Unsan County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Unsan County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Unsan-gun
 • Revised Romanization Unsan-gun
Location of Unsan County
Country North Korea
Province North P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 1 workers' district, 27 ri
 • Total 865.5 km2 (334.2 sq mi)

Unsan County is a kun, or county, in eastern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. Within the province, it borders Hyangsan in the east, Kujang and Nyŏngbyŏn in the south, and Tongch'ang and T'aech'ŏn in the west. In addition, it is bordered by Chagang province to the east (Hŭich'ŏn) and north (Songwŏn).


The Kuryong River (구룡강) has formed a steep valley and basin in the centre of the county, into which various tributaries flow including the Uhyŏn River, Choyang River, Ryonghŭng River, and P'ungsanch'ŏn. 73% of the county's area is forested, while only 15.5% is cultivated.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Unsan county is divided into 1 ŭp (town), 1 rodongjagu (workers' district) and 27 ri (villages):

  • Unsan-ŭp (운산읍)
  • Pukchil-lodongjagu (북진로동자구)
  • Cheil-li (제인리)
  • Chŏnsŭng-ri (전승리)
  • Chonyang-ri (조양리)
  • Chwa-ri (좌리)
  • Hwaŭng-ri (화응리)
  • Kosŏng-ri (고성리)
  • Kuŭp-ri (구읍리)
  • Masang-ri (마상리)
  • Majang-ri (마장리)
  • Namsal-li (남산리)
  • Nit'am-ri (니탑리)
  • Pang'ŏ-ri (방어리)
  • Pongji-ri (봉지리)
  • Puhŭng-ri (부흥리)
  • P'ungyang-ri (풍양리)
  • P'yŏnghwa-ri (평화리)
  • Ryongho-ri (룡호리)
  • Ryonghŭng-ri (룡흥리)
  • Samsal-li (삼산리)
  • Sangwŏl-li (상원리)
  • Sŏngbong-ri (성봉리)
  • Tangsang-ri (당상리)
  • Toch'ŏl-li (도청리)
  • Ŭngbong-ri (응봉리)
  • Wŏl'yang-ri (월양리)
  • Yŏng'ung-ri (영웅리)
  • Yŏnha-ri (연하리)


The year-round average temperature is 8.2 °C, with a January average of -10.2 °C and an August average of 23.8 °C. The climate is fairly wet, with an average annual rainfall of 1400 mm.


Of Unsan's cultivated land, most (70%) is dry-field, with numerous cattle farms; local crops include maize, soybeans, sweet potatoes, and vegetables as well as rice. Unsan leads the province in the production of sweet potatoes. Fruit is also raised. Gold and silver are mined, and factories produce textiles and ironware.

In Ryongho-ri on the slopes of Kubongsan, there are tombs from the Koguryŏ period. A tomb traditionally held to be that of the Kojosŏn ruler Wiman is also located there.


Unsan is served by the Unsan Line of the Korean State Railway, and is also connected to neighbouring districts by road.

As of December 2016, a small runway is being installed near the Sunchon Cement Factory, believed to be intended for use by small aircraft transporting Kim Jong-un.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "New Kim Jong-un/executive runway under construction". North Korean Economy Watch. December 15, 2016. Archived from the original on December 17, 2016. In this Google Earth image, we can see a new Kim Jong-un/executive runway being installed in Unsan County (은산군) Between the Sunchon Cement Factory and a large industrial construction site just south of the runway. The new runway is approximately 870 meters and is intended for small Cessna-style aircraft–similar to other runways constructed throughout the country intended for the leader.

External links[edit]