A university system is a set of multiple, affiliated universities and colleges that are usually geographically distributed. Typically, all member universities in a university system share a common component among all of their various names. Usually, all member universities of a university system are governed by a system-wide governing body, such as a board of trustees or a board of regents. In fact, university systems are so common in post-World War II United States that most states have one or two state university systems under which many of their publicly funded universities are aligned, both in name and in governance. Additionally, for-profit universities, such as DeVry University, often have multiple campuses which share the same name; these may be, but are not always, described as a university system (not necessarily accurately, see below).
A university system should not be confused with a multiple-campus university. A university system contains several universities. A multiple-campus university is a single university that has more than one campus. In the United States, a common test of whether institutions constitute a system is whether they are separately accredited by a government-approved regional accreditor (this supersedes per-campus accreditation by national professional accreditors). University marketing departments may emphasize or deemphasize the independence of member institutions.
In Canada, university system usually refers to the collection of all universities within a jurisdiction, as distinguished from other post-secondary institutions. Used as a point of comparison, it may refer to the universities within a province or within a country. In the UK, university system has been used to refer to the policy and practise of integrated administration and infrastructure of the universities within the country.
In the Philippines, university system is a title granted by the Commission on Higher Education to a private or public higher education institution after complying certain requirements. The commission defines university system as an organized academic entity composed of separate but interrelated units, at least one of which has university level status. A single governing board is responsible for the formulation of system-wide policies and programs. A university system has its own system administration headed by a chief executive officer. Its function is to coordinate and integrate system-wide functions and activities. Each constituent unit has its own chief executive officer to whom broad powers is delegated by the governing board for the organization and operation of the constituent unit.
List of University Systems
- Indian Institutes of Technology A group of 15 public universities specializing in engineering.
- National Institutes of Technology A group of 30 public universities specializing in engineering.
- Indian Institutes of Management A group of 13 public universities specializing in business and management education.
- Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research A group of 5 universities focussed on the natural sciences.
- All India Institutes of Medical Sciences A group of 7 universities focussed on medical education and research.
- Islamic Azad University (2 independent and 31 state university branches with 400 campuses and research centers in Iran, and 4 branches overseas in U.A.E., United Kingdom, Lebanon and Afghanistan under direct administration)
- Universiti Teknologi MARA System (1 main campus, 4 satellite campuses, 4 autonomous state campuses, 8 state branch campuses, 9 city campuses, 21 affiliated colleges, 1 international campus, 1 training hospital, and 2 training hotels)
- De La Salle Philippines (7 campuses)
- Mindanao State University (8 constituent universities, 3 attached colleges)
- St. Paul University System (7 campuses)
- University of Perpetual Help System (4 DALTA campuses, 5 JONELTA campuses)
- University of the Philippines (8 constituent universities, with 10 campuses)
- University System of Taiwan (4 campuses)
- Taiwan Comprehensive University System (4 campuses)
- University System of Taipei (3 campuses)
- Grandes Ecoles (selective university level schools)
- University of Paris (an alliance of 13 constituent universities).
- DeVry University (23 major campuses in the United States and Canada)
- Université du Québec (10 universities, schools and institute)
- Canadian Military College system
- Anahuac University Network: a private university system with 8 campuses throughout Mexico, plus some allied institutions located in Spain, Italy, United States, Chile and France.
- University of Alabama System (3 campuses)
- Auburn University System (2 campuses)
- University of Alaska System (3 campuses)
- Arizona Board of Regents (3 universities)
- Maricopa County Community College District (11 campuses + 2 skills centers)
- University of Arkansas System (5 universities, 1 medical school, 2 law schools, 1 graduate school for public service, 5 community colleges, 1 division of agriculture)
- Arkansas State University System (10 campuses)
- University of California (10 campuses under direct administration, plus an independently administered law school)
- California State University (23 campuses)
- California Community Colleges System (110 campuses)
- Claremont Colleges (7 institutions)
- University of Colorado (4 campuses)
- Colorado State University (3 campuses)
- Connecticut State Colleges & Universities (CSCU) (17 campuses)
- Florida College System (28 campuses)
- University System of Georgia (26 colleges and universities)
- Technical College System of Georgia (22 colleges)
- University of Hawaii System (3 campuses)
- University of Illinois system (3 institutions)
- Southern Illinois University (2 institutions and multiple campuses)
- Indiana University (9 campuses)
- Purdue University System (5 campuses)
- Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana (23 campuses)
- Kentucky Community and Technical College System (16 campuses)
- Louisiana State University System (10 campuses)
- University of Louisiana System (9 campuses)
- Southern University System (5 campuses)
- Louisiana Community and Technical College System (10 campuses)
- University of Maine System (7 campuses)
- Maine Community College System (7 campuses)
- University System of Maryland (13 campuses)
- University of Massachusetts System (5 campuses)
- University of Michigan (3 campuses)
- University of Minnesota system (5 campuses)
- Minnesota State (30 state colleges, 7 state universities, in total operate 54 campuses)
- Saint Mary's University of Minnesota (3 campuses)
- University of Missouri System (4 campuses)
- Montana University System (14 campuses)
- University of Nebraska system (4 campuses)
- Nebraska State College System (3 campuses)
- Nevada System of Higher Education (2 universities, one state college, 4 community colleges, and one research institute)
- University System of New Hampshire (4 campuses)
- City University of New York (24 campuses)
- State University of New York (64 campuses)
- University of North Carolina (16 campuses, plus one affiliated high school)
- Johnson & Wales University (4 campuses around the United States)
- North Dakota University System (11 campuses)
- University System of Ohio (13 campuses with 23 2-year institutions)
- Oklahoma State University System (4 university campuses and 2 health centers)
- Regional University System of Oklahoma (RUSO) (6 universities on 12 campuses)
- Oregon University System (7 institutions; defunct)
- Commonwealth System of Higher Education (4 institutions with 33 campuses)
- Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (14 institutions with 20 campuses)
- University of Puerto Rico (11 campuses)
- Ana G. Méndez University System (5 campuses). It also has 3 sub-systems and a research center. Each of the following campuses have off-campus centers that function independently and thus act as individual campuses.
- University of South Carolina System (8 campuses)
- University of Tennessee system (5 campuses)
- Tennessee Board of Regents (6 universities, 13 community colleges, 26 technology centers)
- University of Houston System (4 institutions and 2 multi-institution teaching centers)
- University of North Texas System (3 institutions)
- University of Texas System (14 institutions)
- Texas A&M University System (11 institutions)
- Texas State University System (7 institutions)
- Texas Tech University System (4 institutions)
- Brigham Young University System (2 campuses; main campus & 1 in Hawaii)
- Utah System of Higher Education (10 institutions)
- Vermont State Colleges (5 campuses)
- Virginia Commonwealth University (2 campuses)
- Virginia Community College System (23 campuses)
- University of Virginia (2 campuses)
- University of Wisconsin System (13 institutions, 26 campuses)
- Wisconsin Technical College System (16 institutions)
- Wells, Paul (2004-09-06). "Canada's University System Ailing". —. Macleans. Archived from the original on 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2007-06-21.
- Shattock, Michael (1997). The Creation of a University System. Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-20300-1.
- CHED Memorandum Order No. 8 Series of 2003 issued by the Commission on Higher Education of the Republic of the Philippines.