|• Mayor||Valérie Plante|
|• President of Executive Committee||Nancy Blanchet|
|• Land||498.29 km2 (192.39 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,022.3/km2 (10,418/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code||514 and 438|
Montréal is one of the administrative regions of the Canadian province of Quebec. It is also a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and a census division (CD), for both of which its geographical code is 66. Prior to the merger of the municipalities in Region 06 in 2002, the administrative region was co-extensive with the Montreal Urban Community.
Located in the southern part of the province, the territory includes several of the islands of the Hochelaga Archipelago in the Saint Lawrence River, including the Island of Montreal, Nuns' Island (Île des Sœurs), Île Bizard, Saint Helen's Island (Île Sainte-Hélène), Île Notre-Dame, Dorval Island (Île Dorval), and several others. Only the first three of these islands are inhabited.
The region consists of the 2002–2005 territory of the city of Montreal, and is coextensive with the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal (French: Agglomération de Montréal). Following merger of the municipalities of the agglomeration on January 1, 2002, sixteen of its municipalities were reconstituted on January 1, 2006.
The urban agglomeration is governed by the Montreal Agglomeration Council (French: Conseil d'agglomération de Montréal), which is composed of the Mayor of Montreal as the ex-officio leader, the 14 mayors of the reconstituted cities, and 15 city councillors. The executive of the council is the Montreal Executive Committee, which can be headed by the Mayor of Montreal or a councillor the mayor appoints. The weighting of votes for the council breaks down to 87% for the City of Montreal, and 13% for the other municipalities of the Island of Montreal.
The agglomeration council is granted responsibility over:
- Municipal assessment
- public transportation
- Arterial road planning
- Local water resource management
- Water supply
- Public safety, including law enforcement, firefighting & paramedic services.
- Municipal courts
- Economic development
- Public housing
And any other local responsibilities under the Municipal Powers Act. However, the city of Montreal is not obligated to execute these powers, and may delegate powers to local municipalities or other governing bodies.
Powers delegated to the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM), the regional government of Greater Montreal, by the urban agglomeration include public housing, economic development, and water supply and water treatment. Responsibility for public transit is shared with the agglomeration directly appointing members to the RTM, the regional transportation authority, and indirectly appointing members to the ARTM, the regional public transport planning authority, via the Montreal Metropolitan Community.
- Côte Saint-Luc
- Montreal (Montréal in French)
- Borough of Ahuntsic-Cartierville
- Borough of Anjou
- Borough of Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
- Borough of L'Île-Bizard–Sainte-Geneviève
- Borough of LaSalle
- Borough of Lachine
- Borough of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal
- Borough of Le Sud-Ouest
- Borough of Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
- Borough of Montréal-Nord
- Borough of Outremont
- Borough of Pierrefonds-Roxboro
- Borough of Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles
- Borough of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie
- Borough of Saint-Laurent
- Borough of Saint-Léonard
- Borough of Verdun
- Borough of Ville-Marie
- Borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension
- Montreal West (Montréal-Ouest in French)
- Mount Royal (Mont-Royal in French)
- "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population: Montréal, Territoire équivalent (TÉ), Quebec - Census division". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- "La région de Montréal, ainsi que ses MRC et TE". Profils des régions et des MRC (in French). Quebec: Institut de la statistique du Québec. 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- "E-20.001 - Act respecting the exercise of certain municipal powers in certain urban agglomerations". Les Publications du Québec. Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale. Retrieved 27 February 2023.
- The Gazette (Montreal), "Tremblay eats crow at council", Linda Gyulal, 4 December 2009 (accessed 12/01/10)
- "E-20.001 - Act respecting the exercise of certain municipal powers in certain urban agglomerations". Publications Quebec. Quebec Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
- "2018 Document de Presentation de la CMM" (PDF). Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal. Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal. Retrieved 27 November 2021.