Urban Employment Area

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For other uses of the abbreviation for Metropolitan Employment Area, see MEA.
A map of Tokyo UEA in 2010.
A map showing Kobe, Osaka, Kyoto, and Nagoya UEAs in 2010.

Urban Employment Area (都市雇用圏 Toshi Koyō-ken?) is a definition of metropolitan areas, defined by the Center for Spatial Information Service, the University of Tokyo. The Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry defined 233 areas for the UEAs of Japan.[1] It is different from the definition of metropolitan areas defined in census by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. For the latter scheme, see the List of metropolitan areas in Japan by population article.

The basic principle of UEA is similar to that of the Statistics Bureau definition; a central city and its associated outlying municipalities with certain amounts of commuters. A UEA with at least 50,000 DID (Densely Inhabited District) population is called Metropolitan Employment Area (大都市雇用圏 Dai-toshi Koyō-ken?) or MEA for short in English. A UEA with at least 10,000 and less than 50,000 DID population is called Micropolitan Employment Area (小都市雇用圏 Shō-toshi Koyō-ken?) or McEA for short in English.

Definition[edit]

Central city
  • If a municipality has at least 10,000 DID population, and is not a suburb of any other municipalities, it is defined as a central city.
  • Even if a municipality is a suburb of another, it can still be defined as a central city. In this case, a municipality must have workers working there more than those living there. It must also have the DID population of at least 10,000, or a third of the population of the central city.
Suburb
  • If a municipality A has more than 10% of its population commuting to a central city B, A is defined as a (primary) suburb of B.
    • If there are multiple such cities for a suburb A, the one with the most commuters from A is defined as A's central city.
  • If a municipality A has more than 10% of its population commuting to another suburb B, and if no other municipalities have more commuters from A, A is defined as a secondary suburb or lower of B.
  • If a municipality A has more than 10% of its population commuting to B and vice versa, the one with the higher percentage of commuters is defined as a suburb of another.
  • If a central city comprises multiple municipalities, numbers of commuters to all those municipalities are counted for the calculations above.

Top 100 Urban Employment Areas in Japan[edit]

Source: Urban Employment Area (UEA) Code Table, "地域経済の将来動向分析に関する調査研究" [A study on the future trend analysis of the regional economy] (in Japanese). 

  • W/L here is jūgyō jōjū jinkōhi (従業常住人口比), the ratio of workers in the area, against the number of workers living in the area.
  • DID population here is a population of central city. If an area has multiple central cities, only the most populous one among them is counted.
  • A 2010 population decrease from 2005 is written in red figures.
  • Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) is listed on white background. Micropolitan Employment Area (McEA) is listed on yellow background.
  • Prefectural capital is numbered with blue background.
  • 1980 ranks exclude Kurashiki MEA, which was merged with Okayama MEA in 2000. Those under No. 100 are marked as "-".
2010 1980 Name Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
(1980)
DID
(2010)
W/L
(2010)
GDP
(in billion US$)
(2010)[2][3]
1 1 TokyoTokyo MEA (ja) 34,498,979 26,624,003 8,945,695 1.62 1,797.9
2 2 OsakaOsaka MEA (ja) 12,238,814 11,170,018 2,664,819 1.73 516.8
3 3 Nagoya MEA (ja) 5,490,453 4,538,832 2,216,845 1.23 256.3
4 4 Kyoto MEA (ja) 2,679,094 2,361,205 1,403,631 1.12 115.3
5 6 Fukuoka MEA (ja) 2,495,552 1,773,129 1,405,700 1.21 101.6
6 5 Kobe MEA (ja) 2,431,076 2,047,561 1,440,411 1.03 96.0
7 7 Sapporo MEA (ja) 2,341,599 1,751,996 1,846,399 1.01 84.7
8 10 Sendai MEA 1,574,942 1,248,616 931,677 1.13 61.7
9 14 Okayama MEA 1,532,146 750,188 478,993 1.06 63.1
10 54 Maebashi MEA 1,453,528 341,331 200,675 1.07 59.8
11 9 Hiroshima MEA 1,411,848 1,327,198 1,012,198 1.03 61.3
12 8 Kitakyushu MEA 1,370,169 1,524,747 877,833 1.05 55.7
13 13 Hamamatsu MEA 1,133,879 825,503 477,648 0.99 54.3
14 25 Utsunomiya MEA 1,120,057 547,545 384,583 1.07 50.7
15 12 Kumamoto MEA 1,102,398 836,892 579,318 1.04 39.8
16 15 Niigata MEA 1,071,152 726,983 583,329 1.02 43.3
17 11 Shizuoka MEA 1,001,597 966,074 625,147 1.05 45.8
18 16 Gifu MEA 831,430 711,981 291,254 1.04 32.2
19 20 Naha MEA 830,525 616,010 314,951 1.19 26.8
20 22 Takamatsu MEA 830,040 592,555 212,803 1.09 34.7
21 24 Nagasaki MEA 803,828 553,101 327,791 1.06 27.9
22 19 Kanazawa MEA 743,647 626,523 377,419 1.13 31.7
23 17 Himeji MEA 743,427 709,219 384,137 1.03 33.6
24 21 Oita MEA 743,323 608,653 326,541 1.04 28.9
25 18 Kagoshima MEA 731,477 662,737 489,699 1.02 26.4
26 79 Tsukuba MEA 725,858 216,337 74,937 1.19 37.1
27 36 Tokushima MEA 680,467 478,772 186,703 1.16 28.4
28 28 Mito MEA 678,969 532,911 167,757 1.18 30.3
29 27 Toyohashi MEA 676,333 540,880 266,770 0.96 31.0
30 39 Fukui MEA 660,910 454,495 167,518 1.17 28.7
31 32 Toyama MEA 646,574 504,353 223,250 1.11 49.5[4]
32 26 Matsuyama MEA 642,841 542,188 428,201 1.01 24.5
33 29 Yokkaichi MEA 621,689 522,233 211,269 1.07 29.1
34 30 Fukuyama MEA 612,988 517,514 254,721 1.01 31.5
35 31 Nagano MEA 602,781 514,136 253,351 1.07 24.9
36 37 Kofu MEA 601,592 476,543 161,234 1.21 25.2
37 23 Wakayama MEA 584,852 566,668 284,227 1.08 24.6
38 55 Koriyama MEA 554,194 341,004 239,496 1.09 20.2
39 40 Yamagata MEA 544,518 415,965 178,410 1.11 20.0
40 34 Kochi MEA 534,981 490,401 276,087 1.04 17.5
41 66 Tsu MEA 512,296 280,045 134,315 1.04 23.8
42 35 Numazu MEA 509,249 487,606 166,164 1.12 22.9
43 48 Miyazaki MEA 506,332 356,771 276,902 1.02 18.2
44 56 Toyota MEA 481,585 340,596 241,352 1.17 28.3
45 45 Morioka MEA 474,395 382,706 230,447 1.11 17.9
46 53 Fukushima MEA 456,996 343,063 187,906 1.06 18.0
47 46 Matsumoto MEA 450,869 371,850 145,146 1.11 18.5
48 94 Ota MEA 449,748 161,945 81,779 1.13 21.6
49 44 Kurume MEA 432,441 384,264 183,547 1.00 16.8
50 43 Akita MEA 412,968 384,718 254,970 1.08 16.0
51 63 Okazaki MEA 410,287 297,404 278,982 0.88 18.4
52 60 Saga MEA 405,062 304,703 138,858 1.12 15.2
53 52 Fuji MEA 395,039 345,720 201,751 1.02 18.1
54 42 Asahikawa MEA 386,048 394,532 319,717 1.01 14.3
55 68 Nagaoka MEA 368,043 274,394 133,277 1.04 15.7
56 47 Hitachi MEA 364,860 368,405 161,803 1.15 17.2
57 41 Hakodate MEA 355,622 395,403 240,101 1.05 12.7
58 51 Iwaki MEA 347,667 347,408 164,757 0.99 13.0
59 - Narita MEA 337,076 - 74,379 1.55 16.7
60 58 Hachinohe MEA 335,854 331,608 160,720 1.08 12.5
61 62 Odawara MEA 335,188 302,668 172,603 0.94 -
62 57 Aomori MEA 325,458 336,677 229,742 1.03 12.3
63 65 Ogaki MEA 323,221 280,945 92,961 1.09 13.0
64 - Yamaguchi MEA 313,239 147,867 91,931 1.02 14.6
65 50 Takaoka MEA 309,264 347,645 87,615 1.02 49.5[4]
66 67 Hirosaki MEA 305,342 278,234 121,109 1.10 10.6
67 61 Sasebo MEA 304,578 304,678 152,951 1.02 11.1
68 82 Matsue MEA 292,366 205,031 104,925 1.08 11.7
69 49 Shimonoseki MEA 280,947 348,875 184,034 0.98 12.1
70 75 Okinawa MEA 277,006 236,398 112,748 0.96 7.1
71 - Kamisu McEA 276,786 - 21,481 1.16
72 64 Shunan MEA 273,489 295,506 91,253 1.08 13.0
73 78 Obihiro MEA 262,600 221,659 150,337 1.08 9.9
74 - Kariya MEA 258,206 137,173 115,421 1.39 15.4
75 - Nasushiobara McEA 257,649 100,083 31,654 0.92
76 69 Omuta MEA 246,849 254,723 102,308 1.08 8.6
77 87 Miyakonojo MEA 243,623 189,065 66,079 1.08 8.5
78 59 Kure MEA 239,973 320,342 163,680 0.98 11.0
79 74 Tottori MEA 239,829 239,972 99,472 1.07 8.4
80 77 Joetsu MEA 239,356 227,947 83,675 1.00 9.9
81 76 Ube MEA 238,322 229,729 90,799 1.01 10.7
82 70 Yonago MEA 234,641 246,581 73,107 1.07 8.1
83 84 Niihama MEA 233,826 196,483 89,238 1.04 9.3
84 83 Aizuwakamatsu MEA 232,992 197,672 88,013 1.11 9.0
85 - Higashiomi McEA 230,251 - 31,654 0.91
86 - Komatsu McEA 229,000 141,582 34,162 1.02
87 - Sanjo MEA 222,512 109,386 52,083 1.09 9.7
88 - Higashihiroshima McEA 218,779 - 46,698 0.97
89 - Koga MEA 217,535 - 51,080 0.90 9.2
90 80 Ueda MEA 217,412 205,775 52,481 1.03 8.8
91 86 Oyama MEA 216,948 190,194 92,871 1.02 9.7
92 85 Ishinomaki MEA 213,780 194,680 94,342 1.02 7.9
93 72 Kushiro MEA 213,616 242,331 160,602 1.00 8.2
94 - Handa MEA 211,880 144,056 103,887 0.99 9.1
95 - Osaki McEA 210,789 65,525 37,002 0.97
96 - Nakatsu McEA 208,901 97,817 25,539 1.05
97 - Suwa McEA 204,875 114,705 16,637 1.13
98 73 Muroran MEA 200,231 241,371 77,222 1.19 7.4
99 - Kakegawa McEA 198,104 64,843 29,866 1.03
100 88 Iizuka MEA 196,546 188,420 53,622 1.02 7.2

These areas have multiple central cities. Municipal names are as of 2010.

These areas changed their names between 1980 and 2000, as the most populated central cities have changed.

  • Tsuchiura UEA changed to Tsukuba UEA after 1995.
  • Kimitsu UEA changed to Kisarazu UEA after 1990.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 経済産業省の地域政策におけるエリア概念について (PDF) (Report) (in Japanese). 2014. p. 3. 
  2. ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo. 
  3. ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data
  4. ^ a b Toyama-Takaoka MEA

External links[edit]