Untung Syamsuri

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This is an Indonesian name; it does not have a family name. The name Syamsuri is a patronymic, and the person should be referred by the given name, Untung.
Untung at his trial in Jakarta in 1966

Lieutenant Colonel Untung bin Syamsuri (Sruni, Kemuben, Central Java, 3 July 1926[1] – September 1967[2]) was one of the leaders of the 1965 coup attempt in Indonesia known as the 30 September Movement.

A career soldier, Untung was the first officer parachuted into Western New Guinea in 1962 at the start of President Sukarno's efforts to expel the Dutch forces who still controlled it. As a result of his actions, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and awarded a medal.[3][4] In West Papua, and later in the Diponegoro Division in Central Java, Untung served with future president Suharto, who attended Untung's wedding in 1964.[5]

In early 1965, Untung was transferred to the Tjakrabirawa, the Presidential Guard, and commanded one of its three battalions.[6] He was put in charge of arrangements for the Armed Forces Day Parade to be held on 5 October. Being the 20th anniversary of the army, Sukarno had ordered a special event. For the day, a full infantry combat brigade was moved from East and Central Java and into Jakarta including three battalions of infantry, one of tanks, one of armoured cars, a mortar battalion, an anti-aircraft battalion and an engineers' unit.[7] On the morning of 1 October 1965, troops had surrounded Merdeka Square in central Jakarta in support of the 30 September movement, but Untung was at Halim Perdanakusuma Air Force Base along with other leaders of the movement, including D. N. Aidit, leader of the Communist Party of Indonesia.[8] However, he was named as leader of the 30 September movement in radio broadcasts made by the group from the Indonesian State Radio building on Merdeka Square.

When the coup attempt failed, Untung and the other leaders left Halim. Untung was captured near Tegal, Central Java in October. He was tried by the Special Military Court (Mahmillub). He denied he was a member of the Communist Party and insisted that he had acted on his own initiative.[7] He was sentenced to death and executed in September 1967.[9]

General Yani, who was killed by the troops of the 30 September Movement, had been Untung's commanding officer when they served in a raider unit. Brigadier General (then Colonel) Sarwo Edhie Wibowo, commander of the RPKAD para-commando regiment, which played a key role in quashing the coup attempt had been responsible for Untung's paratrooper training. Brigadier General, Kemal Idris, whose troops crushed the coup attempt in northern Sumatra was a guest at Untung's wedding.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Army Judiciary Education Center (1966) p. 3
  2. ^ Hughes (2002) p. 205
  3. ^ a b Hughes (2002) p. 29
  4. ^ Roosa (2006) p. 41
  5. ^ Crouch (2007) p. 123
  6. ^ Sundhaussen (1982) p. 194
  7. ^ a b Hughes (2002) p. 30
  8. ^ Roosa (2006) pp. 39–41
  9. ^ Crouch (2007) pp. 159, 205, 242

References[edit]

  • Crouch, Harold (2007). The Army and Politics in Indonesia. Jakarta: Equinox Publishing. ISBN 979-3780-50-9. 
  • Hughes, John (2002). The End of Sukarno: A Coup that Misfired: A Purge that Ran Wild. Archipelago Press. ISBN 981-4068-65-9. 
  • "Gerakan 30 September" Dihadapan Mahmillub: Perkara Untung [The 30 September Movement Before the Special Military Court: The Untung Case] (in Indonesian). Pusat Pendidikan Kehakiman Angkatan Darat [Army Judiciary Education Center]. 1966. 
  • Roosa, John (2006). Pretext for Mass Murder: The September 30th Movement & Suharto's Coup D'État in Indonesia. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-22034-1. 
  • Sundhaussen, Ulf (1982). The Road to Power: Indonesian Military Politics 1945-1967. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-582521-7.