University of Mumbai

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University of Mumbai
मुंबई विद्यापीठ
UniversityOfMumbai.png
Motto Sanskrit: शीलवृतफला विद्या
Motto in English
"The Fruit of Learning is Good Character and Righteous Conduct"
Type Public
Established 18 July 1857; 158 years ago (1857-07-18)
Chancellor C. Vidyasagar Rao
Vice-Chancellor Sanjay Deshmukh (July 2015 - present)
Dean Suresh Ukarande
Location Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Campus Urban
Founder John Wilson
Affiliations UGC, NAAC, AIU
Website mu.ac.in
UniversityofMumbaimedialogo.png

The University of Mumbai is one of the first three state universities of India and the oldest in Maharashtra.[citation needed] It is abbreviated as MU for Mumbai University.

The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral courses apart from diplomas and certificates in many disciplines. The language of instruction for most courses is English. Several private colleges in and around Mumbai are affiliated to MU. One of its three campuses in Mumbai is located in Kalina, Santacruz. The campus houses academic and administrative departments. Another campus located in Thane offers integrated courses. The campus located in Fort carries out administrative work only. Several institutes in Mumbai previously affiliated to the university are now autonomous institutes or deemed universities. The University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of students. In 2011, the total number of enrolled students was 549,432.[1] It has 711 affiliated colleges.[2]

History[edit]

John Wilson, D.D., F.R.S, first vice-chancellor

The University of Mumbai was established in 1857 after a petition from the Bombay Association to the then British government of India[3] according to "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854. It was modelled on the universities in Great Britain, specifically University of London.[4]

The earliest departments were the faculty of arts at Elphinstone College, founded in 1835, and the faculty of medicine at Grant Medical College, founded in 1845[citation needed]. As these colleges existed before the university was founded, they surrendered their degree-granting privileges to the university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were Bachelor of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine.[citation needed]

Initially, the Town Hall in Mumbai was used as premised for the university's offices.

Until 1904, the university only conducted examinations, awarded affiliations to colleges, developed curricula and directed guidelines to colleges for developing curricula.[citation needed] Teaching departments, research disciplines and post-graduate courses were introduced from 1904. Several university departments were established, starting with the School of Sociology and Civics and Politics[citation needed]. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were sought to be reorganised, for which The Bombay University Act of 1953 was passed.[citation needed] The name of the University was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai as per a gazette of the Government of Maharashtra dated 4 September 1996.[citation needed]

In 1949, student enrolment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.[citation needed]

Campuses[edit]

Completed Rajabai Tower and University Hall, circa 1905.
Wilson College (20th century)
Elphinstone College taken in the late 19th century
University's administration building
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai

The University has two campuses in Mumbai. The Kalina campus, located in suburban Mumbai, spans an area of 93 hectares (230 acres), while the Fort campus comprises 5.3 ha (13 acres). It has 116,000 square metres (1.25 million square feet) of built-up area, 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft) of classrooms, and 7,800 m2 (84,000 sq ft) of laboratory space. It has two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments.[when?]

Kalina Campus[edit]

The Kalina campus has on-campus graduate training and research centres. Several departments offering courses in the streams of science, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. However, most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering and medicine departments.

An indicative list of centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus:

  • Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan. It houses the office of the Controller of Examinations. Centralised assessment of answer books of various departments is carried out in a separate four-storey annex. Examination processes were made more efficient by the introduction of online delivery of question papers for examinations, and assessment of answer books by scanning and deployment at remote examination centres. The academic depository of the university was started in collaboration with CDSL in 2015. The university is the first university in the country to start an academic depository. [2]
  • National Center for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology: a research facility
  • Department of Biophysics: the only department of biophysics in western India.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Library
  • Garware Institute of Career Education and Development: offers courses including one in medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management.
  • MUST (मस्त) FM, the campus radio station of the university operating at 107.8 MHz frequency modulation[third-party source needed].
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum: displays currency from around the world belonging to many periods.
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI): offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes.[5][third-party source needed]
  • Department of Extra Mural Studies: conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics.
  • The Institute of Distance and Open Learning (IDOL): offers distance learning courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology.
  • Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC): a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science.
  • Centre for African Studies
  • Centre for Eurasian Studies
  • A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated.
  • Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre for learning the Marathi language conducts academic activities and cultural activities associated with the language.

Fort Campus[edit]

The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture. The Rajabai clock tower stands in the lawns of the campus.

Rajabai Clock Tower[edit]

One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower houses the university library. Based on plans by British architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in the 1870s, it was modelled on the Big Ben clock tower of London.[6] Businessman Premchand Roychand contributed monetarily to the construction of the tower. It was named in memory of his mother Rajabai. It is 85 metres (280 feet) tall, with five storeys. At a height of 9.1 m (30 ft) from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia. During the past 135 years no work to clean up the stone masonry, repair the wear and tear was taken. With the initiative of the then Vice Chancellor Dr. Rajan Welukar the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower was completed in May 2015. TCS gave Rs 4 crore grant for the first phase of restoration project.[7]

Ratnagiri Campus[edit]

A minor campus running mostly extramural courses is located in the town of Ratnagiri.

Prominent institutes[edit]

Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute Mumbai

Several departments of the University of Mumbai are at places other than the Fort or Kalina campuses. These include the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in several prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital and formerly included the Institute of Chemical Technology, then known as the UDCT, which later became a deemed university.[8] and Tata Memorial Hospital, which is now affiliated to the Homi Bhabha National Institute.

Similarly, as per the information available on the website of the Directorate of Technical Education of Maharashtra, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute was the first Engineering Institute under the University of Mumbai (1887)[9] and Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.[10]

Under the department of Law, Government Law College, Mumbai remains the most prominent institute since the university's inception.

The Institute of Chemical Technology was ranked 4th in the world for research in Chemical Engineering by professor Jude Sommerfeld of Georgia Institute of Technology, USA in 2014 for a 5-year period.[11] It was a university department until it was conferred the deemed university status.

The Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai i.e. the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is consistently ranked among the top 10 management institutes of India and was established in the year 1965 in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business of Stanford University.[12]

On an average, most of the top 10 colleges in their respective streams of education under UoM, have an acceptance rate of 10% or less.[citation needed]

Libraries[edit]

Jawaharlal Nehru Library[edit]

The library
Central Hall

Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located in the campus at Kalina. Most books in the library are on the basic sciences, social sciences, and behavioural sciences.[citation needed]

The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept at other libraries including those at Institute of Chemical Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, and Tata Memorial Hospital. The University of Mumbai collection comprises more than a million books, documents, and scientific journals.[citation needed]

Faculties and departments[edit]

University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research, in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.

The university itself also has some centres, institutes and departments in its faculties, on its campuses in Fort, Kalina, etc.

Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:

Faculty Departments / Centres / Institutes
Management[13]
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial & Management Studies
Arts[14]
  • Department of Lifelong Learning and Extension
  • Center for Disaster Management
  • Comparative Literature
  • Classics
  • Education
  • Fine Arts
  • Film & Media Studies
  • Gender Studies
  • Library and Information Science
  • Language, Linguistics and Literature
  • Management Studies
  • Philosophy
  • Social & Cultural Analysis
Social Science
  • Department of Anthropology
  • Department of Applied Psychology
  • Department of African Studies
  • Department of Bioethics
  • Department of Creative Writing
  • Department of Communication and Journalism:-
  • Department of Civics & Politics
  • Department of Demography
  • Department of Public Administration
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Eurasian Studies
  • Department of Geography
  • Department of History
  • Department of Sociology
Commerce[15]
  • Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute of Investment studies
  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Business Administration (International Business, HRM)
Law[16]
  • Department of Law and Justice
  • Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice
Science[17]
Engineering / Technology
Sports[18]
  • Physical Education
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports Pavilion
Institutes & Centers[19]
  • Academy for Administrative Careers
  • Center for Cultural Studies
  • Center for Development Studies
  • Centre for Extramural Studies
  • Center for Healthcare Management
  • Center for Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Department of Student Welfare (Vidyapeeth Vidyarthi Bhavan)
  • Diasporic Constructions of Home and Belongings ("CoHaB")
  • Dr Ambedkar Centre for Social Justice
  • Film and Media Academy
  • Garware Institute of Career Education and Development
  • Gurudev Tagore Chair of Computer Literature
  • Indo-Canadian Studies Centre
  • Institute of Modern Language
  • Institute of Science (managed by the state Government of Maharashtra)
  • Institute of Social and Economic Research
  • UGC Academic Staff College
  • Western Regional Instrumentation Centre

Vice chancellors[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (left), the Founder of Pakistan and Mahatma Gandhi (right), the Father of the Nation of India, are the most notable alumni of the University of Mumbai.

Academia[edit]

Arts[edit]

Beauty Pageant Winners[edit]

Business[edit]

Journalism[edit]

Law[edit]

Religion[edit]

Politics and public life[edit]

Science[edit]

Sport[edit]

Not yet sorted by field of notability[edit]

Partner universities[edit]

Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Ryerson University, IESEG School of Management, Kühne Logistics University, Tianjin University of Technology and Nankai University in China as well as Edith Cowan University in Australia.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583