|Public limited company|
|Founded||October 11, 1936|
|Headquarters||Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia|
|Vladimir Artyakov (Chairman)
Alexander Potapov (CEO)
|Products||Artillery, Howitzers, Self-propelled artillery, Naval artillery, Mortars, Tanks, Main battle tanks, Military vehicles, Remote weapon stations, Tractors, Bulldozers, Heavy equipment, Railway vehicles, Containers|
|Revenue||$1.97 billion (2016)|
|$81.1 million (2016)|
|-$79.1 million (2016)|
UralVagonZavod (Russian: ОАО «Научно-производственная корпорация «УралВагонЗавод», lit. 'Open Joint Stock Company “Research and Production Corporation “Uralvagonzavod”') is a Russian machine building company located in Nizhny Tagil, Russia.
The name Уралвагонзавод means Ural Railroad Car Factory.
After the German invasion of 1941, Stalin ordered hundreds of factories in Ukraine and western Russia to be evacuated east. The KhPZ Factory No. 183 in Kharkiv was moved to Nizhny Tagil by rail, and merged with the Dzerzhinsky Works, to form the Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183. During the second world war it became the largest producer of tanks in the world, including the T-34. After the war, tank production was scaled down, and part of the Vagonka's manufacturing and design assets were transferred back to Kharkiv's Diesel Factory No. 75 during 1945–51.
After the war it was expanded to produce machinery of other destinations: agricultural, construction, aviation, and space, including design and production of the Vostok, Voskhod, Proton and Energia expendable rockets.
It is the location of the Kartsev-Venediktov Design Bureau (OKB-520) where the T-54A and T-55 (development of Morozov's T-54), T-62, T-72, and T-90 tanks have been designed, and was working on one possibility for a next generation main battle tank, rumored to be called the T-95, until this project was cancelled in May 2010. It also manufactures Russia's newest Main Battle Tank, the T-14 Armata.
The company's main products include railway cars, tanks, road-building vehicles, agricultural vehicles, metallurgical products, tools and consumer goods.
Production of T-90 main battle tanks accounts for 18–20% of the company's overall production. In 2008, Uralvagozavod produced about 175 tanks: 62 T-90A for the Russian Ministry of Defence, 60 T-90S for India . This represents the highest level of tank production at UralVagonZavod and in Russia as a whole since 1993. Moreover, according to Moscow Defense Brief, it would appear that in 2008 the number of tanks produced by the company was greater than the number of main battle tanks produced in all the other countries of the world taken together.
Railway cars and other civilian production amounted to 2/3 of the company's overall output in 2008.
In 2011, the company's revenue was $3 billion, and net profit was $0.33 billion.
Structure of the holding:
- Uraltransmash, Ekaterinburg
- Plant №9, Ekaterinburg
- Kamensk-Uralsky Foundry, Kamensk-Uralsky
- Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant-URALTRAK, Chelyabinsk
- NPO Electromashina, Chelyabinsk
- Uralkriomash, Nizhny Tagil
- VNIITransmash, St. Petersburg
- Burevestnik Central Scientific Research Institute, Nizhny Novgorod
- Central Research Institute of Materials, St. Petersburg
- Research Institute of Engines, Moscow
- Tomsk Electrotechnical Plant, Tomsk
- Tver Wagon Works, Tver
- Ural Scientific Research Technological Institute, Ekaterinburg
- Scientific and Production Company for the Introduction of Scientific and Engineering and Technical Innovations, Leningrad Oblast
- Ural Design Bureau of Transport Engineering, Nizhny Tagil
- Omsktransmash, Omsk
- Spetsmash, St. Petersburg
- Murom Special Design Bureau, Murom
- UBT-Uralvagonzavod, Nizhny Tagil
- UVZ-Logistic, Moscow
- Machine Building Company Vityaz, Ishimbay
- UralVagonZavod-Trans, Moscow
- Yurga Machine-Building Plant, Yurga
- North-West Scientific and Technological Complex, St. Petersburg
- UVZ-Media Service, Nizhny Tagil
- UVZ-Energo, Nizhny Tagil
- UBT-Ecology, Nizhny Tagil
- Ural Design Bureau of Carriage Building, Nizhny Tagil
- 560 Armored Repair Plant, Belogorsky District, Amur Oblast
- 144 Armored Repair Plant, Ekaterinburg
- 103 Armored Repair Plant, Transbaikal Krai
- 163 Armored Repair Plant, Krasnodar Krai
- 81 Armored Repair Plant, Krasnodar Krai
- 192 Central Plant of Railway Engineering, Bryansk
- 61 Armored Repair Plant, St. Petersburg
- 41 Central Plant of Railway Engineering, Moscow Oblast
- "Uralvagonzavod". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2009-07-11. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
- Barabanov, Mikhail. "Russian Tank Production Sets a New Record". Moscow Defense Brief. Moscow: Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (#2(16)).
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
- Makienko, Konstantin. "Economic Crisis and Russia's Defense Industry". Moscow Defense Brief. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (#1(15)/2009). Archived from the original on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- "What the Russian papers say". RIA Novosti. 2009-01-07. Archived from the original on 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- "UVZ investor relations". 2012-07-19. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28.
- "Интегрированная структура". uvz.ru. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
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