Upton Park F.C.
|Full name||Upton Park Football Club|
|Nickname(s)||The "Scarlet & Black"|
|Dissolved||1887 (first time)|
c. 1911 (second time)
|Ground||West Ham Park|
|Olympic medal record|
Upton Park Football Club was an amateur football club from Upton Park, London in the late 19th and early 20th century, now defunct. As well as being one of the fifteen teams that played in the inaugural FA Cup in 1871, they also represented Great Britain at the first ever Olympic football tournament in 1900, which they won.
Founded in 1866, the club were one of the 15 teams to play in the very first edition of the FA Cup in 1871–72; they never won the competition but did reach the quarter-finals on four occasions. They were also the inaugural winners of the London Senior Cup in 1882–83. Though resolutely an amateur club, they inadvertently sparked the legalisation of professionalism in the game after complaining about Preston North End's payments to players after the two met in the FA Cup in 1884; Preston were disqualified, but the incident made the FA confront the issue and, under threat of a breakaway, they allowed payments to players the following year.
The club were wound up in 1887 but were resurrected four years later in 1891. In 1892 they were founder members of the Southern Alliance, an early league competition amongst teams from southern England, but were bottom of the league with only one win to their name when the competition folded before the 1892–93 season ended.
Despite the obvious similarity of name to Upton Park stadium (officially known as the Boleyn Ground), the club had no connection with the ground and never played there; however there were formal links between Upton Park and West Ham United (then known as Thames Ironworks) and many players did play for both. In addition, Upton Park's home games in West Ham Park attracted large crowds to their games, which may have influenced Thames Ironworks' decision to move to the area from Canning Town, where football was not as popular.
1900 Olympic Games
The Amateur Status Committee of the Football Association offered the club the opportunity to play in Paris at the inaugural Olympic Games. Records show that Upton Park were the first club to agree to play but were unlikely to be the first to be asked. Upton Park were not participating in a league at the time playing only cup games and friendlies. They had never reached the semi-final stage of the FA Amateur Cup and the competition was now in its seventh year.
The club secretary and goalkeeper James Jones selected the team and brought in players from other amateur teams; Richard Turner joined from Crouch End Vampires, William Gosling, a soldier on leave, joined from Chelmsford, Alfred Chalk joined from Ilford and Jack Zealley joined from Bridport FC. Gosling's Chelmsford side had beaten Upton Park 7–1 in January 1900.
Upton Park won the competition in Paris, beating a USFSA XI representing France, 4–0. Although a gold medal was not awarded to the side at the time (it being a demonstration sport), the IOC have since retrospectively awarded one. The team that day (playing a 2–3–5 formation) was:
- James Jones; Claude Buckenham, William Gosling; Alfred Chalk, T. E. Burridge, William Quash; Richard Turner, F. G. Spackman, John Nicholas, Jack Zealley, Henry Haslam (captain)
The scorers were Nicholas (with two), Turner and Zealley.
Famous players for the side included Charles Alcock, later president of the Football Association, FA Cup Final referees Alfred Stair and Segar Bastard (who was also an England international), and Charlie Dove, one of the early leading players for Thames Ironworks. Upton Park also supplied two other England internationals, Clement Mitchell and Conrad Warner. Claude Buckenham, who played in the Olympic team of 1900, represented England at cricket.
Upton Park continued to play until at least 1911, according to modern-day records. The Upton Park Trophy, the annual playoff between the league champions of Guernsey and Jersey, is named for the Upton Park side, to commemorate their tenth annual tour of the islands, which they made in 1906. In 2016, coinciding with West Ham United's move to the London Stadium, Upton Park were 'reformed' as an amateur club and staged the final game at the Boleyn Ground, against Royal Engineers.
Upton Park FC was responsible for proposing two of the most important rule changes in the history of association football: in 1870, the club proposed abolishing all handling of the ball (previously, any player was allowed to catch the ball). In 1871, the club introduced a proposal to create the special position of goalkeeper, who alone would be allowed to handle the ball.
- "The first ever matches". TheFA.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2006. Retrieved 7 April 2007.
- "Upton Park". Football Club History Database. Retrieved 28 November 2006.
- Powles, John (May 2005). "Chapter One: Origins". Iron in the Blood (PDF). ISBN 1-899468-22-6. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
- "Arnold Hills". Oxford University AFC. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Menary, Steve (2010). GB United? : British olympic football and the end of the amateur dream. Durington: Pitch. ISBN 978-1905411924.
- "Games of the II. Olympiad : Football Tournament (Demonstration matches)". RSSSF. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
- The Official Olympics website lists Great Britain as being 1900 gold medal-winners in the football tournament.
- "Team members GREAT BRITAIN". Olympics.org. Note that the spellings of names differs slightly from names listed by RSSSF.
- "Upton Park Football Club players". East of London Family History Society. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
- "England Players' Club Affiliations: Upton Park". England Football Online. Retrieved 28 November 2006.
- "Channel Islands – List of Champions". RSSSF.
- "An East End Legacy". David Bauckham. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- "Welcome". Upton Park FC v The Royal Engineers Programme. 30 May 2016. p. 1.
- "Football Association". The Sportsman. No. 738. London. 2 February 1870. p. 3.
- "Meeting of the Football Association". The Sporting Life. No. 1147. London. 26 February 1870. p. 3.
- "Football Association". The Sportsman. No. 972. London. 1 March 1871. p. 3.