University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index
The University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index is a consumer confidence index published monthly by the University of Michigan. The index is normalized to have a value of 100 in December 1964. Each month at least 500 telephone interviews are conducted of a continental United States sample (Alaska and Hawaii are excluded). Fifty core questions are asked.
The consumer confidence measures were devised in the late 1940s by Professor George Katona at the University of Michigan. They have now developed into an ongoing, nationally representative survey based on telephonic household interviews. The Index of Consumer Sentiment (ICS) is developed from these interviews. The Index of Consumer Expectations (a sub-index of ICS) is included in the Leading Indicator Composite Index published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
The Index was created and still is published with the following objectives:
- To assess near-time consumer attitudes on the business climate, personal finance, and spending
- To promote an understanding of, and to forecast changes in, the national economy
- To provide a means of incorporating empirical measures of consumer expectations into models of spending and saving behavior
- To gauge the economic expectations and probable future spending behavior of the consumer
- To judge the consumer's level of optimism/pessimism
The Index of Consumer Expectations seeks to find how consumers view three things:
- Their own financial situation
- The short-term general economy
- The long-term general economy
CNBC reported on 12 June 2013 that the University of Michigan provides Thomson Reuters news service with the data early, so that Reuters can release the CSI to select, paying clients at 9:55 a.m., five minutes before it releases the data to the general public on its web site at 10:00 a.m. In addition, Reuters releases the data via high speed communication channels to select clients two seconds earlier. CNBC revealed that trading activity increases dramatically within milliseconds of 9:54:58 a.m. Traders who subscribe to either service are able to take advantage of the CSI before the university releases it to the public. Former Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Harvey Pitt opined that this might present a fairness issue and destroy confidence in the market by the public.
The University of Michigan states received about a million dollars a year from Reuters for this advance information, but said it couldn't do the research without the Reuters payment.
- "Survey of Consumers". University of Michigan. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Mullins, Brody (7 October 2014). "University of Michigan Inks Deal to End Early Release of Survey". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- Javers, Eamon (12 June 2013). "Thomson Reuters Gives Elite Traders Early Advantage". CNBC. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- Popper, Nathaniel (8 July 2013). "Regulators Examining Sales of Early Financial Data". New York Times. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index Analysis - CONSSENT". Bloomberg.