Upper Nile was one of the ten states of South Sudan. The current governor of Upper Nile, and its first governor since the independence of South Sudan, is Simon Kun Puoch. The White Nile flows through the state, giving it its name. The state also shares a similar name with the region of Greater Upper Nile, of which it is part along with the states of Unity and Jonglei. It has an area of 77,823 square kilometres (30,048 sq mi). Malakal is the capital of the state. The town of Kodok, the location of the Fashoda incident that ended the "Scramble for Africa", is located here. Upper Nile seceded from Sudan as part of the Republic of South Sudan on 9 July 2011.
Most Upper Nile State citizens have limited access to News and other media information. In cities like Malakal, only few officials can read weekly newspaper bulletins. However, the Juba based 'Citizen' is widely read around the town on a regular basis. Meanwhile, In the eve of Independence day on July 9, 2011, a digital newspaper called The Upper Nile Times was launched in Malakal to cater news stories on the State and Southern Sudan as whole. This online digital newspaper is widely read around the town of Malakal and other state counties with access to internet. The newspaper also is one of the most rated in Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan and around the world. Moreover, at the present time, the only TV station for the people of Upper Nile State is South Sudan Television. Although the Station works for only few hours, its widely popular in State capital. Some foreign TV stations are also broadcast in the area using portable satellite dishes.