Urlingford

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Urlingford

Irish: Áth na nUrlainn
Town
The Mason's Apron, Urlingford
The Mason's Apron, Urlingford
Urlingford is located in Ireland
Urlingford
Urlingford
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°43′13″N 7°34′57″W / 52.7203°N 7.5826°W / 52.7203; -7.5826Coordinates: 52°43′13″N 7°34′57″W / 52.7203°N 7.5826°W / 52.7203; -7.5826
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Kilkenny
Elevation
120 m (390 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Urban
973
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid ReferenceS282633

Urlingford (Irish: Áth na nUrlainn, meaning "Ford of the slaughter"[2]) is a town, as well as a civil parish within the barony of Galmoy.[3] It is located in the north west of County Kilkenny, along the boundary with County Tipperary, in Leinster, Ireland.

Access[edit]

The town lies on the R639. The M8 motorway runs just west of the town, from which both Urlingford and nearby Johnstown are accessed via junction four. Urlingford is a bus hub, with major operator JJ Kavanagh and Sons based there.[4] Situated 125 km (78 mi) from Dublin and 129 km (80 mi) from Cork, Urlingford has long been a resting point for travellers halfway between the Republic of Ireland's two largest cities. As a result, until September 2013 the Bus Éireann Dublin to Cork bus service called here. It is now replaced by route 128X which connects with express buses at Portlaoise and Cashel.[5]

Toponymy[edit]

The Irish name Áth na nUrlainn means "ford of the slaughter" and has been anglicised as Aghnenurlin, Aghnenoorlin, Awnanoorlin and similar.[2]

History[edit]

In 1526, Piers Butler, 8th Earl of Ormond, gave possession of the lands of Urlingford to John Tobin and Nicolas Mothing (chaplins).[11] The earlier settlement was focused around the castle, church and graveyard.[12]

The town had an organised planned growth with traditional plot patterns.[12] It was built over a cut-over bog, an extension to the Templetuohy Bog,[12] much of which has been reclaimed.[13] Urlingford is a linear town around the focused primary axis, the Main Street.[12] In 1837 it was the centre of a manufacture of coarse stuffs, flannels, and worsteds, and carries on an extensive retail trade with the surrounding districts.[14]

The town was recorded on Griffith's Valuation in 1864.[15] Urlingford has taken part in the Tidy Towns Competition.[16]

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Urlingford

Rivers[edit]

A minor tributary of the River Nore, the River Goul, enters the town from the southeast.[12] It sources 6 kilometers away from the town in the Slieveardagh hills. The river passes under the Main Street and towards the bridge at Urlingford Castle (and mill).[12]

Buildings[edit]

There is a library in Urlingford[17] which is based in the old courthouse.[18] Urlingford Castle and mill are located in Urlingford.[12]

Sport[edit]

Emeralds GAA is a junior Gaelic Athletic Association club, founded in 1972.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (CSO, Census 2011 – Population Classified by Area)
  2. ^ a b (Fiontar 2008, Áth na nUrlainn/Urlingford)
  3. ^ Down Survey Project. "Map of Urlingford Parish in the barony of Galmoy". downsurvey.tcd.ie. The Down Survey Project.
  4. ^ JJ Kavanagh Bus Company
  5. ^ http://buseireann.ie/news.php?id=1361&month=Sep
  6. ^ (OHPR, p. 8, Comparative abstract, Ireland, 1831) and (OHPR, p. 40, Abstract, Ireland, 1831)
  7. ^ (OHPR, p. 56, Report, Ireland, 1841)
  8. ^ (OHPR, p. 93, County of Kilkenny, 1851)
  9. ^ (CSO, 1936 Population Data)
  10. ^ (CSO, 1946 Population Data)
  11. ^ (Carrigan 1905, p. 23, Existing Civil Divisions or Baronies)
  12. ^ a b c d e f g (KCC)
  13. ^ (Tighe 1802, p. 4, Bog, Mountain)
  14. ^ Lewis 1837, URLINGFORD Parish
  15. ^ (Griffith 1864, Urlingford Search)
  16. ^ "Tidy Towns Competition 2015 Adjudication Report" (PDF).
  17. ^ KCC, Kilkenny County Council. "Kilkenny County Library Service". kilkenny.ie.
  18. ^ Buildings of Ireland. "Urlingford Public Library (Urlingford Courthouse), Urlingford, County Kilkenny". buildingsofireland.ie.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]