Upstate C.F. was established in 1998 to house special prisoners with a history of assaultive behavior. Programs available to the prisoners are based on the acceptance of the established rules and other behavior indicating a degree of social conformity. Approximately 350 corrections officers, aided by more than 1000 remote cameras, supervise about 1300 prisoners.
Upstate is also a cadre facility. Cadre is the name of the program in which inmates are bought into work around the prison grounds. The Cadre program holds approximately 300 inmates. The other 1000 inmates are in the SHU, special housing unit. The SHU is more commonly known as the box.