Urban areas of New Zealand

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Urban areas correspond to the more-densely populated areas of New Zealand:
  100 people per square km and above
  250 people per square km and above
  500 people per square km and above
  750 people per square km and above
  1000 people per square km and above
  2000 people per square km and above
  3000 people per square km and above
  4000 people per square km and above

Statistics New Zealand defines urban areas of New Zealand for statistical purposes (they have no administrative or legal basis).[1] The urban areas comprise cities, towns and other conurbations (an aggregation of urban settlements) of a thousand people or more. In combination, the urban areas of the country constitute New Zealand's urban population.[1] As of June 2018, the urban population made up 86.5% of New Zealand's total population.

Under the New Zealand Standard Areas Classification 1992 (NZSAC92), there are three classes of urban area:[2][3]

  • Main urban areas, with a population of 30,000 or more. These 17 areas mostly correspond to the places known by New Zealanders as cities.
  • Secondary urban areas are the 14 urban areas with a population of 10,000 to 29,999.
  • Minor urban areas make up the remainder of the urban population of the country, towns with 1,000 to 9,999 people. There are 103 minor urban areas.

Statistics New Zealand also defines rural centres with a population of 300 to 999 people.[3][4] While these do not fit the standard international definition of an urban population, they serve to distinguish between true rural dwellers and those in rural settlements or towns.

The new Statistical Standard for Geographic Areas 2018 (SSGA18) will replace the NZSAC92 in 2018, with four classes of urban area (major, large, medium and small), and new geographic boundaries.[5]

New Zealand Standard Areas Classification 1992 (NZSAC92)[edit]

Description of main urban areas[edit]

The population figures shown are Statistics New Zealand's resident population estimates at the June 2018.[6] For rankings in various criteria see the ranked list of New Zealand urban areas. Four main urban areas are subdivided into urban zones. The following cities are listed by location from north to south.

North Island[edit]

Auckland City's skyline
Wellington City
  • Whangarei (58,800): from Hikurangi to Portland.
  • Auckland (1,628,900) is divided into four urban zones:
    • Northern Auckland Urban Zone (323,500):
    • Western Auckland Urban Zone (242,300):
      • the part of Rodney District around Kumeu
      • the urban part of Waitakere City
    • Central Auckland Urban Zone (525,900): Auckland City, excluding the Hauraki Gulf islands
    • Southern Auckland Urban Zone (478,400):
  • Hamilton (241,200) is divided into three urban zones:
    • Hamilton Urban Zone (203,100): all of Hamilton City and neighbouring parts of Waikato and Waipa districts including Ngaruawahia, Taupiri and Ohaupo
    • Cambridge Urban Zone (20,600): includes Leamington
    • Te Awamutu Urban Zone (17,500): includes Kihikihi
  • Tauranga (141,600): Omokoroa to Papamoa Beach; and Mount Maunganui to Tauriko and Pyes Pa
  • Rotorua (59,500): Ngongotaha to Owhata
  • Gisborne (37,200): Makaraka to Okitu
  • Napier-Hastings (134,500) is a conurbation of two urban zones:
  • New Plymouth (58,300): Oakura to Bell Block
  • Wanganui (40,900): Westmere to Marybank
  • Palmerston North (86,600): Including Longburn, Kairanga and Stony Creek, but excluding Ashhurst and rural areas in the Tararua foothills
  • Kapiti (42,700): Pekapeka to Paekakariki
  • Wellington (418,500) is divided into four urban zones:
    • Upper Hutt (41,200): Te Marua to Pinehaven
    • Lower Hutt (105,200): includes Wainuiomata, Petone and the eastern bays, excludes farmland adjacent to Wainuiomata
    • Porirua (56,700): all of Porirua City except Paekakariki Hill and Mana Island; includes Pukerua Bay and Pauatahanui
    • Wellington City (215,400): from Linden south, includes Horokiwi but excludes Makara and Ohariu

South Island[edit]

Description of secondary urban areas[edit]

The population figures shown are Statistics New Zealand's resident population estimates at the June 2018.[6] The following towns are listed by location from north to south.

North Island[edit]

  • Pukekohe (31,400): From Paerata to Tuakau. Excludes Bombay.
  • Whakatane (19,750): From Coastlands to Ohope Beach and south to Poroporo.
  • Tokoroa (14,050): From Tokoroa to Kinleith.
  • Taupo (24,700): From Wairakei to Taupo Airport.
  • Hawera (12,150): From Normanby to Mokoia.
  • Feilding (16,850): From Halcombe to Aorangi.
  • Levin (21,200): From Waitarere Beach to Ohau.
  • Masterton (22,200): From Opaki to Waingawa.

South Island[edit]

  • Greymouth (9,700): From Runanga to Southbeach and Camerons.
  • Rangiora (18,300): From the Ashley River to Flaxton
  • Ashburton (20,200): From Fairton to Winslow and Argyle Park.
  • Timaru (29,100): From Washdyke to Scarborough and west to Gleniti.
  • Queenstown (15,850): From Fernhill and Kelvin Heights to Frankton
  • Oamaru (13,950): From Pukeuri to Weston and Holmes Hill.

Minor urban areas[edit]

North Island[edit]

South Island[edit]

Changes to classification[edit]

1992

Original classification

1996

No change

2001
  • Kapiti promoted from secondary to main urban area
  • Rolleston added as minor urban area
  • Pauanui Beach dropped to rural centre
2006
  • Edgecumbe Community renamed Edgecumbe
2013
  • Blenheim promoted from secondary to main urban area
  • Rangiora and Queenstown promoted from minor to secondary urban areas
  • Gore demoted from secondary to minor urban area
  • Ngunguru, Mangawhai Heads, Te Kauwhata, Ngatea, Mapua, Amberley, Methven, Rakaia and Waikouaiti added as minor urban areas
  • Russell, Mangakino, Manaia and Hanmer Springs dropped to rural centres

Statistical Standard for Geographic Areas 2018[edit]

The Statistical Standard for Geographic Areas 2018 (SSGA18) will replace the current NZSAC92 standard in 2018.[5]

There are four classes of urban area under the new standard:

  • Major urban areas, with a population of 100,000 or more. There are seven major urban areas.
  • Large urban areas, with a population of 30,000 to 99,999. There are 13 large urban areas.
  • Medium urban areas, with a population of 10,000 to 29,999. There are 22 medium urban areas.
  • Small urban areas, with a population of 1,000 to 9,999. There are 136 small urban areas.

The following shows the urban areas as classified under SSGA18. Those in bold type are new urban areas which do not correspond to an urban area or urban zone under NZSAC92.[7]

Major urban areas[edit]

  • Auckland (1,467,800)
  • Hamilton (169,300)
  • Tauranga (135,000)
  • Lower Hutt (104,900)
  • Wellington (215,400)
  • Christchurch (377,200)
  • Dunedin (104,500)

Large urban areas[edit]

  • Whangarei (52,600)
  • Hibiscus Coast (52,400) (split from Auckland)
  • Rotorua (54,500)
  • Gisborne (35,500)
  • Hastings (45,000)
  • Napier (62,800)
  • New Plymouth (55,300)
  • Whanganui (39,400)
  • Palmerston North (80,300)
  • Porirua (55,500)
  • Upper Hutt (41,000)
  • Nelson (49,300)
  • Invercargill (48,700)

Medium urban areas[edit]

  • Pukekohe (24,300)
  • Cambridge (19,150)
  • Te Awamutu (12,400)
  • Tokoroa (13,650)
  • Taupo (23,900)
  • Whakatane (15,850)
  • Havelock North (13,950) (split from Hastings)
  • Feilding (16,450)
  • Levin (17,700)
  • Waikanae (12,100) (dissolution of Kapiti)
  • Paraparaumu (28,900) (dissolution of Kapiti)
  • Masterton (20,100)
  • Richmond (15,000) (split from Nelson)
  • Blenheim (26,400)
  • Rangiora (18,400)
  • Kaiapoi (11,850) (split from Christchurch)
  • Rolleston (16,350)
  • Ashburton (19,600)
  • Timaru (28,300)
  • Oamaru (13,150)
  • Queenstown (15,650)
  • Mosgiel (13,400) (split from Dunedin)

Small urban areas[edit]

  • Kaitaia
  • Kerikeri
  • Kaikohe
  • Paihia
  • Opua (new)
  • Moerewa
  • Kawakawa
  • Hikurangi (split from Whangarei)
  • One Tree Point (new)
  • Ruakaka (new)
  • Dargaville
  • Mangawhai Heads
  • Wellsford
  • Warkworth
  • Snells Beach
  • Helensville
  • Waimauku
  • Muriwai (split from Auckland)
  • Kumeu-Huapai (split from Auckland)
  • Riverhead (split from Auckland)
  • Waiheke West (was Waiheke Island)
  • Clarks Beach (new)
  • Beachlands-Pine Harbour (split from Auckland)
  • Maraetai (split from Auckland)
  • Waiuku
  • Coromandel
  • Whitianga
  • Thames
  • Tairua
  • Whangamata
  • Ngatea
  • Paeroa
  • Waihi
  • Tuakau (split from Pukekohe)
  • Pokeno (new)
  • Te Kauwhata
  • Huntly
  • Raglan
  • Ngaruawahia (split from Hamilton)
  • Morrinsville
  • Te Aroha
  • Matamata
  • Kihikihi (split from Te Awamutu)
  • Otorohanga
  • Putaruru
  • Te Kuiti
  • Turangi
  • Waihi Beach
  • Katikati
  • Omokoroa (split from Tauranga)
  • Te Puke
  • Ngongotaha (split from Rotorua)
  • Edgecumbe
  • Ohope (split from Whakatane)
  • Murupara
  • Kawerau
  • Opotiki
  • Wairoa
  • Clive (split from Hastings)
  • Waipawa
  • Waipukurau
  • Oakura (split from New Plymouth)
  • Waitara
  • Inglewood
  • Stratford
  • Opunake
  • Eltham
  • Hawera
  • Patea
  • Taumarunui
  • Raetihi
  • Ohakune
  • Taihape
  • Marton
  • Bulls
  • Ashhurst (split from Palmerston North)
  • Woodville
  • Dannevirke
  • Pahiatua
  • Foxton Beach (split from Foxton)
  • Foxton
  • Shannon
  • Otaki Beach (split from Otaki)
  • Otaki
  • Paekakariki (dissolution of Kapiti)
  • Carterton
  • Featherston
  • Greytown
  • Martinborough
  • Takaka
  • Motueka
  • Wakefield
  • Brightwater
  • Hope (split from Nelson)
  • Picton
  • Renwick (split from Blenheim)
  • Kaikoura
  • Westport
  • Reefton
  • Runanga (split from Greymouth)
  • Greymouth
  • Hokitika
  • Amberley
  • Oxford
  • Woodend
  • Pegasus (new)
  • Lyttelton (split from Christchurch)
  • Diamond Harbour (split from Christchurch)
  • Darfield
  • West Melton (new)
  • Prebbleton (split from Christchurch)
  • Leeston
  • Lincoln
  • Methven
  • Rakaia
  • Geraldine
  • Pleasant Point
  • Temuka
  • Twizel
  • Waimate
  • Cromwell
  • Alexandra
  • Arthurs Point (split from Queenstown)
  • Wanaka
  • Arrowtown
  • Lake Hayes (new)
  • Waikouaiti
  • Brighton (split from Dunedin)
  • Balclutha
  • Milton
  • Te Anau
  • Winton
  • Riverton
  • Gore
  • Mataura (split from Gore)
  • Bluff

Lists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Urban area: Definition". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates Geographic Areas". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic definitions". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Defining urban and rural New Zealand". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Statistical standard for geographic areas 2018". archive.stats.govt.nz.
  6. ^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2018 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018. For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-18 (2017 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Ariā SNZ". aria.stats.govt.nz.