Upper Assam Division
|Cities||Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tinsukia, North Lakhimpur, Golaghat, Sivasagar|
|Capital||Charaideo, Garhgaon, Sadiya (Medieval)|
|Timezone||UTC +05:30 (IST)|
Upper Assam is an administrative division of the state of Assam comprising the undivided Lakhimpur and Sibsagar districts, of the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra valley. The other divisions are: Lower Assam, North Assam and Hills and Barak Valley. The division is under the jurisdiction of a Commissioner, stationed at Jorhat.
The districts which come under Upper Assam are Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Lakhimpur, Golaghat, Jorhat, Sibsagar and Tinsukia. An extended list of the region also includes the districts of Sonitpur, Karbi Anglong & Nagaon. The Upper Assam region is the most productive region in the state, which is rich in natural resources like coal, oil and natural gas as well as tea plantations.
Ahom Kingdom (1228-1826)
The Ahom Kingdom was a kingdom in the Brahmaputra valley in Assam, India that maintained its sovereignty for nearly 600 years and successfully resisted Mughal expansion in North-East India. Established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao, it began as a Mong in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra river. It expanded suddenly under Suhungmung in the 16th century and became multi-ethnic in character. The kingdom became weaker with the rise of the Moamoria rebellion, and subsequently fell to a succession of Burmese invasions. With the defeat of the Burmese after the First Anglo-Burmese War and the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826, control of the kingdom passed into British (East India Company) hands.
Sutiya Kingdom (1187-1673)
The Sutiya Kingdom was established by Birpal in 1187 on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra. It was a powerful kingdom which had absorbed the ancient Pal dynasty and ruled for over 400 years in northeastern Assam and some areas of present day Arunachal Pradesh, with the capital at Sadiya. The kingdom controlled almost the entire region of present Assam districts of Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Tinsukia and parts of Dibrugarh and Sonitpur.
- Shakespear, Leslie (1914). History of Upper Assam, Upper Burmah and Northeast Frontier. Cambridge University Press.
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