Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole
|Communauté Urbaine Marseille
|No. of communes||18|
|Established||July 7, 2000|
|• President||Eugène Caselli (PS)|
|• Term of office||2008-present|
|• Total||604.75 km2 (233.50 sq mi)|
(81.3% in the city of Marseille)
|• Density||1,623/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|Budget||approx. € 250 million (2004)¹|
|¹ After compensatory transfer of local tax euros to the communes of the Urban Community.|
The Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole (French: Communauté Urbaine Marseille Provence Métropole) is a former intercommunal structure gathering the city of Marseille (in Provence, southern France) and some of its suburbs. On 1 January 2016 it merged into the Metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence.
The Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole only partly encompasses the metropolitan area of Marseille (see infobox at Marseille article for the metropolitan area) because the other independent communes of the metropolitan area (such as Aix-en-Provence) refused to join in with the city of Marseille, which is perceived as poor and unruly by the wealthier suburbs. Some other suburban communes (such as Aubagne, Gardanne, and Martigues) which are ruled by the French Communist Party have also refused to join in with Marseille which is ruled by the center-right UMP.
Consequently, the other parts of the metropolitan area have formed different intercommunal structures, such as:
- Community of Agglomeration of the Aix-en-Provence Country (Communauté d'agglomération du Pays d'Aix-en-Provence): 332,653 inhabitants
- Agglomeration community of Pays d'Aubagne et de l'Etoile (Communauté d'agglomération Pays d'Aubagne et de l'Etoile)
- Community of Agglomeration of the West of the Étang de Berre (Communauté d'agglomération de l'Ouest de l'Étang de Berre): 65,637 inhabitants, with Martigues in it
As of the beginning of 2005, some communes within the Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole are talking of seceding from the Urban Community, complaining of heavy taxes imposed by the city of Marseille.
- La Ciotat
- Le Rove
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