Urocyclidae

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Urocyclidae
Trochonanina mozambicensis.png
A live individual of Trochonanina mozambicensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
clade Sigmurethra
clade limacoid clade

Superfamily: Helicarionoidea
Family: Urocyclidae
Simroth, 1889[1]
Genera

See text

Urocyclidae is a family of air-breathing land snails and semi-slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicarionoidea, (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[2]

Some species within this family make and use love darts before mating.

Distribution[edit]

The Urocyclidae are distributed in the Afrotropical Region, including Madagascar, the Comores and the islands of the Gulf of Guinea.[3][4]

Taxonomy[edit]

The family Urocyclidae consists of 2 subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005),[2] that follows classification of Urocyclinae by Van Goethem (1977):[5]

  • subfamily Urocyclinae Simroth, 1889
  • subfamily Sheldoniinae Connolly, 1925 (1912)[6] - synonyms: Peltatinae Godwin-Austen, 1912;[7] Trochonanininae Connolly, 1912;[8] Trochozonitinae Iredale, 1914;[9] Ledoulxiinae Pilsbry, 1919;[10] Gymnarionidae Von Mol, 1970;[11] Rhysotinidae Schileyko, 2002; Zonitarionini Schileyko, 2002; Acantharionini Schileyko, 2002

Genera[edit]

Genera within the family Urocyclidae include:

Subfamily Urocyclinae
tribe Urocyclini

Tribe Dendrolimacini

  • Dendrolimax Heynemann, 1868 - the type genus of the tribe Dendrolimacini[2]

Tribe Leptichnini

  • Leptichnus Simroth, 1896 - the type genus of the tribe Leptichnini[2]

Tribe Upembellini

  • Upembella Van Goethem, 1969 - the type genus of the tribe Upembellini[2]

Subfamily Sheldoniinae

Unsorted:

Cladogram[edit]

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationship of this family to other families in the limacoid clade:[3]

 limacoid clade 
 Staffordioidea 

Staffordiidae




 Dyakioidea 

Dyakiidae


 Gastrodontoidea 

Pristilomatidae




Chronidae




Euconulidae



Trochomorphidae





Gastrodontidae



Oxychilidae







 Parmacelloidea 

Trigonochlamydidae



Parmacellidae



Milacidae





 Zonitoidea 

Zonitidae


 Helicarionoidea 

Helicarionidae




Ariophantidae



Urocyclidae





 Limacoidea 

Vitrinidae




Boettgerillidae




Limacidae



Agriolimacidae









References[edit]

  1. ^ Simroth H. (1899). "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Nacktschnecken". Nova Acta, Kaiserlich Leopoldinish-Carolinische Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher (= Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum) 54(1): 1-91, plates 1-4. page 62.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  4. ^ Herbert, Dai; Kilburn, Dick (2004). Field guide to the land snails and slugs of eastern south Africa (1st ed.). Pietermaritzburg :Natal Museum: Natal Museum. ISBN 0-620-32415-5. 
  5. ^ a b c d Van Goethem J. (1977). "Révision systématique des Urocyclinae (Mollusca, Pulmonata, Urocyclidae)". Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale , Annales, Sciences zoologiques 218: 355 pp., 4 plates.
  6. ^ Connolly (1925). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9)15: 467.
  7. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1912). "A review of South-African Land-Mollusca belonging to the Family Zonitidae". Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8)9: 122-139. Plate 1-7. page 124.
  8. ^ Connolly (1912). Annals of the South African Museum 11(3): 101.
  9. ^ Iredale (1914). Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 11(2): 122.
  10. ^ Pilsbry H. A. (1919). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 40: 245.
  11. ^ a b Van Mol J. J. (1970). "Révision des Urocyclidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata). Anatomie - systématique - zoogéographie". Annales Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Sciences Zoologiques 180: 1-231.
  12. ^ Simroth H. (1910). In: Voeltzkow Reise O.-Afr., Wiss. Ergebn. 2(5): 611.
  13. ^ Heckert A. B. (2008). "Comments on the proposed conservation of Buettneria Case, 1922 (Amphibia) 1". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 65: 310-313. HTM.
  14. ^ Herbert D. G. (2004). Sheldonia puzeyi. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 7 August 2007.
  15. ^ de Winter A. J. (1987). "Verrucarion demeryi, a new semi-slug from Sierra Leone (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Urocyclidae)". Basteria 51(4-6): 87-93. abstract.

External links[edit]

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