Urbos is a family of trams, streetcars, and light rail vehicles built by CAF. The Basque manufacturer CAF previously manufactured locomotives, passenger cars, regional, and underground trains. In 1993, CAF started building trams for Seville Metro, with the delivery of 16 trams through 1999. This was a variant of a Siemens design and some components were delivered by Siemens, including bogies and traction motors. This design was also sold to Lisbon Trams in 1995; CAF then decided to design and build the Urbos in-house.
There are three generations of Urbos, known as Urbos 1, Urbos 2, and Urbos 3. The first generation was ordered by the Bilbao tram operator, who received six trams between 2004 and 2006. The second generation was sold to other operators in Spain, and the third generation is sold in Spain, elsewhere in Europe, the United States, and Australia. Manufacturing locations include Saragossa and Linares, Spain; Elmira, New York, USA; Hortolandia, Brazil and Bagnères-de-Bigorre, France.
This series was only sold to Euskotren Tranbia to operate tram services in Bilbao. The original Bilbao tram system was shut down in 1964 and the second generation opened in December 2002 with extensions in 2004.
- Line A (EuskoTran), 8 trams (named 401–408)
- the 8 trains are 70% low-floor two-directional with three bogies on metre gauge
- Vélez-Málaga Tram
- Tranvía de Vitoria
- Seville Metro
- MetroCentro (Seville) (replaced by Urbos 3 in March 2011)
- Tranvía de Antalya
|CAF Urbos 3|
Urbos 3 tram in Besançon
|Manufacturer||Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles|
|Assembly||Various locations worldwide|
|Predecessor||CAF Urbos 2|
|Capacity||129-327 seated and standing total, depending on tram length|
|Train length||18 m (59 ft)-43 m (141 ft)|
|Width||2,300, 2,400 or 2,650 millimetres (7.55, 7.87 or 8.69 ft)|
|Floor height||356 mm (14.0 in)|
|Doors||8-20, depending on tram length|
|Maximum speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
|Weight||34,860 kg (76,850 lb)
|Acceleration||1.34 m/s/s (3.0 mph/s)|
|Deceleration||1.34 m/s/s (3.0 mph/s)|
|Power supply||750 V DC
optional internal supercapacitor
|Electric system(s)||Overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Minimum turning radius||18 m (59 ft)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) or 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
The Urbos 3 is the successor of the Urbos 2; all new sales are of Urbos 3. The standard variants, the Urbos 100 and Urbos 70, have either a 100% or 70% low floor design, respectively, and a maximum speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph). The tram type is offered in meter gauge and standard gauge and allows for a tram width of 2,300, 2,400 or 2,650 millimetres (7.55, 7.87 or 8.69 ft). Trams can be assembled from 3, 5, 7 or (only for the Urbos 100) 9 modules, with the length ranging between 23 and 56 metres (75 and 184 ft).
CAF has developed an option to build supercapacitors into the Urbos 3, allowing brief operation without an external electrical supply. This ACR system (Acumulador de Carga Rápida) allowed the tramway operator in Seville to remove the overhead wires in key locations during Holy Week 2011.
Urbos 70 and Urbos 100
|West Midlands, England||20||£40 million||Options for five more trams|
|Besançon, France||19||€34.4 million|||
|Nantes, France||8||€22 million||Option for 4 more trams for €10 million|
|Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany||12|||
|Budapest, Hungary||47||€90 million|||
|Amsterdam, Netherlands||63||To be operational in 2019|
|Utrecht, Netherlands||27||To be operational in 2018|
|Utrecht, Netherlands||22||To be operational in 2020|
|Seville, Spain||4||MetroCentro line|
|Granada, Spain||13||€43.9 million||Option for 4 more trams|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States||5||$25 million|||
|Kansas City, Missouri, United States||4|| plus 2 on order |
|Seattle, Washington, United States||10||$50 million|||
|Sydney, Australia||12||A$20 million
|Initial order for 6 trams; subsequently increased to 12|
|Newcastle, Australia||6||To be delivered 2018|
|Canberra, Australia||14||A$65 million||To be operational 2019|
|Kaohsiung, Taiwan||9||ACR system built in; no need for catenary|
Vehicles in the Urbos AXL series have larger modules and railway-style pivoting axle bogies. With a maximum speed of 90 kilometres per hour (56 mph), it is designed for high-capacity, mass rapid transit systems.
The Urbos TT series is built with tram-train technology, connecting existing heavy rail infrastructure directly to urban tramway systems. This makes them ideal for commuter rail services that carry passengers into city centers.
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- "Urbos, the most innovative generation of CAF trams and light railways". CAF. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
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- "CAF named preferred bidder to supply new Midland Metro trams". Railway Gazette International. 2012-02-02.
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- "CAF wins Urbos tram contracts". Railway Gazette International. 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
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- "Von 2015 an rollen spanische Trams". Badische Zeitung. 15 March 2013.
- "Elkészült Budapest első CAF villamosa". 2015-02-05. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
- "Budapest orders CAF trams". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
- "37 instead of 47 units of the new tram arrives in Budapest". Retrieved 2014-04-28.
- "Átadták a debreceni 2-es villamosvonalat-Linie2 Open in Debrecen". 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
- "Zo gaan de nieuwe trams van GVB er uitzien - Amsterdam - PAROOL". Het Parool (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-09-30.
- "Aannemer Uithoflijn en leverancier trams geselecteerd". Uithoflijn. 2014-12-01.
- "Beograd to buy 30 CAF trams". Railway Gazette International. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
- "Urbos 3 concept on display in Málaga". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Zaragoza tram Line 1 enters service", Railway Gazette International, 2011-04-26
- "VLTs de Cuiabá serão fabricados na Espanha (in Portuguese)". revistaferroviaria.com.br. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Streetcar Vehicle Production Under Way". City of Cincinnati. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
- "Spanish firm CAF will supply streetcars". bizjournals.com. 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-06.
- Barrow, Keith. "Seattle and Kansas City order CAF Urbos LRVs". Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "CAF wins Sydney tram order". Railway Gazette International.
- Baird government announces progress on Newcastle light rail Newcastle Herald 21 June 2016
- "Spanish-made trams to run on Canberra's city to Gungahlin light rail line". The Canberra Times. 1 Feb 2016. Retrieved 16 Oct 2016.
- "Kaohsiung picks CAF to build catenary-free trams". Railway Gazette International. 2013-01-07.
- "Estland: CAF liefert weitere Straßenbahnen nach Tallinn". 2014-02-26.
- "Stockholm's first Lidingö light rail vehicle on test". 2014-06-05.
- "CAF LRVs enter service in Houston". International Railway Journal. 2015-01-08.
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