University of Salzburg
|Budget||€ 112.8 million (2007)|
|Rector||Prof. Dr. Heinrich Schmidinger|
The University of Salzburg, also known as Paris Lodron University (German Universität Salzburg) named after its founder, the Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron, is located in the Austrian city of Salzburg, and is divided into four Faculties: Catholic theology, law, humanities and the natural sciences. Founded in 1622, the university has around 18,000 students and 2,800 employees and is largest educational institution in the Land Salzburg.
Paris Lodron Universität Salzburg
Paris Lodron University, Salzburg, was founded by Prince Archbishop Paris von Lodron in 1622, five years earlier had previously established a "Gymnasium", a secondary school.
The University was initially built and maintained by a federation of Benedictine abbeys from Salzburg, Switzerland, Bavaria and Austria. In its early years, courses taught were theology, divinity, philosophy, law, and medicine.
After Bavaria annexed Salzburg in 1810, the university was closed on 24 December and replaced by a Lyzeum (akin to a polytechnic university). The Lyzeum had sections for divinity, philosophy, and medicine and surgery. In 1816 Salzburg became part of the Austrian Empire again. Austria converted the divinity section to a Faculty and closed the Lyzeum in 1850.
The University of Salzburg was formally re-established in 1962 with a Faculty of Catholic Theology and a Faculty of Philosophy. Classes resumed in 1964, with a Faculty of Law added the following year.
In 1975, a new federal law regulated the organisation of all Austrian universities. Salzburg University created four academic divisions: the Faculty of Catholic Theology, the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Humanities, and the Faculty of Sciences. A fifth division, the Faculty of Medicine was not realized.
In 1995, the organisation of Austrian universities was further restructured with more faculty autonomy. the university gradually incorporated new academic programs through 2004 into 32 "Fachbereiche" or departments; and again, decided not to create a Faculty of Medicine.
Salzburg University has no central campus, occupying several buildings in the Altstadt, former parts of the Residenz Palace, the Toskanatrakt and in the Kapitelgasse. The university library is between the Kollegienkirche (the University church) and the Festival Halls; attached to it is the “Große Aula”, or ceremonial hall.
The traditional faculty building of Humanities (Communication Studies, Sociology and Political Science) is located by the Rudolfskai, only 100 metres from Mozartplatz and Papagenoplatz. The Faculty of Sciences is housed in the second largest building in Salzburg after the Hohensalzburg Fortress, and is located just further south next to Schloss Freisaal Castle and Frohnburg Castle.
Completeted in 2011, the Unipark Nonntal (replacing the old location at the Akademiestraßenow) is home to the departments of modern languages, and cultural and social sciences. The building is 17,000 square metres in size, with 5500 students and 300 academic staff. There is a library and an Audimax.
Financing for the construction of the Unipark Nonntal was enabled by successful negotiations between Landeshauptmann Franz Schausberger and the ministry. Originally designed in 2002 by architects Storch Ehlers Partners and constructed in three years.
Smaller university offices and institutes are scattered throughout the city, with the arts and music taught at the Mozarteum Art University.
- Martina Berthold (born 1970), Austrian politician
- Gabi Burgstaller (born 1963), Austrian politician
- Herbert Dachs (born 1943), Austrian political scientist
- Renate Egger-Wenzel (born 1961), Professor of Old Testament
- Benita Ferrero-Waldner (born 1948), Austrian diplomat and politician
- Alexandra Föderl-Schmid (born 1971), Austrian journalist
- Toni Giger (born 1963), Austrian ski trainer
- Erich Hackl (born 1955), Austrian novelist and short-story writer
- Hannes Leitgeb (born 1972), Austrian philosopher and mathematician
- Hieronymus II. Lindau, (1657–1719), Abbot of Ochsenhausen Abbey
- Franziskus Klesin (1643–1708), Abbot of Ochsenhausen Abbey
- Erwin Kräutler (born 1939), Roman Catholic bishop
- Andreas Maislinger (born 1955), Austrian historian
- Leopold Mozart (1719–1787), German composer
- Tobias Regner (born 1982) German singer, songwriter
- Astrid Rössler (born 1959), Austrian politician
- Franz Schausberger (born 1950), Austrian politician and historian
- Wolfgang Vyslozil (born 1945), Austrian media executive and lecturer
- Paulus Maria Weigele (born 1943), Abbot of Ottobeuren Abbey
- Beda Werner (1673–1725), Abbot of Ochsenhausen Abbey