Urif

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’Urif
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عوريف
 • Also spelled Orif[1] (unofficial)
Urif193.jpg
’Urif is located in the Palestinian territories
’Urif
’Urif
Location of ’Urif within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°09′34″N 35°13′23″E / 32.15944°N 35.22306°E / 32.15944; 35.22306Coordinates: 32°09′34″N 35°13′23″E / 32.15944°N 35.22306°E / 32.15944; 35.22306
Palestine grid 171/174
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 2,839
Name meaning from personal name[2]

Urif (Arabic: عوريف‎‎) is a Palestinian village in the Nablus Governorate in northern West Bank, located 13 kilometers (8 miles) south of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 2,839 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[3]

History[edit]

Ceramics from the late Roman have been found here.[4] Dauphin writes that ceramics from the Byzantine era also have been found,[4] but Ellenblum writes that no pottery from that era has been found here.[5]

Diya al-Din (1173-1245) refers to the presence of Muslims in Urif during his lifetime.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

Urif was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It was noted as hali, empty, but a fixed tax rate of 33,3% was paid on various agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and/or beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 2,800 akçe.[7]

In 1870, Victor Guérin found the village to occupy the top of a hill, and having about 450 inhabitants.[8]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Urif as: "A stone village, on high ground, with a few olives; supplied by wells and with a small spring to the east."[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Urif had a population of 270 Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 403; 402 Muslims and 1 Christian, in 103 houses.[11]

In 1945 the population was 520, all Muslims,[12] while the total land area was 3,965 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 1,107 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 1,452 for cereals,[14] while 32 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Urif came under Jordanian rule.

Post 1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Urif came under Israeli occupation. As of 1995, Urif and its immediate region has been under collaborative or joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority (PA) administration, in what is now known as Area B.[16]

On May 19, 2012, about 25 Jewish settlers, some of them carrying guns, set fire to the wheat fields of Urif, and shot one Palestinian man in the stomach.[17] On May 26, 2012, settlers from Yitzhar shot a youth from Urif. They then tied him up and proceeded to beat him.[18] The clash had started when a group of settlers set fire to fields belonging to Urif.[19]

In 2013, settlers from Yitzhar reportedly smashed the window of a mosque in Urif and tried to burn it down.[20][21][22]

In February, 2015, Jewish settles from Yitzhar defaced the village school with graffiti, with 'Death to Arabs' sprayed alongside the Star of David in an alleged price tag attacks.[1]

In 2017, farmers from Urif were denied to work on their land, even when it was located in Area B.[23][24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Palestinian official: Jewish settlers deface West Bank school, February 26, 2015, Haaretz
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 246
  3. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  4. ^ a b Dauphin, 1998, p. 803
  5. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, p. 263
  6. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
  7. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 130
  8. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 177
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 287
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 25
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 66
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 19
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 61
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 108
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 158
  16. ^ 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement. Text of the Accord
  17. ^ Israeli Settler Shoots Palestinian in West Bank, May 26, 2012, Haaretz
  18. ^ IDF Inquiry Finds Israeli Youth Tied and Beat Palestinian After Shot by Settlers, June 3, 2012, Haaretz
  19. ^ Lazaroff, Tovah (29 May 2012). "Palestinian, settler violence caught on tape again". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  20. ^ Kalman, Matthew (30 April 2013). "Israelis burn Palestinian fields and stone vehicles in West Bank after father is stabbed to death at settlement bus stop". The Independent. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  21. ^ Levinson, Chaim (30 April 2013). "Israeli settlers riot after West Bank terror attack, 6 arrested". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  22. ^ "Video footage shows the army failed in its duty to protect Palestinians from settler revenge attacks". B'Tselem. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  23. ^ TWICE BARRED PALESTINIAN FARMER SAYS HE WILL WAIT FOR IDF PERMISSION, April 2, 2017, Jerusalem Post
  24. ^ In the West Bank, the tail wags the dog. When civilian security officers are dictating policy on the ground, to whom should Palestinian farmers in Urif turn?, April 2, 2017, Amira Hass, Haaretz

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]