University of Toulouse
Université de Toulouse
|Latin: Universitas Tolosatibus|
The University of Toulouse (French: Université de Toulouse) is a university in France that was established by papal bull in 1229, making it one of the earliest universities to emerge in Europe. Since the closing of the university in 1793 due to the French Revolution, the University of Toulouse no longer exists as a single institution. However, there have been several independent "successor" universities inheriting the name.
The current consortium of French universities, grandes écoles and other institutions of higher education and research in Toulouse and the surrounding region is known as Université fédérale de Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées.
The formation of l'Université de Toulouse was imposed on Count Raymond VII as a part of the Treaty of Paris in 1229 ending the crusade against the Albigensians. As he was suspected of sympathizing with the heretics, Raymond VII had to finance the teaching of theology. Bishop Foulques de Toulouse was among the founders of the University. Among its first lecturers were Jean de Garlande and Roland of Cremona. Other faculties (law, medicine) were added later. Initially, the University was located in the center of the city, together with the ancestors of student residences, the colleges.
In 1969, l'Université de Toulouse split into three separate universities and numerous specialised institutions of higher education. The present-day Université de Toulouse was founded on 27 March 2007. It no longer represents a single university, as it is now the collective entity which federates the universities and specialised institutions of higher education. With more than 100,000 students, Midi-Pyrénées is the fifth-largest university area in France.
Members and fields of study
It is a Research and Higher Education Cluster consisting of:
- Université Toulouse 1 Capitole – UT1 (Law, Economics, Management)
- Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès – UT2J (Arts, Literature, Humanities and Languages)
- Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier – UT3 (Science, Technologies and Health)
- Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse – INPT (Engineering) 
- École Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Toulouse – INP-ENSAT (Agronomy)
- École Nationale Supérieure d’Électrotechnique, d’Électronique, d’Informatique, d’Hydraulique et des Télécommunications – INP-ENSEEIHT (Engineering)
- École Nationale Supérieure des Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques – INP-ENSIACET (Engineering)
- École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes – INP-ENIT (Engineering)
- École Nationale de la Météorologie;– INP-ENM (Meteorology)
- École d'ingénieurs de Purpan – INP-EI Purpan (Agronomy)
- École Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse – ENVT (Veterinary Studies)
- Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse – INSA Toulouse (Applied Sciences)
- Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace – ISAE (Aeronautics and Space)
- Centre Universitaire de Formation et de Recherche Jean-François Champollion – CUFR Champollion (Several fields of study on offer)
- École des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux – EMAC (Engineering)
- École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile – ENAC (Civil Aviation)
- École nationale supérieure de formation de l’enseignement agricole – ENSFEA (Agronomy)
- École Nationale Supérieur d'Architecture de Toulouse – ENSA Toulouse (Architecture)
- Toulouse Business School (ESC Toulouse) (Business and Commerce)
- Institut d'études politiques de Toulouse – IEP/Sciences Po Toulouse (Political Studies)
- Institut Catholique d'Arts et Métiers de Toulouse – ICAM Toulouse (Engineering)
The Doctoral Schools are all members of the Research and Doctoral Department of the Université de Toulouse : 15 Doctoral Schools representing a research potential of 4200 Scientists including 2400 Senior Scientists; 4200 PhD students and 800 Doctorate diplomas awarded per year.
In the field of experimental sciences and science and technology
- Biology, Health & Biotechnologies
- Sciences for Ecology, Veterinary, Agronomy & Bioengineery
- Geosciences, Astrophysics & Space Sciences
- Mathematics, Informatics & Telecommunications Toulouse Doctoral School
- Electrical, Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications 
- Systems 
- Physics, Chemistry & Materials Sciences 
- Mechanics, Energetics, Civil & Process Engineering
- Aeronautics & Astronautics 
In the field of Human Sciences and Social Sciences and Humanities
- Behavior, Language, Education, Socialisation, Cognition
- Art, Literatures, Languages, Philosophy, Information & Communication
- Time, Spaces, Societies & Cultures
- Legal & Political Sciences
- Management Sciences
- Toulouse School of Economics
Present and past faculty include
- Jean Tirole, (born August 9, 1953), professor of economics, Economics Nobel Prize 2014
- Paul Seabright, professor of economics
- Jean-Jacques Laffont, (April 13, 1947 – May 1, 2004), economist
- Raymond Aron, (14 March 1905, Paris – 17 October 1983) philosopher, sociologist and political scientist
- Paul Fauconnet, (1874–1938) sociologist
- Jean Jaurès, (3 September 1859 – 31 July 1914), politician
- Pierre Laromiguière, (3 November 1756 – 12 August 1837), philosopher
- Adrianus Turnebus, (1512 - 12 June 1565), classical scholar
Famous alumni and former students
- Étienne Dolet (1509-1546), French scholar, translator and printer.
- Michael Servetus (1511-1553), Spanish theologian and physician.
- Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592), French philosopher and moralist.
- Marcel Dassault (1892–1986, graduated in 1913 from ISAE), French aircraft industrialist. He founded the company Dassault Aviation.
- Mustafa Kamil Pasha (1874–1908), Egyptian lawyer, journalist, activist, and nationalist leader.
- François Hussenot (1912–1951, graduated in 1935 from ISAE aeronautical engineer credited with the invention of one of the early forms of the flight data recorder
- Vincent de Paul (1581–1660), French Catholic priest
- Thomas Pesquet (born in 1978, graduated in 2001 from ISAE), European Space Agency astronaut 
- Armand Praviel (1875–1944, Doctor of Law 1901), French writer and journalist
- Henry de Puyjalon, (1841–1905), French/Canadian pioneer in biology and ecology
- Selman Riza, linguist and politician
- Paul Sabatier (chemist) (1854–1941), Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Toulouse in 1905. Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with fellow Frenchman Victor Grignard in 1912.
- Saeed Abu Ali, (born 1955), Palestinian politician and Assistant Secretary-General of the League of Arab Nations.
- Jean Bouilhou, (born 1978, graduated in 2002 from INSA Toulouse), rugby union footballer, played with the French national team
- Thomas Castaignède, (born 1975, graduated from INSA Toulouse), rugby union footballer, played with the French national team
- Romain Mesnil (born 1977, graduated in 2001 from INSA Toulouse), French Pole vaulter
- David Skrela, (born 1979, graduated in 2003 from INSA Toulouse), rugby union footballer, played with the French national team
Notes and references
- Figures for 2011 See also the Key statistics for "Université de Toulouse" on the official University website Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
- "Décret n° 2007-385 du 21 mars 2007 portant création de l'établissement public de coopération scientifique Université de Toulouse - Legifrance". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- [pdf] Regional atlas student population in 2008-2009
- Although listed as a university by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse and the two other instituts nationaux polytechniques are really university systems, as each one groups together a number of autonomous institutes of higher education. Because it consists exclusively of grandes écoles, which have selective admissions policies, the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse is qualitatively different from the French public universities.
- "ADUM - Outil de gestion et de communication pour les écoles doctorales et les établissements d'enseignement supérieurs". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- LAPEYRE Martial-DELRIEU Eric-CHARMANTIER Audrey. "Site de l'école doctorale SEVAB : Accueil". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Ecole Doctorale SDU2E". Archived from the original on 2015-04-04. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Ecole doctorale MITT Mathématiques Informatique Télécommunications de Toulous - ED 475 Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Ecole doctorale GEET - ED 323 Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "ECOLE DOCTORALE SYSTEMES - ED 309". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Ecole Doctorale Sciences de la Matière - Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Mechanics, Energetics, Civil & Process Engineering Doctoral School official website
- "ED 467 Ecole doctorale Aeronautique Astronautique - Toulouse". Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Katia Dago. "UT2J - Ecole Doctorale CLESCO (Comportement, Langage, Education, Socialisation, Cognition) - Accueil". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Katia Dago. "UT2J - Ecole Doctorale ALLPH@ (Arts, Lettres, Langues, Philosophie, Communication) - Accueil École doctorale ALLPHA". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Katia Dago. "UT2J - Ecole Doctorale TESC (Temps, Espaces, Sociétés, Cultures) - Accueil". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Legal & Political Sciences Doctoral School official website". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Oréalys. "Ecole doctorale Sciences de Gestion Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "TSE". TSE. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Thomas Pesquet". European Space Agency. 20 May 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- Université de Toulouse
- Université de Toulouse I: Capitole
- Université de Toulouse II: Le Mirail
- Université de Toulouse III: Paul Sabatier
- National Polytechnique de Toulouse – INPT[permanent dead link]
- École Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Toulouse – INP-ENSAT
- École Nationale Supérieure d’Électrotechnique, d’Électronique, d’Informatique, d’Hydraulique et des Télécommunications – INP-ENSEEIHT
- École Nationale Supérieure des Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques – INP-ENSIACET
- École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes – ENIT
- École Nationale de Météorologie – INP-ENM
- École d'Ingénieurs de Purpan – EI Purpan
- École Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse – ENVT
- Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse – INSA Toulouse
- Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace – ISAE
- Centre Universitaire de Formation et de Recherche Jean-François Champollion – CUFR Champollion
- École des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux – EMAC
- École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile – ENAC
- École Nationale de Formation Agronomique – ENFA
- École Nationale Supérieur d'Architecture de Toulouse – ENSA Toulouse
- Toulouse Business School
- Institut d'études politiques de Toulouse – IEP/Sciences Po Toulouse
- Institut Catholique d'Arts et Métiers de Toulouse – ICAM Toulouse
- Search Scholarships at University De Toulouse