Up opening sequence

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The opening sequence to the 2009 Pixar film Up (sometimes referred to as Married Life after the accompanying instrumental piece,[1] the Up montage, or including the rest of the prologue The First 10 Minutes Of Up[2]) has become known as a cultural milestone, and a key element to the film's success.

Development[edit]

While the core concept of the film was to have a house float into the sky with balloons, the filmmakers needed a rationale for why a character would do such a thing. Their solution was to show the entirety of a married couple's relationship from the first day they met to the day the wife died. They envisioned it as a wordless montage that would play like a series of polaroid home movies.[3] Pete Docter always felt that an expository sequence to open the film was important, as if you don't love the characters, "then you're not along for the ride."[citation needed] In an early draft of the Ellie-Carl meeting, Carl is trying to capture a bird with a trap and Ellie punches him in the face, yelling about animal rights. This led into a montage sequence of a "lifelong sneak-attack punching game, lending the script some heart in a "non-sappy" way", according to the Huffington Post.[4] Co-director Bob Peterson said "we thought that was the funniest thing", noting that even when Carl visited Ellie's sickbed, she gives him a feeble slap. Nevertheless, the test audiences did not warm to the sequence.[4] Docter explained "We showed it, and there was silence. I guess they thought it was too violent or something". From that point on, the filmmakers went with a sorrowful version of the sequence.[4]

In one cutting room session, one part of the sequence in which Ellie is despondent having learnt she is not able to have children, received many notes from members of the studio, believing the moment may have pushed things too far. As a result, the scene was cut, though later put back into the film. Director Pete Docter explained: "You didn’t feel as deeply [without the scene] — not only just [with] that sequence, but through the whole film. Most of the emotional stuff is not just to push on people and make them cry, but it’s for some greater reason to really make you care about the story." [5]

The Married Life piece was the first assignment Michael Giacchino had on the film.[6] He explained: "We knew that was going to be one of the most difficult scenes in the film, so we tackled that first, and I was just working really hard to make that scene really work because I knew that was going to inform the rest of the story".[7] Originally he had written a different piece to be played in that part of the film, but Pete Docter requested a song that would play as if from one's grandmother's music box. In the shower, Giachinno conceived of the new composition. After recording the initial piece, they went back to make touch-ups at various points to match the emotional tone of the visual sequence.[8]

Synopsis[edit]

The scene "sketch[es] out Carl's early married life with childhood sweetheart Elie".[9] In general definitions, the 'sequence' excludes the earlier parts of the film's prologue in which Carl watches a filmreel about Charles F Muntz and has a dialogue sequence with Ellie.[10] The sequence is "only minutes in length and almost completely silent".[11]

The sequence begins with a flash at their wedding, and then shows how they fix up the house where they met so that it matches Ellie's childhood drawing. We are then shown three snippets of their new life: cloud watching, working at the zoo, and reading together. On one cloud watching session, Carl points to a cloud and says something that makes it look like a baby. We see them make up their minds, perform preparations, but as the music slows, Ellie crying at the doctor's office. At their house, Carl brings her childhood scrapbook, which consoles her. They begin to keep a spare change jar to save up for Ellie's dream trip to Paradise Falls. However, several events cause them to break open the jar early.

A montage of Ellie tying Carl's ties follows, showing them get ready for each day of work at the zoo. It is followed by them dancing at home, now in their old age, the spare change jar shelved. As they fix up their house where they'll spend their retirement, Carl looks upon Ellie's art, representing her dream trip, and is saddened, which almost stops the music entirely. He goes to a travel agency, and takes Ellie cloud watching, bringing plane tickets with him. However, but she can't make it to their regular spot.

As instruments drop out of the harmony, Carl brings Ellie a balloon to the hospital as she once brought him one. Ellie pushes her scrapbook to him. Carl keeps it closed, and as he kisses her, we fade to a funeral in the church where they married. Carl is still holding the balloon. As he climbs up the steps, they become the steps to his home. He disappears into the door and pulls the balloon in after him. As the music ends, we fade to black.

Analysis[edit]

The sequence uses "visual techniques and musical sound to accomplish all the above functions without relying on dialogue".[1] According to the filmmakers, it was intended to come across as a memory.[1] For the paper Creating an emotional impact without dialogue: the case study of Pixar's Up, Michaela Wozny created a mood chart of the sequence.[1] Carl is seen as sympathetic throughout the rest of the film "due to [his] helplessness against the often-cruel, vindictive power of fate."[5]

The musical themes established during this sequence play throughout the rest of the film, changing in timbre depending on the context, as an emotional anchor to the relationship of Ellie and Carl.

Critical reception and legacy[edit]

Visual sequence[edit]

The Guardian described the sequence as "remarkable", "brilliant ", a "masterclass in narrative exposition", and thought the childlessness reveal would be emotionally affecting to the audience.[12][9] The Telegraph described it as "one of the most extraordinary openings to a film", live-action or otherwise, noting that in the context of a larger film it: " dares to risk alienating" the audience animated films are generally targeted towards, and threatens to topload the drama thereby making the rest of the film a letdown.[13] The Washington Post deemed it "touching".[14] CinemaBlend described it as a " heart-wrenching rollercoaster of emotions " and a " bonanza of bittersweetness".[5] The LA Times writes that it "details the highs and lows of two lives with poignancy and depth."[11] The Guardian deemed Ellie's death to be a "heart-wrenchingly understated " scene.[15] GQ felt the montage had " sheer emotional power " and in 2018 wrote it still "f***s me up".[16] Uproxx deemed it "beautifully depressing" and "as good as Pixar gets".[17] Rotoscopers felt the sequence "shatters the stereotype of animation being strictly for children".[18] Sean Wilson of Den of Geek wrote the sequence left him a "weeping husk of a man".[19]

Music[edit]

The Hollywood News felt the Married Life composition enveloped and evolved the scene.[20]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Pixar won the Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition for "Married Life", at the 2010 ceremony.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Wozny, Michaela. "Creating an emotional impact without dialogue: the case study of Pixar's Up". Sheffield Hallam University. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  2. ^ Goralski, Sean (2015-10-19). "10 Things The First 10 Minutes Of "Up" Taught Us". The Odyssey Online. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  3. ^ Disney•Pixar (2016-10-18), Alternate Scene: Married Life | Up | Disney•Pixar, retrieved 2018-06-23 – via Youtube
  4. ^ a b c Boboltz, Sara (2015-07-29). "The 'Up' Montage That Made You Cry Was Originally Way Less Sad". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  5. ^ a b c Baxter, Joseph (2015-06-17). "Why Pixar Almost Cut The Best, Saddest Scene Of Up". CINEMABLEND. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  6. ^ Patches, Matt (2013-10-11). "How to Compose a Killer Film Score, by Michael Giacchino". Vulture. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  7. ^ Hyde, Douglas (2010-03-02). "'Up' composer enjoying great year". CNN. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  8. ^ O'Hara, Helen (2014-05-30). "Film Studies 101: Michael Giacchino On Being A Composer". Empire. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  9. ^ a b Child, Ben (2009-10-12). "You review: Up". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  10. ^ Hunter, Allan (2013-12-28). "Looking back at Disney Pixar's masterpiece, Up". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  11. ^ a b Gaita, Paul (2010-02-25). "Scene Dissection: "Up" director Pete Docter on the film's emotional opening montage". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  12. ^ Bradshaw, Peter (2009-10-08). "Film review: Up". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  13. ^ "Up review: 'a very special gift'". The Telegraph. 2015-07-22. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  14. ^ Chaney, Jen (2012-05-29). "Watch the touching montage from Pixar's 'Up' as a Cialis commercial". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  15. ^ Riley, Tess (2015-03-17). "The film that makes me cry: Up". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  16. ^ Meslow, Scott (2018-04-19). "The First 10 Minutes of 'Up' Still Totally Wrecks Me". GQ. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  17. ^ Kurp, Josh (2015-06-19). "These Pixar Movie Moments Are Guaranteed To Make You Weep". UPROXX. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  18. ^ Taylor, Blake (2014-05-06). "How the 'Married Life' Opener Elevates 'Up' to Great Heights". Rotoscopers. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  19. ^ Wilson, Sean (2017-09-29). "Michael Giacchino interview: the art of scoring movies". Den of Geek. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  20. ^ Bullock, Dan (2017-10-23). "Review: Michael Giacchino At 50, Live At The Royal Albert Hall". The Hollywood News. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  21. ^ "Up at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards! Giacchino Wins Two Prizes Including Best Score!". Upcoming Pixar. 2010-01-31. Retrieved 2018-06-23.