Uralvagonzavod

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UralVagonZavod
Native name
Russian: УралВагонЗавод
TypePublic limited company
IndustryDefense industry
machine industry
FoundedOctober 11, 1936; 85 years ago (1936-10-11)
Headquarters,
Area served
worldwide
Key people
Vladimir Artyakov (Chairman)
Alexander Potapov (CEO)
ProductsArtillery, howitzers, self-propelled artillery, naval artillery, mortars, tanks, main battle tanks, military vehicles, remote weapon stations, turrets, autocannons, tractors, bulldozers, heavy equipment, railway vehicles, containers
Revenue$2.22 billion[1] (2017)
$81.1 million[2] (2016)
-$79.1 million[3] (December 2016)
OwnerRostec (97.5%)[4]
Number of employees
30,000 est.
ParentRostec
Websiteuralvagonzavod.ru
A building of Uralvagonzavod, 2005

UralVagonZavod (Russian: ОАО «Научно-производственная корпорация «УралВагонЗавод», lit.'Open Joint Stock Company "Research and Production Corporation Uralvagonzavod"') is a Russian machine building company located in Nizhny Tagil, Russia.

It is one of the largest scientific and industrial complexes in Russia[5] and the largest main battle tank manufacturer in the world.[6]

The name Уралвагонзавод means Ural Railroad Car Factory.

History[edit]

The plant was built during 1931–1936 (mostly during the second five-year plan), launched on October 11, 1936, and named after Felix Dzerzhinsky. Initially it manufactured freight cars.[7]

After the German invasion of 1941, Joseph Stalin ordered hundreds of factories in Ukraine and western Russia to be evacuated east. The KhPZ Factory No. 183 in Kharkiv was moved to Nizhny Tagil by rail, and merged with the Dzerzhinsky Works, to form the Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183. During the Second World War it became the largest producer of tanks in the world, including the T-34.[8] For its services, Uralvagonzavod received several honorary awards over 1941-1945, including the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1942), Order of the Red Banner (1943), Order of Lenin (1944), Order of the Patriotic War (1945).[7]

After the war, tank production was scaled down, and part of the Vagonka's manufacturing and design assets were transferred back to Kharkiv's Diesel Factory No. 75 during 1945–1951. Uralvagonzavod was expanded to produce machinery of other destinations: agricultural, construction, aviation, and space, including design and production of the Vostok, Voskhod, Proton and Energia expendable rockets.[9]

It is the location of the Kartsev-Venediktov Design Bureau (OKB-520) where the T-54A and T-55 (development of Morozov's T-54), T-62, T-72, and T-90 tanks have been designed,[9] and was working on one possibility for a next generation main battle tank, rumored to be called the T-95, until this project was cancelled in May 2010.[10] It also manufactures Russia's newest main battle tank, the T-14 Armata.[11]

On July 16, 2014, the Obama administration imposed sanctions through the US Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) by adding Uralvagonzavod and other entities to the Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN) in retaliation for the ongoing annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by the Russian Federation and the Russian interference in Ukraine.[12][13]

As of December 27, 2016, UVZ has been transferred to Rostec, following a presidential decree.[14]

During the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, following international application of sanctions against Russia, there was a report that production at Uralvagonzavod might have halted due to a shortage of imported parts.[15]

Operations[edit]

The company's main products include railway cars, tanks, road-building vehicles, agricultural vehicles, metallurgical products, tools and consumer goods.[5]

Production of T-90 main battle tanks accounts for 18–20% of the company's overall production.[16] In 2008, Uralvagozavod produced about 175 tanks, including 62 T-90As for the Russian Ministry of Defense and 60 T-90Ss for India.[6] This represents the highest level of tank production at UralVagonZavod and in Russia as a whole since 1993. Moreover, according to Moscow Defense Brief, it would appear that in 2008 the number of tanks produced by the company was greater than the number of main battle tanks produced by all the other countries of the world taken together.[6]

Railway cars and other civilian production amounted to 2/3 of the company's overall output in 2008.[17]

In 2011, the company's revenue was $3 billion, and net profit was $0.33 billion.[18]

By 10 May 2022, due to sanctions, US officials claim that Uralvagonzavod Corporation tank production has been made “idle” due to a lack of imported parts. [19]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Structure of the holding:[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Рейтинг крупнейших компаний России по объему реализации продукции". Expert RA. Archived from the original on 28 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  2. ^ http://uralvagonzavod.ru/export/Группа%20УВЗ%20конс%20фин%20отч%20МСФО%202016.pdf.
  3. ^ "А кционерное О бщество «Научно производственная корпорация «Уралвагонзавод» имени Ф. Э. Дзержинского»Консолидированная финансовая отчетность за год, закончившийся 31 декабря 2016 года, и аудиторское заключение" (PDF). 2017.
  4. ^ "Список аффилированных лиц" [List of affiliates]. e-disclosure.ru. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Uralvagonzavod". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2009-07-11. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
  6. ^ a b c Barabanov, Mikhail. "Russian Tank Production Sets a New Record". Moscow Defense Brief. Moscow: Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (#2(16)).
  7. ^ a b Lyutskov 2015.
  8. ^ Benua 2015.
  9. ^ a b Zamyatin 2020.
  10. ^ Shunkov 2017, p. 108.
  11. ^ Shunkov 2017, p. 140.
  12. ^ "Ukraine-related Sanctions; Publication of Executive Order 13662 Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List". treasury.gov. 16 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Announcement of Treasury Sanctions on Entities Within the Financial Services and Energy Sectors of Russia, Against Arms or Related Materiel Entities, and those Undermining Ukraine's Sovereignty". treasury.gov. 16 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2016-12-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Hetzner, Christiaan (22 March 2022). "Russia's largest tank manufacturer may have run out of parts". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 28 March 2022.
  16. ^ Makienko, Konstantin. "Economic Crisis and Russia's Defense Industry". Moscow Defense Brief. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (#1(15)/2009). Archived from the original on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  17. ^ "What the Russian papers say". RIA Novosti. 2009-01-07. Archived from the original on 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  18. ^ "UVZ investor relations". 2012-07-19. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28.
  19. ^ "Russia 'can't make more' tanks because of this key sanction, Biden official says". 2022-05-10.
  20. ^ "Интегрированная структура" [Integrated structure]. uvz.ru. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  21. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (February 19, 2018). "Russia's Koalitsiya-SV SPHs undergoing state trials". Jane's Information Group. Borisov made his remarks during a visit to the SPH’s Yekaterinburg-based manufacturer, UralTransMash, which is a subsidiary of the UralVagonZavod (UVZ) machine building company and Russia’s prime producer of self-propelled artillery.

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]