Upton Scudamore

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Upton Scudamore
Cattle pasture, Upton Scudamore - geograph.org.uk - 923787.jpg
Cattle and parish church
Upton Scudamore is located in Wiltshire
Upton Scudamore
Upton Scudamore
 Upton Scudamore shown within Wiltshire
Population 295 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST866479
Civil parish Upton Scudamore
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Warminster
Postcode district BA12
Dialling code 01985
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°13′48″N 2°11′35″W / 51.230°N 2.193°W / 51.230; -2.193

Upton Scudamore is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village lies about 1.8 miles (3 km) north of the town of Warminster and about the same distance south of Westbury. The parish includes the hamlet of Halfway.

The village occupies a ridge which is the watershed between tributaries of the Bristol Avon and those of the Hampshire Avon. Upton Cow Down rises above the village to the north-east, on the western edge of Salisbury Plain. Springs in the north of the parish are the source of the River Biss, known here as the Biss Brook.[2]

History[edit]

Several bowl barrows are evidence of Bronze Age activity in the area.[3]

Parks Court is Grade II* listed. A 15th-century house, it was altered and extended in the 17th, then restored in the 1980s.[4]

In earlier centuries, the name of the village was often spelt Upton Skidmore. It appears on John Sexton's map of Wiltshire (1610) as simply Upton.

A church school was built in 1839, enlarged in 1871, and closed in 1925 owing to falling pupil numbers.[5]

The village has a pub, the Angel Inn. An inn with the same name was operating in 1807, close to the site of the present establishment.[2]

Religious sites[edit]

The parish church of St Mary the Virgin has 12th-century origins and stands on the site of a smaller Saxon church.[6] A tower was added in 1750 and the church was largely rebuilt in 1855 by G.E. Street. In 1968 it was designated as Grade II* listed.[7]

Notable rectors include Thomas Owen, translator of works on agriculture, from 1779 until his death in 1812.[8]

There was a chapel at Norridge, in the southwest of the parish, in the late 13th century but its site is not known.[9]

A Baptist chapel was built in the village by the Warminster congregation in 1850. It fell out of use in 1907 and became a private house.[10]

Governance[edit]

Upton Scudamore elects a parish council every four years. Most local government services are provided by Wiltshire Council, which has its offices in Trowbridge. The village is represented in Parliament by the MP for South West Wiltshire, Andrew Murrison, and in Wiltshire Council by Fleur de Rhé-Philipe.

Until 1934, when the civil parish of Chapmanslade was created, Upton Scudamore parish extended west to include Thoulstone and the east side of Chapmanslade village.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 8 pp78-89 - Upton Scudamore". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Bowl barrow 500m south of Upton Scudamore (1010398)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Parks Court (1021515)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Church School, Upton Scudamore". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "Church of Saint Mary, Upton Scudamore". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin (1181692)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Pollard, A. F. (2004). "Owen, Thomas (1749–1812)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online edition, subscription access). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 April 2008. 
  9. ^ "Norridge Chapel, Upton Scudamore". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "Baptist Chapel, Upton Scudamore". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Upton Scudamore at Wikimedia Commons