University of Virginia School of Architecture
Coordinates: The University of Virginia School of Architecture is the university's architecture school. The school confers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in architecture, landscape architecture, architectural history, and urban and environmental planning. Additionally, the school offers a certificate in historic preservation.
The Ph.D program in architectural history was once maintained at the School of Architecture but has since been transferred to the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
The School of Architecture was a cornerstone of founder Thomas Jefferson's concept for the University. Jefferson intended to use the architecture of the Academical Village as a didactic instrument for students. Evidence suggests that Jefferson planned to instruct architecture students himself, but he died in 1826 before his vision could be realized.
It would take more than 100 years after Jefferson's death for the School of Architecture to be formed. In 1919, a School of Fine Arts was established under the direction of Sidney Fiske Kimball, for whom the University's Fine Arts Library is named. In 1954 the University dissolved the School of Fine Arts, merging the art faculty into the College of Arts and Sciences, and creating a new School of Architecture. In the nine decades since its founding, the school has grown from an initial enrollment of eleven students to some 350 undergraduate and 175 graduate students, with 54 full-time faculty members and an extensive staff.
The School is located in Campbell Hall, and includes studio space, lecture halls, classrooms, the Fine Arts Café, and the Arts & Architecture Store (colloquially known as the A&A).
A series of expansions took place during 2006-2008, which were part of a larger program of redevelopment at the University. The building expansions were a collaborative design effort between architecture faculty and SMBW Architects. These expansions added some 12,000 square feet (1,100 m²) to accommodate the school's growth over the previous two decades. The South Addition, by faculty member Bill Sherman, provides office space along the south side of the building. A series of landscape interventions accompany the South Addition. The Elmaleh East Wing, by faculty member W. G. Clark, provides additional space for reviews and exhibits. The new additions were dedicated in October 2008. The original building, by Pietro Belluschi, was completed in 1970.
In the 2012 rankings by the journal DesignIntelligence, the school's architecture program tied for first place among public Master of Architecture programs and ranked seventh overall. U.Va. is also the top program among public and private universities in the South. The program has been ranked the first or second public Master of Architecture program three times in the last 10 years, and in the top five publics of the last 10 years. The Master of Architecture program has the lowest tuition of any top-10 program ranked by DesignIntelligence's 2012 report.
The graduate landscape architecture program is ranked third in master's programs at public universities and fifth overall. In a survey of deans and administrators, U.Va.'s Master of Landscape Architecture program ranked third overall, second for research and theory, fourth in design communication and cross-discplinary teamwork, and fifth in computer applications. The program has consistently remained in the top six of public programs and top 15 overall since 2005.
The Planetizen 2012 Guide to Graduate Urban Planning Programs ranked U.Va.'s program in Urban and Environmental Planning seventh in the nation.
- "Campbell Hall". UVa School of Architecture. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- "School of Architecture shines with Campbell Hall additions" (October 25, 2008), Daily Progress.
- Cramer, James P. "Big Shifts in Design School Rankings for 2013". Design Intelligence Rankings 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "U.Va. Architectural School Programs Ranked in Top Three of Public Universities". UVA Today. UVA Today. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "The Top Schools for Urban Planners". Planetizen. Planetizen. Retrieved 26 November 2012.