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|Privately held company|
|Parent||The 451 Group|
451 Group has two operating components:
- 451 Research
- Uptime Institute
451 Research was founded in 2000
451 Research's parent company, The 451 Group, subsequently acquired:
- Tier 1 research in 2005,
- events company Tech Touchstone in 2013,
- Uptime Institute in 2009,
- consumer spending research firm Changewave in 2011,
- mobile communications research firm Yankee Group in 2013
- and IT professional community Wisegate in 2017.
Over a period of time, parent company 451 Group acquired a number of other companies. Today, 451 Research and Uptime Institute are the two operating divisions of the 451 Group.
451 Research is an information technology industry analyst firm, headquartered in New York with offices in London, Boston, Washington DC, and San Francisco.
The company claims over 250 employees, over 100 industry analysts and over 1000 clients. The company produces qualitative and quantitative research, across thirteen research channels, and targets service providers, technology vendors, enterprise IT leaders and financial professionals.
The 451 Alliance
|Privately held company|
|Industry||Enterprise IT Research|
|Services||Exclusive insights into industry trends in cybersecurity, cloud, digital infrastructure, the internet of things, and emerging technologies|
The 451 Alliance is a subdivision of one of the largest IT research firms, 451 Research.
The 451 Alliance is a member driven think tank that tracks changes in enterprise IT. Members are qualified executives, IT professionals, and line of business people from around the globe. Research covers cloud computing, information security, storage, internet of things, digital transformation, AI and machine learning, data and analytics, and other emerging technologies.
|Type of business||Privately held company|
5470 Shilshole Ave NW, Seattle, Washington 98107,
|Area served||North America, South America, Europe, Middle East, Asia Pacific, South Africa|
|Founder(s)||Kenneth G. Brill|
|Key people||Martin V. McCarthy, CEO|
W. Pitt Turner IV P.E., Executive Director
Management and Operations (M&O)
Digital Infrastructure Services
Professional Training & Development
Uptime Institute history
Founded in 1987 by Kenneth G. Brill, the Uptime Institute was founded as an industry proponent to help owners and operators quantify and qualify their ability to provide a predictable level of performance from data centers, regardless of the status of external factors, such as power utilities. In 2009, the Uptime Institute was acquired by The 451 Group .
Since then, the Seattle-based Uptime Institute has been an independent division of The 451 Group.
Uptime Institute tier certifications
The Uptime Institute's data center tier concepts have grown from a simple publication in the late 1990s of the Tier Classifications Define Site Infrastructure Performance white paper  to a globally recognized standard guiding design and investment for data centers globally. The data center Tier standards are a standardized methodology used to determine availability in a facility. It offers companies a way to measure return on investment (ROI) and define desired levels of delivered performance. As of 2017, more than 1000 data centers worldwide have formally certified their data centers using the Tier standard.
There are two parts of the Tier certification process:
- Tier Certification of Design Documents - typically the first step in the Tier process and used to align the design and construction of a new facility with an organization's business needs.
- Tier Certification of Constructed Facility - the final part of the process which assures that the actual constructed data centers delivers the results specified in the Tier Standard: Topology specification.
The Tier certifications are awarded in four levels:
- Tier IV - Fault tolerant site infrastructure
- Tier III - Concurrently maintainable site infrastructure
- Tier II - Redundant capacity components site infrastructure (redundant)
- Tier I - Basic site infrastructure (non-redundant)
The full Tier Standard:Topology is available on the Uptime Institute website
Other design standards have been created by various industry groups over the years. All of these other specifications share the common trait that they are self-certified and the author of the specification does not get involved with the certification/assurance of standard compliance. One such standard is Telecommunications Industry Association's standard, TIA-942. Uptime Institute and TIA agree on clear separation between their respective bench-marking systems to avoid industry confusion and drive accountability.
Operational Sustainability certification
In addition to the aforementioned Tier certification , Uptime Institute also awards a Tier Certification of Operational Sustainability certification (TCOS) which aims at management, operations and maintenance of the site rather than its design topology. The TCOS establishes the behaviours and risks beyond the Tier Classification System (I, II, III, IV) that impact long-term data centre performance. It builds a bridge between the site management behaviours and the tier functionality of the site infrastructure. The three major elements of TCOS certification are:
- Management and operations M&O (e.g. staffing presence, staffing qualification, maintenance programs)
- Building characteristics (e.g. additional UPS)
- Site location (e.g. flooding, transportation corridors)
TCOS Certification is issued in three levels:
- Gold - full uptime potential of the installed infrastructure realized or exceeded
- Silver - opportunities for improvement in order to achieve the full potential of the installed infrastructure
- Bronze - significant opportunities for improvement in order to achieve the full potential of the installed infrastructure
The Operational Sustainability certification becomes suffix to Tier Certification
- "Crunchbase - 451 Research".
- "451 Group Acquires Tier 1 Research".
- "Tech Touchstone acquired by US-based group".
- "The Uptime Institute Sold to 451 Group".
- "Leading Technology-Industry Analyst Company The 451 Group Acquires ChangeWave Research".
- "451 Group buys Yankee Group from Alta Communications".
- "ISSA Selects Wisegate, a 451 Research Community, as Peer Networking Platform for CISO's".
- "Wisegate 451 - More Info".
- "AR Insights - Introduction to 451 Research" (PDF).
- "451 Research".
- "The 451 Alliance". 451 Alliance. 2018.
- Kenneth G. Brill ’66 at redlands.edu
- Hwaiyu Geng (2014). Data Center Handbook. p. 243. ISBN 1118937589.
 Uptime Institute professional Services. Data Center Site Infrastructure Tier Standard: ...
- "Green Data Centers Monthly Newsletter July 2010".
The Tier Classification System, as established in Tier Standard: Topology, defines ... and Certifications are provided exclusively by Uptime Institute
- Company Overview of The 451 Group LLC at investing.businessweek.com
- The 451 Group - Our Company at 451research.com
- Tier Classifications Define Site Infrastructure Performance
- TIA-942 TIA-942 Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers at ihs.com
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 22, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)