Ural Tansykbaevich Tansykbaev (Russian: Урал Тансыкбаевич Тансыкбаев; also spelled Ural Tansiqbaev; O'rol Tansiqboev; Oral Tansykbayev; Tansikbaev) (1 January 1904 Tashkent, current Uzbekistan - 18 April 1974 Nukus, Karakalpak ASSR) was an Uzbek painter of Kazakh descent.
He studied with Russian painters and followers of the Peredvizhniki ("Wanderers"), first under Nikolay Vasilyevich Rozanov (1869–1940) his art studio of Tashkent Art Museum (now Fine Arts Museum of Uzbekistan) (1924–1928), and later in the Art and Pedagogical Technical School, Penza (1928–1929), under Ivan Silovich Goryushkin-Sorokopudov (1873–1954) and Nikolay Filippovich Petrov (1872–1941).
From 1929 he participated in art exhibitions. Since 1932 he had been Steering Committee Member of the Union of Artists of Uzbekistan.
In 1938 he was the stage and costumes designer of the first national Kazakh ballet "Kalkaman and Mamir" (music of Vasily Vasilyevich Velikanov) at the Kazakh State Theatre of Opera and Ballet in Alma-Ata, production of the First Kazakh ballerina and choreographer Shara Zhienkulova (1912–1991) (based on the poem "Kalkaman and Mamir" of the historian and poet Şekerim Kudayberdiulı (Shakarim Qudaiberdiulı (1858–1931), the student of Abai Kunanbaiuli).
As a member of the Uzbekistan delegation he paid a visit to the World War II front (1942). Jointly with artists M.Arinin, S.Cheprakov, and Madra Mandicencio, he made more than 30 monumental paintings for the Uzbek pavilion at All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) (now All-Russia Exhibition Centre) in Moscow (1952–1955).
He was successively elected corresponding member (1954), and full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1958). That year he was awarded a silver medal at Universal Exhibition in Brussels Expo '58 (1958) ( Exposition universelle et internationale de Bruxelles, Wereldtentoonstelling Brussel 1958 (Belgium).
The theme of his early paintings is connected with the searches for expressive means, forms of reflection of the reality. They are intensive and enriched by their colours, decorative. Since the beginning of the 1950s the main genre in his art had become landscape.
• Hamza State Prize of the Uzbek SSR 1973
• Repin State Prize of the RSFSR
• Order Buyuk Hizmatlari Uchun (For Great Merits) of Uzbekistan 2001 (posthumous)
The Memorial museum has once been the private house of Ural Tansykbaev - famous painter, whose paintings are included into the gold reserves of such museums as - State Tretyakov Gallery and State Museum of East Nations' Arts in Moscow, state museums of arts of Uzbekistan and Karakalpakstan. Ural Tansykbayev Memorial museum was opened on January 16, 1981 by his wife Yelizaveta Yakovlevna Tansykbaeva.
The center of the whole exposition is the studio of master with an easel, which holds the last, unfinished canvas. Besides the studio, the house includes the sitting-room, bedroom and study room, in which the painter loved to write sketches. On the walls of the house, visitors may watch still lifes, sketches - all at the same places as they used to be hanged while the painter was alive.
In 1994 the Exhibition Hall was built at the territory of memorial house. The Hall regularly hosts exhibitions of paintings from museum collection, works of modern painters, as well as a constant exposition of Ural Tansykbaev's canvases.