University of Maryland School of Medicine
|University of Maryland School of Medicine|
|Parent institution||University of Maryland, Baltimore|
|Academic affiliation||University of Maryland Medical Center & Medical System|
|Location||Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.Coordinates:|
|Dean||E. Albert Reece|
The University of Maryland School of Medicine (abbreviated UM SOM or UMB SOM), located in Baltimore City, Maryland, U.S., is the medical school of the University of Maryland, Baltimore and is affiliated with the University of Maryland Medical Center and Medical System. Established in 1807 as the College of Medicine of Maryland, it is the first public and the fifth oldest medical school in the United States. It was also the first medical school to institute a residency training program. UMB SOM's campus includes Davidge Hall, which was built in 1812, and is the oldest building in continuous use for medical education in the Northern Hemisphere.
In addition to an MD degree, the UMB SOM offers PhD programs through the Graduate Program in Life Sciences. It also offers several joint degree programs: a Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) MD/PhD, a joint MD/DDS (Doctor of Dental Surgery), the MD/MPH (Master of Public Health) program, and the PhD/DPT (Doctor of Physical Therapy).
The University of Maryland School of Medicine was ranked 40th in U.S. News and World Report's 2016 rankings of "Best Medical Schools: Research" and 65th in "Best Medical Schools: Primary Care". In 2013[update], the school offered admission to 6.8% of applicants. Since 2006, the medical school dean has been E. Albert Reece.
Steven Salzberg has criticized the school's inclusion of pseudoscientific subjects such as homeopathy in the curriculum. According to Salzberg, the school is "mis-training medical students" by teaching courses in integrative medicine.
Chartered as the College of Medicine of Maryland in December 1807, the University of Maryland School of Medicine was the founding school of the University System of Maryland and the only public medical school in the U.S. at the time. It is the fifth oldest medical school in the country after the medicals schools at Columbia University (established May 1807), Dartmouth College (1798), Harvard University (1782), and the University of Pennsylvania (1765).
Its founding was part of an influx of professionals to Baltimore and the rapid urban development that immediately followed the American Revolution. By the late 1780s, there was public discussion about the need for "medical reform and suppression of quackery". A group of physicians made several short-lived attempts at starting medical schools around the turn of the 19th century, and were finally successful in 1807 when the Maryland state legislature passed the Medical College Bill, authorizing the formation the College of Medicine of Maryland. In 1812 it was rechartered as the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
Davidge Hall, built in 1812 and still in use today, is the original building of the College of Medicine of Maryland. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the oldest building in continuous use for medical education in the United States. In the 1950s, the building was named after John Beale Davidge, one of the founders and the first dean of the College of Medicine of Maryland.
In a 2011 article in Forbes magazine, Steven Salzberg criticized the school's inclusion of pseudoscientific subjects such as homeopathy in the curriculum. According to Salzberg, the school is "mis-training medical students" by teaching courses in integrative medicine.
The School of Medicine is a research-focused academic institution, with over $400 million in extramural research funding in 2015. A large portion of that research funding comes from the federal government of the United States. As of 2016[update], over $148 million in research grants from the NIH were attributed to the parent university of the School of Medicine. Focus areas of the University of Maryland School of Medicine's research include cancer research, cardiovascular research, neuroscience, and virology.
The School of Medicine has launched two research institutes, the Institute of Human Virology and the Institute for Genome Sciences.
The Institute of Human Virology
The Institute of Human Virology (IHV) was formed in 1996 as a partnership between the State of Maryland, the City of Baltimore, the University System of Maryland and the University of Maryland Medical System. IHV is an institute of the University of Maryland School of Medicine and is a center of virology research. Robert C. Gallo, M.D. is Director of IHV.
The Institute for Genome Sciences
Launched in 2007, the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) is an internationally recognized genomics research center at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. IGS investigators use genomic and bioinformatic tools to research genome function in health and diseases and work in interdisciplinary collaborations with biomedical investigators. IGS is led by Dr. Claire M. Fraser-Liggett. Research areas include: Bioinformatics, Cancer Genomics, Functional Genomics, Human Genetic Variation, Infectious Diseases, Organismal Diversity and Evolution, Human Microbiome Project, Plant Genomics, and Microbial Community Ecology. Investigators at IGS work on Disease Ontology research, the Data Analysis and Coordination Center (DACC) for HMP, and other grants. IGS is one of the Genome Sequencing Center for Infectious Diseases (GSCID) centers designated by NIAID.
The Institute for Global Health
The Institute for Global Health (IGH) was established in 2015 and is dedicated to improving global health by conducting innovative, world-leading research around the world. The IGH develops new and improved ways of diagnosing, preventing, treating, controlling and eradicating diseases of global impact. Such diseases include malaria, Ebola and vaccine-preventable infectious diseases such as measles. The IGH includes the Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) and the Division of Malaria Research.
- Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
- Emergency Medicine
- Epidemiology and Public Health
- Family and Community Medicine
- Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
- Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
- Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
- Radiation Oncology
- Anatomy and Neurobiology
- Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- Microbiology and Immunology
- The Department of Medical and Research Technology (DMRT) offers a graduate program and a categorical certificate program and the School of Medicine's only undergraduate program. It is the largest accredited medical technology program in the state of Maryland.
- The Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) department, established in 1956, offers a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree, which is a 3 year program, a PhD in rehabilitation sciences and a dual DPT/PhD program. In the 2010 edition of U.S. News & World Report[update] physical therapy school rankings, UMB PTRS ranked 15th in the nation.
- There is also a pathology department.
- Edward Brandt Jr., Professor (1981-1989), served as Surgeon General of the United States (acting).
- Angela Hartley Brodie, Professor in the Department of Pharmacology (1979- ), pioneered the development of steroidal aromatase inhibitors.
- R Adams Cowley, Professor of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, founded the world's first Shock Trauma Center at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
- William A. Hammond, Chair of Anatomy and Physiology (1860-), the first American physician to devote himself entirely to neurology, Surgeon General of the United States Army during the American civil war.
- Hans Kuypers, Assistant Professor in the Department of Anatomy (1955-1962), neurologist famous for his work in neuroanatomy.
- John Noland Mackenzie, Clinical Professor of Diseases of the Nose and Throat (1887-1897), pioneering studies connecting olfaction and sexual behavior.
- Walle Nauta, Professor in the Department of Anatomy (1955-1964), considered one of the founders of the field of neuroscience.
- Theodore Woodward, Professor of Medicine (1948-1981), received a Nobel Prize nomination for his role in finding cures for typhus and typhoid fever.
- University of Maryland Medical Center
- R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
- University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center
- University of Maryland Charles Regional Medical Center
- University of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute
- University of Maryland St. Joseph Medical Center
- University of Maryland Shore Medical Center
- University of Maryland Upper Chesapeake Medical Center
- Mt. Washington Pediatric Hospital (jointly with Johns Hopkins School of Medicine)
- UMMC Press Release (September 23, 2016). "University of Maryland School of Medicine Holds Inaugural Global Health Summit". University of Maryland Medical Center. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Research Directory – Expert Profile: Brian Miller". University of Cincinnati. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "About Us". University of Maryland School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Maryland's National Register Properties: Davidge Hall, University of Maryland". Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Best Medical Schools: Research". U.S. News & World Report. 2016. p. 2. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Best Graduate Schools: University of Maryland – Medical School". U.S. News & World Report. 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "August 2013 Entering Class Statistics" (PDF). University of Maryland School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Salzberg, Steven (21 April 2011). "Why Medical Schools Should Not Teach Integrative Medicine". Forbes. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Virtual Tour". The Medical Alumni Association of the University of Maryland. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "University of Maryland, Baltimore: Historical Evolution". msa.maryland.gov. Maryland State Archives. September 29, 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2017 – via the Maryland Manual On-Line.
- "UMMC Fact Sheet" (PDF).
- Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy (1891). Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland, School of Medicine (1807-1890): With an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalogue of Medical Alumni. Press of I. Friedenwald. pp. 1–14.
- Bramucci, Nancy (2009). "Medicine in Maryland, 1752-1920: University of Maryland School of Medicine". mdhistoryonline.net Medicine in Maryland. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Kelly, Jacques (27 January 1993). "Founder of medical school at Maryland gets headstone, 150 years after death". The Baltimore Sun. Tribune Digital. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- The Center for a Healthy Maryland (2014), Physicians of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland for Whom We Have Portraits or Engravings (PDF), MedChi, retrieved 18 January 2017
- "About Us". University of Maryland School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "NIH Awards by Location and Organization - NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT)". Https:. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- "Walle J. H. Nauta Is Dead at 77 - Helped to Establish Neuroscience". The New York Times. March 27, 1994. Retrieved January 4, 2017.