Urban Expressways (Japan)
Urban expressways (都市高速道路 Toshi Kōsokudōro?) are intra-city expressways which are found in many of Japan's largest urban areas. Due to lack of space many of these expressways are constructed as viaducts running above local roads. The two largest networks are the Shuto Expressway in the Tokyo area and the Hanshin Expressway in the Osaka area. There are other smaller networks in Nagoya, Hiroshima, Kitakyūshū, and Fukuoka. Each network is managed separately from each other (the Fukuoka and Kitakyūshū Expressways are managed by the same company but are not physically connected to each other).
Currently all urban expressways operate on a flat-rate toll system (the toll is the same regardless of the distance travelled on the network), however both the Shuto Expressway and Hanshin Expressway are planning to move to a distance-based toll system for vehicles equipped with ETC.
Urban Expressways in Japan
- Shuto Expressway
- Tokyo Expressway
- Hanshin Expressway
- Nagoya Expressway
- Fukuoka Expressway
- Hiroshima Expressway
- Kitakyūshū Expressway
- "首都高 距離別料金 (Shutokō Kyoribetsu Ryōkin)" [Shuto Expressway Distance-based Tolling] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- "平成２０年度 阪神高速は距離料金へ (Heisei Nijūnendo Hanshin Kōsoku ha Kyoriryōkin e)" [Hanshin Expressway is changing to distance-based tolling in 2008] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- Official website
- Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Road Bureau (English)
- Map of expressway routes (English)
- 全国の高速道路ガイド (Japanese)