Upper Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania

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Upper Makefield Township, Pennsylvania
McConkey's Ferry Inn at Washington Crossing Historic Park
McConkey's Ferry Inn at Washington Crossing Historic Park
Location of Upper Makefield Township in Bucks County
Location of Upper Makefield Township in Bucks County
Upper Makefield Township is located in Pennsylvania
Upper Makefield Township
Upper Makefield Township
Upper Makefield Township is located in the United States
Upper Makefield Township
Upper Makefield Township
Coordinates: 40°17′31″N 74°55′27″W / 40.29194°N 74.92417°W / 40.29194; -74.92417Coordinates: 40°17′31″N 74°55′27″W / 40.29194°N 74.92417°W / 40.29194; -74.92417
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyBucks
Area
 • Total21.80 sq mi (56.46 km2)
 • Land21.25 sq mi (55.04 km2)
 • Water0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
Elevation
161 ft (49 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total8,190
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
8,392
 • Density394.92/sq mi (152.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)215, 267
FIPS code42-017-79128
Websitewww.uppermakefield.org

Upper Makefield Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 8,190 at the 2010 census. It has the 8th highest per capita income for Pennsylvania townships. Its multimillion-dollar homes, top-notch public schools and easy commute to both Princeton and Philadelphia led to its ranking as Best Place to Live in the Suburbs in Philadelphia Magazine's Best Places to Live list.[3] Additionally, it has been listed as the 8th richest neighborhood in the Philadelphia area and 287th richest neighborhood in the United States with a mean household income of $306,081.[4] The area has also been listed an alternative to the Hamptons for the summer by New York Magazine.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 21.5 square miles (55.8 km²), of which, 20.9 square miles (54.2 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (2.88%) is water.

Past and present place names in Upper Makefield include Buckmanville, Dolington, Jericho, Lizette, Lurgan, Washington Crossing, and Woodhill.[6]

Natural features include Houghs Creek, Jericho Mountain, and Pidcock Creek.[6]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Upper Makefield Township, Pennsylvania has a hot-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfa). Dfa climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (≤ 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C), and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 100 °F (≥ 38 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of -0.2 °F (-17.9 °C).[7] The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 24 and 30 inches (61 and 76 cm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.

Climate data for Upper Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania (1981 – 2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39.7
(4.3)
43.0
(6.1)
51.2
(10.7)
63.2
(17.3)
73.0
(22.8)
82.1
(27.8)
86.4
(30.2)
84.6
(29.2)
77.7
(25.4)
66.3
(19.1)
55.3
(12.9)
44.1
(6.7)
64.0
(17.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.4
(−0.3)
34.1
(1.2)
41.5
(5.3)
52.2
(11.2)
61.8
(16.6)
71.3
(21.8)
75.9
(24.4)
74.3
(23.5)
67.1
(19.5)
55.4
(13.0)
45.8
(7.7)
36.0
(2.2)
54.0
(12.2)
Average low °F (°C) 23.1
(−4.9)
25.2
(−3.8)
31.8
(−0.1)
41.3
(5.2)
50.6
(10.3)
60.5
(15.8)
65.5
(18.6)
64.0
(17.8)
56.5
(13.6)
44.5
(6.9)
36.3
(2.4)
27.9
(−2.3)
44.0
(6.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.51
(89)
2.77
(70)
4.14
(105)
4.01
(102)
4.28
(109)
4.40
(112)
5.20
(132)
4.20
(107)
4.41
(112)
3.89
(99)
3.68
(93)
4.10
(104)
48.59
(1,234)
Average relative humidity (%) 65.6 62.2 58.0 57.4 61.9 66.1 66.2 68.8 69.8 69.0 67.4 67.3 65.0
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.2
(−6.0)
22.5
(−5.3)
27.8
(−2.3)
37.6
(3.1)
48.6
(9.2)
59.4
(15.2)
63.8
(17.7)
63.4
(17.4)
56.9
(13.8)
45.4
(7.4)
35.6
(2.0)
26.2
(−3.2)
42.5
(5.8)
Source: PRISM Climate Group[8]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Upper Makefield Township, Pennsylvania would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930951
1940950−0.1%
19501,41048.4%
19601,99141.2%
19702,90545.9%
19804,57757.6%
19905,94930.0%
20007,18020.7%
20108,19014.1%
Est. 20168,392[2]2.5%
[10]

As of the 2010 census, the township was 93.0% Non-Hispanic White, 1.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, and 1.0% were two or more races. 2.3% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 7,180 people, 2,512 households, and 2,105 families residing in the township. The population density was 343.1 people per square mile (132.5/km²). There were 2,598 housing units at an average density of 124.1/sq mi (47.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.12% White, 0.81% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.

There were 2,512 households, out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.3% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.2% were non-families. 12.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the township the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 34.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $102,759, and the median income for a family was $114,064. Males had a median income of $90,000 versus $42,365 for females. The per capita income for the township was $56,288. About 1.6% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

George Washington and the Continental Army crossed the Delaware River here the night of December 25–26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War in preparation for the Battle of Trenton.

The Brownsburg Village Historic District, Buckmanville Historic District, John Burroughs Homestead, Dolington Village Historic District, John Chapman House, Eagle Tavern, Hayhurst Farm, Keith House-Washington's Headquarters, Makefield Meeting and Smith Family Farmstead are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.phillymag.com/articles/best_places_to_live_2006/
  4. ^ http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/philadelphia-real-estate/The-richest-neighborhoods-in-the-Philadelphia-region.html
  5. ^ http://nymag.com/nymag/features/coverstory/4740/index1.html
  6. ^ a b MacReynolds, George, Place Names in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Doylestown, Bucks County Historical Society, Doylestown, PA, 1942, P1.
  7. ^ "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  8. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State U". www.prism.oregonstate.edu. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  9. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Data Basin. Retrieved 2019-07-31.
  10. ^ http://www.dvrpc.org/data/databull/rdb/db82/appedixa.xls
  11. ^ https://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/census/profile/PA
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.

External links[edit]