Upton, Vale of White Horse

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"Upton, Oxfordshire" redirects here. For the hamlet near Burford, see Upton, West Oxfordshire.
Upton
St Mary, Upton - geograph.org.uk - 1547222.jpg
St Mary's parish church
Upton is located in Oxfordshire
Upton
Upton
Upton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 421 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SU5186
Civil parish
  • Upton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Didcot
Postcode district OX11
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website Upton Village South Oxfordshire
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°34′41″N 1°15′40″W / 51.578°N 1.261°W / 51.578; -1.261Coordinates: 51°34′41″N 1°15′40″W / 51.578°N 1.261°W / 51.578; -1.261

Upton is a spring line village and civil parish at the foot of the Berkshire Downs, about 2 miles (3 km) south of Didcot in the Vale of the White Horse district, Oxfordshire, England. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 421.[1]

Manor[edit]

The earliest known record of a manor of Upton is from the reign of Edward the Confessor, when it was held by a Saxon freeman called Brictric.[2] Shortly after the Domesday Book was completed in 1086 Upton became the property of Wynebald de Ballon who in 1092 granted a moiety of the manor to the Cluniac Bermondsey Abbey.[2] The abbey retained this moiety until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century,[2] when it surrendered all its lands to the Crown.

Churches[edit]

Church of England[edit]

The Domesday Book of 1086 lists Optone as having a "church",[3] but at that time both Upton and Aston Upthorpe were chapelries within the ecclesiastical parish of Blewbury.[2] They remained until the parish of Upton and Aston Upthorpe was formed in 1862.[2]

Upton's present Church of England parish church of Saint Mary appears to be a 12th-century Norman building.[2] It consists of only a nave and chancel, linked by a Norman arch. Three of the windows are Norman[4] but the east window of the chancel is a trio of stepped lancets.[2]

In 1885, St Mary's was restored, the east wall of the chancel was rebuilt and the building was faced with split flints.[2] Subsequently the south porch was added.[2] There is also a bell-turret with one bell.[2] It is a Grade II* listed building.[5]

St Mary's is now part of the Benefice of the Churn.[6]

The scholar Derwas Chitty was Rector of Upton from 1931 to 1968.

Methodist[edit]

Upton has a Methodist church,[7] which is a member of the Wantage and Abingdon Methodist Circuit.[8]

Economic history[edit]

Upton school

An open field system of farming prevailed in the parish until an inclosure award was made in 1759.[2]

The Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway through the parish was completed in 1881, and a station to serve Upton and neighbouring Blewbury was opened in 1883. British Railways closed the line to passengers in 1962 and freight in 1967. The former Upton and Blewbury station building survives as a private house, and part of the line is now used as a pedestrian and cycle path.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Links[edit]