Uran-9

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Uran-9
Боевой многофункциональный робототехнический комплекс Уран-9 - Международного военно-технического форума АРМИЯ-2016 01.jpg
Uran-9 combat unmanned ground vehicle - Military-technical forum ARMY-2016
TypeUnmanned combat ground vehicle
Place of originRussia
Service history
In serviceJanuary 2019
Used byRussia
WarsSyrian civil war
Production history
Designed2015
ManufacturerJSC 766 UPTK, Impul's 2 Sevastopol, Kalashnikov Concern
Produced2015
No. builtat least 20
Specifications

Main
armament
30 mm 2A72 autocannon ABM M30-M3 modification
Secondary
armament
1 × 7.62mm PKT/PKTM
4 × 9M120 Ataka anti-tank missiles
6 (now 12) x Shmel-M thermobaric rocket launchers

The Uran-9 is a tracked unmanned combat ground vehicle (UCGV) developed and produced by JSC 766 UPTK (currently by Kalashnikov Concern), and promoted and offered by Rosoboronexport for the international market.[1][2][3] According to a release by Rosoboronexport, the system designed to deliver combined combat, reconnaissance and counter-terrorism units with remote reconnaissance and fire support.[4] The armament consists of a 2A72 mod ABM M30-M3 autocannon from Impul's 2 (Sevastopol') along Russian artillery and other producers, four ATGMs of the Ataka or other type, also Igla or Strela SAMs, FCS, cam IR sensors, laser rangefinder and other means for detection.

Operational history[edit]

The Uran-9 was first deployed during the Syrian Civil War, though according to a performance report of the 3rd Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, the tank functioned poorly, and was unable to perform many of the missions assigned to it.[5][6] “The vehicle has been tested in Syria and demonstrated high performance in an operational environment,” an industry source claimed, noting that industry is now working to increase the Uran-9’s range, response time, and data bandwidth.[7] Uran-9 was also used in the large-scale Vostok 2018 drills.[8] The Uran-9 robotic armed vehicle finally entered military service in January 2019.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rosoboronexport to start promoting Uran-9 combat robotic system" (Press release). Rostec. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  2. ^ Tamir, Eshel (31 December 2015). "Russian Military to Test Combat Robots in 2016". Defense Update. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  3. ^ Kyle, Mizokami (13 January 2016). "The Kremlin's Tiny Drone Tank Bristles With Weapons". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  4. ^ http://www.customstoday.com.pk/russia-ready-to-export-uran-9-robotic-combat-system-in-2016/
  5. ^ "Применение боевого робота "Уран-9" в Сирии выявило его недостатки" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. June 19, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  6. ^ Mizokami, Kyle (June 18, 2018). "Russia's Tank Drone Performed Poorly in Syria". Popular Mechanics. Uran-9’s combat experience in Syria revealed serious problems with the system.
  7. ^ Novichkov, Nikolai (September 21, 2018). "Russia upgrades Uran-9 combat UGV". IHS Jane's. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  8. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2018/0913/093548691/detail.shtml
  9. ^ https://www.rt.com/russia/449595-uran-armed-drone-service/

Literature[edit]

  • Paul Scharre. Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War. — W. W. Norton & Company, 2018. — P. 114-116. — 407 p. — ISBN 9780393608991.
  • Stephan De Spiegeleire, Matthijs Maas, Tim Sweijs. Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Defense: Strategic Implications For Small- and Medium-Sized Force Providers. — The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, 2017. — P. 82. — 140 p. — ISBN 9789492102546.