Uropeltis macrolepis

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Uropeltis macrolepis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Uropeltidae
Genus: Uropeltis
Species: U. macrolepis
Binomial name
Uropeltis macrolepis
(Peters, 1862)

Silybura macrolepis Peters, 1862[2]

Uropeltis macrolepis, commonly known as the Bombay earth snake, is a species of snake in the family Uropeltidae. It is endemic to southern India.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Maharashtra (Phansad - near Supegaon, Mahabaleshwar, Koyna, Lonavla), India.[3]

Type locality of Silybura macrolepis = "Ceylon?"

Type locality of Uropeltis macrolepis mableshwarensis = "Mahableshwar, Satara district, Bombay State", India.[4]


Black or dark purplish brown dorsally and ventrally, each scale lighter-edged. A yellow stripe on the lips and sides of the neck, followed by two to five large yellow spots. A yellow stripe along each side of the tail.

Adults may attain a total length of 29.5 cm (11 12 in).

Smooth dorsal scales in only 15 rows at midbody (in 17 rows behind the head). Ventrals 128-140; subcaudals 7-9.

Snout rounded. Rostral less than ¼ of the length of the shielded part of the head, portion visible from above shorter than its distance from the frontal. Nasals in contact with each other behind the rostral. Frontal as long as or slightly longer than broad. Diameter of eye more than ½ the length of the ocular shield. Diameter of body 24 to 29 times in the total length. Ventrals twice as large as the contiguous scales. End of tail obliquely truncate, flat dorsally, with strongly bicarinate scales. Terminal scale with a transverse ridge and two points.[5]


Two subspecies are recognized, including the nominate race.[2]


  1. ^ Srinivasulu, C.; Srinivasulu, B.; Giri, V.; Thakur, S. & Kulkarni, N.U. (2013). "Uropeltis macrolepis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Uropeltis macrolepis at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 13 December 2007.
  3. ^ Ashok Captain, personal comment.
  4. ^ Chari, V.K. (1955).
  5. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume I., Containing the Families...Uropeltidæ... Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. pp. 159-160.

Further reading[edit]

  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An Account of the Earth-Snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33.
  • Chari, V. K. 1952. Localization of the striped variety of the rough-tailed earthsnake - Uropeltis macrolepis (PETERS) - to Mahableshwar. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 950-951.
  • Chari, V. K. 1953. Some more notes on Uropeltis macrolepis (PETERS) with special reference to specimens from Mahableshwar (Western Ghats, Bombay). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51 (2): 512.
  • Chari, V. K. 1954. An addition to the list of snakes of Bombay and Salsette - Uropeltis macrolepis (PETERS) - Uropeltidae. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 52 (1): 213- 214.
  • Chari, V. K. 1955. A new form of the burrowing snake, Uropeltis macrolepis (PETERS) from Mahableshwar. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 52 (4): 901.
  • Peters, W.H.C. 1862. Über eine neue Art der Schlangengattung Silybura, S. macrolepis. Mber. königl. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1862: 901-905.
  • Sekar, A G. and M.R. Almeida. 1994. Range extension of the Bombay shield-tail snake Uropelitis macrolepis (Peters 1861) (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 90 (3): 520-521 [1993].
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain. 2008. Snakes of India, The Field Guide. Draco Books. Chennai (formerly Madras), India. 495 pp. ISBN 81-901873-0-9.

External links[edit]