Urakaze-class destroyer

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Japanese destroyer Urakaze.jpg
Urakaze
Class overview
Builders: Yarrow Shipbuilders, Scotstoun, Scotland
Operators:  Imperial Japanese Navy
 Regia Marina
 Kriegsmarine
Preceded by: Sakura class
Succeeded by: Kaba class
Built: 1913–17
In commission: 1917–45
Completed: 2
Lost: 2
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 907 long tons (922 t) normal,
1,085 long tons (1,102 t) full load
Length: 83.9 m (275 ft) pp,
87.2 m (286 ft) overall
Beam: 8.4 m (28 ft)
Draught: 2.4 m (7.9 ft)
Installed power: 22,000 shp (16,000 kW)
3 Yarrow boilers
Propulsion: 2 shafts; 2 steam turbines
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 1,800 nmi (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 120
Armament: (Urakaze)
1 single QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I – IV
4 single 3-inch 12-pounder guns
2 twin 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes

The Urakaze-class destroyers (浦風型駆逐艦 Urakazegata kuchikukan?) were a class of two destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy by Yarrow Shipbuilders of Scotland. These were the last Japanese destroyers ordered from overseas shipyards. While still under construction, one ship was transferred to Italy in 1916.

Background[edit]

The failure of Japanese shipbuilders with the Umikaze-class destroyers left the Japanese navy without a large destroyer capable of extended blue ocean operations. The Parsons steam turbines of the Umikaze class were plagued with maintenance issues, as well as tremendous fuel consumption. The navy then returned to its previous mainstay for new technology and equipment, Yarrow shipyards in the United Kingdom, ordering two vessels to a new design in the 1911 fiscal budget.[1]

However, Yarrow, along with other British shipyards, had a large backlog of orders, and it was not until 1915 that the new vessels could be completed, and due to the outbreak of World War I, not until 1919 before Urakaze was turned over to Japan.

Design[edit]

The Urakaze-class vessels made use of oil-fired Brown-Curtiss turbine engines, and had the distinction of being the first vessels built for Japan to be designed for use without coal. The initial design called for diesel engines, however, due to the outbreak of World War I, Yarrow could not obtain necessary gear components from Germany.

Armament was slightly less than that of the Umikaze class, with a single QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I – IV mounted on a small shelter forward and four QF 3 inch 12 pounder guns, two amidships, one of the stern, and one mounted on a tall pedestal just aft of the smokestacks.[2] The Urakaze class was also the first Japanese class of destroyers to use the 533-mm diameter torpedoes.[3]

Operational history[edit]

Urakaze was turned over to the Imperial Japanese Navy too late to see combat service in World War I. It was used for many years in patrols on the Yangzi River. It was retired in 1936, and used as a training vessel for the Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Forces. It was sunk in an air attack by United States Navy aircraft on 18 July 1945.

Due to a strong request from the British government, Kawakaze was sold by Japan prior to completion to the Regia Marina of Italy. Italy was one of the Allies of World War I, and faced a severe shortage of modern warships. Kawakaze was completed as Audace, and later modified into the controller of the radio-controlled target ship Italian cruiser San Marco, and saw considerable combat service in the Mediterranean. During World War II, it was captured by the German Kriegsmarine, and renamed TA 20. It was sunk during the Action of 1 November 1944 near Pag Island in the Adriatic Sea.[4]

List of Ships[edit]

Kanji Name Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
浦風 Urakaze
"Bay Wind"
Yarrow Shipbuilders, Scotland 1913-10-01 1915-02-16 1915-10-14 Retired 1936-04-01, re-designated “Escort vessel No.18”, sunk 1945-07-18
江風 Kawakaze
"Inlet Wind"
Yarrow Shipbuilders, Scotland 1913-10-01 1915-09-27 1916-12-23 Sold to Italy 1915-10-07, renamed Audace. Captured by Germany 1943-09-20, renamed TA 20, sunk 1944-11-01

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
  2. ^ Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy
  3. ^ [1] Globalsecurity.org
  4. ^ O'Hara, Vincent P. (2004). The German fleet at war, 1939–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 179–81. ISBN 9781591146513. 

References[edit]

  • Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887–1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 

External links[edit]