Bukit Timah Road
|Bukit Timah Road &
Upper Bukit Timah Road
Bukit Timah Road is shown as a double light blue line
|Length:||25 km (16 mi)|
|Existed:||1845 – present|
|North end:||Bukit Panjang|
|PIE, ORRS (Adam Road), CTE, NSE|
|South end:||Little India|
|Expressways of Singapore|
Bukit Timah Road (Chinese: 武吉知马路; Malay: Jalan Bukit Timah; Tamil: புக்கித் திமா வீதி) is a major road in Singapore extending from the city centre to Woodlands Road on the way to Johor Bahru in Malaysia. The road has a length of 25km (15.5 miles), which makes it one of the longest roads in Singapore, and the road takes its name from the hill. En route, it passes through the areas of Little India, Newton Road, Farrer Road, Singapore Botanic Gardens and Bukit Timah.
Bukit Timah Road splits into two roads at Newton Circus, the west-bound Bukit Timah Road and east-bound Dunearn Road, both of which straddle a canal along their entire lengths. Bukit Timah Road begins at the junction with Rochor Canal Road, Serangoon Road and Selegie Road just south of Tekka Centre as Bukit Timah Road, follows a canal in a northwest direction up to its junction with Clementi Road where it continues northwards as Upper Bukit Timah Road (Chinese: 武吉知马路上段) until the junction with Bukit Panjang Road and Choa Chu Kang Road near the Ten Mile Junction shopping mall as Woodlands Road. The road passes through the Bukit Timah Planning Area. Buildings named after the road are Bukit Timah Plaza and Bukit Timah Shopping Centre. This road is also affected with the North-South Expressway construction nearby.
"Bukit Timah" in Malay means "tin bearing hill". Bukit Timah Road is known as tek kha kang a ki in Hokkien, which means "the side of the stream in tek kha" (Selegie Road). This only refers to the eastern end of the road. They also referred the road as bee chia lo bue, meaning the "end of the horse carriage road".
The road was built in 1845 and the area was populated with tigers that it was said to be a serious threat to humans. The first horseback ride in the island was along Bukit Timah in 1840, which took four days and was made by Mr Thomson and Dr. Little. In 1860, about 200 people were killed by the tigers in and about the gambier and pepper plantations. The road was also the last defensive stand against the Japanese army in 1942. The British surrendered to the Japanese at the Old Ford Motor Factory at Upper Bukit Timah Road. A canal was built in later years between Dunearn Road and Bukit Timah Road to solve the flooding problem in the area. In the 1990s, a tunnel and a flyover was constructed namely the Bukit Timah Underpass and the Wayang Satu Flyover in order to improve traffic flow. The Newton Flyover was built in the 1970s which goes over the junction of Newton Circus becoming the first ever Semi-Expressway standalone road, that features both the underpass and flyover without changing any direction.
Along the road, major landmarks include Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Balmoral Plaza, Coronation Plaza, Hwa Chong Institution, Kandang Kerbau Women's and Children's Hospital, Kampong Java Park, King Albert Park, Little India MRT Station, Methodist Girls' School, National Junior College, Nanyang Girls' High School, Newton Food Centre, Newton, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore Institute of Management, Tekka Centre, Ngee Ann Polytechnic at the junction of Bukit Timah/Dunearn road and Upper Bukit Timah Road and at Upper Bukit Timah Road, landmarks include Bukit Timah Plaza, Bukit Timah Market and Food Centre, Beauty World, Cheong Chin Nam Road, Hoover Park, The Rail Mall and the Old Ford Motor Factory.
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2004), Toponymics A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern University Press, ISBN 981-210-364-3