Upper Tract, West Virginia
Corn fields with Upper Tract in the back
|Elevation||1,558 ft (475 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1555861|
Upper Tract is an unincorporated community located in Pendleton County, West Virginia, United States. The community lies along U.S. Highway 220 at the confluence of Reeds Creek and the South Branch Potomac River.
The community took its name from a nearby 18th-century pioneer settlement. Two local structures — the Cunningham-Hevener House and the Pendleton County Poor Farm — are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Upper Tract is notable as one of the driest places in the United States east of the Mississippi River, owing to an isolated rain shadow from Spruce Knob to the west. Between 1899 and 1930 Upper Tract averaged only 28.82 inches or 732.0 millimetres of precipitation, and in the extreme drought year of 1930 it received a remarkably low 9.50 inches or 241.3 millimetres for the entire year – the lowest annual precipitation ever recorded in the US east of the Mississippi, and indeed less than fell during that year in such dry cities as Tucson and San Diego.
- "Upper Tract". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 641.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Leffler, Robert J.; ‘A Distinct Precipitation Shadow in the Valley of the South Branch Potomac River, West Virginia’; National Weather Digest, November 1977, pp. 21-24
- Record Minimum Annual Precipitation by State
|This article about a location in Pendleton County, West Virginia is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|