Ur-Lumma

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Ur-Lumma
𒌨𒀭𒈝𒂷
King of Umma
Ur-Lumma, king of Umma, son of En-a-Kale tablet.jpg
Dedication tablet by Ur-Lumma: "For Enki-gal, Ur-Lumma, king of Umma, son of En-a-Kale, king of Umma, built (his) temple".[1]
Reignc. 2500  BC – 2400  BC
PredecessorEnakalle
SuccessorIl, king of Umma
Dynasty1st Dynasty of Umma
Il was king of Umma, circa 2400 BCE.

Ur-Lumma (Sumerian: 𒌨𒀭𒈝𒂷, Ur DLum-ma)[2] was a ruler of the Sumerian city-state of Umma, circa 2400 BCE.[3] His father was King Enakalle, who had been vanquished by Eannatum of Lagash.[3] Ur-Lumma claimed the title of "King" (Lugal).[4] Il was successor to Ur-Lumma.

Ur-Lumna again entered in a territorial conflict with Lagash, for the fertile plain of Gu-Edin.[5] Ur-Lumma, attacked Lagash and its king Enannatum, successor of Eannatum, managing to "destroy with fire the stele of Eannatum and the shrines of the gods set up beside it". Ur-Lumma vanquished Enannatum and occupied Lagash, but he was eventually repelled by Entemena, the son of Enannatum.[6][7]

Ur-Lumma was replaced by his nephew Illi, a priest-king, who also attacked Lagash, but was again defeated by Entemena.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Louvre Museum Official Website". cartelen.louvre.fr.
  2. ^ "CDLI-Sumerian inscriptions, RIAA 081". cdli.ucla.edu.
  3. ^ a b Van De Mieroop, Marc (2004). A History of the Ancient Near East: Ca. 3000-323 BC. Wiley. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780631225522.
  4. ^ Johns, C. H. W. (1913). Ancient Babylonia. CUP Archive. p. 33.
  5. ^ Sallaberger, Walther; Schrakamp, Ingo (2015). History & Philology (PDF). Walther Sallaberger & Ingo Schrakamp (eds), Brepols. pp. 77–78. ISBN 978-2-503-53494-7.
  6. ^ "Enanatum I". Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative. Oxford University.
  7. ^ a b Lambert, Maurice (1965). "L'occupation du Girsu par Urlumma roi d'Umma". Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale. 59 (2): 81–84. ISSN 0373-6032. JSTOR 23283258.
  8. ^ Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2003. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-58839-043-1.
  9. ^ Thomas, Ariane; Potts, Timothy (2020). Mesopotamia: Civilization Begins. Getty Publications. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-60606-649-2.