Upsilon Andromedae e

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Upsilon Andromedae e
Exoplanet List of exoplanets
Parent star
Star Upsilon Andromedae A
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension (α) 01h 36m 47.8s
Declination (δ) +41° 24′ 20″
Apparent magnitude (mV) 4.09
Distance 44.0 ± 0.1 ly
(13.49 ± 0.03 pc)
Spectral type F8V[1]
Mass (m) 1.27 (± 0.12)[2] M
Radius (r) 1.480 (± 0.087)[3] R
Temperature (T) 6213 (± 44)[4] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] 0.09 (± 0.06)[2]
Age 3.12 (± 0.2)[5] Gyr
Orbital elements
Semi-major axis (a) 5.2456 ± 0.00067[6] AU
(784.7 Gm)
Periastron (q) 5.2175 ± 0.003 AU
(780.5 Gm)
Apastron (Q) 5.2738 ± 0.0029 AU
(788.9 Gm)
Eccentricity (e) 0.0055±0.0004[7]
Orbital period (P) 3848.86±0.74[7] d
(~10.53946[7] y)
Argument of
periastron
(ω) 367.3 ± 2.3[6]°
Physical characteristics
Mass (m) 0.96±0.14[7] MJ
Discovery information
Discovery date November 22, 2010 (announced)
December 2, 2010 (published)
Discoverer(s) Curiel et al.
Discovery method Doppler spectroscopy
Discovery site Baja California
Discovery status Published[6]
Other designations
50 Andromedae e, Upsilon Andromedae Ae
Database references
Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
data
SIMBAD data
Exoplanet Archive data
Open Exoplanet Catalogue data

Upsilon Andromedae e is the outermost extrasolar planet orbiting the star Upsilon Andromedae A in the constellation of Andromeda. This planet is one of the most Jupiter-like exoplanets found in terms of mass and semi-major axis.

Discovery[edit]

This planet was discovered on November 22, 2010, but the discovery paper was not released until December 2.[6] It was the fourth time in 2010 that a fourth planet has been discovered in a planetary system, the others being Gliese 876 e, HD 10180 e, and HR 8799 e; in no other year so far during the exoplanet era has more than one fourth planet been discovered.

Astronomers originally thought that this planet could not exist because it would have made the planetary system unstable and would have been ejected.[8] But in 2007, an island region of stability was reported where a fourth planet could exist.[9]

Characteristics[edit]

Upsilon Andromedae e is a so-called “Jupiter-twin” because it has a mass slightly greater than Jupiter's and orbits at a similar distance as Jupiter from the Sun, at precisely 5.2456 AU compared to 5.2043 AU for Jupiter. Although only the minimum mass is determined since inclination is not yet known, its true mass might be much greater. It takes over a decade to orbit the star. At an eccentricity of 0.00536, the planet's orbit is more circular than that of any of the planets in our solar system.[6]

See also[edit]

  • HIP 11915 b – another Jupiter analog discovered in 2015

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NLTT 5367 -- High proper-motion Star". SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  2. ^ a b Fuhrmann, Klaus; Pfeiffer, Michael J.; Bernkopf, Jan (August 1998), "F- and G-type stars with planetary companions: upsilon Andromedae, rho (1) Cancri, tau Bootis, 16 Cygni and rho Coronae Borealis", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 336: 942–952, Bibcode:1998A&A...336..942F. 
  3. ^ van Belle, Gerard T.; von Braun, Kaspar (2009). "Directly Determined Linear Radii and Effective Temperatures of Exoplanet Host Stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 694 (2): 1085–1098. arXiv:0901.1206Freely accessible. Bibcode:2009ApJ...694.1085V. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/694/2/1085. 
  4. ^ "Exoplanets Data Explorer". exoplanet.org. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  5. ^ McArthur, Barbara E.; et al. (2010). "New Observational Constraints on the υ Andromedae System with Data from the Hubble Space Telescope and Hobby Eberly Telescope" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 715 (2): 1203. Bibcode:2010ApJ...715.1203M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/715/2/1203. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Curiel, S.; et al. (2011). "A fourth planet orbiting υ Andromedae". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 525: A78. Bibcode:2011A&A...525A..78C. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201015693. 
  7. ^ a b c d Ligi, R.; et al. (2012). "A new interferometric study of four exoplanet host stars : θ Cygni, 14 Andromedae, υ Andromedae and 42 Draconis". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 545: A5. arXiv:1208.3895Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012A&A...545A...5L. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219467. 
  8. ^ Ford, Eric B.; et al. (2005). "Planet-planet scattering in the upsilon Andromedae system". Nature. 434 (7035): 873–876. arXiv:astro-ph/0502441Freely accessible. Bibcode:2005Natur.434..873F. doi:10.1038/nature03427. PMID 15829958. 
  9. ^ Rory Barnes; Richard Greenberg (2008). "Extrasolar Planet Interactions". arXiv:0801.3226v1Freely accessible [astro-ph].