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|Manufacturer||Ural Automobile Plant, Miass|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||7.0L ZIL-375YA V8|
|Transmission||5-speed manual + 2-speed transfer case|
|Length||7,350 mm (289.4 in)|
|Width||2,960 mm (116.5 in)|
|Height||2,980 mm (117.3 in) (with tent)|
|Curb weight||8,400 kg (18,519 lb)|
The Ural-375 is a general purpose 4.5 ton 6×6 truck, produced at the Ural Automotive Plant in the Russian SFSR since 1961. The Ural 375 replaced the ZIL-157 as the standard Soviet Army truck in 1979. It was itself replaced by the Ural-4320.
The Soviets found the trucks an ideal platform for the BM-21 Grad rocket launcher. Other modes for the Ural-375D included troop carrier, supply carrier, etc.
The Ural-375 came in a variety of forms:
- Ural-375 has an open cab roof that could be covered by a canvas - i.e.: a softtop cab rather than a hardtop.
- Ural-375A has a fully enclosed all-steel cab, was a chassis for wagon-style body, payload 12,787 lb (5,800 kg), framework shortened to 13.2'
- Ural-375D Most produced 375.
- Ural-375E KET-L was a recovery vehicle equipped a front-mounted and a rear-mounted winch along with a jib crane.
- Ural-375S was a tractor-trailer truck with framework shortened to 5.3'.
- Ural-377-civilian 6×4 truck
- Ural-377S was a civilian 6×4 tractor-trailer.
- The Ural-375D has the same equipment as the GAZ-66 and ZIL-131.
- Hood design, 3 seats cab.
- Payload: 9,920 lb (plus trailer: 22,050 lb)
- full weight: (off road - 11,020 lb),
- loading height: 4'7.9".
- Suspension: solid axles, leaf springs, rear wheels at balance-cart.
- Engine: 180 horsepower (130 kW)[SAE Gross] ZIL-375YA 7.0L V8 petrol (carburetor) pushrod engine.
- gearbox: 5×2 steps,
- max. speed 47 mph (76 km/h).
- Brakes: drums, with pneumatic control.
- Stopping distance from 20 mph (32 km/h) - 36'.
- Measures: L×W×H = 24 ft 1 in×8'10"×8'9.5", wheelbase 13'9.4". Track 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)
- Maneuverability: turning circle 69',
- Ground Clearance: 15.7", overcome ford: 4 ft 11 in (1.50 m) Curb weight: 18,520 lb (8,400 kg).
- Tires: 14-20", pressure 0.3-2 p.s.i. (controlled).
- Fuel tank: 79+16 gal. Fuel economy: 4.9 mpg (at 19-25 mph), 2.94 mpg (city cycle).
Ural 375D with 85 mm divisional gun D-44.
- Tanks and armored fighting vehicles : visual encyclopedia. New York, N.Y.: Chartwell Books. 2012. p. 342. ISBN 9780785829263. OCLC 785874088.
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