydings". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "William Purington Cole, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Elijah Cummings". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "John Charles Linthicum". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Hugh Meade". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
|Wikisource has the text of a 1921 Collier's Encyclopedia article about University of Maryland, Baltimore.|