Urban rail transit in China

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Map of cities in mainland China, China's SARs with rapid transit, commuter rail and light rail systems. The two higher-resolution maps to the left show the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions.
  Operational systems
  Under-construction systems

Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev.[1] Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. By the end of 2016, there were 30 metro systems in Mainland China with a total combined length of 3,586 km (2,228 mi).[2][3] Today China boasts the world's longest, second and fourth longest metro systems.[4][5][6] The Shanghai Metro only started operating in 1993 and has since expanded to be the world's longest subway system.[4][5][7] Half of the top ten busiest metro systems in the world are in China.[8] As of January 2016, 39 cities have metro systems approved according to the National Development and Reform Commission. China plans to spend 4.7 trillion yuan ($706 billion) on transport infrastructure in the three years following 2016.[9] As of early 2017, China has 5,636.5 km (3,502.4 mi) of under construction rail transit lines.[3]

History[edit]

Several Chinese cities had urban electric tramways in the early 20th century, which were dismantled in the 1950s-1970s. Nanjing had an urban railway from 1907 to 1958. The first subway in China was built in Beijing in 1969. The Tianjin Metro followed in 1984. Hong Kong, at the time still under British colonial rule, completed its first section of subway in 1979. Today, Hong Kong's MTR Corporation has investment, consulting and management stakes in the rapid transit systems of several mainland Chinese cities.

The rapid growth of the Chinese economy since the 1980s has created a huge surge in demand for urban transport. This prompted cities across China to pursue and draft proposals for subway networks, with Shanghai and Guangzhou opening their first sections of subway in the 90s, inspiring more cities to propose subway networks. In 1995, the Central Government, alarmed by the high cost and financial debt from these ambitious subway plans, put out a "notice on the suspension of approval of urban underground rapid rail transit projects" barring new subway systems outside of Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou and Shanghai from being built.[10] At the time Nanjing, Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian and Shenzhen had advanced proposals waiting to be approved. Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian managed to circumvent the moratorium on subway construction by constructing and opening lower cost elevated lines, light metros, and monorails in the early 2000s. Rapid urbanization of China lead to severe congestion and pollution in urban areas leading to the suspension being lifted. Initially, light metro lines using small profile and shorter rolling stock were constructed to reduce costs. It was assumed that as ridership grows the line will operate trains at a low headway to increase capacity. This design paradigm was known in China as "small groups, high density" operation.[11][12][13] However, after a few years operating, many of these lines such as Guangzhou Metro Line 3, Line 6, Shanghai Metro Line 6, and Line 8 were severely overcapacity. Guangzhou Metro Line 3 was able to reconfigure from 3-car trains into 6-car trains to slightly relieve overcapacity. This led many cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Chengdu to use higher capacity designs on newer lines.

Since the mid-2000s, the growth of rapid transit systems in Chinese cities has rapidly accelerated, with most of the world's new subway mileage in the past decade opening in China.[14][4][15][16] From 2009 to 2015, China built 87 mass transit rail lines, totaling 3,100 km (1,900 mi), in 25 cities at the cost of ¥988.6 billion.[17] In 2016, the Chinese government lowered the minimum population criteria for a city to start planning a metro system from 3 million to 1.5 million residents.[18] As part of its 13th Five Year Plan, the Chinese government published a transport whitepaper titled "Development of China's Transport". The plan envisions a more sustainable transport system with priority focused on high-capacity public transit particularly urban rail transit and bus rapid transit. All cities with over 3 million residents will start or continue to develop urban rail networks. Regional rail networks will be constructed internally connect and integrate urban agglomerations such as the Jingjinji, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta areas.[19][20] In 2017, some 43 smaller third-tier cities in China have received approval to develop subway lines.[21]

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

Stats[edit]

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

urban rapid transit systems
System Locale Lines Stations Length (km) Commencement Annual ridership Busiest station
Beijing Subway Beijing Subway (BeijingMTRicon.svg BeijingMTROA.svg BeijingABC.svg) Beijing 21[a] 362[a] 599.4[a] 1969-10-01[b][a] 3777 million (2017)[22] Xizhimen (2017)[22]
Changchun Subway Changchun Subway Changchun 4[c] 59[c] 68.8[c] 2011-06-30[d] 0090 million (2017)[22] Changchun Railway Station (2017)[22]
Changsha Metro Changsha Metro Changsha 2 43 50.148 2014-04-29 0233 million (2017)[22][e] Wuyi Square (2017)[22]
Changsha Maglev Express ChangshaMaglev.svg Changsha 1 3 18.7 2016-05-06 Changshanan
Changzhou Metro ChangzhouMetro.svg[f] Changzhou 1 30 34.0 2019-??-??
Chengdu Metro Chengdu Metro Chengdu 6 151 196.5 2010-09-27 0782 million (2017)[22] Chunxi Road (2017)[22]
Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing 6 155 263.5 2004-11-06 0743 million (2017)[22] Guanyinqiao (2017)[22]
Dalian Metro Dalian Metro (Dalian Kuaigui Logo.svg) Dalian 4 69 153.54 2002-11-08 0157 million (2017)[22] Xi'an Road (2017)[22]
Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan 1 15 37.743 2016-05-27 0038 million (2017)[22] Humen Railway Station (2017)[22]
Foshan Metro Foshan Metro (Guangfo Metro icon.svg) Foshan & Guangzhou 1 22 34.4 2010-11-03 0110 million (2017)[23] Zumiao (2017)[23]
Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou 1 21 24.89 2016-05-16 0049 million (2017)[22] Fuzhou South Railway Station (2017)[22]
Guang'an Metro Guang'an Metro logo.svg[f] Guang'an 1 7 9.955 2018-??-??
Guangzhou Metro Guangzhou Metro (Guangfo Metro icon.svg) Guangzhou 12[g][h] 212[i][h] 357.2 [j][h] 1997-06-28 2805 million (2017)[22][k][h] Tiyu Xilu (2017)[22]
Guiyang Metro Guiyang Metro Guiyang 1 10 12.83 2017-12-28 0000.05 million (2017)[22] Guiyangbei Railway Station (2017)[22]
Hangzhou Metro Hangzhou Metro (Hangzhou MTR Logo.svg) Hangzhou 3 84 117.3 2012-11-24 0339 million (2017)[22] East Railway Station (2017)[22]
Harbin Metro Harbin Metro Harbin 2 21 21.14 2013-09-26 0113 million (2017)[22] The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (2017)[22]
Hefei Metro Hefei Metro Hefei 2 47 52.4 2016-12-26 0042 million (2017)[22] Dadongmen (2017)[22]
Mass Transit Railway MTR (KCR logo.svg) Hong Kong 11 93 184.7 1979-10-01[l] 1767 million (2017)[R 1][R Nb 1] Admiralty
Jinan Metro JinanMetro.svg[f] Jinan 1 11 26.1 2019-01-??
Kunming Rail Transit Kunming Rail Transit Kunming 4 60 87.2 2012-06-28 0124 million (2017)[22] Dongfeng Square (2017)[22]
Lanzhou Metro LanzhouRailTransit.png[f] Lanzhou 1 20 25.4 2018-??-??
Macau Light Rapid Transit Macau LRT logo.png[f] Macau 1 11 9.3 2019-??-??
Nanchang Metro Nanchang Metro Nanchang 2 41 48.3 2015-12-26 0109 million (2017)[22] Metro Central (2017)[22]
Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing 10 173 377.24 2005-09-03 0977 million (2017)[22] Xinjiekou (2017)[22]
Nanning Rail Transit Nanning Rail Transit Nanning 2 43 53.3 2016-06-28 0097 million (2017)[22] Chaoyang Square (2017)[22]
Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo 2 51 75 2014-05-30 0112 million (2017)[22] Gulou (2017)[22]
Qingdao Metro Qingdao Metro Qingdao 3 59 102.580 2015-12-16 0065 million (2017)[22] May 4th Square (2017)[22]
Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro (Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg Shanghai Keolis.svg) Shanghai & Kunshan 16 392 652.3 1993-05-28 3537 million (2017)[22] People's Square (2017)[22]
Shanghai Maglev Train Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg Shanghai 1 2 30.5 2002-12-31 Longyang Road
Shenyang Metro Shenyang Metro Shenyang 2 48 59.4 2010-09-27 0319 million (2017)[22] Qingnian Avenue (2017)[22]
Shenzhen Metro Shenzhen Metro (MTR Corporation icon.svg Shenzhen Metro No.3 Line logo.svg) Shenzhen 8 199 286.2 2004-12-28 1446 million (2017)[22] Laojie (2017)[22]
Shijiazhuang Metro Shijiazhuang Metro Shijiazhuang 2 26 28.33 2017-06-26 0040 million (2017)[22] Xinbaiguangchang (2017)[22]
Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou 3 97 118.9 2012-04-28 0248 million (2017)[22] Suzhou Railway Station (2017)[22]
Tianjin Metro Tianjin Metro (Tianjin Metro Group Co., Ltd.) (Tianjin Rail Transit logo.svg Binhai Mass Transit Development Corporation logo.svg) Tianjin 6 152 219.8 1984-12-28[m] 0351 million (2017)[22] Tianjinzhan (2017)[22]
uÜrümqi Metro Ürümqi Metro logo.svg Ürümqi 1 12 16.5 2018-10-25
Wenzhou Metro WenzhouRailway.svg[f] Wenzhou 1 21 53.8 2018-??-??
Wuhan Metro Wuhan Metro Wuhan 9 199 283.558 2004-07-24 0926 million (2017)[22] Jianghan Road (2017)[22]
Wuxi Metro Wuxi Metro Wuxi 2 46 56 2014-07-01 0092 million (2017)[22] Sanyang Plaza (2017)[22]
Xi'an Metro Xi'an Metro Xi'an 3 66 90 2011-09-16 0605 million (2017)[22] Beida Jie (2017)[22]
Xiamen Metro Xiamen Metro Xiamen 1 24 30.3 2017-12-31 0000.2 million (2017) Zhenhai Road (2017)
Xuzhou Metro XuzhouMetro.svg[f] Xuzhou 1 18 21.9 2019-??-??
Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou & Xinzheng 3 61 93.7 2013-12-26 0252 million (2017)[22] Erqiguangchang (2017)[22]
  1. ^ a b c d Not including Xijiao Line, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  2. ^ Open for public operation on 15 January 1971 (1971-01-15).
  3. ^ a b c Not including Line 3, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  4. ^ Changchun Subway officially opened on 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) as a light rail transit system.
  5. ^ Changsha Maglev Express is excluded.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Currently under debugging or trials.
  7. ^ 13, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  8. ^ a b c d Not including Haizhu Tram (THZ1), which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  9. ^ 230, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  10. ^ 391.8, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  11. ^ Guangfo line is excluded. Also see Foshan Metro.
  12. ^ The Kowloon–Canton Railway (Current East Rail Line/ERL) begin operation single track on 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01). Begin operation on 1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) as MTR Corporation and 24 December 1982 (1982-12-24) as KCRC. ERL electrification completed by 16 July 1983 (1983-07-16). ERL double-track completed by 27 February 1984 (1984-02-27). KCRC operations taken over by MTR on 2 December 2007 (2007-12-02).
  13. ^ The system was closed on 1 September 2001 (2001-09-01) for renovation and reopened on 12 June 2006 (2006-06-12).
  1. ^ Note that:
    1. Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year
    2. The ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary".
    3. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.

Operational lines[edit]

Operational lines
Livery Line System Length Stations Car configuration Stock size Commencement
01Line 1 Beijing 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[24] 23 6 B1 1971-01-15
02Line 2 Beijing 23.0 km (14.3 mi)[24] 18 6 B1 1987-12-28
04Line 4 Beijing 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[24] 24 6 B1 2009-09-28
05Line 5 Beijing 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[24] 23 6 B1 2007-10-07
06Line 6 Beijing 43.0 km (26.7 mi)[24] 27 8 B2 2012-12-30
07Line 7 Beijing 24.0 km (14.9 mi)[24] 19 8 B1 2014-12-28
08Line 8 Beijing 29.0 km (18.0 mi)[24] 18 6 B1 2008-07-19
09Line 9 Beijing 17.0 km (10.6 mi)[24] 12 6 B1 2011-12-31
10Line 10 Beijing 57.0 km (35.4 mi)[24] 45 6 B1 2008-07-19
13Line 13 Beijing 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[24] 16 6 B1 2002-09-22
14Line 14 Beijing 43.8 km (27.2 mi)[24] 28 6 A 2013-05-05
15Line 15 Beijing 43.0 km (26.7 mi)[24] 18 6 B1 2010-12-30
16Line 16 Beijing 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[24] 9 8 A 2016-12-31
99s1S1 line Beijing 08.25 km (5.13 mi)[24] 7 6 z-maglevML 2017-12-30
Airport Express Beijing 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[24] 4 4 LB 2008-07-19
Batong line Beijing 19.0 km (11.8 mi)[24] 13 6 B1 2003-12-27
Daxing line Beijing 21.8 km (13.5 mi)[24] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Changping line Beijing 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[24] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Fangshan line Beijing 25.0 km (15.5 mi)[24] 12 6 B1 2010-12-30
Yanfang line Beijing 14.4 km (8.9 mi)[25] 9 4 B1 2017-12-30
Yizhuang line Beijing 23.0 km (14.3 mi)[24] 13 6 B1 2010-12-28
01Line 1 Changchun 18.1 km (11.2 mi)[24] 15 6 B2 2017-06-30
02Line 2 Changchun 20.5 km (12.7 mi) 19 6 B2 2018-08-30
04Line 4 Changchun 16.0 km (9.9 mi)[24] 16 3/5/6 C 2011-06-30
08Line 8 Changchun 13.4 km (8.3 mi) 13 6 C 2018-10-30
01Line 1 Changsha 23.6 km (14.7 mi)[24] 20 6 B2 2016-06-28
02Line 2 Changsha 26.6 km (16.5 mi)[24] 23 6 B2 2014-04-29
04Line 4 (Debugging/trials) Changsha 33.5 km (20.8 mi) 24 6 B2 2018-??-??
Maglev Express Changsha ML 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[24] 3 3 z-maglevML 2016-05-06
01Line 1 (Debugging/trials) Changzhou 34.0 km (21.1 mi) 30 6 B? 2019-??-??
01Line 1 Chengdu 40.99 km (25.47 mi)[24] 35 6 B2 2010-09-27
02Line 2 Chengdu 41.8 km (26.0 mi)[24] 32 6 B2 2012-09-16
03Line 3 Chengdu 19.5 km (12.1 mi)[24] 17 6 B2 2016-07-31
04Line 4 Chengdu 42.3 km (26.3 mi)[24][25] 30 6 B2 2015-12-26
05Line 5 (Debugging/trials) Chengdu 49.0 km (30.4 mi) 41 8 A 2019-??-??
07Line 7 Chengdu 38.6 km (24.0 mi)[25] 31 6 A 2017-12-06
10Line 10 Chengdu 09.9 km (6.2 mi)[25] 6 6 A 2017-09-06
01Line 1 Chongqing 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[24] 23 6 B2 2011-07-28
02Line 2 Chongqing 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[24] 25 4/6 z-monorailHL 2005-06-18
03Line 3 Chongqing 67.1 km (41.7 mi)[24] 45 6/8 z-monorailHL 2011-09-29
04Line 4 (Debugging/trials) Chongqing 19.5 km (12.1 mi) 9 6 AS 2018-??-??
05Line 5 Chongqing 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[25] 10 6 AS 2017-12-28
06Line 6 Chongqing 75.9 km (47.2 mi)[24] 18 6 B2 2012-09-28
10Line 10 Chongqing 34.3 km (21.3 mi)[25] 19 6 AS 2017-12-28
Loop line (Debugging/trials) Chongqing 30.09 km (18.70 mi) 20 6 A 2018-??-??
01Line 1 Dalian 28.4 km (17.6 mi)[24][25] 22 6 B2 2015-10-30
02Line 2 Dalian 25.7 km (16.0 mi)[24][25] 21 6 B2 2015-05-22
03Line 3 Dalian 63.2 km (39.3 mi)[24] 18 2/4 B2 2002-11-08
12Line 12 Dalian 40.3 km (25.0 mi)[24][25] 8 4 B2 2013-12-30
13Line 13 (Debugging/trials) Dalian 42.8 km (26.6 mi) 11 4 B2 2019-??-??
02Line 2 Dongguan 37.8 km (23.5 mi)[24] 15 6 B2 2016-05-27
01Line 1 Fuzhou 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[24][25] 21 6 B2 2016-05-18
02Line 2 (Debugging/trials) Fuzhou 30.6 km (19.0 mi) 22 2019-??-??
01Line 1 (Debugging/trials) Guang'an 09.955 km (6.186 mi) 7 3 z-skyrailS 2018-??-??
01Line 1 Guangzhou 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[24] 16 6 A 1997-06-28
02Line 2 Guangzhou 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[24] 24 6 A 2002-12-29
03Line 3 Guangzhou 68.5 km (42.6 mi)[24] 30 6 B2 2005-12-26
04Line 4 Guangzhou 60.04 km (37.31 mi)[24][25] 23 4 LB 2005-12-26
05Line 5 Guangzhou 31.5 km (19.6 mi)[24] 24 6 LB 2009-12-28
06Line 6 Guangzhou 41.4 km (25.7 mi)[24] 31 4 LB 2013-12-28
07Line 7 Guangzhou 18.6 km (11.6 mi)[24] 9 6 B2 2016-12-28
08Line 8 Guangzhou 14.2 km (8.8 mi)[24] 13 6 A 2010-09-25
09Line 9 Guangzhou 20.1 km (12.5 mi)[25] 11 6 B2 2017-12-28
13Line 13 Guangzhou 27.0 km (16.8 mi)[25] 11 8 A 2017-12-28
14Line 14 Guangzhou 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[25] 10 6 B1 2017-12-28
21Line 21 (Debugging/trials) Guangzhou 23.8 km (14.8 mi) 8 6 B1 2018-12-??
Zhujiang New Town APM line Guangzhou 03.9 km (2.4 mi)[24] 9 2 z-people_moverP 2010-11-08
Guangfo line Foshan (Guangfo) 33.5 km (20.8 mi)[24] 22 4 B2 2010-09-25
01Line 1 Guiyang 12.9 km (8.0 mi)[25] 10 6 B2 2017-12-28
01Line 1 Hangzhou 53.6 km (33.3 mi)[24] 34 6 B2 2012-11-24
02Line 2 Hangzhou 42.9 km (26.7 mi)[24][25] 32 6 B2 2014-11-24
04Line 4 Hangzhou 20.8 km (12.9 mi)[24] 18 6 B2 2015-02-02
05Line 5 (Debugging/trials) Hangzhou 51.6 km (32.1 mi) 40 6 B2 2019-??-??
Lin'an line (Debugging/trials) Hangzhou 34.7 km (21.6 mi) 12 6 B2 2019-??-??
01Line 1 Harbin 17.2 km (10.7 mi)[24] 18 6 B2 2013-09-26
03Line 3 Harbin 04.5 km (2.8 mi)[25] 3 6 B2 2017-01-26
01Line 1 Hefei 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[24] 23 6 B2 2016-12-26
02Line 2 Hefei 27.8 km (17.3 mi)[25] 24 6 B2 2017-12-26
03Line 3 (Debugging/trials) Hefei 37.5 km (23.3 mi) 23 2019-??-??
Airport Express Hong Kong 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 5 8 AzA* 1998-07-06
Disneyland Resort line Hong Kong 03.3 km (2.1 mi) 2 4 AzA* 2005-08-01
East Rail line Hong Kong 41.1 km (25.5 mi) 14 12 AzA* 1984-02-27[H 1]
Island line Hong Kong 16.3 km (10.1 mi) 16 8 AzA* 1985-05-31
Kwun Tong line Hong Kong 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 17 8 AzA* 1979-10-01
Ma On Shan line Hong Kong 11.4 km (7.1 mi) 9 4/8 AzA* 2004-12-21
South Island line Hong Kong 07.4 km (4.6 mi) 5 3 AzA* 2016-12-28
Tseung Kwan O line Hong Kong 11.9 km (7.4 mi) 8 8 AzA* 2002-08-04
Tsuen Wan line Hong Kong 16.0 km (9.9 mi) 16 8 AzA* 1979-12-31
Tung Chung line Hong Kong 31.1 km (19.3 mi) 8 8 AzA* 1998-06-21
West Rail line Hong Kong 35.4 km (22.0 mi) 12 8 AzA* 2003-12-20
99r1Line R1 (Debugging/trials) Jinan 26.1 km (16.2 mi) 11 6 B1 2019-01-??
01Line 1 Kunming 34.9 km (21.7 mi)[24] 22 6 B1 2013-05-20
02Line 2 Kunming 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[24] 13 6 B1 2014-04-30
03Line 3 Kunming 22.7 km (14.1 mi)[25] 20 6 B1 2017-08-29
06Line 6 Kunming 17.1 km (10.6 mi)[24] 4 6 B1 2012-06-28
01Line 1 (Debugging/trials) Lanzhou 25.44 km (15.81 mi) 20 6 A 2018-12-??
Taipa line (Debugging/trials) Macau 09.3 km (5.8 mi) 11 4 P 2019-??-??
01Line 1 Nanchang 28.8 km (17.9 mi)[24] 24 6 B2 2015-12-26
01Line 2 Nanchang 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[25] 17 6 B2 2017-08-18
01Line 1 Nanjing 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[24] 27 6 A 2005-09-03
02Line 2 Nanjing 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[24] 26 6 A 2010-05-28
03Line 3 Nanjing 44.9 km (27.9 mi)[24] 29 6 A 2015-04-01
04Line 4 Nanjing 33.7 km (20.9 mi)[25] 18 6 B2 2017-01-18
10Line 10 Nanjing 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[24] 14 6 A 2014-07-01
99s1Line S1 Nanjing 36.3 km (22.6 mi)[24] 9 6 B2 2014-07-01
99s3Line S3 Nanjing 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[25] 19 6 B2 2017-12-06
99s7Line S7 Nanjing 30.4 km (18.9 mi) 9 4 B2 2018-05-26
99s8Line S8 Nanjing 45.2 km (28.1 mi)[24] 26 4 B2 2014-08-01
99s9Line S9 Nanjing 52.4 km (32.6 mi)[25] 6 3 B2 2017-12-30
01Line 1 Nanning 32.1 km (19.9 mi)[24] 25 6 B2 2016-06-28
02Line 2 Nanning 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[25] 18 6 B2 2017-12-28
03Line 3 (Debugging/trials) Nanning 27.9 km (17.3 mi) 23 6 B2 2019-??-??
01Line 1 Ningbo 46.2 km (28.7 mi)[24] 29 6 B2 2014-05-30
02Line 2 Ningbo 28.3 km (17.6 mi)[24] 22 6 B2 2015-09-26
03Line 3 (Debugging/trials) Ningbo 16.8 km (10.4 mi) 15 6 B2 2019-??-??
Fenghua line (Debugging/trials) Ningbo 4.39 km (2.73 mi) 4 6 B2 2019-??-??
02Line 2 Qingdao 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[25] 18 6 B1 2017-12-10
03Line 3 Qingdao 24.5 km (15.2 mi)[24] 22 6 B1 2015-12-16
11Line 11 Qingdao 54.4 km (33.8 mi) 21 4 B1 2018-04-23
13Line 13 (Debugging/trials) Qingdao 70.3 km (43.7 mi) 22 4 B2 2018-12-??
01Line 1 Shanghai 36.9 km (22.9 mi)[24] 28 8 A 1993-05-28
02Line 2 Shanghai 60.3 km (37.5 mi)[24] 30 4/8 A 2000-06-11
03Line 3 Shanghai 40.2 km (25.0 mi)[24] 29 6 A 2000-12-26
04Line 4 Shanghai 33.8 km (21.0 mi)[24] 26 8 A 2005-12-31
05Line 5 Shanghai 16.6 km (10.3 mi)[24] 11 4 C 2003-11-25
06Line 6 Shanghai 32.7 km (20.3 mi)[24] 28 4 C 2007-12-29
07Line 7 Shanghai 43.9 km (27.3 mi)[24] 32 6 A 2009-12-05
08Line 8 Shanghai 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[24] 30 6/7 C 2007-12-29
09Line 9 Shanghai 63.9 km (39.7 mi)[24][25] 35 6 A 2007-12-29
10Line 10 Shanghai 35.2 km (21.9 mi)[24] 31 6 A 2010-04-10
11Line 11 Shanghai 81.4 km (50.6 mi)[24] 38 6 A 2009-12-31
12Line 12 Shanghai 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[24] 32 6 A 2013-12-29
13Line 13 Shanghai 21.9 km (13.6 mi)[24] 19 6 A 2012-12-30
16Line 16 Shanghai 58.8 km (36.5 mi)[24] 13 3/6 A 2013-12-29
17Line 17 Shanghai 34.7 km (21.6 mi)[24] 13 6 A 2017-12-30
Pujiang line Shanghai 06.6 km (4.1 mi) 6 4 z-people_moverP 2018-03-31
Maglev line Shanghai ML 30.0 km (18.6 mi)[24] 2 5 z-maglevMH 2004-01-01
01Line 1 Shenyang 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[24] 22 6 B2 2009-09-23
02Line 2 Shenyang 33.06 km (20.54 mi)[24] 26 6 B2 2012-01-08
09Line 9 (Debugging/trials) Shenyang 37.2 km (23.1 mi) 23 6 B2 2019-??-??
10Line 10 (Debugging/trials) Shenyang 27.21 km (16.91 mi) 21 6 B2 2019-??-??
01Line 1 Shenzhen 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[24] 30 6 A 2004-12-28
02Line 2 Shenzhen 35.8 km (22.2 mi)[24] 29 6 A 2010-12-08
03Line 3 Shenzhen 41.6 km (25.8 mi)[24] 30 6 B1 2010-12-28
04Line 4 Shenzhen 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[24] 15 6 A 2004-12-28
05Line 5 Shenzhen 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[24] 27 6 A 2011-06-22
07Line 7 Shenzhen 30.2 km (18.8 mi)[24] 28 6 A 2016-10-28
09Line 9 Shenzhen 25.4 km (15.8 mi)[24] 22 6 A 2016-10-28
11Line 11 Shenzhen 51.9 km (32.2 mi)[24] 18 8 A 2016-06-28
20Line 20 (Debugging/trials) Shenzhen 08.36 km (5.19 mi) 5 6 A 2018-??-??
01Line 1 Shijiazhuang 23.1 km (14.4 mi)[25] 20 6 A 2017-06-26
03Line 3 Shijiazhuang 05.3 km (3.3 mi)[25] 6 6 A 2017-06-26
01Line 1 Suzhou 25.7 km (16.0 mi)[24] 24 4 B1 2012-04-28
02Line 2 Suzhou 42.2 km (26.2 mi)[24] 35 5 B1 2013-12-28
03Line 3 (Debugging/trials) Suzhou 45.2 km (28.1 mi) 37 6 B1 2019-??-??
04Line 4 Suzhou 52.8 km (32.8 mi)[25] 37 6 B1 2017-04-15
01Line 1 Tianjin 26.2 km (16.3 mi)[24] 22 6 B1 1984-12-28
02Line 2 Tianjin 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[24] 19 6 B1 2012-07-01
03Line 3 Tianjin 33.6 km (20.9 mi)[24] 26 6 B1 2012-10-01
05Line 5 Tianjin 33 km (21 mi) 26 6 B2 2018-10-22
06Line 6 Tianjin 45 km (28 mi)[24] 39 6 B2 2016-08-06
09Line 9 Tianjin 52.2 km (32.4 mi)[24] 21 4 B2 2004-03-28
01Line 1 Ürümqi 16.5 km (10.3 mi) 12 6 B2 2018-10-25
99s1Line S1 (Debugging/trials) Wenzhou 53.86 km (33.47 mi) 21 4 z-high-speed6S 2018-10-??
01Line 1 Wuhan 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[24][25] 30 4 B1 2004-07-28
02Line 2 Wuhan 47.5 km (29.5 mi)[24] 28 6 B1 2012-12-28
03Line 3 Wuhan 30.1 km (18.7 mi)[24] 24 6 B1 2015-12-28
04Line 4 Wuhan 31.9 km (19.8 mi)[24] 28 6 B1 2013-12-28
06Line 6 Wuhan 36.1 km (22.4 mi)[24] 27 6 A 2016-12-28
07Line 7 Wuhan 30.4 km (18.9 mi) 19 6 A 2018-10-01
08Line 8 Wuhan 16.7 km (10.4 mi)[25] 12 6 A 2017-12-26
11Line 11 Wuhan 18.7 km (11.6 mi) 13 6 A 2018-10-01
Yangluo line Wuhan 35.0 km (21.7 mi)[25] 15 4 A 2017-12-26
01Line 1 Wuxi 29.4 km (18.3 mi)[24] 24 6 B1 2014-07-01
02Line 2 Wuxi 26.3 km (16.3 mi)[24] 24 6 B1 2014-12-28
01Line 1 Xi'an 24.8 km (15.4 mi)[24] 19 6 B2 2013-09-15
02Line 2 Xi'an 26.1 km (16.2 mi)[24] 21 6 B2 2011-09-16
03Line 3 Xi'an 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[24] 26 6 B2 2016-10-15
04Line 4 (Debugging/trials) Xi'an 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 29 6 B2 2018-??-??
14Line 14 (Debugging/trials) Xi'an 23.1 km (14.4 mi) 8 6 B2 2018-??-??
01Line 1 Xiamen 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[25] 24 6 B2 2017-12-31
02Line 2 (Debugging/trials) Xiamen 25.2 km (15.7 mi) 24 6 B2 2019-??-??
01Line 1 (Debugging/trials) Xuzhou 21.9 km (13.6 mi) 18 6 B? 2019-??-??
01Line 1 Zhengzhou 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[24][25] 30 6 B2 2013-12-26
02Line 2 Zhengzhou 20.0 km (12.4 mi)[24] 16 6 B2 2016-08-19
05Line 5 (Debugging/trials) Zhengzhou 41.8 km (26.0 mi) 31 6 A 2019-??-??
Chengjiao line Zhengzhou 30.9 km (19.2 mi)[25] 15 6 B2 2017-01-12

Commencement dates of lines and extensions[edit]

lines and extensions by commencement date
Line Extension Section Commencement Length
     Line 1 (Beijing Subway) Pingguoyuan Gucheng 1973-04-23 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Gucheng Yuquanlu 1971-11-07 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Yuquanlu Gongzhufen 1971-08-05 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Gongzhufen Nanlishilu 1969-10-01 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Nanlishilu Fuxingmen 1987-12-28 00.4 km (0.25 mi)
Fuxingmen Xidan 1992-09-12 01.6 km (0.99 mi)
Xidan Tian'anmen West 2000-06-28 01.3 km (0.81 mi)
Tian'anmen West Sihui East 1999-09-28 10.1 km (6.28 mi)
     Line 2 (Beijing Subway) Changchunjie Beijing Railway Station 1987-12-28[H 2] 06.1 km (3.79 mi)
Beijing Railway Station Jianguomen 1987-12-28 01.0 km (0.62 mi)
Jianguomen Fuxingmen 1984-09-20 15.2 km (9.44 mi)
Fuxingmen Changchunjie 1987-12-28 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 4 (Beijing Subway) Anheqiao North Gongyixiqiao 2009-09-28 28.2 km (17.52 mi)
     Line 5 (Beijing Subway) Tiantongyuan North Songjiazhuang 2007-10-07 27.6 km (17.15 mi)
     Line 6 (Beijing Subway) Jin'anqiao Haidian Wuluju 2018-??-?[26] 10.560 km (6.56 mi)
Haidian Wuluju Caofang 2012-12-30 29.882 km (18.57 mi)
Caofang Lucheng 2014-12-28 12.751 km (7.92 mi)
     Line 7 (Beijing Subway) Beijing West Railway Station Jiaohuachang 2014-12-28 23.7 km (14.73 mi)
     Line 8 (Beijing Subway) Zhuxinzhuang Huilongguan Dongdajie 2013-12-28 06.359 km (3.95 mi)
Huilongguan Dongdajie South Gate of Forest Park 2011-12-31 10.700 km (6.65 mi)
South Gate of Forest Park Beitucheng 2008-07-19 03.583 km (2.23 mi)
Beitucheng Guloudajie 2012-12-30 03.375 km (2.10 mi)
Guloudajie Nanluoguxiang 2013-12-28 02.090 km (1.30 mi)
Nanluoguxiang National Art Museum 2018-12-28[27][26] 01.5 km (0.93 mi)
Zhushikou Yinghai 2018-12-28[27][26] 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
     Line 9 (Beijing Subway) National Library Beijing West Railway Station 2012-12-30 10.282 km (6.39 mi)
Beijing West Railway Station Guogongzhuang 2011-12-31 05.349 km (3.32 mi)
     Line 10 (Beijing Subway) Xiju Bagou 2012-12-30 13.843 km (8.60 mi)
Bagou Jinsong 2008-07-19 24.680 km (15.34 mi)
Jinsong Shoujingmao 2012-12-30 15.932 km (9.90 mi)
Shoujingmao Xiju 2013-05-05 03.420 km (2.13 mi)
     Line 13 (Beijing Subway) Xizhimen Huoying 2002-09-28 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huoying Dongzhimen 2003-01-28 20.0 km (12.43 mi)
     Line 14 (Beijing Subway) Zhangguozhuang Xiju 2013-05-05 11.03 km (6.85 mi)
Beijing South Railway Station Jintailu 2015-12-26 13.66 km (8.49 mi)
Jintailu Shangezhuang 2014-12-28 14.90 km (9.26 mi)
     Line 15 (Beijing Subway) Qinghuadongluxikou Wangjing West 2014-12-28 09.944 km (6.18 mi)
Wangjing West Houshayu 2010-12-30 17.725 km (11.01 mi)
Houshayu Fengbo 2011-12-31 11.060 km (6.87 mi)
     Line 16 (Beijing Subway) Bei'anhe Xiyuan 2016-12-31 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
     S1 line (Beijing Subway) Shichang Jin'anqiao 2017-12-30 08.25 km (5.13 mi)
     Airport Express (Beijing Subway) Dongzhimen Terminal 3/Terminal 2 2008-07-19 28.5 km (17.71 mi)
     Batong line Sihui Tuqiao 2003-12-27 18.9 km (11.74 mi)
     Changping line Changping Xishankou Nanshao 2015-12-26 20.9 km (12.99 mi)
Nanshao Xi'erqi 2010-12-30 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
     Daxing line Gongyixiqiao Tiangongyuan 2010-12-30 21.7 km (13.48 mi)
     Fangshan line Guogongzhuang Dabaotai 2011-12-31 1.37 km (0.85 mi)
Dabaotai Suzhuang 2010-12-30 21.71 km (13.49 mi)
Suzhuang Yancun East 2017-12-30 02.320 km (1.44 mi)
     Yanfang line Yancun East Yanshan 2017-12-30 13.37 km (8.31 mi)
     Yizhuang line Songjiazhuang Ciqu 2010-12-30 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
     Line 1 (Changchun Subway) North Ring Road Hongzuizi 2017-06-30 16.3 km (10.13 mi)
     Line 2 (Changchun Subway) Shuangfeng Dongfang Square 2018-08-30 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
     Line 4 (Changchun Subway) Changchun Railway Station (N) Dongdaqiao 2012-05-07 03.3 km (2.05 mi)
Dongdaqiao Chechang 2011-06-30 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 8 (Changchun Subway) North Ring Road Guangtong Road 2018-10-30 13.4 km (8.33 mi)
     Line 1 (Changsha Metro) Kaifu District Government Shangshuangtang 2016-06-28 23.55 km (14.63 mi)
     Line 2 (Changsha Metro) West Meixi Lake Wangchengpo 2015-12-28 04.279 km (2.66 mi)
Wangchengpo Guangda 2014-04-29 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
     Line 4 (Changsha Metro) Guanziling Dujiaping 2018-??-?? 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Changsha Maglev Express Changshanan Changsha Huanghua Airport 2016-05-06 18.55 km (11.53 mi)
     Line 1 (Changzhou Metro) Chuanjiang Nanxiashu 2019-??-?? 34.02 km (21.14 mi)
     Line 1 (Chengdu Metro) Weijianian Shengxian Lake 2018-03-18 1.46 km (0.91 mi)
Shengxian Lake Century City 2010-09-27 18.5 km (11.50 mi)
Century City Guangdu 2015-07-25 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Guangdu Wugensong 2018-03-18 1.21 km (0.75 mi)
Sihe Science City 2018-03-18 14.33 km (8.90 mi)
     Line 2 (Chengdu Metro) Xipu Chadianzi Bus Terminal 2013-06-08 08.8 km (5.47 mi)
Chadianzi Bus Terminal Chengdu Institute of Public Administration 2012-09-16 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Chengdu Institute of Public Administration Longquanyi 2014-10-26 11.1 km (6.90 mi)
     Line 3 (Chengdu Metro) Chengdu Medical College Chengdu Junqu General Hospital 2018-??-?? 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
Chengdu Junqu General Hospital Taipingyuan 2016-07-31 20.33 km (12.63 mi)
Taipingyuan Shuangliu West Station 2018-??-?? 12.3 km (7.64 mi)
     Line 4 (Chengdu Metro) Wansheng Intangible Cultural Heritage Park 2017-06-02 10.8 km (6.71 mi)
Intangible Cultural Heritage Park Wannianchang 2015-12-26 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Wannianchang Xihe 2017-06-02 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 5 (Chengdu Metro) Huagui Road Huilong 2019-??-?? 49.01 km (30.45 mi)
     Line 7 (Chengdu Metro) North Railway Station North Railway Station 2017-12-06 38.61 km (23.99 mi)
     Line 10 (Chengdu Metro) Taipingyuan Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport 2017-09-06 10.9 km (6.77 mi)
Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport Xinping 2019-??-?? 27.25 km (16.93 mi)
     Line 1 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Xiaoshizi Jiaochangkou 2011-09-27 01.4 km (0.87 mi)
Jiaochangkou Shapingba 2011-07-28 14.2 km (8.82 mi)
Shapingba Daxuecheng 2012-12-21 19.7 km (12.24 mi)
Daxuecheng Jiandingpo 2014-12-30 01.9 km (1.18 mi)
     Line 2 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Jiaochangkou Daping 2004-12-11 07.66 km (4.76 mi)
Daping Chongqing Zoo 2004-11-06 04.95 km (3.08 mi)
Chongqing Zoo Xinshancun 2006-07-01 05.54 km (3.44 mi)
Xinshancun Yudong 2014-12-31 13.15 km (8.17 mi)
     Line 3 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Yudong Ertang 2012-12-28 16.197 km (10.06 mi)
Ertang Lianglukou 2011-12-30 08.66 km (5.38 mi)
Lianglukou Yuanyang 2011-09-29 17.323 km (10.76 mi)
Yuanyang Changfulu 2011-10-08 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Changfulu Jiangbei Airport 2011-12-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Bijin Jurenba 2016-12-28 11.0 km (6.84 mi)
     Line 4 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Min'an Avenue Tangjiatuo 2018-??-?? 15.6 km (9.69 mi)
     Line 5 (Chongqing Rail Transit) The EXPO Garden Center Dashiba 2017-12-28 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Dashiba Tiaodeng 2019-??-?? 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Tiaodeng Shengquansi 2019-??-?? 31.3 km (19.45 mi)
     Line 6 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chayuan Wulidian 2014-12-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Wulidian Kangzhuang 2012-09-28 13.91 km (8.64 mi)
Kangzhuang Lijia 2012-12-26 03.9 km (2.42 mi)
Lijia Yuelai 2013-05-15 12.1 km (7.52 mi)
Lijia Beibei 2013-12-31 23.4 km (14.54 mi)
     Line 10 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Wangjiazhuang Liyuchi 2017-12-28 32.2 km (20.01 mi)
     Loop line Chongqing Library Haixialu 2018-??-?? 33.7 km (20.94 mi)
     Line 1 (Dalian Metro) Yaojia Fuguo Street 2015-10-30 16.50 km (10.25 mi)
Fuguo Street Convention & Exhibition Center 2016-01-29 01.21 km (0.75 mi)
Convention & Exhibition Center Hekou 2017-06-07 05.63 km (3.50 mi)
     Line 2 (Dalian Metro) Xinzhaizi Airport 2018-06-28 3.12 km (1.94 mi)
Airport Conference Center 2015-05-22 20.7 km (12.86 mi)
Conference Center Haizhiyun 2017-06-07 03.78 km (2.35 mi)
     Line 3 (Dalian Metro) Dalian Railway Station Jinshitan 2003-05-01 49.15 km (30.54 mi)
Kaifaqu Jiuli 2008-12-28 14.3 km (8.89 mi)
     Line 12 (Dalian Metro) Hekou Caidaling 2017-06-07 01.27 km (0.79 mi)
Caidaling Lüshun New Port 2013-12-30 37.52 km (23.31 mi)
     Line 13 (Dalian Metro) Zhenxing Road Jiuli 2019-??-?? 42.8 km (26.59 mi)
     Line 2 (Dongguan Rail Transit) Humen Railway Station Dongguan Railway Station 2016-05-27 37.7 km (23.43 mi)
     Line 1 (Fuzhou Metro) Xiangfeng Sanchajie 2017-01-06 15.13 km (9.40 mi)
Sanchajie Fuzhou South Railway Station 2016-05-18 09.76 km (6.06 mi)
     Line 2 (Fuzhou Metro) Suyang Yangli 2019-??-?? 30.62 km (19.03 mi)
     Line 1 (Guang'an Metro) Guangmen Youke Zhongxin 2018-??-?? 09.955 km (6.19 mi)
     Line 1 (Guangzhou Metro) Xilang Huangsha 1997-06-28 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Huangsha Guangzhou East Railway Station 1999-06-28 13.1 km (8.14 mi)
     Line 2 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Jiangnanxi 2010-09-25 12.7 km (7.89 mi)
Jiangnanxi Sanyuanli 2002-12-29 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
Sanyuanli Jiahewanggang 2010-09-25 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 3 (Guangzhou Metro) Panyu Square Kecun 2006-12-30 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
Kecun Guangzhou East Railway Station 2005-12-26 07.8 km (4.85 mi)
Guangzhou East Railway Station Airport South (Terminal 1) 2010-10-30 29.3 km (18.21 mi)
Airport South (Terminal 1) Airport North (Terminal 2) 2018-04-26 1.23 km (0.76 mi)
Tiyu Xilu Tianhe Coach Terminal 2006-12-30 07.5 km (4.66 mi)
     Line 4 (Guangzhou Metro) Nansha Passenger Port Jinzhou 2017-12-28 13.6 km (8.45 mi)
Jinzhou Huangge 2007-06-28 05.1 km (3.17 mi)
Huangge Xinzao 2006-12-30 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
Xinzao Wanshengwei 2005-12-26 16.2 km (10.07 mi)
Wanshengwei Chebeinan 2009-12-28 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
Chebeinan Huangcun 2010-09-25 02.0 km (1.24 mi)
     Line 5 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiaokou Wenchong 2009-12-28 31.9 km (19.82 mi)
     Line 6 (Guangzhou Metro) Xunfenggang Changban 2013-12-28 24.5 km (15.22 mi)
Changban Xiangxue 2016-12-28 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
     Line 7 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Higher Education Mega Center South 2016-12-28 18.6 km (11.56 mi)
     Line 8 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiaoxin Fenghuang Xincun 2019-??-?? 17.8 km (11.06 mi)
Fenghuang Xincun Changgang 2010-11-03 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Changgang Xiaogang 2010-09-25 00.6 km (0.37 mi)
Xiaogang Pazhou 2010-09-25[H 3] 09.0 km (5.59 mi)
Pazhou Wanshengwei 2010-09-25[H 4] 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
     Line 9 (Guangzhou Metro) Fei'eling Gaozeng 2017-12-28 20.1 km (12.49 mi)
     Line 13 (Guangzhou Metro) Yuzhu Xinsha 2017-12-28 28.3 km (17.58 mi)
     Line 14 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiahewanggang Dongfeng 2018-??-?? 54.3 km (33.74 mi)
Xinhe Zhenlong 2017-12-28 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
     Zhujiang New Town APM line Linhexi Chigang Pagoda 2010-11-08 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
     Line 21 (Guangzhou Metro) Yuancun Zhenlongxi 2019-??-?? 35.38 km (21.98 mi)
Zhenlongxi Zengcheng Square 2018-??-?? 26.02 km (16.17 mi)
     Guangfo line Xincheng Dong Kuiqi Lu 2016-12-28 06.7 km (4.16 mi)
Kuiqi Lu Xilang 2010-09-25 20.4 km (12.68 mi)
Xilang Yangang 2015-12-28 07.3 km (4.54 mi)
Yangang Lijiao 2018-??-?? 05.5 km (3.42 mi)
     Line 1 (Guiyang Metro) Xiamaixi Guiyangbei Railway Station 2017-12-28 12.9 km (8.02 mi)
Guiyangbei Railway Station Xiaomeng Industrial Park 2018-12-01 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
     Line 1 (Hangzhou Metro) Xianghu Wenze Road 2012-11-24 34.77 km (21.61 mi)
Wenze Road Xiasha Jiangbin 2015-11-24 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Coach Center Linping 2012-11-24 11.70 km (7.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Hangzhou Metro) Chaoyang Qianjiang Road 2014-11-24 18.3 km (11.37 mi)
Qianjiang Road Gucui Road 2017-07-03 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
Gucui Road Liangzhu 2017-12-27 13.3 km (8.26 mi)
     Line 4 (Hangzhou Metro) Pengbu Jinjiang 2015-02-02 09.6 km (5.97 mi)
Jinjiang Puyan 2018-01-09 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 5 (Hangzhou Metro) Laoyuhang Guniangqiao 2019-??-?? 56.025 km (34.81 mi)
     Lin'an line Jinnan New Town Lüting Road 2019-??-?? 34.414 km (21.38 mi)
     Line 1 (Harbin Metro) Hadongzhan Hananzhan 2013-09-26 17.47 km (10.86 mi)
     Line 3 (Harbin Metro) Harbinxizhan Yidaeryuan 2017-01-26 03.67 km (2.28 mi)
     Line 1 (Hefei Metro) Hefei Railway Station Jiulianwei 2016-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
     Line 2 (Hefei Metro) Nangang Sanshibu 2017-12-26 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 3 (Hefei Metro) Xiangcheng Road Fangxing Avenue 2019-??-?? 37.5 km (23.30 mi)
     Airport Express (MTR) Hong Kong Airport 1998-07-06 34.27 km (21.29 mi)
Airport AsiaWorld–Expo 2005-12-20 01.03 km (0.64 mi)
     Disneyland Resort line Sunny Bay Disneyland Resort 2005-08-01 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
     East Rail line Hung Hom Mong Kok East 1984-02-27[H 5] 02.36 km (1.47 mi)
Mong Kok East Fanling 1984-02-27[H 6] 25.73 km (15.99 mi)
Fanling Sheung Shui 1984-02-27[H 7] 01.49 km (0.93 mi)
Sheung Shui Lo Wu 1984-02-27[H 8] 03.48 km (2.16 mi)
Sheung Shui Lok Ma Chau 2007-08-15 07.35 km (4.57 mi)
     Island line Kennedy Town Sheung Wan 2014-12-28 02.78 km (1.73 mi)
Sheung Wan Admiralty 1986-05-23 01.54 km (0.96 mi)
Admiralty Chai Wan 1985-05-31 10.75 km (6.68 mi)
     Kwun Tong line Whampoa Yau Ma Tei 2016-10-23 02.70 km (1.68 mi)
Yau Ma Tei Mong Kok 1979-12-31 00.73 km (0.45 mi)
Mong Kok Shek Kip Mei 1982-05-10 01.40 km (0.87 mi)
Shek Kip Mei Kwun Tong 1979-10-01 08.41 km (5.23 mi)
Kwun Tong Lam Tin 1989-10-01 00.89 km (0.55 mi)
Lam Tin Yau Tong 2002-08-04 01.13 km (0.70 mi)
Yau Tong Tiu Keng Leng 2002-08-18 02.15 km (1.34 mi)
     Ma On Shan line Wu Kai Sha Tai Wai 2004-10-24 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
     South Island line Admiralty South Horizons 2016-12-28 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
     Tseung Kwan O line North Point Yau Tong 2002-08-04 04.35 km (2.70 mi)
Yau Tong Po Lam 2002-08-18 05.26 km (3.27 mi)
Tseung Kwan O LOHAS Park 2009-07-26 03.06 km (1.90 mi)
     Tsuen Wan line Central Tsim Sha Tsui 1980-02-12 03.27 km (2.03 mi)
Tsim Sha Tsui Jordan 1979-12-31 00.86 km (0.53 mi)
Jordan Tsuen Wan 1982-05-10 11.71 km (7.28 mi)
     Tung Chung line Tung Chung Hong Kong 1998-06-21 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
     West Rail line Hung Hom East Tsim Sha Tsui 2004-10-24 01.24 km (0.77 mi)
East Tsim Sha Tsui Nam Cheong 2009-08-16 04.42 km (2.75 mi)
Nam Cheong Tuen Mun 2003-12-20 29.48 km (18.32 mi)
     Line R1 (Jinan Metro) Yanma Gongyanyuan 2019-01-?? 26.1 km (16.22 mi)
     Line 1 (Kunming Rail Transit) South Ring Road Xiaodongcun 2014-04-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Xiaodongcun University Town South 2013-05-20 22.1 km (13.73 mi)
Chunrong Street Kunming South Railway Station 2016-12-26 04.7 km (2.92 mi)
     Line 2 (Kunming Rail Transit) North Coach Station South Ring Road 2014-04-30 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
     Line 3 (Kunming Rail Transit) Western Hill Park East Coach Station 2017-08-29 23.36 km (14.52 mi)
     Line 6 (Kunming Rail Transit) East Coach Station Airport Center 2012-06-28 18.18 km (11.30 mi)
Line 1 (Lanzhou Metro) Donggongying Donggang 2018-??-?? 25.44 km (15.81 mi)
Taipa line 2019-??-?? 09.3 km (5.78 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanchang Metro) Shuanggang Yaohu Lake West 2015-12-26 28.737 km (17.86 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanchang Metro) Xinjia'an Metro Central 2019-??-?? 11.7 km (7.27 mi)
Metro Central Nanlu 2017-08-18 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanjing Metro) Maigaoqiao Andemen 2005-09-03 21.72 km (13.50 mi)
Andemen CPU 2010-05-28 25.08 km (15.58 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanjing Metro) Youfangqiao Jingtianlu 2010-05-28 37.95 km (23.58 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanjing Metro) Linchang Mozhou­donglu 2015-04-01 44.9 km (27.90 mi)
     Line 4 (Nanjing Metro) Longjiang Xianlinhu 2017-01-18 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Line 10 (Nanjing Metro) Andemen Xiaohang 2005-08-27 02.1 km (1.30 mi)
Xiaohang Olympic Stadium 2014-07-01 04.6 km (2.86 mi)
Olympic Stadium Yushanlu 2014-07-01 14.9 km (9.26 mi)
     Line S1 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Lukou International Airport 2014-07-01 35.8 km (22.25 mi)
Lukou International Airport Konggangxinchengjiangning 2018-05-26 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
     Line S3 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Gaojiachong 2017-12-06 37.6 km (23.36 mi)
     Line S7 (Nanjing Metro) Konggangxinchengjiangning Wuxiangshan 2018-05-26 30.4 km (18.89 mi)
     Line S8 (Nanjing Metro) Taishan­xincun Jinniuhu 2014-08-01 45.2 km (28.09 mi)
     Line S9 (Nanjing Metro) Xiangyulunan Gaochun 2017-12-30 52.4 km (32.56 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanning Rail Transit) Shibu Nanhu 2016-12-28 20.9 km (12.99 mi)
Nanhu Nanning East Railway Station 2016-06-28 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanning Rail Transit) Xijin Yudong 2017-12-28 21.2 km (13.17 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanning Rail Transit) Keyuan Avenue Pingliang Overpass 2019-??-?? 27.9 km (17.34 mi)
     Line 1 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Gaoqiao West Donghuan South Road 2014-05-30 20.8 km (12.92 mi)
Donghuan South Road Xiapu 2016-03-19 25.3 km (15.72 mi)
     Line 2 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Lishe International Airport Qingshuipu 2015-09-26 28.4 km (17.65 mi)
     Line 3 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Datong Bridge Gaotang Bridge 2019-??-?? 16.8 km (10.44 mi)
     Fenghua line Gaotang Bridge Minghui Road 2019-??-?? 4.39 km (2.73 mi)
     Line 2 (Qingdao Metro) Zhiquan Road Licun Park 2017-12-10 18.8 km (11.68 mi)
     Line 3 (Qingdao Metro) Qingdao North Railway Station Shuangshan 2015-12-16 12.0 km (7.46 mi)
Shuangshan Qingdao Railway Station 2016-12-18 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
     Line 11 (Qingdao Metro) Miaoling Road Qiangu Mountain 2017-04-23 54.4 km (33.80 mi)
     Line 13 (Qingdao Metro) Jialingjiang Road Dongjiakou Railway Station 2018-??-?? 68.9 km (42.81 mi)
     Line 1 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Shanghai South Railway Station 1996-12-28 05.3 km (3.29 mi)
Shanghai South Railway Station Xujiahui 1993-05-28 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Xujiahui Shanghai Railway Station 1995-04-10 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
Shanghai Railway Station Gongfu Xincun 2004-12-28 12.4 km (7.71 mi)
Gongfu Xincun Fujin Road 2007-12-29 04.3 km (2.67 mi)
     Line 2 (Shanghai Metro) East Xujing Songhong Road 2010-03-16 08.6 km (5.34 mi)
Songhong Road Zhongshan Park 2006-12-30 06.8 km (4.23 mi)
Zhongshan Park Longyang Road 2000-06-11 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
Longyang Road Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park 2000-12-26 02.8 km (1.74 mi)
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Guanglan Road 2010-02-24 03.4 km (2.11 mi)
Guanglan Road Pudong International Airport 2010-04-08 26.8 km (16.65 mi)
     Line 3 (Shanghai Metro) Shanghai South Railway Station Jiangwan Town 2000-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
Jiangwan Town North Jiangyang Road 2006-12-18 15.7 km (9.76 mi)
     Line 4 (Shanghai Metro) Damuqiao Road Lancun Road 2005-12-31 25.0 km (15.53 mi)
Lancun Road Damuqiao Road 2007-12-29 08.7 km (5.41 mi)
     Line 5 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Minhang Development Zone 2003-11-25 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
Dongchuan Road Fengxian Xincheng 2018-??-?? 19.5 km (12.12 mi)
     Line 6 (Shanghai Metro) Gangcheng Road South Lingyan Road 2007-12-29 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
South Lingyan Road Oriental Sports Center 2011-04-12 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 7 (Shanghai Metro) Meilan Lake Shanghai University 2010-12-28 09.8 km (6.09 mi)
Shanghai University Huamu Road 2009-12-05 34.4 km (21.38 mi)
     Line 8 (Shanghai Metro) Shiguang Road Yaohua Road 2007-12-29 23.3 km (14.48 mi)
Yaohua Road Shendu Highway 2009-07-05 14.1 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 9 (Shanghai Metro) Songjiang South Railway Station Songjiang Xincheng 2012-12-30 06.474 km (4.02 mi)
Songjiang Xincheng Guilin Road 2007-12-29 29.013 km (18.03 mi)
Guilin Road Yishan Road 2008-12-28 01.687 km (1.05 mi)
Yishan Road Century Avenue 2009-12-31 11.491 km (7.14 mi)
Century Avenue Middle Yanggao Road 2010-04-07 02.435 km (1.51 mi)
Middle Yanggao Road Caolu 2017-12-30 14.099 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 10 (Shanghai Metro) Hangzhong Road Xinjiangwancheng 2010-04-10 29.6 km (18.39 mi)
Xinjiangwancheng Jilong Road 2019-??-?? 10.0 km (6.21 mi)
Hongqiao Railway Station Longxi Road 2010-11-30 05.8 km (3.60 mi)
     Line 11 (Shanghai Metro) Disney Resort Kangxin Highway 2016-04-26 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
Kangxin Highway Luoshan Road 2015-12-19 10.4 km (6.46 mi)
Luoshan Road Jiangsu Road 2013-08-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Jiangsu Road North Jiading 2009-12-31 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
Jiading Xincheng Anting 2010-03-29 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
Anting Huaqiao 2013-10-16 07.0 km (4.35 mi)
     Line 12 (Shanghai Metro) Qixin Road Qufu Road 2015-12-19 21.8 km (13.55 mi)
Qufu Road Tiantong Road 2014-05-10 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Tiantong Road Jinhai Road 2013-12-29 17.5 km (10.87 mi)
     Line 13 (Shanghai Metro) Jinyun Road Jinshajiang Road 2012-12-30 09.9 km (6.15 mi)
Jinshajiang Road Changshou Road 2014-12-28 02.9 km (1.80 mi)
Changshou Road Madang Road 2015-12-19 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Madang Road Shibo Avenue 2010-04-20 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
Shibo Avenue Zhangjiang Road 2018-??-?? 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
     Line 16 (Shanghai Metro) Longyang Road Luoshan Road 2014-12-28 06.112 km (3.80 mi)
Luoshan Road Dishui Lake 2013-12-29 52.850 km (32.84 mi)
     Line 17 (Shanghai Metro) Hongqiao Railway Station Oriental Land 2017-12-30 35.3 km (21.93 mi)
Pujiang line Shendu Highway Huizhen Road 2018-03-31 06.6 km (4.10 mi)
     Maglev line Longyang Road Pudong International Airport 2004-01-01 30.5 km (18.95 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenyang Metro) 13th Street Liming Square 2010-09-27 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenyang Metro) Putian Road Shenyang Aerospace University 2018-04-08 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Shenyang Aerospace University Santaizi 2013-12-30 05.6 km (3.48 mi)
Santaizi Quanyun Road 2012-01-09 21.76 km (13.52 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenyang Metro) Nujiang Park Shenyang Jianzhu University 2019-??-?? 37.2 km (23.12 mi)
     Line 10 (Shenyang Metro) Dingxianghu Zhangshabu 2019-??-?? 27.21 km (16.91 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenzhen Metro) Luohu Window of the World 2004-12-28 17.387 km (10.80 mi)
Window of the World Shenzhen University 2009-09-28 03.400 km (2.11 mi)
Shenzhen University Airport East 2011-06-15 20.222 km (12.57 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Window of the World 2010-12-28 15.514 km (9.64 mi)
Window of the World Xinxiu 2011-06-28 20.266 km (12.59 mi)
     Line 3 (Shenzhen Metro) Yitian Caopu 2011-06-28 16.522 km (10.27 mi)
Caopu Shuanglong 2010-12-28 25.138 km (15.62 mi)
     Line 4 (Shenzhen Metro) Futian Checkpoint Fumin 2007-06-28 01.100 km (0.68 mi)
Fumin Children's Palace 2004-12-28 03.379 km (2.10 mi)
Children's Palace Qinghu 2011-06-16 15.481 km (9.62 mi)
     Line 5 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Qianhaiwan 2019-??-?? 02.3 km (1.43 mi)
Qianhaiwan Huangbeiling 2011-06-22 40.00 km (24.85 mi)
     Line 7 (Shenzhen Metro) Xili Lake Tai'an 2016-10-28 30.30 km (18.83 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenzhen Metro) Qianwan Hongshuwan South 2019-??-?? 10.79 km (6.70 mi)
Hongshuwan South Wenjin 2016-10-28 25.33 km (15.74 mi)
     Line 11 (Shenzhen Metro) Bitou Futian 2016-06-28 51.94 km (32.27 mi)
     Line 20 (Shenzhen Metro) International Convention Center Airport North 2018-??-?? 08.32 km (5.17 mi)
     Line 1 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xiwang Xiaohedadao 2017-06-26 23.27 km (14.46 mi)
     Line 3 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Shi'erzhong Shijiazhuang 2017-06-26 05.06 km (3.14 mi)
     Line 1 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Mudu Zhongnan Jie 2012-04-28 25.739 km (15.99 mi)
     Line 2 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Qihe Suzhou North Railway Station 2016-09-24 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Suzhou North Railway Station Baodaiqiao South 2013-12-28 26.557 km (16.50 mi)
Baodaiqiao South Sangtian Dao 2016-09-24 11.643 km (7.23 mi)
     Line 3 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Suzhou New District Weiting 2019-??-?? 45.214 km (28.09 mi)
     Line 4 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Longdaobang Tongli 2017-04-15 41.5 km (25.79 mi)
Hongzhuang Muli 2017-04-15 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
     Line 1 (Tianjin Metro) Lilou Shuanglin 2018-12-03 ? km
Shuanglin Xiaobailou 2006-06-12 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
Xiaobailou Xi'nanjiao 1980-08-10 05.2 km (3.23 mi)
Xi'nanjiao Xizhan 1984-12-28 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Xizhan Liuyuan 2006-06-12 08.2 km (5.10 mi)
     Line 2 (Tianjin Metro) Caozhuang Dongnanjiao 2012-07-01 09.1 km (5.65 mi)
Dongnanjiao Tianjinzhan 2013-08-28 01.95 km (1.21 mi)
Tianjinzhan Konggang­jingjiqu 2012-07-01 11.6 km (7.21 mi)
Konggang­jingjiqu Binhaiguojijichang 2014-08-28 04.5 km (2.80 mi)
     Line 3 (Tianjin Metro) Nanzhan Gaoxinqu 2013-12-28 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Gaoxinqu Xiaodian 2012-10-01 29.655 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 5 (Tianjin Metro) Danhebeidao Zhongyiyifuyuan 2018-10-22 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
     Line 6 (Tianjin Metro) Nansunzhuang Changhong­gongyuan 2016-12-31 14.5 km (9.01 mi)
Changhong­gongyuan Nancuiping 2016-08-06 09.5 km (5.90 mi)
Nancuiping Merlinlu 2018-04-26 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 9 (Tianjin Metro) Tianjinzhan Shiyijinglu 2012-10-15 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
Shiyijinglu Zhongshanmen 2011-05-01 06.151 km (3.82 mi)
Zhongshanmen Donghailu 2004-03-28 45.409 km (28.22 mi)
Line 1 (Ürümqi Metro) Balou International Airport 2018-10-25 16.5 km (10.25 mi)
Line S1 (Wenzhou Metro) Tongling Shuang'ou Avenue 2018-??-?? 53.8 km (33.43 mi)
     Line 1 (Wuhan Metro) Hankou North Dijiao 2014-05-28 05.555 km (3.45 mi)
Dijiao Huangpu Road 2010-07-29 07.040 km (4.37 mi)
Huangpu Road Zongguan 2004-07-28 09.769 km (6.07 mi)
Zongguan Dongwu Boulevard 2010-07-29 11.454 km (7.12 mi)
Dongwu Boulevard Jinghe 2017-12-26 03.970 km (2.47 mi)
     Line 2 (Wuhan Metro) Tianhe International Airport Jinyintan 2016-12-28 19.957 km (12.40 mi)
Jinyintan Optics Valley Square 2012-12-28 27.152 km (16.87 mi)
Optics Valley Square Fozuling 2018-??-?? 13.350 km (8.30 mi)
     Line 3 (Wuhan Metro) Hongtu Boulevard Zhuanyang Boulevard 2015-12-28 29.660 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 4 (Wuhan Metro) Wuhan Railway Station Wuchang Railway Station 2013-12-28 17.974 km (11.17 mi)
Wuchang Railway Station Huangjinkou 2014-12-28 15.429 km (9.59 mi)
Huangjinkou Bailin 2019-??-?? 15.429 km (9.59 mi)
     Line 6 (Wuhan Metro) Jinyinhu Park Dongfeng Motor Corporation 2016-12-28 36.1 km (22.43 mi)
     Line 7 (Wuhan Metro) Garden Expo North Yezhihu 2018-10-01 30.413 km (18.90 mi)
Yezhihu Qinglongshan Ditiexiaozhen 2018-??-?? 16.97 mi (27.31 km)
     Line 8 (Wuhan Metro) Jintan Road Liyuan 2017-12-26 16.7 km (10.38 mi)
     Line 11 (Wuhan Metro) Guanggu Railway Station Zuoling 2018-10-01 18.744 km (11.65 mi)
     Yangluo line Houhu Boulevard Jintai 2017-12-27 34.5 km (21.44 mi)
     Line 1 (Wuxi Metro) Yanqiao Changguangxi 2014-07-01 29.42 km (18.28 mi)
     Line 2 (Wuxi Metro) Meiyuan Kaiyuan Temple Wuxi East Railway Station 2014-12-28 26.6 km (16.53 mi)
     Line 1 (Xi'an Metro) Fenghe Senlin Gongyuan Houweizhai 2019-??-?? 06.1 km (3.79 mi)
Houweizhai Fangzhicheng 2013-09-12 25.4 km (15.78 mi)
     Line 2 (Xi'an Metro) Bei Kezhan Huizhan Zhongxin 2011-09-16 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huizhan Zhongxin Weiqunan 2014-06-16 06.0 km (3.73 mi)
     Line 3 (Xi'an Metro) Yuhuazhai Baoshuiqu 2016-10-15 39.1 km (24.30 mi)
     Line 4 (Xi'an Metro) Bei Kezhan (Bei Guangchang) Hangtian Xincheng 2018-??-?? 35.2 km (21.87 mi)
     Line 14 (Xi'an Metro) Konggang Xincheng Bei Kezhan (Bei Guangchang) 2018-??-?? 23.1 km (14.35 mi)
     Line 1 (Xiamen Metro) Yannei Zhenhai Road 2017-12-31 30.3 km (18.83 mi)
     Line 2 (Xiamen Metro) Wuyuanwan Lukeng 2019-??-?? 25.2 km (15.66 mi)
     Line 1 (Xuzhou Metro) Luwo Xuzhou East 2019-??-?? 21.9 km (13.61 mi)
     Line 1 (Zhengzhou Metro) Henan University of Technology Xiliuhu 2017-01-12 09.49 km (5.90 mi)
Xiliuhu Zhengzhou Sports Center 2013-12-26 26.34 km (16.37 mi)
Zhengzhou Sports Center New Campus of Henan University 2017-01-12 05.57 km (3.46 mi)
     Line 2 (Zhengzhou Metro) Liuzhuang Nansihuan 2016-08-19 20.6 km (12.80 mi)
     Line 5 (Zhengzhou Metro) Yuejigongyuan Wuyigongyuan 2019-??-?? 41.8 km (25.97 mi)
     Chengjiao line Nansihuan Xinzheng International Airport 2017-01-12 31.7 km (19.70 mi)
Xinzheng International Airport Zhengzhou South Railway Station 2019-??-?? 9.1 km (5.65 mi)
  1. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track line since 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  2. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 1 since 1 October 1969 (1969-10-01).
  3. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 28 June 2003 (2003-06-28).
  4. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 26 December 2005 (2005-12-26).
  5. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 February 1974 (1974-11-30).
  6. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  7. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 16 May 1930 (1930-05-16).
  8. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 14 October 1949 (1949-10-14).

Currently operational[edit]

Anhui[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
HefeiMetro.svg
Hefei Metro
合肥地铁
Locale Hefei

 1   2 

 1  Phase 3
 3 
 4 
 5 

Hefei Metro Route Map 201806.png
Began operation 26 December 2016
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 23
Network length 24.6 km (15 mi)
Ridership

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Beijing Subway icon.svg
Beijing Subway (BGD)
北京地铁
Locale Beijing

 1   2   4   5   6   7   8   9 
 10   13   14   15   16   S1 
 Airport   Batong   Daxing   Changping   Yizhuang 
 Fangshan   Yanfang 


 3  Phase 1
 6  Phase 3
 7  Eastern extension
 8  Phase 3
 12 
 14  Lize Section
 16  Southern section
 17 
 19 
 28 
 Batong  Southern extension
 Changping  Southern extension
 Fangshan  Northern extension
 Yanfang  Branch
 Pinggu 
 Airport  Western extension
 New Airport 

Beijing-Subway en.png [Note 1]
[28]
[29]
[30]
Began operation 1 October 1969
Lines in operation 22
№ of stations 370 (List)
Network length 608.2 km (377.9 mi)
Ridership 10.35 million (2017 daily avg.)[31]
13.49 million (17 August 2018 record)[32]
Shijiazhuang Metro.svg
Shijiazhuang Metro
石家庄地铁
Locale Shijiazhuang

 1   3 

 2 
 3  Phase 1 final section & Phase 2

Shijiazhuang Metro System Map 2017.png
Began operation 26 June 2017
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 25
Network length 30.3 km (19 mi)
Ridership
TianjinMetro.svg
Tianjin Metro
天津地铁
Locale Tianjin

 1   2   3   5   6   9 

 1  Eastern extension
 4  Phase 1
 10  Phase 1
 Z4  Phase 1
 B1 

Tianjin Metro System Map 201806.png [Note 2]
Began operation 30 September 2003
(28 December 1984 old system)
Lines in operation 5
№ of stations 113
Network length 162.8 km (101 mi)
Ridership 64.3 million (2010 annual)

Chongqing-Sichuan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Chengdu Metro icon.svg
Chengdu Metro
成都地铁
Locale Chengdu

1 2 3 4 7 10

3 Phase 2 & 3
5 Phase 1 & 2
6 Phase 1 & 2 & 3
8
9
10 Phase 2
18 Phase 1 & 2
19

Chengdu Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 6
№ of stations 151
Network length 196.5 km (122 mi)
Ridership 3.8106 million (daily record)
782 million (2017 annual)
CRT Logo.svg
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)
Chongqing Metro
重庆轨道交通
Locale Chongqing

 1   2   3   5   6   10 

 Loop  Northern & Southern section
 1  Bishan extension
 4  Phase 1
 5  Phase 1 2nd & final section
 6  Int'l Expo Branch Phase 2
 9  Phase 1 & 2
 10  Phase 2

Chongqing Rail Transit Map.png [33]
[34]
[35]
Began operation 6 November 2004
Lines in operation 6
№ of stations 153
Network length 264.7 km (164 mi)
Ridership 1,310,000 (peak day)
1,100,000 (daily avg.)
244 million (2012)

Fujian[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Fuzhou Metro logo.svg
Fuzhou Metro
福州地铁
Locale Fuzhou  1 

 1  Phase 2 northern section
 2  Phase 1
 4  Phase 1
 5  Phase 1
 6 

Map of FZM L1.svg
Began operation 18 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 21
Network length 24.89 km (15 mi)
Ridership
Amoy Metro logo.svg
Xiamen Metro (AMTR)
厦门地铁
Locale Xiamen

 1 

 2  Phase 1 & 2
 3 
 4  Phase 1
 6  Phase 1

Xiamen AMTR Linemap.svg
Began operation 31 December 2017
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 30.30 km (18.8 mi)
Ridership 227,572 (Daily Record)
203,776 (2017 annual)

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Dongguan Rail Transit logo.svg
Dongguan Rail Transit
Dongguan Metro
东莞轨道交通
Locale Dongguan  2   2  Phase 3 Dongguan Metro System Map 2018.png
Began operation 27 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 15
Network length 37.743 km (23 mi)
Ridership
FMetro logo icon.svg
Foshan Metro (FMetro)
佛山地铁
Locale Foshan (Guangzhou)

 Guangfo 

 Guangfo  Phase 1 final section
 2  Phase 2
 3 

FMetro System Map.png [Note 3]
[Note 4]
Began operation 3 November 2010
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 18 (List)
Network length 20.4 km (13 mi)
Ridership see ref.
Guangzhou Metro icon.svg
Guangzhou Metro
广州地铁
Locale Guangzhou

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   13   14 
 APM   Guangfo 

 7  Phase 2 & Western extension
 8  Phase 2 & Northern extension
 9  Phase 2
 11 
 13  Phase 2
 14  Mainline Phase 1
 18 
 21 
 22 

GZMetro-1-EN-Antilovsky.svg [Note 3]
[36]
[37]
[38]
Began operation 28 June 1997
Lines in operation 10
№ of stations 147 (List)
Network length 308.7 km (192 mi)
Ridership 7.844 million (5 Nov 2010 record)
1.990 billion (2013 annual)
MTR Corporation icon.svg
Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵 / 港铁
including Kowloon–Canton Railway
Locale Hong Kong

Kwun Tong Ma On Shan South Island Tung Chung East Rail West Rail Island Tseung Kwan O Tsuen Wan Disneyland Resort Airport Express

Sha Tin to Central Link

Hong Kong Railway Route Map en.svg [Note 5]
Began operation 2 December 2007
(1 October 1979 old MTR)
(1 October 1910 KCR)
Lines in operation 11
№ of stations 93 (List)
Network length 175 km (109 mi)
Ridership 4.064 million (daily record)
1.482 billion (2011 annual)
Shenzhen Metro Corporation logo.svg
Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Locale Shenzhen

 1   2   3   4 
 5   7   9   11 

 2  Phase 3
 5  Southern Extension
 6 
 8 
 9  Western Extension
 10 
 20 

Shenzhen Metro(Rapid Transit)System Map 2016.png [39]
[40]
[41]
Began operation 28 December 2004
Lines in operation 8
№ of stations 199 (List)
Network length 286.2 km (178 mi)
Ridership 914 million (2013 annual)

2.89 million (April 30 - May 1, 2012 record)

Guangxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Nanning Rail Transit.png
Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT)
Nanning Metro
南宁地铁
Locale Nanning

 1   2 

 2  Phase 2 eastern section
 3 
 4 
 5  Phase 1

Nanning Rail Transit System Map 2018.png
Began operation 28 June 2016
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 25
Network length 32.1 km (20 mi)
Ridership

Guizhou[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
GuiyangMetro.png
Guiyang Metro (GYURT)
贵阳地铁(贵阳轨道交通)
Locale Guiyang

 1 

 1  Old town section
 2  Phase 1 & 2
 S1  Phase 1

Guiyang Urban Rail Transit Map TC.png
Began operation 28 December 2017
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 10
Network length 12.83 km (8.0 mi)
Ridership

Heilongjiang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Harbin Metro logo.svg
Harbin Metro
哈尔滨地铁
Locale Harbin

 1   3 

 1  Phase 3
 2  Phase 1
 3  Phase 2

Harbin Metro System Map 2018.png
Began operation 26 September 2013
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 23
Network length 30.4 km (19 mi)
Ridership 309,700 (11 November 2016)[42]

Henan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Zhengzhou Metro logo.svg
Zhengzhou Metro
郑州地铁
Locale Zhengzhou (and Xinzheng)

 1   2   Chengjiao 

 2  Phase 2
 3  Phase 1
 4 
 5 
 6  Phase 1
 10  Phase 1
 14  Phase 1
 17 
 Chengjiao  Phase 2

Zhengzhou-Metro zh-cn.svg
Began operation 26 December 2013
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 61
Network length 93.7 km (58 mi)
Ridership

Hubei[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Wuhan Metro Logo.svg
Wuhan Metro
武汉地铁
Locale Wuhan

 1   2   3   4 
 6   7   8   11 
 Yangluo 

 2  Southern extension
 4  Caidian extension
 5 
 6  Phase 2
 7  Qianchuang, & Zhifang extension
 8  Phase 2 & 3
 11  Eastern section & Gedian section
 12  Phase 1 & 2
 16  Phase 1

Wuhan Metro bilingual map.png [43]
[44]
Began operation 28 July 2004
Lines in operation 9
№ of stations 199
Network length 283.6 km (176 mi)
Ridership 712 million (2016 annual)
3,024,100 (31 Dec 2016 Peak)

Hunan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
ChangshaMaglev.svg
Changsha Maglev Express
长沙磁浮快线
Locale Changsha

 Maglev 

Changsha Maglev Map.jpg
Began operation 6 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 3
Network length 18.7 km (12 mi)
Ridership
Changsha Metro logo.svg
Changsha Metro
长沙地铁
Locale Changsha

 1   2 

 1  Northern extension
 3  Phase 1
 4  Phase 1
 5  Phase 1
 6  Middle section

ChangSha Metro Map.png
Began operation 29 April 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 50.148 km (31 mi)
Ridership

Jiangxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
NanChang Metro logo.svg
Nanchang Metro
南昌地铁
Locale Nanchang  1   2 

 2  Eastern section
 3 
 4 

Nanchang Metro Route Map 201806.png
Began operation 26 December 2015
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 41
Network length 44.3 km (28 mi)
Ridership 80 million (2016 annual)

Jilin[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Changchun Light Rail Transit icon.svg
Changchun Subway
长春地铁(长春轨道交通)
Locale Changchun

 1   2   4 

 2  Western extension
 8 

Changchun Metro System Map.png
Began operation 30 June 2011
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 47
Network length 55.50 km (34 mi)
Ridership 0.27 million (daily record)
33.34 million (2010 annual)

Liaoning[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Dalian Metro Logo Image Only.svg
Dalian Metro
大连地铁
Locale Dalian

 1   2   3   12 

 2  Phase 1 final section & Phase 2
 5 
 13 

Dalian Metro System Map 201806.png [45]
Began operation 8 November 2002
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 55 (List)
Network length 138.17 km (86 mi)
Ridership 120,000 (Avg. Daily)
200,000 (Peak Record)
Shenyang Metro Corporation Logo.svg
Shenyang Metro
沈阳地铁
Locale Shenyang

 1   2 

 4 
 9 
 10  Northern section

Shenyang Metro Route Map 201806.png
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 55 km (34 mi)
Ridership

Shaanxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Xian Metro logo.svg
Xi'an Metro
西安地铁
Locale Xi'an

 1   2   3 

 1  Phase 2
 4 
 5  Phase 1 & 2
 6  Phase 1 & 2
 9  Phase 1
 14  Phase 1 & airport section

Xi'an Metro System Map 2018.png [46]
Began operation 16 September 2011
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 66
Network length 90 km (56 mi)
Ridership 150,000 (daily record)

Shandong[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Qingdao Metro.svg
Qingdao Metro
青岛地铁
Locale Qingdao

 2   3   11 

 1 
 4 
 7  Phase 1
 8 
 13 

Qingdao Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 16 December 2015
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 22
Network length 24.8 km (15 mi)
Ridership

Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
Hangzhou Metro
杭州地铁
Locale Hangzhou

 1   2   4 

 1  Phase 3
 3  Mainline & Branch
 5  Phase 1 & 2
 6  Phase 1
 7 
 8  Phase 1
 9  Southern section
 Fuyang 
 Haining 
 Lin'an 
 Keqiao 

Hangzhou Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 24 November 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 78 (list)
Network length 117.3 km (73 mi)
Ridership
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro
南京地铁
Locale Nanjing

 1   2   3   4   10 
 S1   S3   S7   S8   S9 

 1  Northern extension
 5 
 6 
 7 
 10  Phase 2

NJmetro20150401.png [Note 6][47]
[48]
[49][50]
Began operation 3 September 2005
Lines in operation 8
№ of stations 121
Network length 225 km (140 mi)
Ridership 831.5 million (2016 annual)
Ningbo Rail Transit Logo No Text.png
Ningbo Rail Transit
Ningbo Metro
宁波轨道交通
Locale Ningbo

 1   2 

 2  Phase 2
 3  Phase 1
 4 
 5  Phase 1
 Fenghua 

Ningbo Rail Transit System Map en.svg
Began operation 30 May 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 51
Network length 75 km (47 mi)
Ridership
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg
Shanghai Maglev Train (SMT)
上海磁浮示范运营线
Locale Shanghai

 Maglev 

Shanghai Maglev Layout.png
Began operation 31 December 2002
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 30.5 km (19 mi)
Ridership
Shanghai Metro logo.svg
Shanghai Metro
上海地铁
Locale Shanghai (and Kunshan)

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   10   11   12 
 13   16   17   Pujiang 

 3  Line 3 & 4 separation
 4  Line 3 & 4 separation
 5  Southern extension
 10  Phase 2
 13  Phase 2 & 3
 14 
 15 
 18  Phase 1

Shanghai Metro Linemap.svg [51]
[Note 7]
[52]
[53]
[54]
Began operation 28 May 1993
Lines in operation 16
№ of stations 393 (List)
Network length 673 km (418.2 mi)
Ridership 12.23 million (Daily Record)
3.536 billion (2017 annual)
Suzhou Rail Transit logo.svg
Suzhou Rail Transit
Suzhou Metro
苏州轨道交通
Locale Suzhou

 1   2   4 

 3 
 5 

Suzhou Metro Linemap.svg
Began operation 28 April 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 96 (List)
Network length 118.9 km (74 mi)
Ridership 638,800 (Daily Record)
1.36 million (2015 annual)
Wuxi Metro logo.svg
Wuxi Metro
无锡地铁
Locale Wuxi

 1   2 

 1  Southern extension
 3  Phase 1
 4  Phase 1

MAP FOR WUXI METRO.png
Began operation 1 July 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 29.42 km (18 mi)
Ridership

Xinjiang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Ürümqi Metro logo.svg
Ürümqi Metro
乌鲁木齐地铁
Locale Ürümqi

 1 

 1  Phase 1 southern section
 2 
 3 
 4 

Urumqi Metro Map Line1 2018.png
Began operation 25 October 2018
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 12
Network length 16.56 km (10 mi)
Ridership

Yunnan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Kunming Rail Transit logo.svg
Kunming Rail Transit
Kunming Metro
昆明地铁
Locale Kunming

 1   2   3   6 

 1  Northwestern extension
 2  Phase 2
 4 
 5 
 6  Phase 2
 9 
 Songming 

Kunming Metro System Map 201806.png
Began operation 28 June 2012
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 58
Network length 87.2 km (54 mi)
Ridership 88.21 million (2016)

Under construction[edit]

2020[edit]

2021[edit]

2022[edit]

Undertermined[edit]

Construction suspended[edit]

Under planning[edit]

Proposed[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ The first of the Beijing Subway was completed in 1969 but did not open for trial operation until 1971 and it was restricted to riders with credential letters. The subway was fully opened to the public without credential letters in 1981.
  2. ^ The Tianjin Metro closed down for upgrades in 2001 and reopened in 2006.
  3. ^ a b The Guangzhou Metro Annual ridership data is combined with Guangfo Metro.
  4. ^ The Guangfo Metro sometimes counts Foshan Metro line 1.
  5. ^ The Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) consists of the main MTR subway system, which opened in 1979, and the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), which opened in 1910 and was electrified in 1983. The two systems merged in 2007. Data no counts light rail lines. The ridership figures for the MTR does not include cross-border train service riders and includes only ridership on the MTR lines, airport express and light rail and certain MTR bus lines. The MTR compiles light rail and MTR bus line riders in one category so it is not possible to separate MTR bus riders from light rail riders. See [1]
  6. ^ The "S lines" are counted under the Suburban rapid rail section.
  7. ^ The Shanghai Metro is the longest network in the world. See David Barboza (29 April 2010). "Expo Offers Shanghai a New Turn in the Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2010.

CR operating rapid rail transit lines[edit]

Currently operational[edit]

Operational corridors
Corridor Type Operator Service terminals Length Stations Opened
 Sub-Central  S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) Beijing WestTongzhou 29.60 km (18.39 mi) 4 2017-12-31
 S2  S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) HuangtudianYanqing / Shacheng 112.74 km (70.05 mi) 6 2008-08-06
 Huaimi  S-train Beijing Suburban Railway BCR (China Railway CR Beijing) HuangtudianHuairou North 80.85 km (50.24 mi) 3 2017-12-31
 Jinji  S-train China Railway CR Beijing TianjinJizhou 112.60 km (69.97 mi) 9 2015-07-05
 Yongyu  S-train Ningbo ICR logo.svg NBIR (China Railway CR Shanghai) NingboYuyao 48.70 km (30.26 mi) 2 2017-06-10
 Shaoxing TNT  S-train SXSR (China Railway CR Shanghai) QianqingShangyu 48.17 km (29.93 mi) 3 2018-04-18
 Changji  Jihun  C-train China Railway CR Shenyang Changchun WestHunchun 482 km (300 mi) 13 2015-09-20
 Changbai  Bai'a (BCT-WWT)  C-train China Railway CR Shenyang ChangchunUlanhot 435 km (270 mi) 18 2017-08-08
 Jingjin  C-train China Railway CR Beijing Beijing SouthYujiapu 165 km (103 mi) 6 2008-08-01
 Zhengkai  C-train China Railway CR Zhengzhou Zhengzhou EastKaifeng 57 km (35 mi) 4 2014-12-28
 Zhengjiao  C-train China Railway CR Zhengzhou ZhengzhouJiaozuo 77 km (48 mi) 6 2015-06-26
 Zhengji  C-train China Railway CR Zhengzhou Zhengzhou EastXinzheng Airport 28 km (17 mi) 2 2015-12-31
 Jinshan  C-train China Railway CR Shanghai Shanghai SouthJinshanwei 56.4 km (35.0 mi) 8 2012-09-28
 Wuxiao  C-train China Railway CR Wuhan HankouXiaogan East 61.8 km (38.4 mi) 11 2016-12-01
 Wuxian  C-train China Railway CR Wuhan WuchangXianning South 91 km (57 mi) 13 2013-12-28
 Wuhuang  C-train China Railway CR Wuhan WuhanDaye North / Huanggang East 131 km (81 mi) 14 2014-06-18
 Chengguan  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu ChengduQingchengshan / Pengzhou / Lidui Park 94.2 km (58.5 mi) 13 2010-05-12
 Guikai  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu Guiyang NorthKaiyang 62 km (39 mi) 6 2015-05-01
 Yuwan  C-train China Railway CR Chengdu Chongqing NorthWanzhou 247 km (153 mi) 7 2016-11-29
 Qingrong  C-train China Railway CR Jinan Qingdao NorthRongcheng 298 km (185 mi) 14 2014-12-29
 Guangzhu  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou Guangzhou SouthZhuhai / Xinhui 143 km (89 mi) 22 2011-01-07
 Guangfozhao  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou GuangzhouZhaoqing 79 km (49 mi) 11 2016-03-30
 Guanhui  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou DaojiaoXiaojinkou 99 km (62 mi) 17 2016-03-30
 Guangshen  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou GuangzhouShenzhen 147 km (91 mi) 8 2007-04-18
 Xiashen (IOQ-OGQ)  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou Shenzhen NorthShanwei 156 km (97 mi) 6 2013-12-28
 Zhuji  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou ZhuhaiHengqin Changlong 16.86 km (10.48 mi) 7 2018-10-??
 Changzhutan  C-train China Railway CR Guangzhou Changsha WestZhuzhou South / Xiangtan 97 km (60 mi) 21 2016-12-26
 Lanzhong  C-train China Railway CR Lanzhou Lanzhou WestZhongchuan Airport 61 km (38 mi) 6 2015-09-30

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 中国城市轨道交通 [China Urban Mass Transit]. Archived from the original on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Across China: More metro lines in smaller Chinese cities - Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  3. ^ a b 城市轨道交通2016年度统计分析报告完整出炉. www.suilengea.com. Retrieved 2017-07-16.
  4. ^ a b c "Chinese metro boom shows no sign of abating". International Rail Journal. November 19, 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNCaK4d0GA0
  6. ^ "Statistics Brief World Metro Figures" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). October 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-13.
  7. ^ "Shanghai now the world's longest metro". Railway Gazette. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  8. ^ http://sh.eastday.com/m/20160106/u1ai9170020.html
  9. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-transport-investment-idUSKCN0Y70I1
  10. ^ 深圳地铁"十年怀胎"终圆梦---深圳特区报. sztqb.sznews.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  11. ^ Lu Fang (鲁放); Han Baoming (韩宝明); Li Dewei (李得伟); Zhang Qi (张琦). 城市轨道交通小编组高密度运行的合理实施[J]. 城市轨道交通研究 [Urban Rail Transport Research Institute]. 2009 (8): 4&ndash, 7.
  12. ^ Chen Haoran (陈浩然). 用于城市轨道交通的小编组、高密度列车运行方案[J]. 中国铁路. 2001 (5): 44&ndash, 46.
  13. ^ Chen Haoran (陈浩然). 采用小编组、高密度列车运行方案——是降低工程造价及运营费用的有效途径[J]. 中国铁路. 2002 (1): 39&ndash, 45.
  14. ^ "Rapid Transit Trends Show Record Growth in 2016, with Huge Increases in China, Brazil - Institute for Transportation and Development Policy". Institute for Transportation and Development Policy. 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-04-09.
  15. ^ "In response to growth, Chinese cities choose metros". The Transport Politic. 2018-01-17. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
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External links[edit]