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Native name
Russian: УралВагонЗавод
TypePublic limited company
IndustryDefense industry
machine industry
FoundedOctober 11, 1936; 84 years ago (1936-10-11)
Area served
Key people
Vladimir Artyakov (Chairman)
Alexander Potapov (CEO)
ProductsArtillery, Howitzers, Self-propelled artillery, Naval artillery, Mortars, Tanks, Main battle tanks, Military vehicles, Remote weapon stations, Turrets, Autocannons, Tractors, Bulldozers, Heavy equipment, Railway vehicles, Containers
Revenue$2.22 billion[1] (2017)
$81.1 million[2] (2016)
-$79.1 million[3] (December 2016)
OwnerRostec (97.5%)[4]
Number of employees
30 000 est,

UralVagonZavod (Russian: ОАО «Научно-производственная корпорация «УралВагонЗавод», lit.'Open Joint Stock Company “Research and Production Corporation “Uralvagonzavod”') is a Russian machine building company located in Nizhny Tagil, Russia.

It is one of the largest scientific and industrial complexes in Russia[5] and the largest main battle tank manufacturer in the world.[6]

The name Уралвагонзавод means Ural Railroad Car Factory.


The plant was built during 1931-1936 (mostly during the second five-year plan), launched on October 11, 1936, and named after Felix Dzerzhinsky. Initially it manufactured freight cars.

After the German invasion of 1941, Stalin ordered hundreds of factories in Ukraine and western Russia to be evacuated east. The KhPZ Factory No. 183 in Kharkiv was moved to Nizhny Tagil by rail, and merged with the Dzerzhinsky Works, to form the Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183. During the second world war it became the largest producer of tanks in the world, including the T-34. After the war, tank production was scaled down, and part of the Vagonka's manufacturing and design assets were transferred back to Kharkiv's Diesel Factory No. 75 during 1945–51.

After the war it was expanded to produce machinery of other destinations: agricultural, construction, aviation, and space, including design and production of the Vostok, Voskhod, Proton and Energia expendable rockets.

It is the location of the Kartsev-Venediktov Design Bureau (OKB-520) where the T-54A and T-55 (development of Morozov's T-54), T-62, T-72, and T-90 tanks have been designed, and was working on one possibility for a next generation main battle tank, rumored to be called the T-95, until this project was cancelled in May 2010. It also manufactures Russia's newest Main Battle Tank, the T-14 Armata.

Its gradual privatization was planned, beginning in 2006.[citation needed] As of December 27, 2016, UVZ has been transferred to Rostec, following a presidential decree.[7]


The company's main products include railway cars, tanks, road-building vehicles, agricultural vehicles, metallurgical products, tools and consumer goods.[5]

Production of T-90 main battle tanks accounts for 18–20% of the company's overall production.[8] In 2008, Uralvagozavod produced about 175 tanks: 62 T-90A for the Russian Ministry of Defence, 60 T-90S for India .[6] This represents the highest level of tank production at UralVagonZavod and in Russia as a whole since 1993. Moreover, according to Moscow Defense Brief, it would appear that in 2008 the number of tanks produced by the company was greater than the number of main battle tanks produced in all the other countries of the world taken together.[6]

Railway cars and other civilian production amounted to 2/3 of the company's overall output in 2008.[9]

In 2011, the company's revenue was $3 billion, and net profit was $0.33 billion.[10]


Structure of the holding:[11]

United States sanctions[edit]

On July 16, 2014, the Obama administration imposed sanctions through the US Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) by adding Uralvagonzavod and other entities to the Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN) in retaliation for the ongoing Ukrainian crisis, annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by the Kremlin, and the Russian interference in Ukraine.[13][14]


  1. ^ "Рейтинг крупнейших компаний России по объему реализации продукции". Expert RA. Archived from the original on 28 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  2. ^ http://uralvagonzavod.ru/export/Группа%20УВЗ%20конс%20фин%20отч%20МСФО%202016.pdf.
  3. ^ "А кционерное О бщество «Научно производственная корпорация «Уралвагонзавод» имени Ф. Э. Дзержинского»Консолидированная финансовая отчетность за год, закончившийся 31 декабря 2016 года, и аудиторское заключение" (PDF). 2017.
  4. ^ "Список аффилированных лиц". e-disclosure.ru. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Uralvagonzavod". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2009-07-11. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
  6. ^ a b c Barabanov, Mikhail. "Russian Tank Production Sets a New Record". Moscow Defense Brief. Moscow: Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (#2(16)).
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2016-12-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Makienko, Konstantin. "Economic Crisis and Russia's Defense Industry". Moscow Defense Brief. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (#1(15)/2009). Archived from the original on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  9. ^ "What the Russian papers say". RIA Novosti. 2009-01-07. Archived from the original on 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  10. ^ "UVZ investor relations". 2012-07-19. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28.
  11. ^ "Интегрированная структура". uvz.ru. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  12. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (February 19, 2018). "Russia's Koalitsiya-SV SPHs undergoing state trials". Jane's Information Group. Borisov made his remarks during a visit to the SPH’s Yekaterinburg-based manufacturer, UralTransMash, which is a subsidiary of the UralVagonZavod (UVZ) machine building company and Russia’s prime producer of self-propelled artillery.
  13. ^ "Ukraine-related Sanctions; Publication of Executive Order 13662 Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List". treasury.gov. 16 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Announcement of Treasury Sanctions on Entities Within the Financial Services and Energy Sectors of Russia, Against Arms or Related Materiel Entities, and those Undermining Ukraine's Sovereignty". treasury.gov. 16 July 2014.

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