Upper Tract, West Virginia

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Upper Tract
Unincorporated community
Corn fields with Upper Tract in the back
Corn fields with Upper Tract in the back
Upper Tract is located in West Virginia
Upper Tract
Upper Tract
Upper Tract is located in the US
Upper Tract
Upper Tract
Location within the state of West Virginia
Coordinates: 38°47′14″N 79°16′57″W / 38.78722°N 79.28250°W / 38.78722; -79.28250Coordinates: 38°47′14″N 79°16′57″W / 38.78722°N 79.28250°W / 38.78722; -79.28250
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Pendleton
Elevation 1,558 ft (475 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
GNIS feature ID 1555861[1]

Upper Tract is an unincorporated community located in Pendleton County, West Virginia, United States.[1] The community lies along U.S. Highway 220 at the confluence of Reeds Creek and the South Branch Potomac River.

The community took its name from a nearby 18th-century pioneer settlement.[2] Two local structures — the Cunningham-Hevener House and the Pendleton County Poor Farm — are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

Upper Tract is notable as one of the driest places in the United States east of the Mississippi River, owing to an isolated rain shadow from Spruce Knob to the west.[4] Between 1899 and 1930 Upper Tract averaged only 28.82 inches or 732.0 millimetres of precipitation, and in the extreme drought year of 1930 it received a remarkably low 9.50 inches or 241.3 millimetres for the entire year – the lowest annual precipitation ever recorded in the US east of the Mississippi,[5] and indeed less than fell during that year in such dry cities as Tucson and San Diego.