University of Maryland, College Park

Coordinates: 38°59′17″N 76°56′35″W / 38.988°N 76.943°W / 38.988; -76.943
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Maryland, College Park
Former names
Maryland Agricultural College (1856–1916)
Maryland State College (1916–1920)[1]
Motto
Fatti maschii, parole femine (Italian) (unofficial)[2]
Motto in English
"Strong deeds, gentle words"
TypePublic land-grant research university
EstablishedMarch 6, 1856; 168 years ago (1856-03-06)
Parent institution
University System of Maryland
AccreditationMSCHE
Academic affiliations
Endowment$997 million (2022)[3]
PresidentDarryll Pines
ProvostJennifer King Rice
Academic staff
4,474 (Fall 2023)[4]
Administrative staff
6,216 (Fall 2023)[4]
Total staff
14,922 (Fall 2023)[4]
Students41,200 (Fall 2018)
Undergraduates30,762 (Fall 2018)[5]
Postgraduates10,438 (Fall 2018)[5]
Location, ,
United States

38°59′17″N 76°56′35″W / 38.988°N 76.943°W / 38.988; -76.943
CampusLarge suburb[7], 1,340 acres (5.4 km2)[6]
NewspaperThe Diamondback
ColorsRed, gold, white, and black[8]
       
NicknameTerrapins
Sporting affiliations
MascotTestudo the Terrapin
Websiteumd.edu

The University of Maryland, College Park (University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public land-grant research university in College Park, Maryland.[9] Founded in 1856, UMD is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.[10] It is also the largest university in both the state and the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area.[11] Its 12 schools and colleges offer over 200 degree-granting programs, including 113 undergraduate majors, 107 master's programs, and 83 doctoral programs.[12] UMD is a member of the Association of American Universities and competes in intercollegiate athletics as a member of the Big Ten Conference.

The University of Maryland's proximity to Washington, D.C., has resulted in many research partnerships with the federal government;[13] faculty receive research funding and institutional support from many agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health, NASA, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Security Agency, and the Department of Homeland Security.[14][15] It is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity"[16] and has been labeled a "Public Ivy".[17]

In 2016, the University of Maryland, College Park and the University of Maryland, Baltimore formalized their strategic partnership after their collaboration aimed to create more innovative medical, scientific, and educational programs,[18] as well as greater research grants and joint faculty appointments than either campus has been able to accomplish on its own.[19][20][21] According to the National Science Foundation, the university spent a combined $1.14 billion on research and development in 2021, ranking it 17th among American universities.[22][23] As of 2021, the operating budget of the University of Maryland is approximately $2.2 billion.[24]

Northeast entrance to the University of Maryland Campus

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Charles Benedict Calvert (1808–1864), founder of the Maryland Agricultural College in 1856, the predecessor to UMD

On March 6, 1856, the forerunner of today's University of Maryland was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College.[25] Two years later, Charles Benedict Calvert (1808–1864), a future U.S. Representative (Congressman) and descendant of the first Lord Baltimore, purchased 420 acres (1.7 km2) of the Riversdale Mansion estate nearby today's College Park, Maryland.[26] Later that year, Calvert founded the school and was the acting president from 1859 to 1860.[27] On October 5, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural College.[1] The school became a land grant college in February 1864.[1]

Civil War[edit]

Morrill Hall, built in 1898, is the oldest academic building on campus.

During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers under Brigadier General Bradley Tyler Johnson moved past the college on July 12, 1864, as part of Jubal Early's raid on Washington, D.C.[28] By the end of the war, financial problems forced the administrators to sell off 200 acres (81 ha) of land, and the continuing decline in enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. The campus was used as a boys' preparatory school for the next two years.[1]

The Maryland legislature assumed half ownership of the school in 1866. The college thus became, in part, a state institution. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students. In 1868, the former Confederate admiral Franklin Buchanan was appointed president of the school. Enrollment grew to 80 at the time of his resignation, and the school soon paid off its debt. In 1873, Samuel Jones, a former Confederate Major General, became president of the college.[29]

Twenty years later, the federally-funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established there. During this same period, state laws granted the college regulatory powers in several areas—including controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological survey, and housing the forestry board.[1] Morrill Hall (the oldest instructional building still in use on campus) was built the following year.[1]

Great Fire of 1912[edit]

The campus during The Great Fire of 1912

On November 29, 1912, a fire destroyed student housing, school records, and most of the academic buildings, leaving only Morrill Hall untouched. There were no injuries or fatalities, and all but two students returned to the university and insisted on classes continuing.[1] A new administration building was not built until the 1940s.A transition between what the history included between 1912 and 1916 should be included, so readers know what happened between the fire and the state taking control. Since then there has been a superstition that is followed by almost all students. The superstition says that anyone who walks on the Point of Failure will not graduate in four years. -->[1] |title1=University of Maryland, College Park boundary

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|title7=Thurgood Marshall Hall

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|title11=A. James Clark Hall

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|title12=A.V. Williams Building

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|title13=Adele H. Stamp Student Union

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|title14=Allegany Hall

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|title17=Animal Science/Agricultural Engineering Building

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|title18=Annapolis Hall

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|title19=Anne Arundel Hall

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|title21=Aquatics Center

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 |description21=Outdoor pool, with diving board, slide, mushroom, etc. built 1998
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|title22=Architecture Building

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|title23=Art-Sociology Building

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|title24=Baltimore Hall

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|title25=Bel Air Hall

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|title26=Benjamin Building

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|title27=Biology-Psychology Building

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|title28=Biomolecular Sciences Building

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|title29=Biosciences Research Building

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|title30=SECU Stadium

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|title32=Calvert Hall

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|title33=Cambridge Community Center

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|title34=Cambridge Hall

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|title35=Caroline Hall

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|title36=Caroll Hall

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|title38=Cecil Hall

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|title40=Center for Young Children

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|title42=Centreville Hall

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|title44=Chapel Fields

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|title45=Charles Hall

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|title46=Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Building

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|title47=Chemistry Building

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|title48=Chesapeake Building

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|title49=Chestertown Hall

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|title50=Chincoteague Hall

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|title51=Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center

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|title52=Cole Field House

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|title56=XFINITY Center

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|title57=Atlantic Building

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|title58=Computer Science Instructional Center

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|title59=Cumberland Hall

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|title60=Denton Hall

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|title61=Dorchester Hall

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|title62=Easton Hall

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|title63=Edward St. John Learning and Teaching Center

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|title64=Elkton Hall

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|title65=Ellicott Hall

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|title67=Energy Research Facility

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|title68=Engineering Annex

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|title69=Engineering Fields

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|title70=C. Daniel Mote, Jr. Engineering Laboratory Building

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|title73=Eppley Campus Recreation Center

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|title74=Field Hockey and Lacrosse Complex

 |type74=point
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|title75=Francis Scott Key Hall

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|title76=Fraternity Fields

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|title77=Frederick Hall

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 |description77=Residence Hall, built 1948 and renovated 1986
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|title78=Garrett Hall

 |type78=point
 |description78=Residence Hall, built 1948 and renovated 1984
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|title80=Geology Building

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|title81=Golf Course Clubhouse

 |type81=point
 |description81=Athletic facility, built 1999
 |coord81=38°59′28″N 76°57′17″W / 38.99113°N 76.95470°W / 38.99113; -76.95470
 |marker81=golf
 |marker-color81=#E6AB02
 |marker-size81=small

|title84=Gossett Football Team House

 |type84=point
 |description84=Athletic facility, built 1992 and renovated 2002
 |coord84=38°59′23″N 76°56′47″W / 38.98978°N 76.94629°W / 38.98978; -76.94629
 |marker84=pitch
 |marker-color84=#E6AB02
 |marker-size84=small

|title85=Graduate Garden Apartment Complex

 |type85=point
 |description85=Collection of student-only apartments for graduate students
 |coord85=38°59′05″N 76°57′26″W / 38.98474°N 76.95730°W / 38.98474; -76.95730
 |marker85=lodging
 |marker-color85=#E7298A
 |marker-size85=small

|title89=H.J. Patterson Hall

 |type89=point
 |description89=Languages and Environmental Science academic building, built 1937 and renovated 2017
 |coord89=38°59′13″N 76°56′36″W / 38.98708°N 76.94327°W / 38.98708; -76.94327
 |marker89=college
 |marker-color89=#1B9E77
 |marker-size89=small

|title90=Hagerstown Hall

 |type90=point
 |description90=Residence Hall, built 1968
 |coord90=38°59′33″N 76°56′51″W / 38.99243°N 76.94741°W / 38.99243; -76.94741
 |marker90=lodging
 |marker-color90=#E7298A
 |marker-size90=small

|title91=Harford Hall

 |type91=point
 |description91=Residence Hall, built 1944 and renovated 1982
 |coord91=38°58′57″N 76°56′27″W / 38.98249°N 76.94083°W / 38.98249; -76.94083
 |marker91=lodging
 |marker-color91=#E7298A
 |marker-size91=small

|title93=Health Center

 |type93=point
 |description93=Medical facility, built 1964 and renovated 2004
 |coord93=38°59′14″N 76°56′41″W / 38.98721°N 76.94474°W / 38.98721; -76.94474
 |marker93=hospital
 |marker-color93=#D95F02
 |marker-size93=small

|title97=Hornbake Library

 |type97=point
 |description97=Archival library and study space, built 1972
 |coord97=38°59′17″N 76°56′30″W / 38.98817°N 76.94157°W / 38.98817; -76.94157
 |marker97=library
 |marker-color97=#D95F02
 |marker-size97=small

|title98=Howard Hall

 |type98=point
 |description98=Residence Hall, built 1940 and renovated 1986
 |coord98=38°58′55″N 76°56′31″W / 38.98196°N 76.94197°W / 38.98196; -76.94197
 |marker98=lodging
 |marker-color98=#E7298A
 |marker-size98=small

|title100=Institute for Physical Science and Technology

 |type100=point
 |description100=Academic building, built 1955
 |coord100=38°59′27″N 76°56′27″W / 38.99091°N 76.94097°W / 38.99091; -76.94097
 |marker100=college
 |marker-color100=#1B9E77
 |marker-size100=small

|title103=J. Logan and Louise Schutz Football Practice Complex

 |type103=point
 |description103=Multisport practice fields
 |coord103=38°59′25″N 76°56′39″W / 38.99021°N 76.94419°W / 38.99021; -76.94419
 |marker103=pitch
 |marker-color103=#E6AB02
 |marker-size103=small

|title104=J.H. Kehoe Track and Ludwig Field

 |type104=point
 |description104=Running track and soccer stadium, built 1995
 |coord104=38°59′16″N 76°57′02″W / 38.98787°N 76.95057°W / 38.98787; -76.95057
 |marker104=pitch
 |marker-color104=#E6AB02
 |marker-size104=small

|title105=J.M. Patterson Building

 |type105=point
 |description105=Engineering academic building, built 1954 and renovated 1976
 |coord105=38°59′26″N 76°56′25″W / 38.99051°N 76.94029°W / 38.99051; -76.94029
 |marker105=college
 |marker-color105=#1B9E77
 |marker-size105=small

|title106=Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building

 |type106=point
 |description106=Academic building, built 2005
 |coord106=38°59′27″N 76°56′17″W / 38.99090°N 76.93802°W / 38.99090; -76.93802
 |marker106=college
 |marker-color106=#1B9E77
 |marker-size106=small

|title107=Jimenez Hall

 |type107=point
 |description107=Languages, Literatures, and Cultures academic building, built 1962
 |coord107=38°59′12″N 76°56′40″W / 38.98678°N 76.94455°W / 38.98678; -76.94455
 |marker107=college
 |marker-color107=#1B9E77
 |marker-size107=small

|title108=Jull Hall

 |type108=point
 |description108=Agriculture academic building, built 1954
 |coord108=38°59′27″N 76°56′37″W / 38.99087°N 76.94358°W / 38.99087; -76.94358
 |marker108=college
 |marker-color108=#1B9E77
 |marker-size108=small

|title110=Kent Hall

 |type110=point
 |description110=Residence Hall, built 1944, renovated 1984
 |coord110=38°59′00″N 76°56′31″W / 38.98324°N 76.94184°W / 38.98324; -76.94184
 |marker110=lodging
 |marker-color110=#E7298A
 |marker-size110=small

|title111=Knight Hall

 |type111=point
 |description111=Journalism academic building, built 2010
 |coord111=38°59′12″N 76°56′55″W / 38.98677°N 76.94871°W / 38.98677; -76.94871
 |marker111=college
 |marker-color111=#1B9E77
 |marker-size111=small

|title114=LaPlata Beach

 |type114=point
 |description114=Green space with beach volleyball courts
 |coord114=38°59′33″N 76°56′42″W / 38.99255°N 76.94498°W / 38.99255; -76.94498
 |marker114=park
 |marker-color114=#66A61E
 |marker-size114=small

|title115=LaPlata Hall

 |type115=point
 |description115=Residence Hall, built 1969
 |coord115=38°59′33″N 76°56′45″W / 38.99244°N 76.94589°W / 38.99244; -76.94589
 |marker115=lodging
 |marker-color115=#E7298A
 |marker-size115=small

|title117=Lee Building

 |type117=point
 |description117=Administrative office building, built 1969
 |coord117=38°59′07″N 76°56′22″W / 38.98536°N 76.93952°W / 38.98536; -76.93952
 |marker117=suitcase
 |marker-color117=#D95F02
 |marker-size117=small

|title118=LeFrak Hall

 |type118=point
 |description118=Social Sciences and Geography academic building, built 1928 and renovated 1978
 |coord118=38°59′01″N 76°56′37″W / 38.98368°N 76.94363°W / 38.98368; -76.94363
 |marker118=college
 |marker-color118=#1B9E77
 |marker-size118=small

|title119=Leonardtown Community Center

 |type119=point
 |description119=Multipurpose building, built 1982
 |coord119=38°59′00″N 76°56′00″W / 38.98335°N 76.93346°W / 38.98335; -76.93346
 |marker119=shop
 |marker-color119=#E7298A
 |marker-size119=small

|title122=Leonardtown 248

 |type122=point
 |description122=Residence Hall, built 1982
 |coord122=38°59′02″N 76°56′00″W / 38.98395°N 76.93340°W / 38.98395; -76.93340
 |marker122=lodging
 |marker-color122=#E7298A
 |marker-size122=small

|title124=Leonardtown 244

 |type124=point
 |description124=Residence Hall, built 1982
 |coord124=38°59′05″N 76°56′02″W / 38.98481°N 76.93378°W / 38.98481; -76.93378
 |marker124=lodging
 |marker-color124=#E7298A
 |marker-size124=small

|title126=Leonardtown 249

 |type126=point
 |description126=Residence Hall, built 1982
 |coord126=38°59′01″N 76°56′00″W / 38.98369°N 76.93322°W / 38.98369; -76.93322
 |marker126=lodging
 |marker-color126=#E7298A
 |marker-size126=small

|title127=Leonardtown 247

 |type127=point
 |description127=Residence Hall, built 1982
 |coord127=38°59′03″N 76°55′59″W / 38.98425°N 76.93309°W / 38.98425; -76.93309
 |marker127=lodging
 |marker-color127=#E7298A
 |marker-size127=small

|title128=Leonardtown 246

 |type128=point
 |description128=Residence Hall, built 1982
 |coord128=38°59′04″N 76°56′01″W / 38.98432°N 76.93354°W / 38.98432; -76.93354
 |marker128=lodging
 |marker-color128=#E7298A
 |marker-size128=small

|title129=Leonardtown 245

 |type129=point
 |description129=Residence Hall, built 1982
 |coord129=38°59′05″N 76°56′00″W / 38.98460°N 76.93339°W / 38.98460; -76.93339
 |marker129=lodging
 |marker-color129=#E7298A
 |marker-size129=small

|title133=Leonardtown Office Building

 |type133=point
 |description133=Resident Life administrative building, built 1961
 |coord133=38°59′01″N 76°55′57″W / 38.98370°N 76.93243°W / 38.98370; -76.93243
 |marker133=suitcase
 |marker-color133=#D95F02
 |marker-size133=small

|title134=Thomas V. Miller, Jr. Administration Building

 |type134=point
 |description134=Primary administrative building, built 1940 and renovated 1964
 |coord134=38°59′10″N 76°56′23″W / 38.98601°N 76.93980°W / 38.98601; -76.93980
 |marker134=suitcase
 |marker-color134=#D95F02
 |marker-size134=small

|title135=Manufacturing Building

 |type135=point
 |description135=Aerospace Engineering facility, built 1992
 |coord135=38°59′34″N 76°56′22″W / 38.99286°N 76.93943°W / 38.99286; -76.93943
 |marker135=suitcase
 |marker-color135=#D95F02
 |marker-size135=small

|title136=Marie Mount Hall

 |type136=point
 |description136=Multipurpose academic and administrative building, built 1940 and renovated 1980
 |coord136=38°59′06″N 76°56′27″W / 38.98500°N 76.94075°W / 38.98500; -76.94075
 |marker136=college
 |marker-color136=#1B9E77
 |marker-size136=small

|title137=Glenn L. Martin Hall

 |type137=point
 |description137=Engineering academic building, built 1950 and renovated 1985
 |coord137=38°59′20″N 76°56′17″W / 38.98886°N 76.93797°W / 38.98886; -76.93797
 |marker137=college
 |marker-color137=#1B9E77
 |marker-size137=small

|title138=William E. Kirwan Hall

 |type138=point
 |description138=Mathematics academic building, built 1954 and renovated 1982
 |coord138=38°59′19″N 76°56′21″W / 38.98862°N 76.93906°W / 38.98862; -76.93906
 |marker138=college
 |marker-color138=#1B9E77
 |marker-size138=small

|title139=McKeldin Library

 |type139=point
 |description139=Flagship library, built 1958 and renovated 1990
 |coord139=38°59′10″N 76°56′42″W / 38.98598°N 76.94510°W / 38.98598; -76.94510
 |marker139=library
 |marker-color139=#D95F02
 |marker-size139=small

|title140=McKeldin Mall

 |type140=point
 |description140=Large green space with a fountain and walking paths
 |coord140=38°59′10″N 76°56′32″W / 38.98598°N 76.94226°W / 38.98598; -76.94226
 |marker140=park
 |marker-color140=#66A61E
 |marker-size140=small

|title141=Memorial Chapel

 |type141=point
 |description141=Multifaith place of worship, built 1953
 |coord141=38°59′03″N 76°56′27″W / 38.98415°N 76.94086°W / 38.98415; -76.94086
 |marker141=place-of-worship
 |marker-color141=#D95F02
 |marker-size141=small

|title145=Microbiology Building

 |type145=point
 |description145=Academic building, built 1939 and renovated 1988
 |coord145=38°59′17″N 76°56′36″W / 38.98811°N 76.94340°W / 38.98811; -76.94340
 |marker145=college
 |marker-color145=#1B9E77
 |marker-size145=small

|title146=Clarence M. Mitchell Building

 |type146=point
 |description146=Administrative offices building, built 1958
 |coord146=38°59′12″N 76°56′22″W / 38.98670°N 76.93956°W / 38.98670; -76.93956
 |marker146=suitcase
 |marker-color146=#D95F02
 |marker-size146=small

|title147=Montgomery Hall

 |type147=point
 |description147=Residence Hall, built 1955 and renovated 1989
 |coord147=38°58′55″N 76°56′23″W / 38.98205°N 76.93967°W / 38.98205; -76.93967
 |marker147=lodging
 |marker-color147=#E7298A
 |marker-size147=small

|title148=Morrill Hall

 |type148=point
 |description148=Social Sciences academic building, built 1898 and renovated 1994
 |coord148=38°59′04″N 76°56′39″W / 38.98431°N 76.94417°W / 38.98431; -76.94417
 |marker148=suitcase
 |marker-color148=#D95F02
 |marker-size148=small

|title154=Nyumburu Cultural Center

 |type154=point
 |description154=African-American cultural center, built 1969 and renovated 1982
 |coord154=38°59′17″N 76°56′38″W / 38.98813°N 76.94380°W / 38.98813; -76.94380
 |marker154=suitcase
 |marker-color154=#D95F02
 |marker-size154=small

|title155=Oakland Hall

 |type155=point
 |description155=Residence Hall, built 2011
 |coord155=38°59′38″N 76°56′57″W / 38.99385°N 76.94922°W / 38.99385; -76.94922
 |marker155=lodging
 |marker-color155=#E7298A
 |marker-size155=small

|title157=Patuxent Building

 |type157=point
 |description157=Administrative offices building, built 1990
 |coord157=38°59′19″N 76°56′37″W / 38.98863°N 76.94348°W / 38.98863; -76.94348
 |marker157=suitcase
 |marker-color157=#D95F02
 |marker-size157=small

|title159=John S. Toll Physics Building

 |type159=point
 |description159=Academic building, built 1953 and renovated 1968
 |coord159=38°59′19″N 76°56′24″W / 38.98869°N 76.94007°W / 38.98869; -76.94007
 |marker159=college
 |marker-color159=#1B9E77
 |marker-size159=small

|title160=Plant Science Building

 |type160=point
 |description160=Academic building, built 1996
 |coord160=38°59′19″N 76°56′29″W / 38.98873°N 76.94135°W / 38.98873; -76.94135
 |marker160=college
 |marker-color160=#1B9E77
 |marker-size160=small

|title161=Pocomoke Building

 |type161=point
 |description161=Campus police headquarters, built 1946 and renovated 2013
 |coord161=38°58′59″N 76°56′14″W / 38.98295°N 76.93716°W / 38.98295; -76.93716
 |marker161=suitcase
 |marker-color161=#D95F02
 |marker-size161=small

|title165=Preinkert Hall

 |type165=point
 |description165=Architecture academic building, built 1932 and renovated 1952
 |coord165=38°59′04″N 76°56′46″W / 38.98445°N 76.94613°W / 38.98445; -76.94613
 |marker165=college
 |marker-color165=#1B9E77
 |marker-size165=small

|title167=Prince Georges Hall

 |type167=point
 |description167=Residence Hall, built 1944 and renovated 1984
 |coord167=38°58′57″N 76°56′31″W / 38.98258°N 76.94182°W / 38.98258; -76.94182
 |marker167=lodging
 |marker-color167=#E7298A
 |marker-size167=small

|title168=Queen Annes Hall

 |type168=point
 |description168=Residence Hall, built 1949 and renovated 2005
 |coord168=38°59′07″N 76°56′46″W / 38.98519°N 76.94600°W / 38.98519; -76.94600
 |marker168=lodging
 |marker-color168=#E7298A
 |marker-size168=small

|title169=Reckord Armory

 |type169=point
 |description169=Athletic facility and military offices, built 1944
 |coord169=38°59′10″N 76°56′20″W / 38.98602°N 76.93896°W / 38.98602; -76.93896
 |marker169=pitch
 |marker-color169=#E6AB02
 |marker-size169=small

|title170=Recreation Artificial Turf Fields

 |type170=point
 |description170=Artificial soccer pitches
 |coord170=38°59′44″N 76°56′21″W / 38.99548°N 76.93918°W / 38.99548; -76.93918
 |marker170=pitch
 |marker-color170=#E6AB02
 |marker-size170=small

|title173=Ritchie Coliseum

 |type173=point
 |description173=Athletic facility, built 1932 and renovated 1996
 |coord173=38°59′06″N 76°56′11″W / 38.98504°N 76.93645°W / 38.98504; -76.93645
 |marker173=pitch
 |marker-color173=#E6AB02
 |marker-size173=small

|title174=Robert E. Taylor Softball Stadium

 |type174=point
 |description174=Athletic field, built 2002
 |coord174=38°59′47″N 76°56′23″W / 38.99629°N 76.93974°W / 38.99629; -76.93974
 |marker174=pitch
 |marker-color174=#E6AB02
 |marker-size174=small

|title176=Rossborough Inn

 |type176=point
 |description176=Administrative offices building, built 1798
 |coord176=38°59′07″N 76°56′15″W / 38.98534°N 76.93761°W / 38.98534; -76.93761
 |marker176=suitcase
 |marker-color176=#D95F02
 |marker-size176=small

|title178=Samuel Riggs IV Alumni Center

 |type178=point
 |description178=Alumni center and event venue, built 2005
 |coord178=38°59′22″N 76°56′57″W / 38.98946°N 76.94907°W / 38.98946; -76.94907
 |marker178=suitcase
 |marker-color178=#D95F02
 |marker-size178=small

|title179=School of Public Health

 |type179=point
 |description179=Academic building, built 1973 and renovated 2010
 |coord179=38°59′37″N 76°56′35″W / 38.99349°N 76.94316°W / 38.99349; -76.94316
 |marker179=college
 |marker-color179=#1B9E77
 |marker-size179=small

|title181=Shoemaker Building

 |type181=point
 |description181=Administrative offices building, built 1932 and renovated 2010
 |coord181=38°59′02″N 76°56′34″W / 38.98393°N 76.94274°W / 38.98393; -76.94274
 |marker181=suitcase
 |marker-color181=#D95F02
 |marker-size181=small

|title183=Skinner Building

 |type183=point
 |description183=Arts and Humanities academic building, built 1917 and renovated 1992
 |coord183=38°59′05″N 76°56′31″W / 38.98480°N 76.94184°W / 38.98480; -76.94184
 |marker183=college
 |marker-color183=#1B9E77
 |marker-size183=small

|title184=Somerset Hall

 |type184=point
 |description184=Residence Hall, built 1949 and renovated 1999
 |coord184=38°59′06″N 76°56′44″W / 38.98500°N 76.94554°W / 38.98500; -76.94554
 |marker184=lodging
 |marker-color184=#E7298A
 |marker-size184=small

|title192=South Campus Dining Hall

 |type192=point
 |description192=Dining Hall, built 1974 and renovated 1989
 |coord192=38°58′59″N 76°56′37″W / 38.98304°N 76.94368°W / 38.98304; -76.94368
 |marker192=restaurant
 |marker-color192=#E7298A
 |marker-size192=small

|title194=St. Mary's Hall

 |type194=point
 |description194=Residence Hall, built 1932 and renovated 1989
 |coord194=38°59′13″N 76°56′44″W / 38.98700°N 76.94559°W / 38.98700; -76.94559
 |marker194=lodging
 |marker-color194=#E7298A
 |marker-size194=small

|title196=Susquehanna Hall

 |type196=point
 |description196=Multipurpose academic and administrative building, built 1991
 |coord196=38°58′55″N 76°56′37″W / 38.98207°N 76.94374°W / 38.98207; -76.94374
 |marker196=college
 |marker-color196=#1B9E77
 |marker-size196=small

|title197=Symons Hall

 |type197=point
 |description197=Agriculture academic building, built 1940 and renovated 2000
 |coord197=38°59′13″N 76°56′26″W / 38.98708°N 76.94064°W / 38.98708; -76.94064
 |marker197=college
 |marker-color197=#1B9E77
 |marker-size197=small

|title198=Talbot Hall

 |type198=point
 |description198=Residence Hall, built 1948 and renovated 1984
 |coord198=38°59′00″N 76°56′32″W / 38.98333°N 76.94225°W / 38.98333; -76.94225
 |marker198=lodging
 |marker-color198=#E7298A
 |marker-size198=small

|title199=Taliaferro Hall

 |type199=point
 |description199=Humanities and Social Sciences academic building, built 1909 and renovated 2003
 |coord199=38°59′05″N 76°56′35″W / 38.98484°N 76.94309°W / 38.98484; -76.94309
 |marker199=college
 |marker-color199=#1B9E77
 |marker-size199=small

|title200=Tawes Fine Arts Building

 |type200=point
 |description200=Academic building, built 1965 and renovated 2016
 |coord200=38°59′10″N 76°56′54″W / 38.98598°N 76.94832°W / 38.98598; -76.94832
 |marker200=college
 |marker-color200=#1B9E77
 |marker-size200=small

|title207=Turner Hall

 |type207=point
 |description207=Administrative offices building, built 1923 and renovated 1964
 |coord207=38°59′10″N 76°56′14″W / 38.98614°N 76.93733°W / 38.98614; -76.93733
 |marker207=suitcase
 |marker-color207=#D95F02
 |marker-size207=small

|title208=Tydings Hall

 |type208=point
 |description208=Social Sciences academic building, built 1961
 |coord208=38°59′05″N 76°56′38″W / 38.98485°N 76.94400°W / 38.98485; -76.94400
 |marker208=college
 |marker-color208=#1B9E77
 |marker-size208=small

|title212=UMGC Administration Building

 |type212=point
 |description212=Administrative building, University of Maryland Global Campus
 |coord212=38°59′12″N 76°57′12″W / 38.98665°N 76.95333°W / 38.98665; -76.95333
 |marker212=suitcase
 |marker-color212=#D95F02
 |marker-size212=small

|title219=Van Munching Hall

 |type219=point
 |description219=Business Management academic building, built 1992 and renovated 2011
 |coord219=38°58′59″N 76°56′49″W / 38.98304°N 76.94703°W / 38.98304; -76.94703
 |marker219=college
 |marker-color219=#1B9E77
 |marker-size219=small

|title221=Washington Hall

 |type221=point
 |description221=Residence Hall, built 1940 and renovated 1986
 |coord221=38°58′54″N 76°56′29″W / 38.98180°N 76.94139°W / 38.98180; -76.94139
 |marker221=lodging
 |marker-color221=#E7298A
 |marker-size221=small

|title222=Wicomico Hall

 |type222=point
 |description222=Residence Hall, built 1955
 |coord222=38°59′01″N 76°56′45″W / 38.98374°N 76.94584°W / 38.98374; -76.94584
 |marker222=lodging
 |marker-color222=#E7298A
 |marker-size222=small

|title223=Wind Tunnel Building

 |type223=point
 |description223=Academic building, built 1950
 |coord223=38°59′24″N 76°56′13″W / 38.98990°N 76.93684°W / 38.98990; -76.93684
 |marker223=college
 |marker-color223=#1B9E77
 |marker-size223=small

|title224=Woods Hall

 |type224=point
 |description224=Social Sciences academic building, built 1948
 |coord224=38°59′06″N 76°56′31″W / 38.98511°N 76.94184°W / 38.98511; -76.94184
 |marker224=college
 |marker-color224=#1B9E77
 |marker-size224=small

|title225=Worcester Hall

 |type225=point
 |description225=Residence Hall, built 1959
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|frame=yes |frame-align=center |frame-lat=38.9890 |frame-long=-76.9430 |zoom=15 |frame-width=640 |frame-height=480 |text=Map of the University of Maryland, College Park's campus[30][31][32]

  Academic instruction
  Administration and services
  Arts venues
  Housing and dining
  Open spaces
  Sports and recreation
  University of Maryland, College Park boundary

}}

McKeldin Mall in autumn

The university's campus is noted for its red-brick Georgian buildings and its large central lawn, named McKeldin Mall and nicknamed "The Mall", which is the largest academic mall in the United States.[33][34] White columns decorate many buildings, with around 770 columns on campus.[35] Spanning the university's 1,250 acres (5.1 km2) are 7,500 documented trees and garden plantings, leading the American Public Gardens Association to designate the campus the University of Maryland Arboretum & Botanical Garden in 2008.[36] The designation has allowed the university to showcase species and gardens, including native plantings. There are arboretum tours, such as the centralized Tree Walking Tour, which is based around McKeldin Mall and features 56 specimen trees.

There are also nearly 400 acres (1.6 km2) of urban forest on campus[36] and the Arbor Day Foundation has named the university to its 'Tree Campus USA' list.[37] The recreational Paint Branch Trail, part of the Anacostia Tributary Trails system, cuts through campus, as does the Paint Branch stream, a tributary of the Northeast Branch Anacostia River.[38]

McKeldin Mall serves as the center of campus. On the east and west of McKeldin Mall lies the Thomas V. Miller, Jr. Administration Building and McKeldin Library. Academic buildings surround McKeldin Mall on the north and south ends. They are the homes to many departments in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, College of Arts and Humanities, and the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. West of McKeldin Mall is the North Hill Community, and south of McKeldin Mall lies Morrill Hall and the Morrill Quad, which was the original center of campus. South of the Morrill Quad are the South Hill and South Campus Commons Communities, and the Southwest Mall and the Robert H. Smith School of Business to the southwest. Running parallel to McKeldin Mall to the north is Campus Drive, the main thoroughfare through campus.

The Armory
Campus walkway in the winter

Another thoroughfare, Regents Drive, runs perpendicular to McKeldin Mall and is home to the Memorial Chapel and the Campus Farms. Regents Drive crosses Campus Drive at the campus hallmark, "M" Circle, which is a traffic circle with a large "M" formed by flowers in its center.[39] The northeast quadrant of campus, formed by Campus and Regent Drives, is home to many of natural sciences and applied sciences departments.

The Rossborough Inn, which, was built during the years 1798 to 1812, is the oldest building on campus (and is older than the university itself).[40] There are five regularly used entrances to campus; the main entrance, off of Baltimore Avenue and onto Campus Drive, is referred to as North Gate and features the Gatehouse, an ornate gateway honoring the university's founders.[41] The 140-acre (57 ha), 18-hole University of Maryland Golf Course sits at the northern edge of campus, as does the Observatory.

An Office of Sustainability was created in the summer of 2007 after University President Dan Mote became a charter signatory of the American College and Universities Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC). The university's first Leed Gold building, Knight Hall, opened in April 2010 as the new home for the Philip Merrill College of Journalism.[42][43] In 2021, President Pines pledged that the University of Maryland would achieve carbon neutrality by Earth Day 2025.[44]

Student life[edit]

Student body composition as of May 2, 2022
Race and ethnicity[45] Total
White 47% 47
 
Asian 19% 19
 
Black 12% 12
 
Hispanic 10% 10
 
Other[a] 8% 8
 
Foreign national 4% 4
 
Economic diversity
Low-income[b] 14% 14
 
Affluent[c] 86% 86
 

Residential life[edit]

There are two main residential areas on campus, North Campus and South Campus, further divided into seven residential communities. North Campus is made up of Cambridge Community (which consists of five residence halls and houses the College Park Scholars program), Denton Community (which currently consists of four halls, including Oakland Hall, which opened in the fall semester of 2011), and Ellicott Community (consisting of three halls). The new Heritage community features two new halls for students (Pyon-Chen Hall and Johnson-Whittle Hall) and a new dining hall. Pyon-Chen opened in 2021[46] and Johnson-Whittle opened in 2022.

South Campus includes the North Hill Community, made up of nine Georgian-style halls and Prince Frederick Hall (which opened in the fall semester of 2014) immediately west of McKeldin Mall, South Hill Community, made up of fourteen small residence halls for upper-level students, Leonardtown Community, which offers apartment-style living and is further divided into Old Leonardtown (consisting of six buildings) and New Leonardtown (also composed of six buildings), the South Campus Commons Community, which consists of seven apartment-style buildings (the seventh and most recent building being opened in January 2010), and the Courtyards, a garden-style apartment community in north campus consisting of seven buildings.

Dining[edit]

There are three dining halls on campus. In addition, a food court in the Stamp Student Union provides many fast food dining options for the university community.[47][48] The dining hall 251 lies in the Denton Community on the northern part of campus.The second northern dining hall, the university's newest dining facility, Yahentamitsi Dining Hall, is the first building on campus named in honor of Indigenous people. The word “Yahentamitsi” means A Place to Go to Eat in the native Algonquian language.[49] The third and final dining hall, South Campus Dining Hall, can be found just south of Mckeldin Library. https://dining.umd.edu/hours-locations/dining-halls

Transportation[edit]

College Park-University of Maryland Metro station provides access to Downtown, Washington, D.C.

The university is accessible through the three airports in the greater Washington metropolitan area: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport, and Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport.[50] A small public airport in College Park, College Park Airport, lies nearly adjacent to campus, but operations are limited. This airport is the world's oldest continually operating airport[non-primary source needed] and the site of many significant aviation firsts.[51][52]

A free shuttle service, known as Shuttle–UM, is available for UMD students, faculty, staff, and some residents of College Park and Greenbelt.[53][54] The university is served by an off-campus stop on the Washington Metro's Green and Yellow Lines called College Park – University of Maryland. The station is also served by the Camden Line of the MARC Train and Route 104 of the Shuttle-UM bus system.

The university has attempted to make the campus more bike-friendly by installing covered bike parking and bike lockers on campus,[55] introducing a bike-sharing program,[56] and plans to add more bike lanes on campus.[57] As of Spring 2011, the university has encouraged cycling on campus by installing covered bike storage outside of the newly built Oakland dorm as well as security lockers in the Mowatt Lane Garage.[58][59]

In 2011, the university signed on to the state's Purple Line program.[60] The Purple Line route will have five stops on and around the university's campus: M Square, the College Park Metro station, the main entrance to the campus on Route 1, near Stamp Student Union on Campus Drive, and on the other edge of campus on Adelphi Road, along with a parallel running bike path.[61][62][63]

The Diamondback[edit]

Atrium of Stamp Student Union, near the food court and co-op

The Diamondback is an independent student newspaper. It was founded in 1910 as The Triangle and renamed in 1921 in honor of a local reptile, the Diamondback terrapin, which became the school mascot in 1933. The newspaper is published daily during the spring and fall semesters, with a print circulation of 17,000 and annual advertising revenues of over $1 million.[64]

For the 2008–2009 school year, The Diamondback earned a Mark of Excellence award from the Society of Professional Journalists, placing second nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper and first in its region in the same category.[65] Three years earlier the newspaper had finished third place nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper and first in its region.[66]

Notable journalists who have been with the paper include David Simon of HBO's The Wire and NBC's Homicide: Life on the Street; Jayson Blair, editor-in-chief in 1996 (he did not graduate, taking a job with The New York Times and then leaving amid a plagiarism scandal); Norman Chad, who was editor-in-chief in 1978; cartoonists Jeff Kinney, who created the Diary of a Wimpy Kid fiction series and whose Igdoof strip appeared in The Diamondback; Aaron McGruder, who first published his cartoon The Boondocks in The Diamondback; and Frank Cho, who began his career with the popular University Squared for The Diamondback.

Other student activities[edit]

WMUC-FM (90.5 FM) is the university's non-commercial radio station, staffed by UMD students and volunteers. WMUC is a freeform and sports broadcasting station broadcast at 10 watts. Its broadcasts can be heard throughout the Washington metropolitan area. Notable WMUC alumni include Connie Chung, Bonnie Bernstein, Peter Rosenberg and Aaron McGruder.

Thomas V. Miller, Jr. Administration Building, seen from the end of the reflecting pool

Approximately 16% of men and women in Maryland's undergraduate student body were involved in fraternities and sororities in 2017.[67]

Athletics[edit]

XFINITY Center, home of Maryland basketball

The university sponsors varsity athletic teams in 20 men's and women's sports. The teams, named the "Terrapins", represent Maryland in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I competition. Maryland became a founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference in 1952 but left to join the Big Ten Conference on July 1, 2014. As of 2017, Maryland's athletic teams have been awarded 44 national championships by the NCAA, USILA, AIAW, and NCA.[68][69] In 2008 and 2010, The Princeton Review named the University of Maryland's athletic facilities the best in the nation.[70][71] The Terrapins nickname (often shortened to "Terps") was coined by former university president, football coach, and athletic director H. C. "Curly" Byrd in 1932.[72] The mascot is a diamondback terrapin named Testudo, which is Latin for "tortoise".[73] Since the early 20th century, the school athletic colors have been some combination of those on the Maryland state flag: red, white, black, and gold.[74] Maryland is the only NCAA Division I school to have four official school colors.[75]

Basketball and football[edit]

Maryland Stadium on game day

Men's basketball is the most popular sport at the university.[76] Long-time head coach Lefty Driesell began the now nationwide tradition of "Midnight Madness" in 1971.[77] Beginning in 1989, alumnus Gary Williams revived the program, which was struggling in the wake of Len Bias's death and NCAA rules infractions. Williams led Maryland basketball to national prominence with two Final Four appearances, and in 2002, a national championship. On February 7, 2006, Williams won his 349th game to surpass Driesell and became Maryland's all-time leader among basketball coaches. Mark Turgeon became head coach in 2011. Maryland football is also popular at the university.[76] The Terrapins were awarded the national championship by the wire services in 1953, and 1951, by several retroactive selectors. Women's basketball has become one of the most celebrated sports on campus, due to significant success in the Brenda Frese era. After experiencing a period of national prominence under head coach, Chris Weller in the 1980s, including a pair of trips to the Final Four in 1982 and 1989, the Maryland Terrapins reached their full potential in 2006, winning the NCAA national championship. In the ACC, Maryland was regularly a threat to win regular season and conference tournament championships, doing so on five and ten occasions, respectively. Since joining the Big Ten in the 2014–2015 season, Maryland has featured in every Big Ten Tournament Championship game (as of 2021), winning five titles, and has won six of seven regular season championships.

Lacrosse[edit]

Maryland fields one of the nation's premier lacrosse programs.

Maryland men's lacrosse remains one of the sport's top programs since its beginnings as a squad in 1865.[78] The team most recently won the national championship in 2022, completing an undefeated season, the first since Virginia in 2006, and the first to go undefeated across 18 games. The team has won ten USILA and NCAA national championships since its promotion to varsity status in 1924 and is a regular fixture in the NCAA tournament.[79][80] The Maryland women's lacrosse team has won 15 national championships, the most of any program in the nation.[81] The team has produced the National Player of the Year/Tewaaraton Award winner eight times, more than any other collegiate program.[82] The Terrapins have also made the most NCAA tournament appearances, won the most tournament games, and made the most NCAA championship game appearances of any program.[83] They most recently won the NCAA championship in 2019.

Soccer[edit]

The men's soccer team has won four NCAA Division I College Cup national championships, most recently in 2018.[84] Under the guidance of head coach Sasho Cirovski, the soccer team has reached nine Final Fours and won three College Cups since 1997. The soccer team has developed a large, devoted fan base among students and the local community. The attendance record at Ludwig Field was set in 2015 when 8,449 fans saw Maryland win over top-ranked UCLA in extra time.[85] The annual total attendance increased dramatically from 12,710 in 1995 to 35,631 in 2008.[86]

Field hockey[edit]

The Maryland field hockey team has won a total of eight NCAA national championships and 13 conference championships (10 in the ACC and 5 in the Big Ten).[87]

Marching band[edit]

The Mighty Sound of Maryland marching band attends all home football games and provides pre-game performances.[88] During basketball season, the marching band provides music in the stands.[89]

Notable alumni[edit]


Kappa Kappa Gamma Memorial Fountain in front of the Riggs Alumni Center

Notable alumni include House Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer;[90] Google co-founder Sergey Brin;[91] The Muppets creator Jim Henson;[92] The Wire creator David Simon;[93] former NFL Quarterback Norman "Boomer" Esiason; CBS host Gayle King; journalist Connie Chung; and Seinfeld co-creator and Curb Your Enthusiasm creator Larry David.[94] Prominent alumni in business include Ed Snider, former chairman of Comcast Spectacor and former owner of the Philadelphia Flyers; journalist Jim Walton, former president and CEO of CNN; Kevin Plank, founder and executive chairman of the athletic apparel company Under Armour; Chris Kubasik, former president of Lockheed Martin; and Carly Fiorina, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard. Journalist Carl Bernstein, who won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for his coverage of the Watergate scandal, attended the university but did not graduate.

An arched gateway on campus, located between Montgomery Hall and South Campus Commons #3

Attendees within the fields of science and mathematics are Nobel laureates Raymond Davis Jr., 2002 winner in Physics; Herbert Hauptman, 1985 winner in Chemistry, and Fields Medal winner Charles Fefferman. Other alumni include George Dantzig, considered the father of linear programming; late NASA astronaut Judith Resnik, who died in the destruction of the Space Shuttle Challenger during the launch of mission STS-51-L; and NASA Administrator Michael D. Griffin.

Several donors have distinguished themselves for their sizable gifts to the university. Businessman Robert H. Smith, who graduated from the university in 1950 with a degree in accounting, gave over $45 million to the business school that now bears his name and to the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, which bears his wife's name.[95] Construction entrepreneur A. James Clark, who graduated with an engineering degree in 1950, donated over $45 million to the college of engineering, which also bears his name.[95] Another engineering donor, Jeong H. Kim, earned his Ph.D. from the university in 1991 and gave $5 million for the construction of a state-of-the-art engineering building.[96] Philip Merrill, a media figure, donated $10 million to the College of Journalism.[97] Robert E. Fischell, physicist, inventor, and holder of more than 200 U.S. and foreign medical patents[98][99][100] donated $30 million to the A. James Clark School of Engineering,[101] establishing the Fischell Department of Bioengineering. Brendan Iribe, a co-founder of Oculus VR, donated $31 million to the university in 2014 towards a new computer science building and scholarships.[102]

See also[edit]

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other consists of Multiracial Americans & those who prefer not to say.
  2. ^ The percentage of students who received an income-based federal Pell grant intended for low-income students.
  3. ^ The percentage of students who are a part of the American middle class at the bare minimum.

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