|• Also spelled||Orif (unofficial)|
|• Type||Village council|
|Name meaning||from personal name|
Urif (Arabic: عوريف) is a Palestinian village in the Nablus Governorate in northern West Bank, located 13 kilometers (8 miles) south of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 2,839 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.
Ceramics from the late Roman have been found here. Dauphin writes that ceramics from the Byzantine era also have been found, but Ellenblum writes that no pottery from that era has been found here.
Urif was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It was noted as hali, empty, but a fixed tax rate of 33,3% was paid on various agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and/or beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 2,800 akçe.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Urif as: "A stone village, on high ground, with a few olives; supplied by wells and with a small spring to the east."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Urif had a population of 270 Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 403; 402 Muslims and 1 Christian, in 103 houses.
In 1945 the population was 520, all Muslims, while the total land area was 3,965 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,107 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 1,452 for cereals, while 32 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
After the Six-Day War in 1967, Urif came under Israeli occupation. As of 1995, Urif and its immediate region has been under collaborative or joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority (PA) administration, in what is now known as Area B.
On May 19, 2012, about 25 Jewish settlers, some of them carrying guns, set fire to the wheat fields of Urif, and shot one Palestinian man in the stomach. On May 26, 2012, settlers from Yitzhar shot a youth from Urif. They then tied him up and proceeded to beat him. The clash had started when a group of settlers set fire to fields belonging to Urif.
- Palestinian official: Jewish settlers deface West Bank school, February 26, 2015, Haaretz
- Palmer, 1881, p. 246
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 803
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 263
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 130
- Guérin, 1875, p. 177
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 287
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 25
- Mills, 1932, p. 66
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 19
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 61
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 108
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 158
- 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement. Text of the Accord
- Israeli Settler Shoots Palestinian in West Bank, May 26, 2012, Haaretz
- IDF Inquiry Finds Israeli Youth Tied and Beat Palestinian After Shot by Settlers, June 3, 2012, Haaretz
- Lazaroff, Tovah (29 May 2012). "Palestinian, settler violence caught on tape again". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- Kalman, Matthew (30 April 2013). "Israelis burn Palestinian fields and stone vehicles in West Bank after father is stabbed to death at settlement bus stop". The Independent. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- Levinson, Chaim (30 April 2013). "Israeli settlers riot after West Bank terror attack, 6 arrested". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- "Video footage shows the army failed in its duty to protect Palestinians from settler revenge attacks". B'Tselem. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- TWICE BARRED PALESTINIAN FARMER SAYS HE WILL WAIT FOR IDF PERMISSION, April 2, 2017, Jerusalem Post
- In the West Bank, the tail wags the dog. When civilian security officers are dictating policy on the ground, to whom should Palestinian farmers in Urif turn?, April 2, 2017, Amira Hass, Haaretz
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003). Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521521871.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.