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Unsimulated sex

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Unsimulated sex is the presentation in a film of sex scenes where the actors engage in an actual sex act, and are not just miming or simulating the actions. At one time in the United States such scenes were restricted by law and self-imposed industry standards such as the Motion Picture Production Code.[1] Films showing explicit sexual activity were confined to privately distributed underground films, such as stag films or "porn loops". Beginning in the late 1960s, most notably with Blue Movie by Andy Warhol, mainstream cinemas began pushing boundaries in terms of what was presented on screen.[2] Although the vast majority of sexual situations depicted in mainstream cinema are simulated (in early pornography, the main actors engaged in simulated sex, with inserts placed in the film), on rare occasions actors engage in real sex.[3] The difference between these films and pornography is that, while such scenes might be considered erotic, the intent of these films is not solely pornographic.[4]

Notable examples include two of the eight Bedside-films and the six Zodiac-films from the 1970s, all of which were produced in Denmark and had many pornographic sex scenes, but were nevertheless considered mainstream films (they all had mainstream casts and crews, and premiered in mainstream cinemas).[5] The last of these films, Agent 69 Jensen i Skyttens tegn, was made in 1978. From the end of the 1970s until the late 1990s it was rare to see hardcore scenes in mainstream cinema, but this changed with the success of Lars von Trier's The Idiots (1998), which heralded a wave of art-house films with explicit content,[6][7] such as Romance (1999), Baise-moi (2000), Intimacy (2001), Vincent Gallo's The Brown Bunny (2003), and Michael Winterbottom's 9 Songs (2004). Some simulated sex scenes are sufficiently realistic that critics mistakenly believe that they are real, such as the cunnilingus scene in the 2006 film Red Road.[8]

Films with unsimulated sexual activity

The following mainstream films have scenes with verified real sexual activity, meaning actors or actresses are filmed engaging in actual coitus or performing related sexual acts such as fellatio and cunnilingus. This list does not include documentaries about pornography, which may contain unsimulated sexual activity. For example, Inside Deep Throat contains approximately 30 seconds of unsimulated fellatio.[9]

Title Year Notes Language
Gift 1966 One of the first Danish mainstream films with explicit and unsimulated sex scenes, although key sex scenes were blocked by censors during showings at the time in the United States.[10] Danish
Blue Movie 1969 A 1969 film by Andy Warhol – the first film depicting explicit sex to receive wide theatrical distribution in the United States[11][12][13][14][15] – a seminal film in the Golden Age of Porn and, according to Warhol, a major influence in the making of Last Tango in Paris, an internationally controversial erotic drama film, starring Marlon Brando, and released a few years after Blue Movie was made.[13] English
El Topo 1970 In his book about the film,[16] Alexandro Jodorowsky says about the rape scene: "When I wanted to do the rape scene, I explained to [Mara Lorenzio] that I was going to hit her and rape her. There was no emotional relationship between us, because I had put a clause in all the women's contracts stating that they would not make love with the director. We had never talked to each other. I knew nothing about her. We went to the desert with two other people: the photographer and a technician. No one else. I said, 'I'm not going to rehearse. There will be only one take because it will be impossible to repeat. Roll the cameras only when I signal you to.' Then I told her, 'Pain does not hurt. Hit me.' And she hit me. I said, 'Harder.' And she started to hit me very hard, hard enough to break a rib...I ached for a week. After she had hit me long enough and hard enough to tire her, I said, 'Now it's my turn. Roll the cameras.' And I really...I really...I really raped her. And she screamed." Spanish
Stille dage i Clichy (English title: Quiet Days in Clichy) 1970 Film, directed by Jens Jørgen Thorsen, is based on the long-banned novel by Henry Miller and contains a graphic insert of hardcore sex early on.[17] Danish, English
Cry Uncle! 1971 This film by John G. Avildsen shows unsimulated fellatio.[18] English
Pink Flamingos 1972 This film by John Waters was banned in Australia in 1997. The Board unanimously noted a scene which included "close up real depictions of actual fellatio....which unambiguously contravene R classification guidelines.".[19] English
I Jomfruens tegn 1973 First film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
Thriller - en grym film (English title: Thriller – A Cruel Picture) 1973 The original Swedish cut of this film, directed by Bo Arne Vibenius, contains explicit hardcore inserts.[20][21] Swedish
A Scream in the Streets 1973 Film by Carl Monson and several other directors contains a few seconds of actual penetration.[22] English
The Devil in Miss Jones 1973 American Film directed by Gerard Damiano and reviewed favorably by Roger Ebert.[23] English
I Tyrens tegn 1974 Second film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
Score 1974 American film by Radley Metzger, based on an off-Broadway play that included Sylvester Stallone.[24][25][26] English
Sweet Movie 1974 This film by Dušan Makavejev contains some unsimulated sex acts.[27] English, French, Polish, Spanish
Immoral Tales 1974 This film, directed by Walerian Borowczyk consists of four stories, titled La marée, Thérèse philosophe, Erszébet Báthory, and Lucrezia Borgia, respectively. In the third story, there is a close up scene of vaginal pearl insertion performed by an actress Marie Forså.[28][29] The German Blu-ray edition of Immoral Tales contains a film clip from Borowczyk's A Private Collection. This clip features an unsimulated bestiality between a woman and a dog and hence, this material had to be pixelated in the German edition of the film.[29] French, Italian, Hungarian
Sexcula 1974 Filmed during the Golden Age of Porn, Sexcula is "the first fully Canadian film to work with Gothic horror elements and pay unabashed tribute to the Universal monster movie cycle". Quite explicit in its nature, it features mostly softcore scenes, including two hardcore sequences.[30] English
I Tvillingernes tegn 1975 Third film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
Der må være en sengekant 1975 Sixth film in the Danish Bedside-series of erotic mainstream-comedies, and one of the two to have hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
The Image 1975 This film by Radley Metzger, based upon the novel L'Image by Catherine Robbe-Grillet, features many unsimulated sex scenes including S&M, fellatio and lesbian cunnilingus.[31] English, French
Black Emanuelle 1975 This film, directed by Bitto Albertini exists in both softcore and hardcore versions. Hardcore scenes were performed by body doubles. In Italy, it was released on DVD by Stormovie with the fully uncut hardcore print.[32][33] Italian
Emanuelle e Françoise le sorelline 1975 A German version of this film directed by Joe D'Amato, and titled Die Lady Mit der Pussycat contains hardcore footage featuring Brigitte Lahaie.[34][35] Italian
Emanuelle in Bangkok 1976 Directed by Joe D'Amato this film, in its uncut Italian DVD version, contains a hardcore shots of vaginal penetration by ping pong balls.[36] Italian
Alice in Wonderland 1976 American film produced by William Osco and reviewed favorably by Roger Ebert.[37] English
Sømænd på sengekanten 1976 Eighth and final film in the Danish Bedside-series of erotic mainstream-comedies, and one of the two to have hardcore scenes, including extensive clips from the short Color Climax #1283: Mail Order Sex (1973), watched on 8mm by the ship's crew.[10] Danish
The Opening of Misty Beethoven 1976 American film by Radley Metzger, based on the play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw (and its derivative, My Fair Lady) and considered, by award-winning author Toni Bentley, the "crown jewel" of the Golden Age of Porn.[25][26] English
I Løvens tegn 1976 Fourth film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
In the Realm of the Senses 1976 This film has many experimental and avant-garde elements features hardcore sex scenes, showing genitals of actors. Based on a true story of a Japanese prostitute, features fellatio and other non-simulated sexual acts.[38][39] Japanese
Through the Looking Glass 1976 This film by Jonas Middleton with many experimental and avant-garde elements features hardcore sex scenes, including fellatio.[40] English
A Real Young Girl 1976 This film is Catherine Breillat's first feature film, shot in 1975, but banned for the next 25 years, mostly due to hardcore nature of its content. Some controversial scenes show: full frontal vagina, bodily fluids, urination and masturbation.[41][42][43] French
L'Ange et la Femme 1977 This film by Gilles Carle contains some explicitly unsimulated sexual activity between its stars.[44] French, English
Agent 69 Jensen i Skorpionens tegn 1977 Fifth film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
Barbara Broadcast 1977 American film by Radley Metzger released during the Golden Age of Porn features several scenes of unsimulated sex - some scenes present a surrealistic "Buñellian" atmosphere, according to one film reviewer.[45] English
Nazi Love Camp 27 1977 This film by Mario Caiano features actual penetration.[46] Italian
Emanuelle in America 1977 A film by Joe D'Amato exists in both softcore and hardcore versions.[47] Italian
Emanuelle Around the World 1977 The hardcore European version of this film by Joe D'Amato, prepared for the French market contains penetration, oral sex, and the bestiality scenes with the snake and the dog.[48] Italian
Sister Emanuelle 1977 There is also the Danish DVD Version of this film by Giuseppe Vari with hardcore sex scenes.[49]
Agent 69 Jensen i Skyttens tegn 1978 Sixth and final film in the Danish Zodiac-series of mainstream-comedies with hardcore scenes.[10] Danish
Behind Convent Walls 1978 The uncut version of this film by Walerian Borowczyk features hardcore scene of female masturbation by a wooden dildo.[50][51] Italian
Immoral Women 1979 This film, directed by Walerian Borowczyk consists of three stories titled Margherita, Marceline, and Marie, respectively. In the first story, Margherita, there is an unsimulated intercourse scene.[52] French, Italian
Caligula 1979 Uncut version of this film includes several authentic sex scenes, including penetration, fellatio and ejaculation during the six minutes worth of inserts shot by the film's producer, Bob Guccione. The sex shot by Tinto Brass in the rest of the movie, although very explicit, was simulated.[53] English
Images in a Convent 1979 This film by Joe D'Amato contains many explicit sex scenes including hardcore sex in the rape scene..[54] Italian
Erotic Nights of the Living Dead 1980 This Joe D'Amato's film exists in two versions: explicit version with hardcore scenes (Hardcore Version) and a rated general release that removes all the hardcore scenes (Original Version).[55][56] Italian
Hotel Paradise 1980 Both of softcore and hardcore versions of this film, directed by Edoardo Mulargia can be found on the Danish DVD by Another World Entertainment.[57] Italian
Sex and Black Magic 1980 This, mostly softcore film by Joe D'Amato shows one brief hardcore insert.[58] Italian
Bare Behind Bars 1980 A film by Oswaldo de Oliveira, features explicit sex scenes (mostly lesbian), and at least one hardcore hetero-sexual scene.[59] Portuguese
Cruising 1980 Director William Friedkin spliced in single frames of gay anal intercourse during at least one scene. Partially obscured sex acts, including fellatio and fisting. English
Taxi zum Klo 1980 A film directed by Frank Ripploh features hardcore gay sex scenes.[60] German, English, French
Spetters 1980 This film directed by Paul Verhoeven features explicit hardcore sex scenes, including oral sex.[61] Dutch
Fruits of Passion 1981 This film by Shūji Terayama contains unsimulated fellatio.[62] Cantonese, Japanese, English, French
Caligola: La storia mai raccontata (English title: The Emperor Caligula: The Untold Story, or Caligula 2 - The Untold Story) 1982 The uncut European version of this film, directed by Joe D'Amato, features penetration, ejaculation and fellato in an orgy scene.[63] Italian
Scandale 1982 This film by George Mihalka contains both softcore and hardcore sex scenes.[64] French
Emmanuelle 4 1984 This film, directed by Francis Leroi and Iris Letans exists in at least two versions.The Canadian VHS contains 3 hardcore scenes, including oral sex and intercourse.[65] French
The Alcove 1985 Film by Joe D'Amato contains a few real sex scenes.[66] Italian
James Joyce's Women 1985 This film, directed by Michael Pearce, is based on James Joyce's Ulysses and shows about twenty minutes of real, on camera masturbation by Fionnula Flanagan, the main actress.[67] English
Devil in the Flesh 1986 Features a short scene of fellatio, during which the man tells the woman about Lenin's return to St. Petersburg in 1917.[68][69] Italian
Emmanuelle 5 1987 This film, directed by Walerian Borowczyk, exists in at least three versions. A hardcore version was only released in France on VHS and contains scenes of intercourse, oral sex, masturbation and urination.[70] French, English
Emmanuelle 6 1988 A hardcore edit on VHS was released in France, making this version about 10 minutes longer than US DVD version.[71] French
Hotel St. Pauli 1988 This film by Svend Wam shows unsimulated oral sex.[72] Norwegian, Swedish
Kinski Paganini 1989 Klaus Kinski's directorial debut. According to one reviewer: "[...] it is really extremely bizarre, in moments brutal and almost experimental film with plenty of softcore and hardcore scenes [...]"[73] Italian
トパーズ (Also known as: Tokyo Decadence and Topāzu) 1992 This film by Ryu Murakami about prostitution in Japan contains sexually explicit and graphic scenes, including explicit use of a vibrator and strap-on, as well as a urination scene. However, "Murakami didn't make this film to tickle people's libidos; he wanted to bring out the potential ugliness that can come through sex."[74] Japanese, English
The Soft Kill 1994 The DVD version of this film, directed by Eli Cohen, features penetration.[75] English
La Vie de Jésus (English title: The Life of Jesus) 1997 "In Life of Jesus, Dumont included extreme close-ups of penetration to emphasize the animal nature of the sex act."[76] French
Idioterne (English title: The Idiots) 1998 This film by Lars von Trier features extremely brief penetration and group sex.[77] Danish
Fiona 1998 This film directed by Amos Kollek features a brief oral sex scene.[78] English
Seul contre tous (English title: I Stand Alone) 1998 The film is Gaspar Noé's first feature-length production and features several actual sex scenes.[79] French
Jezus is een Palestijn (English title: Jesus is a Palestinian) 1999 Director Lodewijk Crijns: "From the beginning I swore that there would be a visual penetration in my film. [...] Eventually that scene made it into the film and also in a way which I think is very surprising."[80] Dutch
Romance 1999 Directed by Catherine Breillat, features male and female masturbation, fellatio, penetration, ejaculation, and sadomasochistic bondage.[81] French
Pola X 1999 "Pola X gained infamy world wide for its unsimulated sex acts between Guillaume Depardieu (Pierre) and Yekaterina Golubeva (Isabelle). Although body stand-ins were used for the most explicit parts."[82][83][84] French
La donna lupo (English title: The Man-Eater) 1999 Film by Aurelio Grimaldi contains a scene of actual fellatio.[85] Italian
Guardami 1999 Based on the life of Italian porn actress Moana Pozzi, this film directed by Davide Ferrario shows real oral sex.[86] Italian
Vampire Strangler 1999 A film by William Hellfire shows real fellatio by an actress Erin Brown.[87] English
Giulia (English title: Julia) 1999 This film by Roy Stuart shows scenes of fellatio, cunnilingus and intercourse performed by actress Anna Bielska.[88] French
Humanité 1999 A film by Bruno Dumont contains sex and nudity, including three hardcore scenes.[89] French, English
Baise-moi 2000 Several actual sex scenes, including penetration and fellatio.[90] French
Scrapbook 2000 This film by Eric Stanze includes non-penetrative sex acts and an actor urinating on an actress.[91] English
Scarlet Diva 2000 A semi-autobiographical film about Italian actress and director Asia Argento's life as an actress, it contains many non-simulated sex scenes according to Argento herself.[92] English, Italian, French
Intimacy 2001 Features fellatio.[93] English
Le Pornographe (English title: The Pornographer) 2001 This film by Bertrand Bonello shows many hardcore sex scenes, including penetration.[94] French
Lucía y el sexo (English title: Sex and Lucia) 2001 This film by Julio Medem contains several real sex scenes, including penetration and fellatio from the porn movie made by one of the film's characters as well as manual stimulation of an erect penis and cunnilingus performed by and on another film's character.[95] Spanish, English
Hundstage (English title: Dog Days) 2001 The first fictional feature film by director Ulrich Seidl contains a hardcore orgy scene.[96] German
The Center of the World 2001 A film by Wayne Wang contains "the graphic sex of Triple-X videos".[97] English
La novia de Lázaro (English title: Lazaro’s Girlfriend) 2002 This film by Fernando Merinero features about a minute-long scene of explicit fellatio.[98] Spanish
Le loup de la côte Ouest (English title: The Wolf of the West Coast) 2002 A Hugo Santiago film with recognizable stars James Faulkner and Anna Mouglalis features unsimulated sex scenes.[99] French, English
Sud sanaeha (English title: Blissfully Yours) 2002 This film, directed by Apichatpong Weerasethakul, contains a scene of explicit fellatio.[100] Thai
Choses secrètes (English title: Secret Things) 2002 A Jean-Claude Brisseau film about female sexuality that shows many explicit sex scenes, including public masturbation by a female character and a hardcore orgy scene. The first film of a trilogy.[101] French
The Brown Bunny 2003 This film by Vincent Gallo features a scene of fellatio.[102] English
Fallo! (English title: Do It! or Private) 2003 Film directed by Tinto Brass contains real fellatio.[103] Italian, French, English, Spanish
Rossa Venezia 2003 This film by Andreas Bethmann features many hardcore sex scenes, mostly lesbian.[104] German
The Principles of Lust 2003 Film by Penny Woolcock shows an orgy scene with several unsimulated sex acts, including oral sex.[105] English
Anatomie de l'enfer (English title: Anatomy of Hell) 2004 By director Catherine Breillat, it features "actual sex, high-level sex scenes and high-level themes" according to the Australian Classification Review Board.[106] French
9 Songs 2004 Several non-simulated sex scenes, including penetration, fellatio, cunnilingus and ejaculation.[90] English
Story of the Eye 2004 Based on the novel Story of the Eye by Georges Bataille, this film, directed by Andrew Repasky McElhinney contains many hardcore sex scenes.[107] English
Kärlekens språk 2000 2004 A Swedish sex educational film directed by Anders Lennberg shows many unsimulated sex scenes.[108] Swedish
All About Anna 2005 A film directed by Jessica Nilsson, featuring intercourse performed both by Eileen Daly and Gry Bay and male actors, fellatio with ejaculation performed by Eileen Daly on Mark Stevens, cunnilingus performed by Ovidie on Gry Bay.[109] Danish
8mm 2 2005 A film directed by J. S. Cardone, featuring various erotic scenes that include complete nudity, group sex, female masturbation, oral stimulation, authentic pornography frames, and lesbian cunnilingus.[110] English
Kissing on the Mouth 2005 Film by Joe Swanberg contains a real scene of masturbation with ejaculation.[111] English
天邊一朵雲 (English title: The Wayward Cloud) 2005 This film directed by Tsai Ming-liang features fellatio and penetration.[112][113] Mandarin
Princesas 2005 This film by Fernando León de Aranoa contains a scene of explicit fellatio.[114] Spanish
Lie with Me 2005 A film by Clement Virgo, based on the novel of the same title, contains "medium-to-hardcore sex".[115] English, Spanish
Shortbus 2006 Several actors perform real sexual acts including explicit masturbation, autofellatio, coitus, and heterosexual and homosexual fellatio.[90][116] English
Taxidermia 2006 This film, directed by György Pálfi features actual penetration.[117] Hungarian, English, Russian
Les Anges Exterminateurs 2006 The second Jean-Claude Brisseau film that explores female sexuality. It shows unsimulated female masturbation.[118] French
Auftauchen (Also known as Amour fou) 2006 Felicitas Korn's feature film debut shows several authentic sex scenes.[119] German
It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine. 2007 This film directed by David Brothers and Crispin Glover contains actual penetration.[120] English
L'histoire de Richard O. (English title: The Story of Richard O.) 2007 This film by Damien Odoul shows numerous real sex scenes.[121] French, Finnish
Import/Export 2007 The second fictional feature film by Ulrich Seidl contains several authentic sex scenes, including female masturbation and anal fingering. The authenticity of the fellatio scene is debatable.[122] German, Slovak, Russian, English
El Búfalo de la noche (English title: The Night Buffalo) 2007 This film by Jorge Hernandez Aldana contains an explicit fellatio scene.[123] Spanish
Serbis (English title: Service) 2008 Directed by Brillante Mendoza, it shows explicit fellatio.[124] Filipino, Tagalog
Tropical Manila 2008 This film, directed by Sang-woo Lee, contain several explicit sex acts, including real fellatio.[125] Filipino, Korean
À l'aventure 2008 The third film by Jean-Claude Brisseau about female sexuality contains many explicit sex scenes, including authentic female masturbation and orgasm.[126][127] French
Amateur Porn Star Killer 2 2008 This film by Shane Ryan includes explicit scenes of penetration and oral sex. The second film of a trilogy.[128] English
Antichrist 2009 This film by Lars von Trier features a scene of penetrative vaginal intercourse, and also includes graphically violent sexual imagery. Body doubles were used to make the film.[129] English
Enter the Void 2009 This film, directed by Gaspar Noé contains some unsimulated sexual activity.[130] English, Japanese
The Band 2009 This film directed by Anna Brownfield features numerous sequences of unsimulated sex.[131] English
Dogtooth 2009 A film by Giorgos Lanthimos. "The brief real sex is used to establish the unusual and dysfunctional lifestyle that results from the isolation orchestrated by the dictatorial father, including incest."[132] Greek
Now & Later 2009 The film contains an unsimulated oral scene and a simulated sex scene.[133] English
Bedways 2010 This film by Rolf Peter Kahl shows real sex scenes, including a three-minute-long scene of masturbation.[134] German
The Bunny Game 2010 This film directed by Adam Rehmeier contains an explicit scene of fellatio.[135] English
Killer Bitch 2010 Controversial in many aspects, this film by Liam Galvin contains real sex scenes according to executive producer John Fleming.[136] English
Año bisiesto (English title: Leap Year) 2010 Film by Michael Rowe features unsimulated sex scenes.[137] Spanish
Gandu 2010 An Indian film, directed by Qaushiq Mukherjee, that contains actual sex scenes.[138] Bengali
LelleBelle 2010 This film by Mischa Kamp contain the images of unsimulated penetration.[139][140] Dutch
Q (English title: Desire) 2011 A 2011 French film, directed by Laurent Bouhnik, which features several graphic unsimulated depictions of sex.[141] French
Hotel Desire 2011 This short film directed by Sergej Moya contains an unsimulated sex scene between the actors Saralisa Volm and Clemens Schick.[142] German
愛很爛 (English title: Love Actually... Sucks!) 2011 A Hong Kong film, directed by Scud, features fellatio.[143] Mandarin, Cantonese, English
Caged 2011 A 2011 Dutch film directed by Stephan Brenninkmeijer, it contains several explicit hardcore sex scenes.[144] Dutch
Léa 2011 This film, directed by Bruno Rolland, contains an unsimulated scene of cunniligus.[145] French
Starlet 2012 This film by Sean S. Baker contains a scene of penetration.[146] English
Marfa Girl 2012 A film by Larry Clark with content similar to his cult film Ken Park.[147] English
Nymphomaniac 2013 A two-part drama by Lars von Trier, the third of his loose "Depression" trilogy. To produce scenes of simulated sex, von Trier used digital compositing to superimpose the genitals of pornographic film actors onto the bodies of the film's actors.[148] Producer Louise Vesth explained during the Cannes Film Festival: "We shot the actors pretending to have sex and then had the body doubles, who really did have sex, and in post we will digital impose the two. So above the waist it will be the star and the (sic) below the waist it will be the doubles." Gainsbourg and Martin further revealed that prosthetic vaginas and closed sets were used during filming. Danish
Pornopung 2013 A 2013 Norwegian film, directed by Johan Kaos, that features a scene of explicit fellatio.[149] Norwegian
Stranger by the Lake 2013 Directed by Alain Guiraudie, Stranger by the Lake contains scenes of unsimulated sex that were shot using body doubles.[150] French
Wetlands 2013 Film by David Wnendt contains a real scene of masturbation and ejaculation by several men on twenty pizzas. The hired porn stars were used for shooting the scene.[151] German
Pasolini 2014 A film by Abel Ferrara, about the final day in the life of Pier Paolo Pasolini, shows several actual sex scenes, including fellatio.[152] English, Italian, French
Love 2015 This film by Gaspar Noé features scenes of unsimulated sexual activity and is notable as being a 3-D release.[153] English
Paris 05:59 2016 The film opens with an 18-minute unsimulated gay orgy scene at a Paris sex club.[154][155] French
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Pornography films re-edited for mainstream release

Prior to the advent of home video, a number of hardcore pornography films were released to mainstream cinemas. In most cases, scenes of penetration were either cut out or replaced with alternate shots. One exception to this was Deep Throat, which was released uncensored.

Examples of this type of hybrid release include Alice in Wonderland (1976), shot as X-rated, but first released as an R-rated version—afterwards, the uncut version was released;[156] Café Flesh (1982)—the R-rated version of this science fiction porn film was released to mainstream cinemas;[157] Stocks and Blondes (1984), originally available as Wanda Whips Wall Street;[158] and Droid (1988), originally released as Cabaret Sin in 1987.

References

Notes

  1. ^ Dirks, Tim. "History of Sex in Cinema: The Greatest and Most Influential Sexual Films and Scenes". Filmsite.org. American Movie Classic Company. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Corliss, Richard (29 March 2005). "That Old Feeling: When Porno Was Chic". TIME. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Hohendal, Kristin (1 July 2001). "Film Goes All the Way (In the Name of Art)". New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  4. ^ Gerrard, Nicci (3 October 1999). "Coming soon to a cinema near you". Thihe Observer. London. Retrieved 4 December 2009. Catherine Breillat's controversial French film, Romance, has just been given an 18 certificate by the British Board of Film Classification. It will be granted the respectability of mainstream cinemas round the country. It has been passed because it is 'philosophical', not pornographic. It is about sexual relationships, not an aid to sexual gratification. 
  5. ^ Jensen, Michael (November 2006). "Legitimizing Illegitimacy: Identity Spaces and Markets for Illegitamate Products" (PDF). Organizations & Markets Workshop. Chicago Booth. 
  6. ^ "Explicit Euro-sex test for British censors". The Guardian. London. 22 February 1999. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  7. ^ Wilmington, Michael (27 August 2001). "Graphic Sex Scenes on Film Causing Little Fuss--for Now". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Dalton, Stephen (7 October 2006). "Sealed with a Glasgow kiss". The Times. London. Retrieved 10 January 2010. 
  9. ^ A Film Review by James Berardinelli.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ebbe Villadsen: Danish Erotic Film Classics (2005).
  11. ^ Canby, Vincent (22 July 1969). "Movie Review - Blue Movie (1968) Screen: Andy Warhol's 'Blue Movie'". New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  12. ^ Canby, Vincent (10 August 1969). "Warhol's Red Hot and 'Blue' Movie. D1. Print. (behind paywall)". New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  13. ^ a b Comenas, Gary (2005). "Blue Movie (1968)". WarholStars.org. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  14. ^ Comenas, Gary (1969). "21 July 1969: Andy Warhol's Blue Movie Opens". WarholStars.org. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  15. ^ Haggerty, George E. (2015). A Companion to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 339. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Adam Tyner. Quiet Days in Clichy (Blu-ray). dvdtalk.com. 25 January 2011.
  18. ^ Andrew Hershberger. Cry Uncle!. efilmcritic.com. 25 February 20001.
  19. ^ 1997: Why PINK FLAMINGOS was banned. Censorship in Australia.
  20. ^ Kurly Tlapoyawa. Thriller: A Cruel Picture. alibi.com.
  21. ^ Carroll Jenkins. Thriller: They Call Her One Eye (Vengeance Edition). 10,000 Bullets. 11 June 2014
  22. ^ Stuart Willis. A Scream In The Streets. Sex Gore Mutants.
  23. ^ Ebert, Roger (13 June 1973). "The Devil In Miss Jones - Film Review". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 
  24. ^ Gallagher, Steve (Summer 1997), "The Libertine", Filmmaker Magazine, retrieved May 24, 2015 
  25. ^ a b Bentley, Toni (June 2014). "The Legend of Henry Paris". Playboy. Retrieved January 26, 2016. 
  26. ^ a b Bentley, Toni (June 2014). "The Legend of Henry Paris" (PDF). ToniBentley.com. Retrieved January 26, 2016. 
  27. ^ Brendan Babish. Sweet Movie. DVDVerdict. 2 July 2007.
  28. ^ Endnotes no. 26. Senses of Cinema
  29. ^ a b Immoral Tales (Contes immoraux). The Digital Fix
  30. ^ Sexcula. Canuxploitation.com
  31. ^ Atanasov, Dr. Svet (11 June 2011). "The Image Blu-ray Review". www.blu-ray.com. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  32. ^ Black Emanuelle (1975).
  33. ^ Black Emanuelle/Review.
  34. ^ Emanuelle e Francoise le sorelline.
  35. ^ Synopsis by Robert Firsching.
  36. ^ Comparation: BBFC 18 DVD/Italian DVD.
  37. ^ Ebert, Roger (24 November 1976). "Alice in Wonderland:An X-Rated Musical Fantasy". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  38. ^ Maass, Dave (28 February 2008). "Real Sex in Unreal Films: Penetrating movies that aren't pornos". Film.com. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  39. ^ Kehr, Dave (24 April 2009). "Nagisa Oshima's Realm of Restraint and Precision". New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  40. ^ Through the Looking Glass. Beardy Freak [42ndStreetFreak]
  41. ^ A REAL YOUNG GIRL. filmjournal.com
  42. ^ Review: ‘A Real Young Lady’. Variety.com
  43. ^ A Real Young Girl (1976, Fr.) (aka Une Vraie Jeune Fille). History of Sex in Cinema
  44. ^ Tom Newth. The Imaginary Documentaries of Montreal Filmmakers Frank Vitale, Allan Moyle, and Stephen Lack. popOptiq. 20 February 2015
  45. ^ Staff (27 August 2013). "Barbara Broadcast - BluRay DVD Review". Mondo-digital.com. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
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Bibliography

  • Villadsen, Ebbe (2005): Danish Erotic Film Classics.
  • Williams, Linda Ruth (2005): The Erotic Thriller in Contemporary Cinema. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34713-0.